Reference and Citations Apa Format

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Reference and Citation Examples Basic guidelines for formatting citations in the text Place the complete citation within parentheses. Use the author’s last name and year for the citation: (Smith, 2008). Place the year in the citation, but do not include the month and day. Use only the last name of the author, and never include the first name or initials. Place the name of a group author (corporations, associations, and government agencies) first when no individual author is listed in the source. Use the first two or three words of the title of the work when no author is listed: (Writing Executive Summaries, 2007). Capitalize all major words of the title. Include the page or paragraph number for a direct quotation: p. or pp. for page numbers, para. or ¶ for paragraph numbers. Place any necessary punctuation after the final parenthesis of the citation unless it is a block quote. Never use a URL address in the citation. Basic guidelines for formatting the References page Place the references in alphabetical order. (Do not number references.) Use periods to separate each major element in the reference: Name, A. (Year). Article title. Journal Title, 24(4), 13-16. Include the author’s last name and first and middle initials: Smith, G. Q. (Always use initials instead of authors’ first/middle names.) Place the year in parentheses after the author’s name: Smith, G. Q. (2008). If no year is available, put (n.d.) in parentheses. Place the title of a book or article first when no author is listed in the source. Place the name of a group author (corporations, associations, and government agencies) first when no individual author is listed in the source. Capitalize the following elements of the first title (e.g.,…...

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