Referencing

In: English and Literature

Submitted By somia503
Words 412
Pages 2
Referencing
In-text:
All students will use the Harvard System of referencing. References are indicated in the text as either “Recent work (Smith 1970)” or “Recently Smith (1970) has found.” Where a direct quotation is used the page number should be noted e.g. (Smith 1970 pg. 17).
All such references should then be listed in alphabetical order at the end of the paper in accordance with the following conventions:
1. Books surname, forename and/or initials, (year of publication), title, place of publication: publisher, e.g. Baker, Michael J. and Hart, Susan J. (1989), Marketing and Competitive Success, Hemel Hempstead: Philip Allen.
2. Journal Articles surname, forename and/or initials, (year) “title”, journal name, vol, issue, pages, e.g. O’Malley, L. and Tynan, C. (1999), “The Utility of the Relationship Metaphor in Consumer Markets: A Critical Evaluation”, Journal of Marketing Management, Vol. 15, No. 7, pp. 587-602.
3. Contributions in books, proceedings, etc. surname, forename and/or initials, (year), “title”, ‘In:’, editor’s surname and/or initials, book title, place of publication: publisher, pages, e.g. Doyle, Peter (1990), “Managing the Marketing Mix”. In: Baker, Michael J, ed., The Marketing Book 2nd Edition, London: Heinemann Ltd., pp. 227-267.
4. Websites / Online resources.
Author/Editor surname, forename and/or initials, (year), “title”[online], place of publication: publisher. Available at: URL, [accessed date] e.g. Baker, Michael J. (1998), “Individual Branding”, Westburn Dictionary of Marketing [online], Helensburgh: Westburn Publishers Ltd. Available at: http://www.westburn.co.uk/tmd/searchDetails.cfm?PageNum_Record=180 [Accessed 14th February 2006].
When citing material found on a website, you should identify the authorship of the website. This may be a corporate author, an organisation or a company; a guide to this can be found by…...

Similar Documents

Apa Referencing

...APA Referencing THIS IS A QUICK GUIDE TO THE APA REFERENCING STYLE (6TH EDITION)  The American Psychological Association reference style uses the Author-Date format.  Refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.) for more information. Check the Library Catalogue for call number and location(s).  When quoting directly or indirectly from a source, the source must be acknowledged in the text by author name and year of publication. If quoting directly, a location reference such as page number(s) or paragraph number is also required. IN-TEXT Direct quotation – use quotation marks around the quote and include page numbers Samovar and Porter (1997) point out that "language involves attaching meaning to symbols" (p.188). Alternatively, “Language involves attaching meaning to symbols" (Samovar & Porter, 1997, p.188). Indirect quotation/paraphrasing – no quotation marks Attaching meaning to symbols is considered to be the origin of written language (Samovar & Porter, 1997). N.B. Page numbers are optional when paraphrasing, although it is useful to include them (Publication Manual, p. 171). Citations from a secondary source As Hall (1977) asserts, “culture also defines boundaries of different groups” (as cited in Samovar & Porter, 1997, p. 14).  At the end of your assignment, you are required to provide the full bibliographic information for each source. References must be listed in alphabetical order by author. EXAMPLES OF REFERENCES BY......

Words: 1237 - Pages: 5

Harvard Referencing

...Page 1 Department of Lifelong Learning: Study Skills Series Referencing - The Harvard System (Download pdf version) Introduction As a student, it is important that you identify in your assessment when you are using the words or ideas of another author. The most accepted way of acknowledging the work of another author is to use a referencing system. At the Department of Lifelong Learning you are required to use the Harvard referencing system. The following guide tells you why you need to use a referencing system, shows you how to insert references in the text of your assignments, and shows you how to compile a reference list. While there are many variations on the ‘Harvard’ system, the one presented in this guide is the most simple. It does away with most usages of ‘p’ and ‘pp’ to signify page numbers and it replaces some of the commas with colons. Also, this guide is by no means an exhaustive list of all the referencing conventions that you will require in your academic life. Why you should use a referencing system As a part of an academic community, it is important that you show the reader where you have used someone else’s ideas or words. Failure to properly reference using the Harvard system may make the reader think that you are cheating by claiming someone else’s work as your own. In the academic environment, we call this plagiarism and it is seen as a very serious offence. Please remember that plagiarism is not just when you directly copy words from......

Words: 3770 - Pages: 16

Harvard Referencing

...A Guide to Harvard Referencing The following is a guide to writing references in essays and reports. There are several different ways of writing references according to whether they come from a book, edited book or journal article. What is the Harvard System of Referencing? Harvard referencing is a system of in–text referencing which is used by academics and others to illustrate ideas, concepts, theories and arguments by drawing attention to supporting published evidence both in the text of any essay or report and at the end in a references section. 1 How to write references in the text of an essay/report Examples of Text: Benson, Roberts and Smith (1993) have suggested that there is a relationship between academic excellence and shoe size. They have argued that a student with large feet has the capacity to learn more in a lecture than a student with small feet. Support for this theory has come from Dawson (1976) and Franks and Miller (1991) who have found that men who wear size 8–10 shoes tend to score three points higher on Intelligence Quotient (I.Q.) tests than men with shoe size ranges from 5–7. However, research suggests that women obtain a higher I.Q. score if their shoe size ranges from 3–4 in comparison to those with shoe sizes ranging from 5–7 (Bunion and Foot 1987). Despite such gender differences, Benson et al. believe that the relationship between I.Q. and foot size only occurs in industrialised societies and so “we should consider why foot......

Words: 1517 - Pages: 7

Referencing

...What is Referenc ing? Referencing is a standardised method of acknowledging sources of information and ideas that you have used in your assignment in a way that uniquely identifies their source. Direct quotations, facts and figures, as well as ideas and theories, from bot h published and unpublished works, must be referenced. Why Reference? Referencing is necessary to avoid plagiarism, to verify quotations, and to enable readers to follow - up and read more full y the cited author’s arguments. Steps Involved in Referencing 1. Collecting Bibliographic Details Note down the full bibliographic details of the source from wh ich the information is taken, including the relevant page number(s). This information is the basis of a citation or reference . In the case of a book , ‘bibliogra phical details’ refers to: author/editor, year of publication, title, edition, volume number, place of publication and publisher as found on the front and back of the title page. (Not all of these details will necessarily be applicable). In the case of a journal article the details required include: author of the article, year of publication, title of the article, title of the journal, volume and issue number of the journal, and page numbers. For all electronic information , in addition to the above you sh ould note the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) if one exists, and if one does not exist, the web address (URL) of the database you found the article in. Fo r......

Words: 427 - Pages: 2

Harvard Referencing

...Harvard referencing: a guide for SoM students Introduction Academic work demands that you consider the work of other writers and researchers. To use their work without acknowledgement is to steal the ideas of other people and is called plagiarism. You should acknowledge the sources which have informed your work by citing them in the text of your work, and referencing them at the end of your essay, project report, dissertation or thesis. Otherwise, you run the risk of being accused of academic misconduct. There are several widely used methods for writing references. The School of Management uses the Harvard system. If you do not use this method properly you will lose marks. What sources of information should I be reading? Before you use any document, you should consider the quality of the information it provides. Articles published in refereed academic journals are the most authoritative, because they have been through a thorough checking process known as peer review. Books may not have been checked so rigorously by their publishers. Articles in newspapers and trade magazines are not checked as carefully as those in refereed academic journals so may not be as reliable. And information found on the Internet needs to be treated with caution, as anyone can put material there, accurate or otherwise! How do I put a citation in my text? To avoid being accused of plagiarism, you need to put a citation in the text you are writing whenever you mention another person’s work.......

Words: 3721 - Pages: 15

Referencing Harvard

...L3 Language Literacies Learning Harvard referencing guide UniSA This guide will help you apply the Harvard referencing style to your writing at UniSA. It is designed to help you understand the conventions and principles of this style and make decisions about referencing. There are many different versions of the Harvard style. This guide presents one consistent version for use at UniSA, which conforms to the Australian Government standard guidelines presented in Snooks & Co (eds) 2002, Style manual for authors, editors and printers, 6th edn, Wiley & Sons, Australia. Table of contents What is referencing? ......................................................................................................................... 2 How do we reference? ...................................................................................................................... 3 Sample extract from an essay ............................................................................................................ 5 What if your source does not match? ................................................................................................ 7 Harvard referencing UniSA examples ................................................................................................. 8 Print ................................................................................................................................................... 8 Book ..............................................

Words: 8716 - Pages: 35

Essay on Referencing

...Excellence in Teaching and Learning (CETL) network. The set title was ‘What is the point of referencing?’, and there was a maximum word limit of 1,500 words. There is a tutor commentary on the points made by the student to the left of the essay. The introduction to an essay is very important. Here the student immediately addresses the question. | What is the point of referencing?The reasons why accurate referencing is essential for academic work are not immediately apparent, particularly for students new to higher education. This essay will, therefore, examine why referencing is an essential part of academic writing and in the process address the question: ‘what is the point of referencing?’ | The student introduces the main reasons for referencing. | There are three main reasons for referencing. Firstly, referencing helps student writers to construct, structure, support and communicate arguments. Secondly, references link the writer’s work to the existing body of knowledge. Thirdly, only through referencing can academic work gain credibility. | Summarises the structure of the essay. | This essay will discuss these three aspects of referencing in detail, examine their validity, identify how referencing affects a writer’s writing style, and show how referencing helps students to present their own ideas and opinions in assignments. | Engages with the first of the reasons for referencing: construction of arguments. The student draws on the work of a published writer......

Words: 1898 - Pages: 8

Apa Referencing

...Referencing: American Psychological Association American Psychological Association (APA) has been the common guideline in research projects and thesis. Followings are some information for referencing. Students are advised to visit: http://apastyle.apa.org for more information. Print Resources: Books * Names are listed last name, then initials. Separate names with a comma, and use & before the last author, e.g. Helfer, M. E., & Duncan, G. J. * Use Ed. for ONE editor, Eds. for MULTIPLE editors, e.g. (Ed.). / (Eds.). * Capitalize first word in TITLES and SUBTITLES, and PROPER NAMES. * Italicize the name of the TITLES. I. Books By One Author Frank, H. A. (2005). An introduction to organizational behaviour. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. II. Books By Two Or More Authors Levison, M., Ward, R. G., & Webb, J. W. (1973). The settlement of the Polynesia. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. III. Books By Corporate Author Institute of Financial Education. (1982). Managing personal funds. Chicago: Midwestern. IV) Books By Corporate Author as Publisher World Bank. (2004). Gender and development in the Middle Print Resources V. Books With Editors Duncan, G. J., & Brooks, J. (Eds.). (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation. VI. Books With Edition Helfer, M. E., Keme, R. S., & Drugman, R. D. (1997). The battered child (5th ed.). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. VII.......

Words: 976 - Pages: 4

Havard Referencing System

...2013 UCL Pre-sessionals - Harvard Referencing System 2013 This document explains how you can reference your work according to the Harvard Referencing System (henceforth simply referred to as Harvard). While there are a number of different referencing systems used in academia worldwide, Harvard is the most common and, consequently, is the one most likely to be useful to you in your future academic studies. This is why we expect you to use Harvard for referencing on the Pre-sessional. Once you have been admitted to the university department where you will be studying for your degree, you should, however, check which system your department favours and adapt your referencing practices accordingly. This guide is only an introduction to Harvard, so if you find it does not fully cover your needs or you would like to take a more comprehensive look at Harvard, we suggest that you refer to either: Chapters 5 and 6 of The American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. Washington DC, USA: American Psychological Association. or: The American Psychological Association (APA) website at: www.apastyle.org. What is referencing? Referencing is a method for standardising and presenting systematically the words and ideas of others in your own writing. Such ideas may include direct quotations, facts, figures, ideas and theories from both published and unpublished works. Why reference? Referencing is necessary to avoid......

Words: 5205 - Pages: 21

Email Referencing

...pdf. Last accessed 25th oct 2014. Unisa. (2010). What is referencing?. Available: http://resource.unisa.edu.au/mod/book/view.php?id=47609. Last accessed 24th Oct 2014. ----------------------- Dear Student: Thank you for letting me know the problem you got with your study, I am fully understand your confuse about how to write your assignment.This is the advice that I want to give you. About how academic integrity officer know you are copying ,first you need to know it is wrong to copy other work,second is Turnitin.Turnitin is a checking system around the world ,which is provide plagiarism prevention service used by millions of students and faculty. It help to manage the process of submitting and tracking papers electronically.It is also a system with a large amount of database to prevent student to copy others assignment. Therefore the system can easily found out which part of writing is not come from your own. The reason that Turnitin is used in many country around the world is that Turnitin can help course instructor to identify the paper that student submitted is copied or not .which help them to check the paper efficiency.But I doesn't mean you cant copy, it means that you need to referencing after you copied. University care about the copy right , we can use the idea and information from others work but we can't copy it.To respect their work,we need to referencing,by mention where we copy and which information we used . When......

Words: 420 - Pages: 2

Taruc Harvard Referencing

...Harvard  Referencing  System  Tunku Abdul Rahman College  Compiled by    Dr Chook Ka Joo  Quality Assurance Department  Tunku Abdul Rahman College    and    Mr Johnny Chin Fui Chung  School of Social Science and Humanities  Tunku Abdul Rahman College    2010 For Internal Circulation Only  CONTENTS                Page      1.0  INTRODUCTION  1  THE IMPORTANCE OF CITING REFERENCES  1  REFERENCING SYSTEM  1  THE HARVARD REFERENCING SYSTEM  2  CITATION IN THE TEXT  2  THE REFERENCE LIST  6  EXAMPLES OF REFERENCING  9    2.0    3.0    4.0    5.0    6.0    7.0    REFERENCES              For Internal Circulation Only  TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN COLLEGE    HARVARD REFERENCING SYSTEM      1.0   INTRODUCTION    Referencing or citing means acknowledging the source of information and ideas  you  have  used  in  your  assignments  (e.g.  essay,  report,  project,  research  paper,  etc.).    This  is  a  standard  practice  at  all  institutions  of  higher  learning  including  Tunku Abdul Rahman (TAR) College.     This learning guide on Harvard referencing system was developed based on the  following references:      Curtin University Library 2007, Harvard Referencing.    Fisher, D & Hanstock, T 1998, Citing References.    Saunders,  M,  Lewis,  P  &  Thornhill,  A  2005,  Research  Methods  for  Business  Students.   ......

Words: 5087 - Pages: 21

Correct Referencing

...ideas. Paper has an abstract and methodology 11-20 Paper has satisfactorily addressed most key issues in the topic. Most of the material is relevant and recent. A few patches of unreferenced information, although content is generally logical 0-10 Paper has not addressed topic adequately. Or it has addressed some of the sections superficially. The paper is filled with chunks of unreferenced information. Generally a ‘cut and paste’ paper with no clear link to the topic. No abstract and methodology. k Research evidence: 20marks 11-20 Correct in-text referencing according to the University guide. All references are accurate and relevant to content. Most research evidence supports writer’s views 5-10 Correct in-text referencing according to University guide. Most references are accurate and relevant to content. Some research evidence to support writer’s claims 0-4 NNo in-text referencing, minimal or incorrect in-text referencing, Evidence does not support writer’s claims. Paper filled with unreferenced quotations or chunks of information from different on-line sources and no writer’s voice. Language: 20marks 11-20 A generally well edited paper-very few spelling mistakes, clear expressions, correct register and tone, formal style and grammatically correct sentences 5-10 Edited but paper still has many language errors, several incorrect and confusing sentences 0-4 No or minimal evidence of editing, paper fraught with spelling mistakes, unclear expressions-paper is......

Words: 912 - Pages: 4

Harvard Referencing

...Harvard Referencing There are 2 stages, these include: 1) Citing – What you do in the text of your essay e.g. highlighting words you’ve incorporated from someone else’s work 2) Referencing – All the details of the source of information you’ve used at the end of your work in a separate section For both directly copying, and changing an idea into your own words, you need to indicate the source of information in brackets at the end of your sentence. For a direct quote, these brackets must contain 3 pieces of information: * The authors name * The year their work was published * The page number i.e (Kovmi, 2009, p.5) For an indirect quote (changed into your own words), you just need to include the authors name and year of publication. The reference section at the end of your work must include all the information of the source of information. Each source of information in your reference section should always start with the same information as the citation in your essay. When writing your reference section, ensure you order it alphabetically by the author’s names. Referencing a book The order of information for referencing a book is: 1) Author/s/Editor 2) Year of publication in round brackets 3) Title in italics 4) Edition (if relevant i.e. not the first edition) 5) Place of publication: publisher 6) Series and volume number (if relevant) For example: Pears, Richard, and Shields, Graham. (2010) Cite the right: the essential......

Words: 345 - Pages: 2

Harvard Referencing

...Harvard Referencing 2007 Note: this page is only an introduction to the Harvard referencing system. Curtin University Library provides a modified version of the author-date system presented in: Snooks & Co. 2002, Style manual: For authors, editors and printers, 6th edn, John Wiley & Sons Australia, n.p. For referencing electronic sources, refer to the American Psychological Association's Publication manual: American Psychological Association 2001, Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th edn, APA, Washington, DC. Note: A modified APA style is used for electronic sources to fit in with the Harvard referencing style provided by Curtin University Library as the Style manual does not cover this area fully. The information and examples contained on this page are chiefly derived from the above publications. It is very important that you check your department or school's assignment guide as some details, eg. punctuation, may vary from the guidelines on this page. You may be penalised for not conforming to your school's requirements. What is Referencing? Referencing is a standardised method of acknowledging sources of information and ideas that you have used in your assignment in a way that uniquely identifies their source. Direct quotations, facts and figures, as well as ideas and theories, from both published and unpublished works must be referenced. There are many acceptable forms of referencing. This information sheet provides a brief guide to the......

Words: 3356 - Pages: 14

Handbook for Referencing

...DEPARTMENT of LANGUAGE & COMMUNICATION THE BUSINESS SCHOOL HANDBOOK FOR REFERENCING 1. THE IMPORTANCE OF REFERENCING There are three main reasons why accurate referencing is important: * it provides relevant background information, illustrations of ideas or theories, or evidence for an argument that you are making in your essay or report. Your ideas need to be based on prior reading, and referencing is a way of showing that you have done this and are familiar with the field. * it enables readers to find any source of information mentioned in the text, if they want to follow up on a point or examine a theory more closely. In other words, if you refer to someone's work in an essay or report, you have to give enough information to allow readers to find it for themselves, if they find it interesting or relevant. * it gives due credit to the person(s) from whom you acquired the information. Using those ideas and/or words as if they were your own, or without acknowledging where they came from, is equivalent to 'stealing' someone else's ideas and counts as an academic offence in Britain known as plagiarism. 2. FORMATTING STYLES: HARVARD REFERENCING There are many different formatting styles for referencing, and each journal uses a specific style. So in that sense, there is no single, correct way in which to format your references. Nevertheless, it is......

Words: 3693 - Pages: 15