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Rehabilitation in Prisons

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Rehabilitation in Prisons
Joseph Iadanza
CJA/234
July 15, 2013
Christopher Marco

Rehabilitation Paper
“Definition and origin of rehabilitation in prison”
Rehabilitation is the aspiration with probability of programs to restore the individual to a prior state. Theoretically rehabilitation is special programs that focus on the needs of the inmate to reunite with society. The origin of rehabilitation evolved from different ideas starting in the 17th century England into the late 19th century in the United States. The purpose of jail and prison were forms of rehabilitation by punishment. By the removing the offender from society punishment would be the form of rehabilitation. In 1779 Parliament passed the Penitentiary Act that made rehabilitation of criminals a functioning part of the prison system. When examining the following histories of parole, Transportation, Norfolk Island, The Irish System, and New York’s Elmira each mention the conditions of behavior as a term of release. In the United States, Zebulon Brockway took the ideas of Alexander Maconochie and Sir Walter Crofton’s in which he modified and integrated in the 1869 New York’s Elmira Reformatory. The theory was to humanize prison life and make prisoners fit for society (University of Phoenix, 2011).
“Definition of parole and how it differs from mandatory release” Parole is the supervised early release of an offender from confinement. The purpose behind parole is the offender will serve a substantial portion of time incarcerated with the opportunity to prove they can sustain a behavioral life within the community. Many states have differences with the parole decision makings. The two models used are the Parole Boards and Statutory release. The parole board grants parole based on judgment known as discretionary parole. Statutory release is a date set near the end of one’s incarceration, minus...

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