Reaction to Personality, Cognition, and University Students’ Examination Performance

In: Psychology

Submitted By slimox
Words 1984
Pages 8
Running head: EXAMINATION PERFOMANCE

Personality, Cognition, and University Students’ Examination Performance
Reaction to Personality, Cognition, and University Students’ Examination Performance The empirical article that has been reviewed was that of the study that explored the relationship between personality traits, type or motivation, and goal specific cognitions as antecedents of degree performance amongst undergraduate students. The studies used several methods in order to produce the results that were discovered. In the area of personality traits the five factor model was utilized. In the breakdown of types of motivation the researchers determined their findings by using the self-determination theory. Lastly when it came to goal specific cognitions the results were formulated by that of the theory of planned behavior, also referred to as the TBS. Throughout the article that was presented there seemed to pose more then just one hypothesis. Phillips, Abraham, and Bond first hypothesized that the theory of planned behavior measures would predict final degree results. The next thing that Phillips, Abraham, and Bond hypothesized was that intention would be the most important predictor of final marks. The three gentlemen also expected that perceived behavioral control, attitude, and subjective norm would be strong correlates of intention to get a good degree. The last but certainly not least thoughts they hypothesized was that good-student identity and anticipated regret would explain further variance in intention. In order to perform this study Phillips, Abraham, and Bond originally had asked one hundred and sixty five students ranging from the ages of twenty to forty nine to participate in the study. Out of the one hundred and sixty five students that had agreed to participate one hundred and thirty two were female and thirty three were…...

Similar Documents

Values and Study Practices of Nursing Students : an Indicators of Their Performance in the Nurses Licensure Examination

...Licensure Examination (NCLEX) for registered nursing. The three traditional educational avenues that prepare men and women for registered nursing are hospital-based diploma programs, 2-year associate degree programs (primarily found at junior and community colleges), and baccalaureate programs (offered at 4-year colleges and universities). (Ellis and Hartley, 2004). The Bulacan State University-College of Nursing which was organized and established in December 2003, by virtue of Resolution No. 65, s. 2003, in response to the growing demand for highly qualified and competitive nurses to meet the health necessities of the society, both local and international has currently offering Nursing program with the degree of Bachelor of Science in Nursing as a four (4) - year program which started during the 1st Semester of school year 2004-2005. (http://www.bulsu.edu.ph/cons/about.html). In BSN program, the major in nursing is built on a general education base with concentration on nursing at the upper level. Students acquire knowledge of theory and practice related to nursing and other discipline, provide nursing care to individuals and groups, work with members of the health care team, understand research, and have a foundation for graduate study. Soon after nursing degree has been officially offered in the university, there are apparently ups and downs in terms of the total numbers of nursing enrollees. Based on the statistics from the Bulacan State......

Words: 5925 - Pages: 24

Factors Affecting the Academic Performance of Undergraduate Civil Engineering Students at Polytechnic University of the Philippines

...Fig 1 shows the linkage between different factors and academic performance. It shows that academic performance as a dependent variable is related to the dependent variables, which are students’ personal motivations, socio-economic status, classroom settings and school background. The first dependent variable is former school background, which was conceptualized as ownership of former school, (public or private). That is the type of school a student attends is likely to contribute to their academic performance of the student in future. Students from high-class schools are likely to perform well due to the fact that they attended those schools. An argument supported by Considine and Zappala (2002) Kwesiga (2002) and Sentamu (2003). The second dependent variable is the students’ personal motivations, which has five options: acceptance to graduate school, attention of future employers, outside motivations, competition with fellow students and self-recognition. That is, the more motivation a student had he/she would have a higher GPA than students that did not have any or little motivation. According to the conceptual framework, parents’ social economic status, which was conceptualized as parents’ education, and parents’ income, is linked to academic performance. The figure shows that academic performance is dependent on parents’ social economic status. That is students from high social economic backgrounds will perform better than their counter parts from low social......

Words: 8408 - Pages: 34

The Relationship Between Study Skills and Academic Performance of University Students

...Study Skills Affect Academic Performance? – An Empirical Investigation Richard Griffin, University of Tennessee at Martin, USA Angie MacKewn, University of Tennessee at Martin, USA Ernest Moser, University of Tennessee at Martin, USA Ken W. VanVuren, University of Tennessee at Martin, USA ABSTRACT Universities and colleges are very interested in understanding the factors that influence their students’ academic performance. This paper describes a study that was conducted at a mid-sized public university in the mid-south, USA, to examine this issue. In this study, the 10-scale, Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (LASSI) (Weinstein et al., 1987) assessment device was administered to 107 students to measure receptivity to several skills and strategies that purportedly enhance a student’s ability to learn and successfully perform in an academic setting. The results of this study showed that the LASSI scales dealing with attitude, concentration, information processing skill, motivation, self-testing and review techniques, use of study support techniques, time management, and effective test-taking strategies all correlated positively (with statistical significance) to student GPA. There were also statistically significant differences between males and females in their mean scores for several of the above mentioned LASSI scales. Every LASSI subscale, where females significantly outscored males, positively correlated with superior academic performance (i.e., GPA). However,......

Words: 1791 - Pages: 8

The Relationship Between Study Skills and Academic Performance of University Students

...skills and academic performance of university students Afsaneh Hassanbeigi a, Jafar Askari b, Mina Nakhjavanic, Shima Shirkhodad, Kazem Barzegar e, Mohammad R. Mozayyan f, Hossien Fallahzadehg * 1 b a Mental Hospital, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran Department of Psychology, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran c Medical Student, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran d Medical Student, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran e School of Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran f School of Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran g School of Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran Abstract Objective: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between various study skills and academic performance of university students. Materials & Methods: A total of 179 male and female junior and senior medical and dental students participated in the present study. The instrument was "Study Skills Assessment Questionnaire" taken from counseling services of Houston University. The content validity of this questionnaire was approved by ten psychologist and faculty members of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences. The data were collected and analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: The findings of the study showed that the study skills scores of university students with a grade......

Words: 286 - Pages: 2

Performances of Students’ in National Examinations Council Senior School Certificate Examination Mathematics in North-Central Nigeria

...PERFORMANCES OF STUDENTS’ IN NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION MATHEMATICS IN NORTH-CENTRAL NIGERIA BY PROF. U. N. AGWAGAH ucheagwah@yahoo.com +2348035476704 & UTIBE, U. J. utibeuduak@yahoo.com +2348062855761 SCIENCE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA, NSUKKA ENUGU STATE Dr. P. J. Uko patikkaka@yahoo.com +2348058509421 DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY EDUCATION AKWA IBOM STATE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION PERFORMANCES OF STUDENTS’ IN NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION MATHEMATICS IN NORTH-CENTRAL NIGERIA Abstract This study investigated the performances of students’ in National Examinations Council senior school certificate examination mathematics in NORTH-CENTRAL NIGERIA. A total of two million valid results were collated for the zone and analyzed for states in the zone. Already validated results of NECO for 2000 to 2009 were used for the study. The study identified the distributions of results into the total number of valid results released for each state; number of students passed and failed percentage performances and ranking of the states according to their performances. Three research questions guided the conduct of the study. Results showed that Kogi state had the highest number of valid results released while FCT had the least. Kwara state had the highest percentage performance and ranked the 1st position while FCT had the lowest percentage......

Words: 3492 - Pages: 14

Factors Affecting the Academic Performance of a College Student

...That Affect Academic Performance Among Pharmacy Students Sujit S. Sansgiry, PhD, Monali Bhosle, MS, and Kavita Sail, MS College of Pharmacy, University of Houston Submitted February 3, 2006; accepted April 14, 2006; published October 15, 2006. Objective. The objective of this study was to examine factors such as academic competence, test competence, time management, strategic studying, and test anxiety, and identify whether these factors could distinguish differences among students, based on academic performance and enrollment in the experiential program. Methods. A cross-sectional study design utilizing questionnaires measuring previously validated constructs was used to evaluate the effect of these factors on students with low and high cumulative grade point averages (GPAs). Pharmacy students (N 5 198) enrolled at the University of Houston participated in the study. Results. Academic performance was significantly associated with factors such as academic competence and test competence. Students with a cumulative GPA of 3.0 or greater significantly differed in their level of test competence than those with a GPA of less than 3.0. Students enrolled in their experiential year differed from students enrolled in their second year of curriculum on factors such as test anxiety, academic competence, test competence, and time management skills. Conclusion. Test competence was an important factor to distinguish students with low vs. high academic performance. Factors such as......

Words: 6098 - Pages: 25

Habits and Academic Performance of Students

...SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA J. T. B. OLUWATIMILEHIN, Jimoh Wale OWOYELE Tai Solarin University of Education, NIGERIA Abstract. This article investigates of the relationship between study habits and students’ academic achievement in core subjects at the junior secondary school level. The aim was to determine the relationship between various aspects of study habits including homework and assignments, time allocation, reading and note taking, study period procedures, concentration, written work, examination and teacher consultation and students’ achievement in English language, Mathematics, Integrated Science and Art. This was meant to provide clearer understanding of the phenomenon. The descriptive research design of an ex post facto approach was used in the study. A sample of 300 JS2 students was drawn using simple random sampling technique. A major hypothesis was raised leading to the application of correlation and stepwise linear regression analysis. Findings reveal that of all the study habits’ subscales, ‘teacher consultation’ was most influential while the ‘time allocation’ 155 exercise, concentration, no taking reading and assignments were regarded as less integral to students’ academic performances. Therefore, regular counseling services to train students on study skills strategies were advocated in order to boost their study habit and enhance their academic achievement. Keywords: study habits, academic achievement, junior students, school......

Words: 4055 - Pages: 17

Perceived Effects of Online Games to the Academic Performances Among Students Under the College of Business Administration Education at University of Mindanao

...Perceived Effects of Online Games to the Academic Performances among Students under the College of Business Administration Education at University of Mindanao (UM) Leynard Bangkulit Romeo Dimiao Russel Anthony Junsay Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION Background of the Study In 1958, the world’s first world computer game, a rudimentary two-player tennis game, was created to entertain visitors on the Brookhaven National Laboratory. Since then, the computer/video game industry has become one the most aggressively growing business sectors in the United States and in the whole world. Obviously, games are emerging as one of the most dominant forms of entertainment. This trend goes further as of the increasing penetration of high speech Internet connection and the declining prices of computers, video-game consoles, and mobile entertainment devices. (Lee, Jin, Park, & Kang, 2005) As we know, Internet offers many conveniences. As a result it has made many people depend on it. What is worse, a large number of people have become addicted, especially to online game addiction. By2007, the population of online gamers worldwide was about 217 million, approximately 28 percent of the total online population (comScore,2007).In addition, online game addiction is prevalent in many countries, including China, Korea, Vietnam, Japan, U.S., and Canada. In South Korea, 2.4 percent of the population, ages nine to thirty-nine, were believed to be addicted to online games, and over 10......

Words: 6618 - Pages: 27

Many University Students Engage in Paid Employment. Discuss the Impact of This on Their Academic Performance and Their Overall Experience at University

...TOPIC Many university students engage in paid employment. Discuss the impact of this on their academic performance and their overall experience at university. ABSTRACT Many university engage in paid employment for various reasons such as earning extra income, work experiences. Working while studying provides a stronger basis of working experience for later professional graduate employment and also earns a considerate amount of income that supports the basis of living against the rising inflation and cost of tuition fee. However it is possible that this has detrimental effects on a higher GPA. Not that students lack of intellectual value but rather this is a choice to emphasize on working more rather on studying. Studies have found that there is a direct correlation between increasing working hours and decreasing performance in studying. In this report, it will analyze the relevant data from primary sources and other secondary sources to identify how those reasons and other differentiating factors such as gender, language background, attendance and hours of work would affect their academic performances as well as social experience. BACKGROUND and LITERATURE REVIEW Craig Zimitat, 2003, The first year experiences, Griffith University. The report mainly focuses on the impact of employment within the timeframe of first year student. The data is collected via Griffith survey in large distribution and organized in three groups. The first group represents full-time students......

Words: 1697 - Pages: 7

The Academic Performance of Ab in Communication Working Students of Adamson University

...daily needs leaving students into thinking that they may do something to help their parents by engaging themselves to work. The number of employment rate in the Philippines nowadays is increasing (Philippine Statistics Authority, 2015). With this impressive increase of statistical record on labor and employment, we can assume that working students are involved. Nevertheless, the people who have graduated are more likely under the unemployed statistical rate. Being a working student is very admiring. They need to work to be able to sustain their education, but the downside of it all is that they may prioritize work over studies. Blinded by the power of money, education is left behind as though it did not help them get to where they are today. Sheila Marie A. Ibe, 2nd year college taking BS Airline Business Administration in Philippine Air Transport and Training Services (PATTS), is a working student in Jollibee Parañaque as a Cashier Lady. It is not that they cannot sustain daily needs but it is because she wants to put herself out in the real world and experience the feeling of having a salary after a month-long of hard work. Cedie Santos who graduated at Montessori School last June 15 had also been a working student. He says that it is not easy; you need to know your priorities so your goals are set to be achieved and that time management is very important, too. Based on the researchers’ observation, the number one prevailing problem of being a working student is being......

Words: 375 - Pages: 2

Effects of Study Habits to the Academic Performance of Accounting Management Students at University of Batangas Lipa

...CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Introduction Education is the process through which an individual is developed into individuality and a person into a personality. Each person is different from the other and every individual has some unique potential in some field or the others. Education does not simply refer to the numbers of years an individual spends in a school or college or in any educational institution. It refers to the change in behavior, attitude and culture brought about in the individual as a result of his having undergone education during a particular period. Thus, the main characteristics of any educational process are to bring about the best in the Individual. The basic problem today in education is the problem of motivating the students to learn at all levels. The tremendous explosion of knowledge makes it impossible for anyone to keep himself abreast of times even in one’s own sphere of knowledge, unless he develops the habit of careful and well planned study any educational evidences raised on foundations of lacking breath and depth of knowledge becomes unfounded and unsteady.  The process of learning is influenced by a variety of personal factors such as sensation and perception, fatigue attention, age study habits, self perception, attention, Intelligence, attitude etc. Study habit serve as the vehicle of learning and self perception is a key factor in learning, or major production of education, nor that it exerts an all......

Words: 1995 - Pages: 8

The Negative Effects of Tuition Fee Increase to the Academic Performance of First Year Students of the University of Mindanao

... The Negative Effects of Tuition Fee Increase to the Academic Performance of First Year Students of the University of Mindanao GROUP 6 Setting Problem The Problem And Its Setting Tuition fees are fees charged for instruction during higher education. Tuition payments are charged by educational institutions in some countries to have funding on school equipment, staffs, teachers, and facilities to provide a comfortable learning experience. In some countries there are no or only nominal amount of tuition fees in all forms of education, including Universities and higher education institutions. In a country like the Philippines tuition fee is a very sensitive thing for every Filipino once it increases a wave of reaction follows. It’s no surprise since the country is still in developing state and probably millions still under the poverty line defining the economic status of every Filipino. When we have a closer look of the problem you probably see the reality in which it affects as much as tuition fee is concerned, the academic performance of students. Students who choose to stay in school may have to work longer hours at more demanding jobs to cover their expenses. This can interfere with academic performance. A 2002 study by the State Public Interest Research Group's Higher Education Project found that working full-time can harm grades. Forty-two percent of survey respondents reported that working hurt their academic progress, and 53 percent......

Words: 3147 - Pages: 13

Stress and Anxiety on University Students

... Stress and Anxiety on College Students Name: Institution: Date: Table of Contents Introduction 4 Statement of the problem 4 Significance of the study 5 Methodology 5 Literature Review 6 Results and analysis 9 Recommendations 10 Limitations 11 Conclusion 11 References 13 Abstract Academic stress, depression, and anxiety and their coping strategies are critical challenges facing college students. Every government invests heavily in education. Nevertheless, a research survey carried out among college students indicates that at any given time, 10 to 20 percent of the students’ population suffer from the stress-related psychological problem. This paper describes the research regarding the causes, trends, the nature of psychiatric morbidity, psychological problems, emotional adjustments, as well as management of stress among college students. The paper emphasizes the importance of counselling in helping students with emotional problems as well as suggesting preventive measures that ought to be implemented by universities such as enhancing awareness of seeking counselling services, setting up centres for counselling in colleges. It is also suggested that all colleges should compulsorily establish mentorship programs. Finally, all colleges should form a student health committee with members from health profession, initiate regular workshops, seminars, for both students and teachers on different issues of stress-related psychological problems as...

Words: 2734 - Pages: 11

Impact of Technological Gadgets to the Academic Performance of College Students in University of Nueva Caceres

...Technological gadgets are today’s latest trend in society’s technology, especially in school. In our University, the University of Nueva Caceres, almost all of the students have at least one of these gadgets which can be used to educate, to entertain and to get information. There are so many benefits of incorporating technological gadgets in school, such as bringing new perspective and knowledge to the lessons. It may also help us through the struggles of graduating and pursuing our careers. Technology makes our lives easier. Today’s student have tremendous opportunities to learn and to connect by using it but with each advantage comes a potential cost when we understand those costs and can minimize them, we can keep the use of technological gadgets to remain positive. University of Nueva Caceres is found on the vicinity of Naga City’s market place where there are so many ways to entertain ourselves. It is also a private school so most of the students may have a lot of money given to them by their parents as an allowance. Some students may keep it, some may buy new things and some waste it, badly. Students who waste money badly are those students who tend to cut class just to make it out to their bad habits. That includes cutting classes to go through malls to entertain and going to Internet cafés just to play computer games, betting games and or virtual games. There is always another side to everything. Overuse or using inappropriately these gadgets may result to......

Words: 421 - Pages: 2

The Effects of Family Structure and Parenthood on the Academic Performance of Nigerian University Students

...2(2): 121-124 (2008) The Effects of Family Structure and Parenthood on the Academic Performance of Nigerian University Students V. O. Uwaifo Department of Vocational and Technical Education, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria Telephone: (234) 08035472684, E-mail: vuwaifo@yahoo.com KEYWORDS Parent Education. Academic Performance. Family Structures ABSTRACT This paper examines the effects of family structure and parenthood on the academic performance of Nigerian university students. The sample for the study consisted of 240 students drawn from the six randomly selected faculties in Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State. The adapted form of “Guidance and Counseling Achievement Grade Form” was used for data collection and the data collected were subjected to statistical analysis using the t-test statistical method. The three null hypotheses formulated were tested at .05 level of significance. The results showed that significant differences existed between the academic performance of students from singleparent family and those from two-parent family structures. The results also indicated significant differences in academic performance of male and female students compared on two types of family structures. On the basis of these findings, it was recommended that school counsellors should be employed in all schools and that they should provide necessary assistance to students especially those from single-parent family to enable them overcome their emotional......

Words: 2666 - Pages: 11