Premium Essay

Religious Diversity in America

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By blaine
Words 858
Pages 4
Today the United States is considered the most diverse nation in the world compared to 50 years ago. During the past 50 years immigrants from around the world have dramatically changed the landscape of America. From Christianity to Judaism, from Buddhism to Hinduism and a variety of other faiths are found today around the different regions of the United States, such as in our own cities and neighborhoods. Religion in America has many branches, due to its large pool of different belief and multicultural traditions that have developed over time.
The signing of the Immigration Act of 1965 by President Johnson was just the beginning of contributing to the end of discrimination toward immigrants (Love-Andrews). Leading to a dramatic change in the way in which immigration functions here in the United States, and by opening “…the borders to another wave of newcomers” (Prothero 3). Before the Immigration Act of 1965 specific ethic groups mainly from Asia, were being limited in the number of immigrants that were allowed to enter the United States. So by the Immigration Act of 1965 the doors to America were once again open for immigrants from around the world no matter what race and religious background they came from (Eck 6). Since then the mass of immigrants came mostly from the Near East, Asia and Latin America, with Latin Americans contributing to the largest group (Lippy 29). “…The revolutions of the 1960’s and thereafter radically challenged traditional sources of authority and transcendent truth; sought new foundations for personal identity…looked to the authority of individual or command experience over sacred texts…,” explains Lippy (241). America’s new religious landscape is changing traditional religious attitudes due to the big variety of different religions found today. Americans now have into account the different types of spiritual practices...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Essay On Diversity In Religion

...Early American’s Challenges with Diversity in Religion, Gender and Ethnicity Life was not easy for the first Americans to set foot upon our wonderful country; individual freedom was challenged daily. In the early years, religion dominated daily life; strict religious observance was not a choice but a mandate. Gender diversity was a grim struggle for most women and children; women were treated as objects, belonging to their husbands. White women were awarded a few more freedoms than black women. Likewise, ethnic diversity was a challenge for Africans and Native Americans; wars were fought over the destiny of an individuals right to be free. Immigrants flocked to the United States to avoid persecution and strict religious worship guidelines; persecution and worship...

Words: 727 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Assess the Nature and Extent of Secularisation in Society Today (33 marks) In today’s society there are sociological arguments that say society is becoming more and more secular. A secular society is where religious beliefs and values have lost influence and importance in society. Some seem to think that this has happened in Britain. There is much evidence for this for example statistics show that there has been a decline in the proportion of the population going to church. There has also been an increase in the average age of churchgoers, fewer church weddings and baptisms, a decline in the numbers holding traditional Christian beliefs and greater religious diversity. Wilson has argued that Western societies had been undergoing a long term process of secularisation. Sociologists put forward different explanations of these trends and have reached different conclusions. A common theme that is put forward to explain the recent patterns that secularisation is taking place is modernisation. Weber comes up with the theory of rationalisation and the fact that rational ways of thinking and acting have come to replace religious ones. He argues that the protestant reformation started the process of rationalisation of life whereby rational scientific outlook found in modern society has undermined religious worldview. He says that this has contributed to the decrease in influence if religious beliefs in society today. He also argues that disenchantment of religion has taken place with the protestant reformation. This meant that events are......

Words: 1468 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Assess the View That Secularisation Has Been a Feature Only of Modern European Societies. the process whereby religious beliefs, institutions and practices have lost their social influence. Max Weber concluded that society is undergoing a process of modernisation – a transition from religious tradition to rational and scientific ways of thinking – and rationalisation – the process by which rational ways of thinking have gradually replaced the religious teachings and understandings of the world. This secularisation is said to have started by Marten Luther when he challenged the principles and ideas of the Roman Catholic Church. This religion was the main religion especially within the UK that most of the population believed to be true. Luther undermined the popular religious view by writing 93 reasons challenging the churches beliefs and this initiated the processes of modernisation and rationalisation. Luther had started the end of the rule of the church within the UK by causing a Protestant revolution and disenchantment. Weber talks about disenchantment as a way of escaping the beliefs of the church, this caused the thought that the world operates according to its own laws of nature based on science and reason instead of religion and superstition and that God is transcendent. There is strong evidence to suggest that secularisation is very high within European societies, especially the UK as we can see from church attendance statistics. Crockett identifies the 19th century to be the golden age of religiosity as in 1851 census of Religious worship 40% or more......

Words: 1976 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

American Grace Summary Notes

...American Grace: How Religion Divides and Unites Us Robert Putnam & David Campbell Summary Points: Changes in American Religiosity & Tolerance (Chapters 3, 4, 5, and 15)   Chapter 3 & 4: Religiosity in America Lifecycle, Generational, and Period Effect Change   Ø Most  people’s  religious  views  and  habits  are  formed  fairly  early  in  life.  All  of  us  tend  to  evolve   in  fairly  predictable  ways  as  we  age,  following  what  social  scientists  call  life  cycle  patterns.   These  patterns  produce  a  kind  of  life  cycle  escalator  toward  greater  religiosity  as  an  individual   ages.     Ø However,  people  born  and  raised  in  different  eras  get  onto  that  escalator  at  different  levels.   People  raised  in  a  less  religious  era  may  never  become  as  observant  as  people  raised  in  a  more   observant  time…  Such  a  difference  between  people  born  and  raised  in  different  eras  is  termed   by  social  scientists  a  generational  effect.     Ø Both  generational  and  life  cycle  patterns  involve  change,  but  in  pure  form  they  produce  very  ......

Words: 4184 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay


...are being torn asunder by racial, ethnic, and religious conflicts that fuel fanaticism and terrors," he declared. "We are the world's most diverse democracy. And the world looks to us to show that it is possible to live and advance together across those kinds of differences. America has always been a nation of immigrants....We started as an experiment in democracy fueled by Europeans. We have grown into an experiment in democratic diversity fueled by openness and promise...We must never believe that diversity is a weakness — it is our greatest strength." [State of the Union Address of February 9, 1997, President Bill Clinton] What some people fail to see is that immigrant has become a greater part of American culture. To signify this there have been movie portrayals of immigrants celebrating how they have changed America for example My Big Fat Greek Wedding and Coming to America. One thing that has not been addressed, is that how immigrants have changed America, how do they contribute to the U.S.A.? In the United States immigration has always been controversial issue. Americans in the past thought that immigrants would not be able to conform to the American lifestyle in a way that could contribute to America. In modern day America the same fears are raised about immigrants from all over the world. But like their counterparts from previous eras, their criticism of immigrants are just as wrong. Immigrants has given America diversity of ethnicity and religion which has been......

Words: 480 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Assess the View That Religious Beliefs and Practices Are Changing to Reflect a New Era of Diversity and Choice. (33 Marks)

...Assess the view that religious beliefs and practices are changing to reflect a new era of diversity and choice. (33 marks) Some sociologists reject the secularisations theory, they are beginning to say that instead of religion declining, it is changing, in terms of changing to reflect a new era of diversity and choice. Sociologists such as Davie argue that religion isn't declining but the need to publicise it is reducing, religion is taking a more privatised form. This can explain the decline in churchgoers; they no longer feel like they have to go to church to be religious, now attending church is a matter of choice rather than society frowning upon those who chose not to go. This has brought around ‘believing without belonging’, thus the decline of traditional religion is matched by the growth of a new form of it. Proving that modern society is not becoming increasing secular but forming new religions through choice and diversity. However, Voas and Crockett reject the claims Davie puts forward, explaining that if her thesis was to be true the British Social Attitudes survey from 1983 to 200 would show that belief in God is increasing, although it shows that not only is church attendance declining but also peoples belief in God. If Davie were right with new religions forming the surveys would've shown higher levels of belief. Bruce also interjects the view that if those who are religious are not willing to invest time into attending church, this must reflect the......

Words: 1127 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

4mat Book Review 1 Hutson

...4-MAT Book Review “Church and State In America” Okechukwu C. Nwaneri CHPL 600 9/17/13 Abstract The free expression of religion has been an ongoing struggle since way back when and through the establishment of the First Amendment; a solution to the madness was created. Before the implementation of this amendment; societies’ involvement in trying to influence the U.S.’s practices of religion has become an ongoing controversy within the history books. Based on the first amendment, Hutson’s Church and State in America tells us that “The amendment simply states, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.” This amendment prevented the federal government from establishing a national religion and allowed people to freely exercise their religious beliefs and practices. The amendment appeared straightforward, but in practice it was ambiguous and increasingly controversial.” Hutson emphasized in the earlier parts of the text how although there were several belief systems that existed during the 17th century like the Anglicans, Puritans and Catholics; there was a solution needed for the state to intervene and establish a central church for everyone to follow by force. As a result of Constantine’s efforts, the doctrine of exclusive salvation was established which stated that “uniformity of faith – for if all were to be saved, all must believe the same truth – and persecution of dissent. “The case for theological......

Words: 1331 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Thinking About Diversity and Inclusion

...Thinking About Diversity and Inclusion Shantha Whitehurst SOC/315 Due Date 01/25/2014 Instructor What are the dimensions of cultural diversity? Identify and briefly explain the dimensions by referencing both textbooks. The world in which people call home is a composite of diversity. People interact with one another through culture beliefs. Since humans spread throughout the world, unions have separated from each other. Stories of humans emerging to the United States became different throughout many ethnic communities. According to Schaefer (2011), the of diversity features in the United States include, ethnicity, age, race, martial status, religious beliefs, gender, and even appearances(Chapter 1, Ethnic Groups). Racial groups socially set themselves apart because of physical differences, and each society defines what it finds obvious. In the United States skin color is one of the obvious differences. Communities today have a more elaborate system of classification, in the United States hostility between races became higher than expected. Ethnic groups set apart from others because of national origin or distinctive culture patterns. Hispanics, Puerto Rican, African American, and Cubans describe some ethnic groups in America. The culture traits which made diversity exclusive originated from lands of segregation(Harvey, "Section I," 2009). With what ethnic, cultural, or other groups do you identify? Describe what members of your social circle have in common The......

Words: 932 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Thinking About Diversity and Inclusion

...Thinking About Diversity and Inclusion Jodi Jewett SOC 315 May 16, 2011 Tramayne Butler Thinking About Diversity and Inclusion Diversity and Inclusion are a part of everyday life in America. Diversity is within every culture and group including ethnical groups, gender, and workplaces. Diversity is the similarities and differences where Inclusion is the act of being included in that diversity group. It is important to know and understand the diversity and inclusion to gain the knowledge and understanding of people around us. What are the dimensions of cultural diversity? Identify and briefly explain the dimensions by referencing both textbooks. “Cultural diversity is commonly interpreted in relation to ethnicity. However, the term should be understood within a broader context where it recognizes the unique attributes of all persons” (La Trobe University, Oct). The dimensions of culture diversity are the difference and similarities within the culture groups. There are many different dimensions within a culture group, such as, dress attire, language, race, and gender. Within a culture there are many different languages, especially in American culture. While some women must not show in sin in one culture, they may be allowed to show as much as they want in another culture. There also different diversities with genders and cultures. In one culture women are treated as equal as men, and in another the women must wait on the man and are not as high ranked as......

Words: 1077 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Business and Religion

...The overall concern of religion conviction in the United States of America possesses equally; advantages and disadvantages in the public domain; assemblies and federations of multicultural dogmas and viewpoint in which these religious theories exhibit within the community. Understandably, in regards to religion the First Amendment protects the right to freedom of religion and freedom of expression. Really, on average Americans results in a minimum of two free will self-determination’s; the privilege to be free from a forced government faith and the permission to exercise any religion of choice.Loyalty, responsibility, and faith are just a few of the dutiful religious standards, these holy parties hold as sacred acceptance today while living in society. At that time, many of the pious truths and principals’ in America were originated to create justice, peace, impartiality and legitimacy to all. Religion in the work place is said to be no different; several spiritual groups maintain that Religion in the workplace creates a strong consciousness within the organization culture, a purposed appreciation which can be an extraordinary valuable commodity within the community (Sire, 1990). The Equal Employment Opportunity Act, EEOC, of 1964 affirms that religion in the work room must serve both God and society. As Thomas Jefferson says it best “a wall of division concerning the church and government". In addition many Christian maintain that religion from their perspective......

Words: 1170 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...Dear friend, I completely understand why you would think that the United States is dominated with Conservative Christians but I do believe that here in the United States, there's a grown diversity of religions other than Conservative Christian practices. From my experiences of living in the United States, I've found and met many individuals with a different belief other than Christianity. Religion in the United States may be characterized by a diversity of religious beliefs and practices. Various religious faiths have prospered, as well as perished, in the United States. A majority of Americans believe that religion plays a role and affects their daily lives. Today the United States is considered the most diverse nation in the world compared to 50 years ago.   During the past fifty years, immigrants from around the world have not only dramatically changed the landscape of America, but also created a diversity of religion. From Christianity to Judaism, from Buddhism to Hinduism and a variety of other faiths are found today around the different regions of the United States, such as in our own cities and neighborhoods. Religion in America has many branches, due to its large pool of different belief and multicultural traditions that have developed over time. The signing of the Immigration Act of 1965 by President Johnson was just the beginning of contributing to the end of discrimination toward immigrants, leading to a dramatic change in the way in which immigration......

Words: 374 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Managing Diversity

...In the ever modernizing global economy we have today, there are many issues which are applicable now that were not in the past. One of the biggest issues today, which managers of a workplace must take seriously, is diversity. A big reason why this is applicable in our times is because everyone is able to work today. While not until 60 years ago, blacks were not able to hold real jobs. Also, women have become much more involved in the workforce than in years past. In this paper I will show explain what diversity in the workplace is, discuss some examples of diversity in the workplace, and how managers must take action to manage diversity in today’s economy. Diversity refers to human qualities that are different from our own and those of groups to which we belong; but that are manifested in other individuals and groups. Dimensions of diversity include but are not limited to: age, ethnicity, gender, physical abilities / qualities, race, sexual orientation, educational background, geographic location, income, marital status, military experience, parental status, religious beliefs, work experience, and job classification. Diversity as a concept focuses on a broader set of qualities than race and gender. In the context of the workplace, valuing diversity means creating a workplace that respects and includes differences, recognizing the unique contributions that individuals with many types of differences can make, and creating a work environment that maximizes the potential......

Words: 1131 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Assess the Impact of Cotemporary Ideas of the Present State of Religion in the World.

...Assess the impact of cotemporary ideas of the present state of religion in the world. Clearly, the diversity of religions in the world has been a fact throughout the entire history of all the world's major living religious traditions. Nevertheless, this diversity has been made the basis for contention rather than community in many cases, and the monotheistic religions have often been among the worst offenders on this score. The strong tendency to display hostility toward different religious positions is connected with a strong tendency toward xenophobia and ethnocentrism. The study of religion in the modern world calls for theories, approaches and methods that engage with the issues and processes that have affected the world within the last two hundred years, such as the impact of colonialism and subsequent postcolonial developments, globalization and the rise of global religious movements. For a start, it is worth asking if secular states and their underlying ideology, political secularism, are really under siege everywhere. Secularism was severely jolted with the establishment of the first modern theocracy in 1979 in Iran. By the late 1980s, Islamic political movements had emerged in Egypt, Sudan, Algeria, Tunisia, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Chad, Senegal, Turkey, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and even in Bangladesh. Movements challenging secular states were hardly restricted to Muslim societies. Protestant movements decrying secularism emerged in Kenya, Guatemala, and the......

Words: 1555 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Cultural Diversity

...Cultural Diversity Put name here ETH/125 07-08-12 Cisneros Cultural Diversity The history of the United States was established by different cultures coming together to create a wide range of diversity that was once referred to as the Melting Pot. However in today’s society cultural diversity can often be referred to as the elephant in the room. White American’s, as they are often stereotyped, are the largest offenders of the so called elephant in the room. Desiring to keep the United States pure and without diversity. Fortunately though there are many more American’s that view the mixed population of America as nothing more than the country their forefathers fought to keep. In the following paragraphs one will see exactly what is meant by cultural diversity, the challenges that the United States still faces in regards to embracing cultural diversity, who will be the minority in the U.S. in the coming decades, and the down falls and benefits that social media plays when it comes to the advances of a nation dealing with cultural diversity. As stated previously, the United States was founded on the beliefs of diversity. A change from, the British rule that no one desired to be under any longer and the desire to create and build their own country. The earliest settlers dealt with cultural diversity when knew immigrants came over from Europe. Some of those settlers were from Poland, Germany, Ireland, and so on. In those days the diversity leaned more towards......

Words: 1716 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

India vs Us Religion

...and diversity. All of India’s people have the right to religious freedom and can practice and worship any religion they please, but religion plays a central role in Indian daily life through its temple ceremonies, festivals, pilgrimages, family religious traditions. Diversity of religion is what I would like to focus on as I look deeper into the foreign country of India. Just like the United States, India also shares freedom of religion. India is diverse in its own since when it comes to religious beliefs. India is the birthplace of four of the world’s major religions; namely Hinduism Buddhism Jainism and Sikhism. According to a 2001 census, out of 1028 million population, little over 827 million (80.5%) have returned themselves as followers of Hindu religion, 138 million (13.4%) as Muslims or the followers of Islam, 24 million (2.3%) as Christians, 19 million (1.9%) as Sikh, 8 million (0.80%) as Buddhists and 4 million (0.4%) are Jain. In addition, over 6 million have reported professing other religions and faiths including tribal religions, different from six main religions (Religion, Census of India 2001, With India being the second largest nation population wise, coming in second to China, they really have a high number in Hindu followers with roughly 80%. Nearly one billion people follow this religion in India alone. That would be like every single person in America calling Hinduism their religion. Though there is diversity in India’s religious......

Words: 542 - Pages: 3