Free Essay

Religions

In: Psychology

Submitted By sallen5732
Words 1916
Pages 8
Religion overview week 4 Theravada Buddhism | Mahayana Buddhism | Hinduism | Traditional Judaism | The Gospel | Meaning of birth | We are reborn from a previous life until we reach nirvana (extinction of all desire and release from suffering). The cycle of death and rebirth is called samsara. | We are reborn from a previous life until we reach nirvana (extinction of all desire and release from suffering). The cycle of death and rebirth is called samsara. | We are reborn from a previous life until we realize our "oneness" with Brahman. The cycle of death and rebirth is called samsara. | We are made in the image of God and come into the world with the capacity to opt for good or evil. | We are made in God's image but come into the world inclined to sin because of the sin of Adam. Redemption is needed. | Way to Truth | Follow the teachings of Buddha, e.g., the Four Truths and the Eightfold Path. The written Scripture, the Tripitaka ("three baskets"), includes the teachings of Buddha. | Through the study of scriptural texts running to more than five thousand volumes. | Spiritual disciplines like yoga enable one to achieve the enlightenment and truth needed. Suffering and samsara result from ignorance of self-truth. Vedas are scriptures that hold final authority. | Bible (Hebrew Scriptures). Oral Law provides the authoritative interpretation for knowing how to live. Truth is seen in deeds more than in creed, although a cardinal tenet of belief is the Unity of God. | Bible (Old and New Testaments) as divinely revealed. It is final arbiter, although various creeds give expression to its teaching. Y'shua is the ultimate embodiment of truth. | Goal of spirituality | Deliverance from samsara through reaching nirvana. | Deliverance from samsara through reaching nirvana is not to be sought for the individual alone. | Deliverance from cycle of death and rebirth and realizing "oneness" with Brahman. | To know God. To serve God and others. | To know God. To serve God and others. | Way to spirituality | Practice of some disciplines leads to nirvana. No personal God. One can achieve deliverance from samsara and become a Buddhist saint. But this deliverance is only for the few who can attain it. | Seeking personal deliverance and assisting in others' salvation. Ideal follower is a bodhisattva, one who forsakes his own salvation to aid others. Salvation is not merited, open to all. | Practice of spiritual disciplines such as yoga delivers one from the cycle of death and rebirth by helping one to realize his or her "oneness" with Brahman. Many incarnations and deities may be worshipped. | Observance of mitzvot, study of Torah and other holy books leads to blessing in life. Prayer, repentance, and the need to perform the mitzvot with the proper intention or kavannah are also important. | Faith in Y'shua as God's requisite for atonement and salvation. Continued spiritual growth and blessing come through living a life of service and love. | Meaning of death | Leads to rebirth from which we can be delivered by reaching nirvana. Rebirth is not by chance but is based on the universal law of cause and effect (karma). | Differs from Theravada Buddhism in accepting the existence of the individual soul, in which case rebirth is also called transmigration. | Leads to rebirth of the soul, or transmigration, from which we can be delivered by realizing our "oneness" with Brahman or ultimate reality. | Cessation of bodily life and entrance into the "world to come" or some other place. | Cessation of bodily life and entrance into either heaven or hell. | Afterlife | Until nirvana is reached, after life is rebirth. Nirvana itself is neither continued existence of the soul nor annihilation. | On the way to nirvana, the individual soul may pass through a variety of heavens and hells. | Afterlife is rebirth until deliverance is achieved. Then one merges into Brahman, the All. | Many beliefs, including bodily resurrection. Few teach of a heaven and hell. Generally, Torah obedience leads to life in the world to come. | Bodily resurrection after death and judgment. Heaven and hell are eternal destinies to which all people go based on choices made in this life. |

| | Corporate Services | Other Services | Private Instruction | Invest in China | Curriculum | FAQ | Business Culture | Links | Textbooks | Our Staff | Hours and Location | Contact Us | |

| | Judaism, Christianity, and IslamSimilaritiesThere are a few common roots and many common elements to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam--the so-called Abrahamic religious heritage. Here are a few major ones that these religions share similarities:

Belief about God.

Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are monotheistic religions, namely they believe that there is only one God. Jews and Muslims greatly stress the oneness and unity of God. The affirmation of the oneness of God by Christians is sometimes misunderstood, because Christians believe that the one God is triune (the Holy Trinity). However, this is not a denial of monotheism but an affirmation of the complexity of the Divine Being.

All three religions believe that this God is the origin and source of all that exists. God cares about the entire creation and desires the well-being of all. God is just and has provided basic rules for our guidance so that we may be good and righteous, according to God's intention. God is also merciful; by means of God's grace we are given strength to be more like what we ought to be.

Children of Abraham: Understanding human beings

The three religions believe that human beings are the highest creatures here on earth. We are the children of Abraham. God created us full of mystery, which means potential for continuous growth, both as a species and as individuals. We are capable of both good and evil. When we grow in goodness, righteousness, and love we become more like what God intended human goodness to be. When we abuse our freedom and do harm to other people, ourselves, and the environment it means that we are going against God's plans as we become evil-doers. Each person is capable, with God's help, to turn away from evil, repent, and do good. We owe God our devotion, glorification, and obedience.

The Future

No matter how difficult the past and present may be, the three religions are hopeful about the future. Evil and suffering cannot ultimately prevail. God has provided a condition (or state of being) for which our three religions have different names, but we agree on the term Paradise. This future will bring about God's unchallenged rule; unconditional bliss for all who live with God.

Divine Human Encounter

The three Abrahamic religions believe that God and human beings can and should communicate with each other. By revelation God communicates to people, among which the most important are revelation through prophets. These revelations are recorded in the Holy Scriptures of each religion. While the Holy Scriptures of the three religions are not the very same, nevertheless the younger two religions acknowledge God's truth as found in the previous religions, and encourage respect to the Holy Books. While each of the three religions does not merely focus on one set of writings, the key Scripture of Judaism is the Torah, the key Scripture of Christianity is the Bible, which consists of the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) and the New Testament, and the key Scripture of Islam is the Qur'an.

The duty of people is to read or listen to God's Holy Writings and to respond with prayer, praise, and with an appropriate acceptance of God's commandments in our life-style.

God's Guidance

God did not leave us without guidelines for behavior. God provided us with sound basic rules to live by as well as a rational mind to learn how and when to apply those rules to our everyday life. All three religions, for example, abhor murder, the arbitrary killing of innocent people. Likewise, God wants us to be telling the truth and not to take from others what rightfully belongs to them. We are to respect the dignity of every person and help especially those who are not capable of helping themselves, such as widows, orphans, and the poor. All three religions believe in Golden Rule: doing to others what we wish others do unto us. All three religions foster modesty, moderation, and honest work. We are to submit ourselves to the will of God.

All three religions closely link religion and morality. Religion is to be manifested by showing concern for the well-being and dignity of others, in a life of service to others, and in personal and social ethical behavior.What Difference Does It Make? As monotheistic religions, sharing common ancestors, belief in divinely given written scriptures, and common rituals and practices, such as regular prayer and charity; valuing pilgrimage and sharing many common holy places; promising that behavior will receive its proper rewards and punishments in the future, on earth and in an afterlife; balancing and integrating strands of mysticism, legalism, and pious devotion; the three religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam would appear to be naturally suited to co-existence and even to mutual reinforcement. And indeed at times, notably in Spain, during much, but not all, of the period from about 750 to about 1250, the three faiths coexisted and gladly learned from one another. But such warm, reciprocally beneficial coexistence has been the exception rather than the rule.

Perhaps two factors can explain the hostility that has often characterized the relationships among these religions. First all three have been proselytizing religions--although Judaism abandoned this practice early in the Christian era-- and their very closeness has made them bitterly competitive. Each has had some feeling that it has come the closest to the essential truths of God and the world, and that the others have somehow failed to recognize this. Both Christianity and Islam, for example, accuse Judaism of stubbornly refusing to accept later revelations that modify and update its original truths. Both Judaism and Islam accuse Christianity of a kind of idolatry in claiming that God begat a son who as actually a form of God and who walked the earth in human form. Both Judaism and Christianity argue that God did not give a special, final revelation to Muhammad. In each case these religions have looked at one another and said that, despite elements of deep commonality, there exist also fundamental heresies. Indeed within each of these religions, at various times, splits have turned one group against another amidst cries of heresy and calls to armed opposition. Truth was to be maintained, asserted, and defended through the force of arms. (Religions with less insistence on doctrinal correctness, such as Hinduism, and Buddhism, have had less, and less bitter, religious warfare.)

Second, as each religion developed, it sought the support of government. It often sought to be the government. Truth was to be reinforced by power. Basic competition over spiritual and philosophical truths spilled over into competition also for tax monies, office, land, and public acceptance of specific ritual and architectural symbols, and suppression of opposition. When they could, these religions marched through the world armed. The idea that the state and religion should be separated appeared as early as Augustine; but until recently, in the lands where these three religions predominated, the state and religion were usually intimately bound up with one another, and in many places, the religion of the leader of the state was excepted to be accepted as the religion of his subjects, or at least to be given preferred treatment over others. | | |

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Religion In Religion

...Death Death is a reality that is feared the most no matter how hard we try, we can’t escape. We are totally powerless to overcome death. The issue on the role of religion in death is relevant because living in a community surrounded by various religious beliefs means that remarkable events like this (death) can be perceived differently. The issue is controversial because most of the religions have a strong viewpoint regarding life and death and their concept differs a lot. While some religions believe that there is nothing but our life in this world. We live and we die and nothing destroys us but time, while other religions believe that the body dies and disappears, but the mind goes on - the mind has existed endlessly and continues...

Words: 2445 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Religion

...our attention to the six dimensions of religion: doctrines, rituals, myths, ethics, experience and society. These are very important elements of religion. All religions have doctrines which are at the center of their activities. The doctrines involve the codes, creeds and the cult. Again, all religions have the performance of rituals. The rituals are performed in physical terms but have spiritual implication for the believer. It is these rituals that enable man to identify with the spiritual world. Examples of such rituals include libation, prayers, sacrifice, etc. Furthermore, all religions have a mythological element that makes it difficult to explain the inexplicable. Countless stories abound in the world religions about their founders, their experiences and their concept of the spirit. There are myths that are not easy to comprehend. Again, every religion has an ethical dimension. They all emphasize on good conduct or morality. No religion encourages bad or unacceptable conduct. Believers are enjoined to live a way of life that reflects the philosophy of the religion. The codes are expected to be followed religiously by members. The day to day activities of believers and what they perceive as the interference of the spiritual is seen as the experiential dimension. Issues like miracles and healing are linked to religious experience. Most religions have these elements. Lastly, religion is society based. There can be no religion without society. It takes place in......

Words: 1791 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Religion

...Religion is one of most profound traditions today. Many people believe that by continually staying connected to a high power or source, brings a sense of inner peace from within. Religion is one of most captivating studies and discussed subjects known to mankind. Religion can bring many people together in masses for spiritual connections, and religion can also divide country as well as nations that results in conflict to even wars around the world. Although religion can be complex in focus, specific elements within religious traditions are related and transcend into individual beliefs of religious sectors, or sacred religions within themselves. The paper will provide brief variations on how various traditions within religions can encourage relationships by actively being connected divinely sacred, scared dwellings, as well as other relationships with followers and believers or headship, such as clergy, priest, and pastors of from religions. What a Religious Tradition Does and Relationship to the Sacred Understanding the relationship with a divine connection one must possess the knowledge of its divine source, such as whom and what is sacred. Monotheism meaning one God relates to religions, such as Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. Polytheism meaning numerous of Gods relate to religions, such as in Hinduism religion can be defined an organized group in beliefs, cultural systems. Many world observations can relate to a higher power, supernatural into spirituality.......

Words: 592 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Religion

...The Influence of Religion on Society’s Daily Life By Aris Totle FOUN 1001: English Society, as it is known, is built on the basis of religious teachings. Religion has a huge impact on daily life. Almost every aspect of everyday life has been influenced by religion. Religion can be described as a system of shared beliefs. Christianity, being the most widely practiced religion in the world, especially in western territories such as the United States of America, Europe, and the Caribbean; has also been the most influential. Although many persons may not be practicing the Christian religion, their values and daily practices are still mandated by Christian beliefs. The biggest influence that Christianity has on everyday life probably is that the social norms that exist in society today are almost all based on the teachings of this religion. Social norms refer to rules that govern socially acceptable behaviour. Societal norms and practices in western civilizations are largely dictated by Christian beliefs. Religion greatly impacts the morality of individuals within these societies. Collectively as a society, and individually, persons attempt to live their lives in accordance with codes of morality and ethicality. Morals refer to an individual’s own principles regarding right and wrong. Ethics also relates to right and wrong conduct. There is a strong connection between religion and morality and ethics. Although these are distinct concepts, and morality can exist without......

Words: 1148 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Religions

...Ashley Castle World Religions D040 April 26, 2016 Extra Credit Islam and Sikhism are basically different religions that reflect different beliefs about God. These differences reflect fundamentally different views on the nature of the relationship between God and the individual, as well as differing practices of worship. Both religions have a long tradition and followers all over the world. They share some similarities as well. Islam means “complete surrender to the trusting God” and Sikh, from the Sanskrit or Hindi word “Shishya” means disciple. These two religions have a founder that connected with god and were told to teach others about him and to be their leaders. The founder of Islam is Muhammad, which means the worthy of praise. At the age of forty, Muhammad experienced something strange, while he was meditating in a cave outside of mecca, on Mount Hira when an angle named Gabriel (jibril) appeared to him and delivered a special message from Allah, which means the God. He recited Qur’an to his people of mecca and the people started to believe that Muhammad was a prophet. Fundamental authority is the Qur’an and most emphasis is placed on the basic five pillars and all of Islam is based on the principle of mercy, and those who expect mercy from God must be merciful themselves. Islam preaches the divine presence of God or Allah in daily life. By prying regularly, they believed that Muslims can come to better understand the nature of God and partake in his divinity. ......

Words: 1015 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Religion

...Religion has been a really hot topic ever since it was established and it has been the cause of devastating battles in the entire world. Two of the most remarkable effects that organized religion has caused in society today has to do with the establishment of the laws and rules that society is govern. The other significant effect of organized religion has to be the influence in behaviors and traditions. Since the early stages of humanity religion has played a very important role in the creation of rules and guidelines for society. Religion provided the standards in which kings and rulers of the land based their laws over their subjects and maintain power for a very long time. These rules had evolved into the current laws that government had implemented into their judicial system. The example that illustrate this evolution is how the roman catholic religion influenced European and the American governments. Europeans specially the Spaniards based their laws deeply on their religion and emphasize all their efforts into converting anyone with a different ideology into christianity. This was evident during the conquer of the American continent when the native americas were rip off their believes because they were different and had to be subdued. Even after the independence from Europe laws were based on believes and gradually changed into todays rules and regulations for society. Depending of the geographical location and the respective religion of the area many societies......

Words: 388 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Religion

...Modern Religion Christianity has evolved in many ways over the centuries. When you look back from when Christianity was first discovered until now it has gone through many changes. Over time the world has become more technologically advanced and people in the world have gone through many changes as well. It is very important that churches adapt and keep up with the modern day ways of life. A few decades ago when the Christian churches wanted to go and minister to people they traveled by car or even foot and went and knocked on people’s doors. In today’s world if a church wants to minister to the community all they have to do is get online and they can reach out to millions of people at a time. The Christian churches today that are still very traditional and still do things by the book are the churches that aren’t really growing as fast. When you look at the Christian churches that have advanced technology and have made changes to accommodate the modern world those are the churches that are thriving. For example, there are Christian churches today that have applications that you can download and donate money online or even download a bible directly to your phone. In today’s world, convenience is the key. People in the modern world want things to be instant and easily available to them. That is the way that the world is and if the Christian religion is going to continue to grow then it has to move at the same speed the rest of the world is moving. As the world grows...

Words: 1051 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Religion

...Religion, renewal and choice Religion, renewal and choice Modernity | Is seen as beginning with the industrial revolution. It is characterised by rapid social change, scientific and technological development and secularisation. Beck and Giddens argue that late modernity will accelerate, especially as a result of globalisation. | Post modernity | The view that society has moved into a new era of postmodernity- a globalised, media-saturated society. Culture is fragmented, unstable and ever changing, and individuals create and change their identities through consumption of signs and brands. Some Marxists see PM as the latest phase of capitalism, in which globalisation permit the accumulation of capital. | Individualism | The idea that the individual is more important than the group. In postmodern society, individualism becomes more important becomes more important than it is in traditional society and individuals actions are influenced more by self-interest rather than obligation. Secularisation theorists argue that this leads to decline in religion by undermining its communal basis. | Vicarious religion | Is experiencing religion ‘second hand’ or at a distance. Attending churches for rites of passage but not on a regular basis. A small number of professional clergy practise religion on behalf of a much larger number of people | Cultural amnesia | Loss of collective memory, where religion is no longer being handed down through generations as members of family are......

Words: 501 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Religion

...economic problems, anxiety about death, psychological or the need for security in an unstable world through random and strategic designed social ministries, It also provide order, stability and hope to their lives. Moreover Pentecostalism emphasized an immediate personal experience of God’s power by his Spirit; it is more intuitive and emotions. Worship also another factor that touches the emotions and felling, healing also takes place. This persuades peoples that as Christianity is true. Pentecostalism tackle old margin between science and religion by giving reasonable explanation to the world view. Finally the new theoretical idea helps the growth which attempted to account for the comparative prosperity of religion. it create a market place for religion They frequently read their bible and surrounded their activities with prayer Task 2 In this writing I am going to discusses about Karl Marx view on religion. He viewed religion as an “opiate” that took the edge off the pain of life”. I am partly agreed on the view. First...

Words: 838 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Religion

...Chapter 2 Study Questions 1. Native American religions have some of the qualities of monotheism, polytheism, and monism. 2. The examples of animism that relates to hunting and agriculture were that hunting was a religious pursuit in which the hunter saw the animal as a fellow creature with a similar spirit, therefore a hunter prayed to the spirit of the animal before the hunt. only those animals that were absolutely needed were killed. After the hunt, one asked the animal for forgiveness. For agriculture Native Americans worshiped the soil, plants, trees. Plants, like animals are thought to have spirits and are treated as persons by many Native Americans. 3. The major taboos of native American society are, menstruating women , avoidance of the dead. 4. The purpose of the Sun Dance is, to show continuity between life and death a regeneration, to contact with spirit world, also sun dance was a way of achieving visions from the spirit world, also this practice was a right of passage. 5. In Native American thinking the primary cause of sickness, and the ways it should be cured were, sickness is caused by the invasion of the body by an foreign object, and healing comes about when the foreign body is removed. 6. The use of peyote in religious ceremonies peyote produced profound sensory and psychic experiences lasting twenty- four hours, a property that led the natives to value it and use it religiously after a certain amount of peyote has been ingested, mescaline......

Words: 541 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Religion

...I never even knew it was there, and you wouldn’t just by driving by. I pointed this out to my friend and he quickly quipped “of course not, we don’t advertise.” It was a dingy looking building with a little sign as you walked in saying Mosque and some other writing that I couldn’t understand. I was nervous and excited all at once. I love, LOVE, learning knew traditions and rituals of different people but for some reason I needed a reason to go here. With all the bad press the Muslim faith has received over the past 10 years it was hard to explain a reason for purposely putting myself in that position. My friends are not the most tolerant people when it comes to non-European faiths. Leading up to this Sabbir had to educate me in my behavior, dress, and what to expect in general. I was to wear casual attire but no shorts or anything with loud print. He said the best thing to do would be to wear something that I would wear to my church. The emphasis was on not wearing anything distracting. He also said the best thing to do would be to watch and keep silent and ask questions afterwards. You don’t talk during the prayer itself. I went to the Maghrib, or the evening prayer. It is the fourth daily prayer which is completed just after sunset. Apparently the exact time varies if you are Sunni or Shia but in these mosques they are usually performed in the Shia tradition. I had to take my shoes off before I entered and the room itself looked at first like a gymnastics studio. There......

Words: 1377 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Religion

...Finally science produces knowledge which can be tested. This is because all the facts are clearly laid out and can be seen by anyone. Candidate B Firstly scientific knowledge produces law-like statements. These are things which hold true over time and place. For example water always boils at 100 degrees. Secondly the knowledge is in a form which is testable. Popper called this the ‘principle of falsification’. Others can test the knowledge in an attempt to disprove it. If they fail it remains valid. Thirdly it is objective. Exemplar answers for question 1b): Candidate A Secularisation means society is less religious. Some sociologists think this a fact but others are not convinced. Maybe it’s just religion is changing and people are finding different ways to be religious. Figures for the number of people attending church show there has been a big decline over the years. In Victorian times almost everyone went to church as it was expected of you. But the 20th century saw a big decline. Nowadays more people go to football matches on a Sunday than attend church. Also shopping is a major attraction and people can also spend their time doing things with the whole family such as going to AltonTowers. The people who disagree with secularisation argue that people are religious in different ways today. Surveys show a lot...

Words: 3968 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Religion

...Religion Adrian Linnear-Walker REL/134 December 5, 2012 Brian Wilson RELIGION When the term religion is brought up, many different things came to mind. From the mention of praise, to the almighty God all the way down to prayer in general, everyone in everyway uses religion. However, many factions and cultures all have different techniques used in religion that fall on the same basic guidelines as the next. It’s these key similarities that leave a person to think about could we all worship the same GOD and just have a different view about how that GOD could be. To try to get a good understanding of how all these different types of cultures tie in and relate to each other, a person must first understand what the basic concept of religion is. It can vary from culture to culture but it still boils down to one thing, and that is the way of trying to connect with GOD or GODS. It just depends on what a culture believes to be a higher power to be. Besides that, each religion also shared some kind of system that each one had to communicate with and honor GOD. Each religion also has a community that they share their beliefs with, not to mention ways they each religion feels that people should act in the world. Take water for example. Water is use by all religions in some type of way. Christians use water to baptize while Jews on the other hand will use the water for rituals of purification. Besides community and ethic morals that different religions may share, they’re are also......

Words: 610 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Religion

...Religion is a collection of cultural systems, belief systems, and worldviews that establishes symbols that relate humanity to spirituality and, sometimes, to moral values.[1] Many religions have narratives, symbols, traditions and sacred histories that are intended to give meaning to life or to explain the origin of life or the universe. They tend to derive morality, ethics, religious laws or a preferred lifestyle from their ideas about the cosmos and human nature. The word religion is sometimes used interchangeably with faith or belief system, but religion differs from private belief in that it has a public aspect. Most religions have organized behaviors, including clerical hierarchies, a definition of what constitutes adherence or membership, congregations of laity, regular meetings or services for the purposes of veneration of a deity or for prayer, holy places (either natural or architectural), and/or scriptures. The practice of a religion may also include sermons, commemoration of the activities of a god or gods, sacrifices, festivals, feasts, trance, initiations, funerary services, matrimonial services, meditation, music, art, dance, public service, or other aspects of human culture. The development of religion has taken different forms in different cultures. Some religions place an emphasis on belief, while others emphasize practice. Some religions focus on the subjective experience of the religious individual, while others consider the activities of the......

Words: 399 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Religion

...Religions of Ancient Origin 22 indicative hours The focus of this study is the response of religions of ancient origin to the human search for ultimate meaning and purpose. The five religious traditions of Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam and Judaism are NOT to be studied. Syllabus Outcomes: P1 describes the main characteristics of religion and belief systems P2 identifies the influence of religion and belief systems on individuals and society P6 selects and uses relevant information about religion from a variety of sources P7 undertakes effective research about religion, making appropriate use of time and resources P8 uses appropriate terminology related to religion and belief systems P9 effectively communicates information, ideas and issues using appropriate written, oral and graphic forms Content: Students are to select TWO religions of ancient origin to study from the following: - Aztec or Inca or Mayan - Celtic - Nordic - Shinto - Taoism - an Indigenous religion from outside Australia |Students learn about: |Students learn to: | ...

Words: 1624 - Pages: 7