Premium Essay

Reasons of Addiction

In: English and Literature

Submitted By seebelle13
Words 1865
Pages 8
In “Embraced by the Needle” Gabor Mate uses a scientific approach to help persuade the reader to agree with his argument, which is that addiction is not bred from the drug itself, but from the feeling of abandonment or neglect. Mate also uses personal anecdotes from people he has met that have issues with drug abuse. The mixture of the scientific statistics, and personal anecdotes validate his argument, and make the reader agree with what he is saying.
In “Embraced by the Needle” Mate discusses the ways in which addiction is bred and how it can eventually take over someones life. Gabor states “No drugs, in itself, are addictive.” This means that it is not the drug that causes the addiction, it is why the people are doing the drugs in the first place, and the way it makes them feel. If people grow up in an abusive household and have never experienced a “warm, soft hug”(305), they turn to drugs because it will give them that feeling.
Although some may agree with Mate’s argument, the ways in which he gives his evidence and examples lacks all the necessary information needed in order to make a decision on whether you agree or disagree with his argument. In paragraph four Mate uses a scientific example saying, “Only about 8 per cent to 15 per cent of people who try, say alcohol or marijuana, go on to addictive use.” (305) While this statistic may be true, it is difficult to report on how many of those people of that eight to fifteen per cent are using it because they simply have an addictive personality. For Mate to say that all addictive drug use is caused from neglect issues is not accurate because he does not account for the people who do drugs because they want to.
In spite of Mate’s lack of information, his use of hard evidence, and personal anecdotes aides in validating his argument. Scientific examples are something that is proven; therefore, it is not something...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Drug Abuse and the Reasons Why alcoholic or someone who uses “street drugs” is a drug addict, but the truth is that anyone can be a drug addict or alcoholic. In my personal definition; a person who is mentally, emotionally or psychically dependent upon a substance is an addict. It does not matter if the substance is alcohol, “street drugs”, or prescription medication. Addiction can take the form of many different shapes, sizes, and races. The history of drug abuse dates back as far as time itself. The human race has always searched for things to help them feel relaxed, stimulated or increase energy and reduce the amounts of daily stress. Drug abuse history can be traced back to home remedies that people thought would cure these types of aliments. One form of abuse was alcohol and was discovered through farming and fermentation of fruits and grains. Indians and other native people used natural remedies like marijuana and natural hallucinogenic to reach out and speak with their spirit guides. When choosing this topic, I thought carefully about my past experience and the experience of people I know that have been in similar situations. Researching and finding the reasons that many people chose to use and abuse drugs and alcohol became very interesting to me. I feel that since I have researched this information and now have some knowledge, I might be able to reach out and help some of the people that are still involved in that situation. Therefore the purpose of...

Words: 1501 - Pages: 7

Free Essay


...Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics Computer Addiction and Cyber Crime Nick Nykodym The University of Toledo Sonny Ariss The University of Toledo Katarina Kurtz The University of Toledo This research explores the relationship between computer addiction and cyber crime. There is evidence of computer addiction in medical settings, scholarly journals and legal proceedings. Reviewing the history of computer addiction has shown that computer addiction can be related to cyber crime. This paper will define computer addiction, show how various cyber crimes, especially those against businesses and organizations, can be motivated by computer addiction and propose further research on how managers can deal with cyber crime in a business, by recognizing addictive behaviors and computer addiction in their employees. HISTORY OF COMPUTER ADDICTION Computer addiction is an idea that has been in existence for years. Since the 1970s, avid computer programmers and hackers have been called “addicts” by both psychologists and the general public (Reed, 2002, p. 135). In 1976, Weizenbaum wrote about computer programmers who could sit and work at their computer terminals for twenty or thirty hours at a time. This behavior however, was viewed at the time as useful to technology and society. Computers, once seen as huge government machines that only very knowledgeable people could use, transformed into user-friendly tools that could be used by the everyday person. It became more......

Words: 3633 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Video Game Addiction game engines everyone wants the new generation of gaming. Even personal computers are one of the most used systems for gaming. Medical officials have slowly been investigating how big video games are becoming and how individuals playing these games are starting to show signs of serious addiction problems. The modern day video games can become very addicting that it can cause individuals to neglect their families, their health, and lose their jobs. In 2011 on a divorce online survey showed that 15 percent of the divorces were due to their spouses’ addiction to video games (Whatcott, 2011). The cause of divorce is the spouse whether it be male or female are not getting the attention they want from that individual. Instead the individual would rather play a virtual reality for hours until it is time to go to bed, then wake up and do it again. Video games have become more personal than they used to be back in the old Nintendo days. They have managed to make games more competitive which is a huge cause of video game addiction. Most research suggests that massively multiplayer online games like World of Warcraft and Call of Duty tend to be the two most addicting games (Conrad, 2012). The reason these two games have caused so much chaos is because of how competitive they have made it as well as the feeling of accomplishment that an individual could not get in reality. Spouses blame the makers of these two video games for wrecking their lives as well as the life of their......

Words: 902 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...The nation’s problem with addiction cannot be ignored as it affects almost every American. Alcohol abuse costs the country 185 billion dollars, along with forty billion dollars spent every year on drug war. Addiction is certainly an epidemic that is plaguing our society today, and the issue must be directly addressed rather than ignored. Addicts are people who are among every one of us, living in a society or as a nation to deal with social problems such as addiction. However, each one of us as individuals can make positive difference – addict or not – by attempting to take responsibility for our own personal transformations. It is individuals who make a society or a nation. Hence, perhaps our attempt to see an addiction-free society could be achieved by each one of us first experiencing it in our individual lives. If every citizen makes it their responsibility to understand addiction and provide support, instead of judgment, for those suffering, the nation would benefit in many ways. There are several reasons such as physical, psychological or sociological, attributed to the problem of addiction, but addiction is a fundamental human trait. It touches on the search for meaning that tends to define what it is to be human in the first place. While many of us apparently struggle to find a meaning for our lives in a materialistic society, “it is addicts among us who are most in rebellion against the materialism in our society” (Seeburger). While several methods, from......

Words: 786 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Why Youngsters Become Addicted to Cell Phones

...cell phone would change your lifestyle? Unfortunately those facts already happened, and they still influence especially youngsters. Choliz (2012) defined “addiction” as a term “refers to a relationship of dependence and a limitation on personal freedom”. Compared to elder adults, youngsters are not only less likely to resist the temptation, but also more easily to accept new conceptions and technologies. The rate of addiction among youngsters was almost two times higher than among adults (Nam, 2013). Hence, youngsters are considered as the main body of cell phone addiction. Although the consequence of cell phone addiction is not regarded as destructive as drug addiction, it is still of great severity. The symptoms of cell phone addiction are concluded by Choliz (2012) like the inability to control the usage, conflicts between family members, occupation of spare time and a sense of emptiness without cell phones. When dealing with the issue of cell phone addiction, it is ideal to analyze the reason behind the phenomenon. There are four main reasons why youngsters become addicted to cell phones: needs for social contacts, intrinsic attractions of cell phones, psychological factors and environmental pressures. Firstly, the increasing need for social contacts can be regarded as a dominant reason for the cell phone addiction. Nowadays, users would like to use cell phones every day to call friends, text someone or update their status in Facebook. Aoki and Downes (2001)......

Words: 1984 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

The Economics of Addiction

...The Economics of Addiction 2 The Economics of Addiction Individuals are increasingly becoming more intellectual and more advanced to the many forwarding changes in society, yet humans are still subject to make immature decisions. Immature in the sense they lack cognitive moral development, the stages of maturity in terms of making ethical decisions, and this lets their flexible minds be influenced and persuaded negatively. Drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, and using drugs are a large part of these negativities. However, these individuals do not lack rational thought. One can be persuaded out of addiction and also one can be persuaded into addiction. Therefore, individuals can rationally choose to become addicted, and according to the increase in addiction rates over the last 50 years, they have. The reasons however, are different depending on the age group. The age groups that will be focused on are baby busters and echo boomers. Each of this age groups have progressed to certain stages in life where rational thought has been renovated. Therefore the idea of addiction can seem to be an appropriate compromise to an individual. Baby busters and echo boomers are often the generations that are associated with abusing alcohol, cigarette, and drug usage. These are generations that include pre- and early post-adulthood which have shown to be experimental with the many dangerous risks in life. The reasoning behind their rational thinking has been studied by many scientists...

Words: 2141 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay


...most people. The adult users generally use it for business purposes while youngsters for computer games. Many people considers using computer as part of their everyday routines because it provides leisure which is a very important component in the sphere of the life. Nowadays, majority of young people spend their leisure time playing computer games, and surfing through the internet. Playing computer games have become one of the favorite time- spending of some adult and young people especially the students.This is one of the reasons why there is computer addiction. But to put it simply, addicted students uses computers to occupy their time. The concept of addiction has been very broadly extended into so-called “excessive appetite disorders” such as pathological gambling and other behaviors, including “love, sex, food, dieting, jogging, television—even religion”. But how is it related to the so-called “Computer addiction”? Why does it exist? What are its effects?...

Words: 1061 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Is Television Addictive

...will define addiction through people's answers in the survey, if they think of themselves as television addicts, and what individuals want to get out of watching television (social interaction or to escape reality for a brief period.) The interviewees will add insight into the direction of the study and they will define television addiction and the level of television that will be a concern (addiction). Through the study more than half the subjects agreed that television has addicting powers, but it lacks withdrawal affects and it doesn't cause harm instantly it should be classified separately from other addictions. Through the results of the study were not conclusive. The people who thought of themselves as addicted the types of programs they watched varied along with their backgrounds. Further studies will have to be done to draw any correlations. Introduction With the amount of television stations broadcasting in the United States alone, there is no lack of programming or genre to watch. With how society views television as a norm and how individuals watch television every day it is important to understand why some individuals watch too much television and to understand their reasoning and logic behind it. It is also important to understand if television addiction is a mental state of mind or if television programs/channels make a product that is addicting and hard to resist. The study of television addiction is important for a few reasons. One, addiction should......

Words: 4668 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Position Paper: Should Society View Addiction as a Disease?

...society view addiction as a disease? Drug addiction is a significant problem in today’s society yet it also seems to be debatable as to whether society should view drug addiction as a disease or choice. Drug addiction continues to grow and affects a diverse population which includes much younger age groups. It must be noted that drug addiction is a voluntary choice; whereas disease is not, despite whether a disease is deemed mental and/or physical in nature. Frankly, whether society views addiction as a disease or choice, it is a problem and a controversial issue. The definition of drug addiction, according the Merriam-Webster’s dictionary is: “the quality or state of being addicted <addiction to reading>, compulsive need for and use of a habit-forming substance (as heroin, nicotine, or alcohol) characterized by tolerance and by well-defined physiological symptoms upon withdrawal; broadly: persistent compulsive use of a substance known by the user to be harmful.”(“Addiction” n.d.) Numerous government and other science researchers continue to study drug addiction while addressing whether addiction is a choice or a disease. There is significantly more information that states addiction is a choice. Drug addiction may be the underlying cause of a disease. However, despite whether addiction may result in disease, addiction is a choice and it is a subject of major study and may reflect how addiction is viewed. “Scientifically, the contention that addiction is a......

Words: 800 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Literature Essay Final

...April 29, 2012 Karen Caston American Literature Katie DeLaney Synthesis Essay (Final) INEBRIATION AND ADDICTION Inebriation and addiction are often noted in the writing and poetry of some postmodern authors. In the poetry of Allen Ginsberg “Howl”, short stories by James Baldwin, “Sonny’s Blues” and Raymond Carver, “Cathedral” talk of alcohol and addiction exist. Reading the poetry of Ginsberg and the story by Baldwin, obvious references are made to inebriation and addiction, more subtle notations are described in the work by Carver. In the story “Cathedral” by Raymond Carver the narrator drinks too much and seems unable to effectively communicate with his wife. Drinking and smoking marijuana goes on throughout the story telling. The short story “Cathedral” portrays individuals isolated from each other for various reasons. It appears that the maladies suffered by the narrator and wife provide reasons for inebriation and addiction. For example,” So when the time rolled around, my wife went to the depot to pick him up. With nothing to do but wait—sure, I blamed him for that—I was having a drink and watching the TV when I heard the car pull into the drive. I got up from the sofa with my drink and went to the window to have a look”. The narrator begins to drink while waiting for his wife and the blind man to arrive from the train station. In this quote the first indication of drinking start. As the story progresses drinking and marijuana smoking...

Words: 1062 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Teen Drug Abuse

...Nicole Buckman PHI105 November 13, 2012 Lisa Tervo Teenage Drug Abuse There are many illnesses that can take over a child’s life and even cause death. Drug abuse is at the top of that list. Teenage drug abuse is a common problem in today’s society and has increased over the last fifty years but, what most do not realize is that an increase in drug abuse leads to addiction and that addiction leads to an incurable disease. Many people do not understand how or why anyone could become addicted to drugs, especially teens. Studies have pointed out “having fun” as a teens number one reason for using drugs, but recent studies show that teens are now using drugs to problem solve or to hide feelings. The National Institute on Drug Abuse states that “by 8th grade, 52% of adolescents have consumed alcohol, 42% percent have smoked cigarettes, and 20% have used marijuana”, (National Drug Intelligence Center, 2012). The top five reasons teens abuse drugs are: stress, social acceptance or low self esteem, self medication, to rebel, and to experiment. The problem is that drugs do not care what the reason is for using them, and effects on the body and brain are the same whether teens are using to deal with a problem or using to have fun. The truth of matter is that the earlier teens starts to use, the greater the risk of becoming addicted. Dr. Manny Alvarez wrote an article on teen drug abuse becoming an epidemic. He addresses how easy it is to get a hold of prescription drugs at any......

Words: 984 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Anime Addiction

...Anime Addiction *   *   * Anime had widely spread in the whole world, its positive and negative effects are continuously being debated. 1.What is the history of Anime? 2.What are the reasons Anime Addiction? 3.What are the common positive effects of anime Addiction? 4.What are the common negative effects of anime Addiction? Intoduction A.Background information B.Importance of the paper C.Statement of the problem D.Definition of terms Anime addicton A.Reason of anime addiction 1.manga games 3.movies 4. anime series B. positive effect of anime addiction 1.culture 3.language interaction C.Negative effects of anime addiction 2.immoral activities disposal Conclusion. The rapid rise of anime has seen much controversy in this generation. We are bombarded with the popularity of anime where many people especially teenagers around the world were involved. anime Addiction is actually a very serious problem for it involves many people where only themselves can solve it. The history of anime began at the start of the 20th century, when Japanese filmmakers experimented with the animation techniques that were being explored in the West. The first generation of animators in the late 1910s included Ōten Shimokawa, Jun’ichi Kōuchi and Seitaro Kitayama, referred to as the “fathers” of anime.[1] During World War II, propaganda films such as Momotarō no Umiwashi (1943) and Momotarō: Umi no Shinpei (1945) were......

Words: 1552 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

The Disease of Drug Addiction

...Lockhart English 101 Dr. Rose November 24, 2014 The Disease of Drug Addiction A major problem in the United States today is the disease of addiction. The disease of addiction is unlike many other diseases, people generally struggle greatly while making an attempt to change for the better. In many cases, the addicts may be clean for a various amount of time, but generally will have a relapse. The media produces tales of inspiration and hope, but also pressure for the addict in various ways. The disease presents various problems with the addict’s behavior, appearance, and attitude. The views of society make it hard for addicts to change, so the addict’s chances of ever being fully clean are slim. Drug addiction is a serious physical and psychological impairment that is very difficult to ever truly recover from. “Addiction is defined as a chronic, relapsing brain disease that is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences” (Science of Addiction). Since addiction is labeled as a brain disease, the addict’s brain cannot function properly without the drugs. Drug addicts act on their cravings for the drug, and they do not think about the repercussions of the drugs. The high of a drug is like no other, and they keep coming back for more and more. Other than the fact the person is addicted to drugs, there is many different reasons people abuse drugs. One of the many reasons people start doing drugs is to do better at something, like......

Words: 1759 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay


...Drugs A Term Paper Presented to: Mrs. Nora H. Cubal Mati School of Arts and Trades City of Mati, Davao Oriental In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements in English IV Presented by: Niño F. Sugaan IV-Zamora S.Y. 2012-2013 Table of Contents I- Introduction A. Statement of the Problem B. Significance of the Study C. Definition of Terms II- Discussion A. What is Drugs? B. Reasons why there are drug addicts C. How drug affects the personality of the user D. Drug addiction treatment III- Summary IV- Suggestion V- Bibliography Acknowledgements First of all I would like to acknowledge to my parents , teachers and classmates for their support and cooperation which help me in completion with this project and I would like to express my special gratitude to the industry for giving me such attention and time. My thanks and appreciation also go to my colleague in developing the project and people who have willingly helped me out with the use of their abilities I- Introduction A drug is a substance which may have medicinal, intoxicating, performance enhancing or other effects when taken or put into a human body or the body of another animal and is not considered a food or exclusively a food. What is considered a drug rather than a food varies between cultures, and distinctions between drugs and foods and between kinds of drug are......

Words: 2225 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Abnormal Psychology

...Drug Addiction and the Health Complications it causes. Julie Quinones Argosy University ENG102 Abstract Many people are struggling with drug addiction and are unaware of the consequences. It could cost them many important things in their life that they are incapable of controlling. Many of these drug-addicted people are not getting the right treatment the in order for them to keep their life. When we look at the drug addiction and how it could mess up many of the people who like to continue to use and abuse the drugs. Many people refuse to give up on the ability to get better and get the help that is needed to get off the drugs. These drug users like to keep the substance abuse going and they do not understand the complications that are in store for them when they continue to use. Why do they like to use all sorts of drugs? Why do they like to continue to use the drugs? Do they realize that it is hurting themselves and their families? All these questions are need to be found because if we don’t start helping these users they are going to suffer from serious problem. What can we do to start helping them understand that they need serious help before their health takes a serious toll on them, some could even lead to death. Parween, A. (2014, Jun 28). Drug Addiction affects all of us in our daily lives. It ruins families and destroys relationships. Drug addiction is a very serious problem that can lead to serious health problems. The health problems......

Words: 1518 - Pages: 7