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* Alchian, A. and Demsetz, H. (1972). “Production, Information Costs, and Economic Organization”, American Economic Review, 62: 777–95.
* Aragón-Sánchez, A., Barba-Aragon, I., & Sanz-Valle, R. 2003. Effects of Training on Business results. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 14: 956-980.
* Armstrong, M. and Baron, A. (1998) Performance Management: The New Realities. London: Institute of Personnel and Development.
* Arthur, W. A., Jr.,Bennett, W., Jr., Edens, P. S., & Bell, S. T. 2003. Effectiveness of Training in Organizations: A Meta-Analysis of Design and Evaluation Features. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88: 234-245.
* Bartel, A. P. 1994. Productivity Gains from the Implementation of Employee Training Programs. Industrial Relations, 33: 411–425.
* Beer, M., Spector, B., Lawrence, P. R., Mills, D.Q., Walton, R. E. (1984), A Conceptual View of HRM. in Managing Human Assets. Free Press, New York Chap.2
* Bernolak, I. (1997), Effective Measurement and Successful Elements of Company Productivity: The Basis of Competitiveness and World Prosperity, International Journal of Production Economics, 52, 1 - 2, pp. 203-213.
* Bishop, J. 1991. On-the-job Training of New Hires, in Market Failure in Training? ed. David Stern and Jozef M. M. Ritzen, New York: Springer-Verlag, pp. 61–98.
* Borman, WC (1991) Job Behavior, Performance, and Effectiveness, In M. D. Dunnette & L. M. Hough (Eds.), Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology (2nd ed., Vol. 2, pp. 271-326), Palo Alto, CA, Consulting Psychologists Press
* Brewster, C., & Bournois, E. 1991. Human Resource Management: a European Perspective". Personnel Review, 20(6): 4–14.
* Cole, G. A. (2002), Personnel and Human Resource Management, 5th ed. Continuum London: York Publishers
* Dedrick, J., Gurbaxani, V., Kraemer, K.…...

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...Assignment 7: Tentative Reference Listing The Cost of Network Technology to Educational Outcomes Rene’ Henson Professor Joann Runewicz Research 531 September 7, 2012 References (2003). How does technology influence student learning. Learning & Leading With Technology, 29(8), 1-5. Retrieved from landmark studies technology and education&hl=en&as_sdt=0,36&as_vis=1 -Landmark study analyzing the influence that technology has on student learning in academic subjects, higher-order thinking skills, and workforce preparation. Amos, D.S. (2011, October 23). How school districts are funded. Retrieved from -Looks at how districts are funded and the types of funding that can be used for technology versus other needs in schools. Ausburn, L. J., & Ausburn, F. B. (2004). Desktop virtual reality: A powerful new technology for teaching and research in industrial teacher education. Journal of Industrial Teacher Education, 41(4), Retrieved from -Evaluation of the positive and negative uses of virtual reality for student learning. Beck, F.D., & Shoffstall, G.W. (2005, December 22). How Do Rural Schools Fare Under a High Stakes Testing Regime? Journal of Research in Rural Education, 20(14). Retrieved July 18, 2012, from http...

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...Reference 1. 2.]’ 3. 4. Mobile Innovations That Will Change Your Life 5. -How mobiles can transform healthcare. 6. innovations in camera technology. 7. 8. Top of Form Receive news by e-mail [pic] Bottom of Form Menu • Home • What Is 2G Technology? • Comparing 2G And 3G Technology • How 2G Technology Works? • 2G Technology Capacity • New Developments In 2G Technologies • Disadvantages Of 2G Technologies • Advantages Of 2G Technology • Supporting 3G Networks With 2G Technologies • About Us [pic] Comparing 2G And 3G Technology The prime focus of this page is...

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... trust promotes or inhibits alliance performance. Researchers (and managers) ought to take into account the type of uncertainty facing alliance partners—that is, whether the source of uncertainty is internal or external to their alliance. In our study, the type of uncertainty moderated the relationship between trust and alliance performance in such a way that the trust-alliance performance relationship strengthened under behavioral uncertainty and weakened under environmental uncertainty. We hope that our study triggers future studies that will look in more detail at the complicated and contingent role of trust in inter- and intraorganizational relationships. REFERENCES Aguilar, F. J. 1967. Scanning the business environment. New York: Macmillan. Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. 1991. Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Aldrich, H. E. 1979. Organizations and environments. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. Anderson, C. R., & Paine, F. T. 1975. Managerial perceptions and strategic behavior. Academy of Management Journal, 18: 811– 823. Anderson, J. C., & Gerbing, D. W. 1988. Structural equation modeling in practice: A review and recommended two-step approach. Psychological Bulletin, 103: 411– 423. Armstrong, S. J., & Overton, T. S. 1977. Estimating nonresponse bias in mail surveys. Journal of Marketing Research, 14: 396 – 402. Aulakh, P., Kotabe, M., & Sahay, A. 1996. Trust and performance in cross-border marketing partnerships:......

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...REFERENCE LIST Alibaba Group Holding Limited, 2015. [online] Available at: <> Alibaba Group Holding Limited, 2015. Company Overview [online] Available at: <> Alibaba Group Holding Limited, 2015. Culture and Values [online] Available at: <> Alibaba Group Holding Limited, 2015. Frequently Asked Questions [online] Available at: <>, Inc, 2015. [Online] Available at: <> Daxue Consulting, 2014. The Success of Taobao on the Chinese Internet. [online] Available at: <> Ding, Ran. China New Legal Approaches to E-Commerce: Prosperity and Challenge. 2010 International Conference on E-business, Management and Economics IPEDR vol.3 (2011). IACSIT Press, Hong Kong. Incitez Pte Ltd,, 2015. Taobao Total Sales Reached USD5.7 billion On A Single Day [online] Available at: <> Investopedia, 2015. What is Alibaba? [online] Available at: <> Li, W., Wu, D. & Xu, H. (2008) ‘Reputation in China’s online auction market: evidence from’, Frontiers of Business Research in China, 14(2): pp. 13-18 Liu, Ying...

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Reference Groups

...As a marketing concept, consumers’ behavior covers a lot of elements that involve in the consumption processes. As Solomon(2007) stated consumers’ behavior was a serious of processes which include purchasing, using, or disposing of products, services, ideas, or experiences to satisfy their desires and needs. The consumers’ behavior is also considered involving interactions and exchanges (Peter and Olson, 1993). For the interactions, the target market and what the consumers really need must be well known and understood by the marketers (Peter and Olson, 1993). However, it is not only related with the consumers’ experiences during the purchase processes, such as their feelings, thoughts and actions, but also some external factors, like the brand, packaging, price, advertising and so forth. Meanwhile, references group, culture background, economic circumstances and social status, especially the advertisement, and so on, are all deemed to be the factors which influence consumers’ decision. When you think about reference groups, there are a number of perspectives that one has to consider. According to Hawkins (2010), a reference group is a group whose presumed perspectives or values are being used by an individual as the basis for his or her current behavior. Thus, a reference group is simply a group that an individual uses as a guide for behavior in a specific situation (p.227). From a marketing perspective, reference groups are groups that serve as frames of reference for...

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