Reaction Paper - Carl Rogers

In: English and Literature

Submitted By vaniviola
Words 1118
Pages 5
COMM S237 JOI
Instructor: Gail Haynes
Paper composed by: Vanessa Villefort
Email: Vanessa.Villefort@edu.uni-graz.at
Reaction Paper
Experiences in Communication – Carl R. Rogers
Everyone has different and unique experiences with communication. The psychologist Carl R. Rogers shares his experiences with communication in Chapter 1 of his book A Way of Being and by doing so provides major understandings of communication to the reader. Having read through the chapter thoroughly, I would like to follow Rodgers advice and “check what [he] says against [my] own experience and decide as to its truth or falsity for [me].” (439) In the following part I will try to make up my own mind by comparing his experience to mine.
First of all, Rogers mentions the importance of hearing someone and also to be heard by someone. With hearing he refers to the process of truly listening to someone and that is not just listening to the words but also to the thoughts, the feeling tones, the personal meaning and meaning below the conscious intent of the speaker. Once people feel that someone is deeply hearing them they become relieved and more open. This feeling of being understood by another person lets people often bear their heart to that specific person which in turn makes them more open for the process of change (440).
However, truly hearing someone is not an ability everyone possesses. It is a difficult process, since it requires the listener to be open and free of prejudices but also not to make any evaluations, give diagnosis or appraisals. If we are honest to ourselves, we have to admit nearly everyone does so, either consciously or unconsciously. It already starts with the appearance of people on which we make our first judgments or expectations and which either provokes positive or negative feelings regarding a person.
After reading this paper, I thought about my previous…...

Similar Documents

Carl Rogers

...Carl Rogers (1902- 1987), theory is described as a humanistic personality theory, that there is always an emphasis on personal growth. Rogers believed that all living organisms are born well and that they are motivated to grow and develop in a positive way (Atkinson, 1981). A concise description in this essay will explain Rogers’s theory of personality, and the difference approaches that he uses to define between a fully functioning individual and low functioning individual. It will then describe the approaches Rogers used in his client-centered –therapy. Rogers gives a detailed account of what he thought to be the most beneficial part of therapy, which is the relationship between client and therapist. It will give an account of both strengths and weaknesses found in both his theory and therapy. Carl Rogers’s theory of personality is a clinical theory based on years of dealing with clients (Pecitelli, 1996). In Rogers opinion the core of a “man’s nature is essentially positive”, and he is a “trustworthy organism” (Pecitelli, 1996). These beliefs are reflected in his theory of personality. His entire theory is built on a “single force of life”, in which he calls the actualising tendencies. It can be defined as the built in motivation present in every life form to develop its potentials to the fullest extent possible. The tendency is constructive, directional and is present in every living being (Atkinson, 1981). The key structural concept of his theory is the self. The......

Words: 1770 - Pages: 8

Reaction Paper

...REACTION PAPER “Tsunami” Horrifying! Shocking! Great! Alarming! These are the things I can say about the movie. I had watched so many documentary movies about this matter. At first, I thought this film will be kind boring. But I was proved amiss. As I keep looking on the scenes I get started to like it. Its drama really melts my heart. The adventure is very intense. It’s like watching a horror movie but in fact it is not. You get shouted, shocked, and amazed in every big scene, like when a big cargo ship stuck on the bridge and the man is trying to evade the falling cargo containers from that. Luckily he survived to that enormous challenge. The movie ends with the scene of Hyundai in ruins, but in an atmosphere of hope. Sometimes we need to follow our instincts. We must take a perfect action in making decisions in life. Like of what had happened to the City of Hyundai, many people killed, streets, bridges and buildings were vanished away by the tsunami in just seconds. We must also take salute to those people who are willing to offer their life for the sake of others. I desire that this movie will inform our government. They should construct strong policies concerning about our environment. May they shall take active actions in accomplishing better devices that will greatly help us in warning millions of people if ever there would be some instances that this kind of tragedy will happen to our loving country. Because nobody know when the nature will take revenge......

Words: 287 - Pages: 2

Carl Rogers

...In reading about the humanistic theory, psychologist Carl Rogers speaks of motivation, how we perceive the world, how we think about ourselves and others, and also how the world and the people can play a major role in our lives, changing our motivation, for better or worse, kind of like the "butterfly effect" or domino effect". In Carl Rogers opinion every who, what, where, or when is contributing to the person we are going to become in life. Abraham Maslow, on the other hand, seemed to believe quite the similar views but at the same time in a different perspective. Abraham's views on Humanistic Psychology were based around the self-actualization or knowing their own path very clearly being self motivated, starting from the bottom and working their way up. For example, we as people know that the first thing we have to do in life is go to school. After graduating high school the next thing in moving up is furthering our education through college courses. The next steps to moving up would be landing your dream job, getting married, having children, buying your first house until you've reached a comfort zone in your life which would be your personal point of self actualization. From what I've understood with the self concept process, in the first few months of a child's life self concept is born. In a set of perceptions and beliefs about themselves rooting from the influence of self enhancing experiences, such as, positive regard or the sense of being valued and loved by......

Words: 831 - Pages: 4

Carl Rogers

...Rogers emphasized the therapeutic relationship in positive terms. He was one of the first psychologists to talk about optimal mental health. He engaged clients with a sincere appreciation of their own expertise in themselves. Less of an "expert" he was more a co-facilitator in clients' own therapeutic journey. The fundamental belief with this therapy is that the client wil eventually reconnect with their inner potential and do what they feel is ultimately comfortable for themselves. Rogers here is allowing her to find her own answers as thats the whole point really, he has total faith in her that she is self empowered in this way and that she has the ability to find the answers that are already inside of her as a mother. Rogers is not the expert on this, she is , so he wont answer. Rogers believed that we all have the resources within ourselves to sort our own issues. Rogers develops this theory through open questions and summaries, whilst maintaining an empathetic understanding of any decision she could make. He does not advise, but works with her own desires, to counsel. The transition that Gloria takes from having concerns with `lying`to her daughter to realizing that her daughter is not an issue here, rather it is her own self-acceptance that is judgemental of what she does with her love life. Roger's theory goes to the core of who we are as human beings - afterall we are social animals. A therapist guides in a non-directive way: This means there's a...

Words: 344 - Pages: 2

Reaction Paper

...Reaction Paper-Fiction short story The short story has a very interesting storyline that takes place in a seemingly small town that has animals as its population. All the animals come together to watch the criminal mouse be hung for his crime. Some of the animals that play major roles in the story are a large beetle, raccoon, and a praying mantis. The specifics of each animal in the hanging are “A raccoon, wearing the traditional black mask, was the executioner…..A large praying mantis was in charge of the religious end of the ceremonies.” (Barnet, Cain, & Burto, 2010) The animals during the execution had a hard time watching the mouse death. “It was all so touching that a cat, who had brought her child in her mouth, shed several large tears. They rolled down on to the child’s back and he began to squirm and shriek, so that the mother thought that the sight of the hanging had perhaps been too much for him.” (Barnet, Cain, & Burto, 2010) The large beetles were the soldiers because of their armor shells. The raccoons as executioner, because of the black mask the raccoons are made with. A praying mantis had the duty of taking charge of the religious ceremony, since they are “praying” since it is part of their name and is linked to religion. Not knowing what the mouse did criminally, he seemed remorseful. All the animals in the crowd seemed to be happy that the mouse was about to get death. The writer implies that the mouse has done something serious to get death as a......

Words: 760 - Pages: 4

Carl Rogers Transcript

...Transcripts of Carl Rogers' Therapy Sessions Edited by Barbara T. Brodley and Germain Lietaer Volume 12 Year Page Gloria Filmed Interview 1965 2 Sylvia 4th Interview (Filmed) 1975 21 Commentary interspersed throughout Sylvia 5th Interview (Filmed) 1975 39 Commentary interspersed throughout Kathy Filmed Interview 1975 53 Commentary 67 Dione 1st Filmed Interview 1977 68 Commentary interspersed throughout Dione 2nd Filmed Interview 1977 1977 85 Final Comments 109 These transcripts are available for purposes of research, study and teaching. They may not be sold. Throughout these interviews the responses of the therapist (T) (Rogers), and the client (C) are numbered for easy reference This transcript is available for purposes of research, study and teaching. It may not be sold. Throughout this interview the responses of the therapist (T) (Rogers), and the client (C) are numbered for easy reference. [Source: Shostrom, E. L. (1965). Three approaches to psychotherapy (Part I)[Film]. Orange, CA: Psychological Films.] GLORIA DR. CARL ROGERS PART I -- DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM [Before the Interview] "From my own years of therapeutic experience, I have come to feel that if I can create the proper climate, the proper, relationship, the proper conditions, a process of therapeutic movement will almost inevitably occur in my client. You may ask, 'What is this climate?......

Words: 44273 - Pages: 178

Reaction Paper

...Reaction paper The section 4 making external forces that affect organization is the topic we discuss some of the forces impacting your small business are more challenging to master than others. The degree to which you can control them varies. At the same time, you can improve the state of external factors effecting your small business; you can't make the economy grow, but you can encourage spending. Understanding the factors at work better equips you to prepare for them. A method to align supply chain with business strategy. Your employees are happier when they are courteous and respectful of one another. They want their achievements to be recognized. When you provide sufficient instructions to your subordinates, you enable them to do their jobs effectively. When you help employees identify with your company's mission and goals, you are likelier to keep them long-term. The economy is an external factor that effects the success of your business. The ability of your clients to pay directly impacts your bottom line, regardless of whether you sell a product or service. You can offer sales and promotions, and you can tout the value of your company's offerings, but during rough financial times your clients might prefer to allocate their resources elsewhere. Economics might be specific to your clients' industries, and it might be a global issue impacting supply and demand. If you make a toy and business at toy stores across the country declines, your sales will suffer. Diversifying...

Words: 352 - Pages: 2

Carl Rogers

...Comparative Analysis Person Centered Therapy and Choice Theory/Reality Therapy By Austin (Russ) Duffy Introduction Person Centered Therapy; Carl Ransom Rogers, Born January 8, 1902 – Died February 4, 1987. Rogers was an American Psychologist who developed Person Centered Therapy (originally referred to as Client Centered Therapy in 1951) based on premise that clients are responsible for taking control of the changes they believe are needed in their lives. This would be a clear departure from Freud’s lengthy approach where the counselor would interpret the client’s story or life experience. Rogers believed, using empathetic understanding and unconditional positive regard people would have the potential given the proper tools to resolve their own problems. Rogers identified accurate empathetic understanding as another critical task of therapists. Choice Theory / Reality Therapy; William Glasser, born May 11, 1925 is an American psychiatrist who developed Choice Theory / Reality Therapy in the early sixties therapies. Choice Theory is an explanation of human behaviour developed by Dr. William Glasser. Reality Therapy is the application of Choice Theory within the context of helping relationships Glasser first developed this approach to use working in schools for troubled adolescents and may explain his life-long interest in both therapy and education. In 1985 the Institute of Guidance Counsellors arranged for Dr. Glasser to visit Ireland. By 1987 the Irish......

Words: 1577 - Pages: 7

Carl Rogers

...Carl Rogers is best known for his contributions to therapy. Dr. Rogers felt that clients look to therapists for guidance, and will find it even when the therapist is not trying to guide. Carl Rogers' theory on guidance was focused on a person's 'true self'. Dr. Rogers said that in order for people to know their true selves, they had to focus on their self-concept. This consisted of a set of beliefs about behaviors, thoughts, and feelings that could be more or less conflicting with the person's real behaviors, thoughts, and feelings. A person whose self-concept was drastically different from their true self would constantly run into situations in which their behavior surprised or upset them. Rogers said that self-concept was influenced by society. Society disapproves of a wide range of behaviors, and many people choose to ignore those behaviors inside themselves. Rogers would listen non-judgmentally to the patient's statements and would reflect back so that the patient would accept his or her true self. He named his therapy, client-centered therapy. He felt that the client was the one who should say what is wrong, find the way to improve, and determine the conclusion of the therapy. Dr. Rogers assisted people in taking responsibility for themselves. He believed that the experience of being understood and valued gives us the freedom to grow. Dr. Rogers sees the human being as: "capable of evaluating the outer and inner situation, understanding themself in its context, making......

Words: 323 - Pages: 2

Reaction Paper

...REACTION PAPER THE MEN WHO CRASHED THE WORLD I. SUMMARY THE FINANCIAL AND stock market meltdown of September-October 2008 is unlike anything that the vast majority of us have seen in our lifetimes.  Americans would have to be old enough to remember 1929 and the onset of the Great Depression to have seen a crisis of this magnitude. People in Japan, it’s true, know all about the “lost decade” after the late 1980s bank crashes – but the late situation is a disaster on a global scale. Great Depression is actually, the outcome of this crisis and is unpredictable. Among other differences, the 1929 stock market crash and subsequent credit crisis led to the Great Depression of the 1930s in part because governments responded with “tight money” policies until too late, an act of suicide which central banks and governments today definitely will not repeat. Quite the contrary, extremely energetic state interventions in Europe and the USA – very much against the recent ideological free-market “run of play” – have halted the fears of a total global banking collapse and the short-term stock market panic. It’s indeed instructive how quickly the entire ideology of “unleashing the free market” and financial deregulation could be thrown aside in order to rescue giant banks that are “too big to fail.” The U.S. Treasury will not only be purchasing (at above-market rates) the “toxic assets” held by these institutions, but pumping hundreds of billions more into them by buying “preferred......

Words: 1442 - Pages: 6

Reaction Paper

...Reaction Paper The documentary “China’s Water Challenges” is about the problems on water that China facing now. The problems they had is that they had more water, less water, dirty water and mud water. The main location of this problem is on the Yellow river. When it rains, the flow on the yellow river is turbulent that causes severe floods on the cities beside the river. When it is now raining, the river has less water and more sediments caused by the erosion of the soil. Drought was also a problem of China because some provinces do not rain often. Wastewater management causes problem to the community as it produces foul smell and contaminate the potable water of the city. China’s government, for me, has done a great job to solve these problems especially on the Yellow river. They relocate the people living on the side of the river to higher places to prevent damages from floods cause by the river. They also formed a committee that will monitor the condition of the whole river. They encourage people to build terraces and plant trees beside the river to prevent soil erosion. Their government is concerned to the well-being of the community. They really did what they are meant to do. The way they deal with the problem is something that we should learn from. We should take the China’s government as an example to take on our problem in water sources here in our country. We should work together to prevent and completely solve our problems here....

Words: 259 - Pages: 2

Carl Rogers 19 Propositions

...Carl Rogers 19 Propositions The Development of the SELF Proposition 8: The Self The person’s conception of who he is. The self emerges from all our experiences Experiences change therefore the Individual is ‘fluid’ The Individual’s picture of itself is his own perception We control our own perceptions of ourselves Change is not easy The individual need stability and continuity regarding himself. If not: confusion and do not know who he is. The individual sense of identity is important to him. Another person can not tell him who to be. Proposition 9: The self and significant others Example of experiences: OTHER PEOPLE AND ENVIRONMENT Everybody interact with others Our perceptions of the interactions become part of who we are Our perception of ‘the self’, other people and our relationship is of relevance here. You are a: Parent, wife, employer, employee (if you accept the relationship) It is What we do with what they tell us which is important Listen to the Individual’s perception of himself. Withstand the temptation to ‘defend’ or ‘explain’ the other person’s behaviour. You need to concentrate on how the speaker are being affected by the other person Proposition 4: Self – Determination The ‘self’ as s/he experience it The ‘self’ might not be what an outsider see What the Individual sees as relevant to himself Complicated by un-symbolized experiences. Experiences that FIT the self Pose no......

Words: 1606 - Pages: 7

Reaction Paper

...Reaction Paper #2 Gary Stansberry This reaction paper is on the eyewitness account from inside the WTC towers on 9/11. It is an article that gives the stories of three unfortunate people who have been scarred for life on account of the events. They both witnessed the terrorist attacks first hand. The first story is from a man named Jonathan Weinberg, who was working in the building on the day of the attacks. He recounts that he had stayed in his office instead of going into a specific conference room that day, and that saved his life. I could not imagine being a part of that. He described the feeling he felt at that moment as shock. I would have been more than shocked, I would have been terrified beyond belief. The next person was Ashton Lee, and she tells her story from the outside of the building. She says that she was outside, and when the tower was struck she started running for her life, because she thought that the building would crush her if she didn’t get out of the way. I could not imagine the fear of being crushed by a building, on top of everyone screaming. I probably would have run until I collapsed. She said she almost fainted at the thought of death, which I would have to agree with her on that. If I had such a close encounter with death I don’t know if I could handle it. Her account was right next to the towers though, there is another story where a man was a distance away from the tragedy. He states that he saw people jumping from the building. I do not......

Words: 340 - Pages: 2

Carl Rogers

...Application Paper W4 Page 2 Carl Rogers (January 8, 1902 – February 4, 1987) was an influential American psychologist and among the founders of the humanistic approach to psychology. Rogers is widely considered to be one of the founding fathers of psychotherapy research and was honored for his pioneering research with the Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions by the American Psychological Association in 1956. The person-centered approach, his own unique approach to understanding personality and human relationships, found wide application in various domains such as psychotherapy and counseling (client-centered therapy), education (student-centered learning), organizations, and other group settings. For his professional work he was bestowed the Award for Distinguished Professional Contributions to Psychology by the APA in 1972. Towards the end of his life Carl Rogers was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize for his work with national intergroup conflict in South Africa and Northern Ireland. In an empirical study by Haggbloom, using six criteria such as citations and recognition, Rogers was found to be the sixth most eminent psychologist of the 20th century and second, among clinicians, only to Sigmund Freud (unknown, n.d) Roger’s has his theory of self-actualization, which is a controlling drive toward fulfillment of our potentials that enables us to maintain and enhance ourselves (Ryckman 2008, page 450). He felt that people did things out of free will and that...

Words: 753 - Pages: 4

Analysis of Basic Concepts of Carl Rogers’ Client – Centred Therapy

...EVANGELICAL THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY OSIJEK, CROATIA ANALYSIS OF BASIC CONCEPTS OF CARL ROGERS’ CLIENT – CENTRED THERAPY COURSE: Individual Counseling PROFESSOR: dr. Sc. Zoran Vargović STUDENT: Damir Pil YEAR OF STUDY: 2nd – Mth DATE: 29th May 2012 1 CONTENT Introduction............................................................................................................................. ............... 3 I Rogers’ Theory of Personality .................................................................................................. ..........4 Organismic Valuing Process........................... ....................................................................4 a. The Structure and Dynamics of Personality.............................................................5 b. Self – Actualization..................................................................................................6 II Relationship between Therapist and the Client in Client – Centred Therapy.............................7 Introduction to Rogers’ General Hypothesis ...............................................................................7 Conditions of Worth.....................................................................................................................9 a. Core Conditions................................................................................ ....................... 10 III Biblical Perspective on Person – Centred Counselling...........

Words: 5221 - Pages: 21