Free Essay

Religious World

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By PravinPillai
Words 1002
Pages 5
Introduction

The meaning of life is in the philosophical and religious conceptions of existence, social ties, consciousness, and happiness, and borders on many other issues, such as symbolic meaning, value, purpose, ethics, good and evil, existence of one or multiple Gods, conceptions of God, the soul, and the afterlife. Relating to religion, life means to know and understand the mystery of God; to love and glorify God by enjoying Him forever, be at the heart of the Divine; to have a pure soul and know oneself, others and the will of heaven.

Hinduism

In hinduism, life's meanings are defined four goals (aims) of human life which are called the four purusharthas. The four purusharthas are: Dharma, Artha, Kāma and Moksha.

In Sanskrit, ‘Dharma’ means one's destiny or purpose. In general, it refers to one's vocation or career. Dharma also means righteousness, duty-conscious, being virtual, living morally and ethically at all times.

Artha is prosperity, wealth, money or success in worldly pursuits. In addition to leading a virtuous life that meets specific social and personal obligations, a Hindu should strive for success, in any given activity through lawful means within the bounds of dharma.

Kama means the physical, emotional, and intellectual desires of a person. As stated in bhagavad gita, “he who performs his prescribed duties out of desire in the right manner will obtain the fulfilment of all the desires and reach the deathless state”.

Moksha, the ultimate end of every Hindu's life, can be understood in a variety of ways: liberation from rebirth, enlightenment, Self-realization, or union with God. This is considered to be the highest purpose of life. A person who overcomes desires and therefore gains enlightenment can achieve moksha.

Daoism (Taoism)

For Taoism, the meaning in life for the adherents is to realize the temporal nature of the existence. The best way to live is in harmony with the natural course of things (the Tao), a Taoist does not struggle, oppose, or strive. The focus of most religious Taoism is attaining immortality. This can have various meanings: eternal life, longevity of life, or attainment of superhuman physical abilities. Taoists have sought longevity by a variety of methods, such as:

- Exploring alchemy with the goal of finding the elixir of immortality - Focusing attention on the body through diet, exercises, and mindfulness - Regulating the breath (ch'i), circulating its power deliberately to all parts of the body - Behaving in a moral way that is in harmony with the Tao

Buddhism

In Buddhism, the primary purpose of life is to end suffering. Buddha's teachings describe a way to end suffering, attain enlightment and eventually end the cycle of rebirth. These teachings are expressed most concisely in the Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path. The "Four Noble Truths" are:

1. All of life is marked by suffering. 2. Suffering is caused by desire and attachment. 3. Suffering can be stopped. 4. The way to end suffering is to follow the Noble Eightfold Path.

According to the fourth Noble Truth, one can permanently escape suffering by following the Noble Eightfold Path. The word "right" in these eight items designates "true" or "correct," to distinguish the Buddhist way from others. The Noble Eightfold Path are:

1. Right knowledge 2. Right intention 3. Right speech 4. Right action 5. Right livelihood 6. Right effort 7. Right mindfulness 8. Right concentration

The Buddha's life and His Teachings inspire individuals who practice Buddhism to develop self-reliance, moral responsibility, tolerance, compassion, wisdom and many other qualities that can enrich happiness and make life more meaningful in today's world.

Islam

In Islam, man's ultimate life objective is to worship the creator Allah(God) by abiding by the Divine guidelines revealed in the Qur'an and the Tradition of the Prophet. Islam, in arab, means total surrender, submission, obedience, purity of heart and peace. Those trying to perform these actions are called “Muslims”. For Allah's satisfaction, via the Qur'an, all Muslims must believe in God, his revelations, his angels, his messengers, and in the "Day of Judgment". There certain duties to be fulfilled by every Muslim, also known as the “Five Pillars of Islam”. They are : Shahadah (profession of faith); Salah (ritual prayer); Zakah (charity); Sawm (fasting during Ramadan), and Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca).

Christianity

According to Christianity, God created us to have a relationship with him. This is why God created a universe fit for human life, and why he laid down guidelines for how to live our lives. According to Christianity, each one of us is created for communion with God; God wants to know us, to love us, and to rejoice with us. Christianity continues to tell us that the barrier to this relationship is sin, but that in Jesus God heals that relationship, removes that barrier no matter how great it has become, and restores. Faith in God and in Jesus is therefore right at the heart of the Christian conception of the meaning of life as the means of achieving fulfilment.

Conclusion

From the 5 religions above, one common factor that outstands is having good relationship with others. In Hinduism, according to Dharma, one should be righteous, live morally and ethically at all times. For Taoism, behaving in a moral way in harmony can sought longevity. By practicing Buddhism, individuals develop compassion, tolerance to make life more meaningful. For Islam and Christianity, a good relationship with Allah and Jesus respectively is necessary. Taking all these into consideration, multi-religious society in Singapore is able to have a more harmonious living condition in Singapore.

Reference: 1. John Bowker, ed., Oxford Concise Dictionary of World Religions (2000). 2. Linda Johnsen, The Complete Idiot's Guide to Hinduism (2002), pp. 213-16. 3. "Taoism." Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service, 2004. 4. Xian (Daoist Immortal) - Wikipedia (Janurary 2007) 5. Quoted in F.L. Woodward, Some Sayings of the Buddha, 283. 6. Purpose of Life. Retrieved from: http://www.islamtomorrow.com/purpose.asp 7. The Meaning of Life. Retrieved from: http://www.existence-of-god.com/meaning-of-life.html

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

A Religious World

...The world religions of planet Earth contain fifteen major religions, but for my report, I focused on the top three religions to represent Earth’s population. Together, Christianity, Muslims, and Hinduism represent nearly sixty eight percent of the planet’s religious beliefs. According to Mary Pat Fisher (2011), the definition of religion is a particular response to dimensions of life considered sacred, as shaped by institutionalized traditions. The criteria used to determine if people on earth are religious involves understanding what they believe in regards to the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, the way that they observe rituals, and the way they live their lives according to the moral code established by their specific religions. The first criteria that I felt needed to be met for the planet to be considered religious was what the population believed in regards to the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe according to their beliefs. Christianity, the planet’s most common form of religion, believes that there is one single, almighty god. This god created the universe and all organisms that inhabit it in seven days. Christians believe that god created the ultimate organism (humans) to live in his divine view of perfect love and justice. The purpose in life of Christianity for these believers is to love and serve God throughout their lives (Christianity Human Nature). I examined the Muslim religion to understand how these believers observed rituals in......

Words: 974 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

World Religious Traditions

...Elements of Religious Traditions Your name REL/133 December 13, 2012 Marcial Lopez Elements of Religious Traditions Religion is a way of life founded upon the apprehension of sacredness in existence. Religious rituals are often symbolic reenactments of a religion’s key stories. In the following paragraphs, I will explain how religious traditions describe and encourage the relationships with the divine, sacred time, sacred space or natural world. I will then include examples of various religious traditions. Relationship with the divine Divinity is the power of having attributes and the quality of being divine. In earlier times, divinity was believed to give an explanation as to why natural disasters happened. The divine reasoning for things like hurricanes, eclipses, and even volcano’s erupting were explained. Over time, the same reasoning still is the basis to explain the ways that miracles happen. People believe that divine intervention takes place and reflects the truth of the person’s religion. Being divine is sacred. In my personal experience. Relationship with sacred time Life goes on as time goes on. When it comes to sacred time, the higher power and divinity comes through. Eternity is the sacred time that most religions live by. Time has no sacredness of its own, but rather, is a tool to be redeemed and employed by humans in order to participate and celebrate the eternal. Sacred time can connect members of the same religion together. It brings......

Words: 1044 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

World Religious Report

...World Religions Report Rough Draft The religion that was selected by the author of this paper is Hinduism. This is due to his lack of working knowledge on the subject of this religion. There have been a few hurdles in the writing of this paper such as a severe lack of religious diversity in the area of the writer’s home town. This has lead the author to find alternative methods of gaining insight into these religious practices. Hopefully the outcome will be acceptable. As there have been no religious sites near the authors home and the person with which he intended to interview turned out to be Christian most of the information will be garnered from websites dedicated to the education of those who seek knowledge on the subject of Hinduism. There will be full citation for each source as they pertain to the information to follow. Hinduism is a religion that has many gods that encompass all aspects of daily life. Strength and wisdom are essential properties of this religion. By refraining from selfish acts and treating others with respect there can be release from the wheel of life and reincarnation in order to be one with the “One True Self”. This is very dependent upon the caste with which an individual is born to. The first question I ask is “What does it mean to be Hindu?” The answer to which was given by Dr Zakir Naik (What does it mean to be Hindu, 2013). In his answering of a question by a young Hindu man Dr Zakir Naik says,” Hindu is never actually......

Words: 1576 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

World Religious Traditions

...What role do Eastern religious traditions play in modern medicine? Religious eastern traditions have influenced modern medicine in many ways and Eastern medicine has slowly started gaining more popularity in modern Western medicine. In fact, in some countries it is not uncommon to find doctors that include a degree of integration of Eastern and Western medicines into their practice. These doctors use western pharmaceuticals while still integrating Eastern techniques. There are many types of Eastern medicine techniques, also known as holistic medicine or alternative medicine in the United States. Some of these alternative medicines include, acupuncture, aromatherapy, meditation and reflexology. Acupuncture is a Chinese medicine that has been practiced for thousands of years. This practice uses needles that are inserted into the body at different points. When stimulated, these points open or unblock energy flows in the body which ultimately promotes healing and provides pain relief. Aromatherapy is an ancient therapeutic method that uses essential oils and other scented products to aid in disease prevention as well as other ailments. It is also used to revitalize the mind, body and spirit. Many of these ancient cultures used aromatherapy including Egypt, Persia and Greece. Another form of eastern medicine is Meditation. Meditation is a way of freeing one’s thoughts in order to achieve personal development. It involves sitting in silence and concentrating on the......

Words: 2165 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

How Will Democratization, Economic Liberalism, Resurgent Nationalism and Religious Revivals Affect World Order

...How will democratization, economic liberalism, resurgent nationalism and religious revivals affect world order? INTRODUCTION We cannot certainly say that the whole world would change because there are so many factors that can be manipulated on this statement. As well, it is quite vital that we must look at the fraction of the globe changing to realize if this is influentially enough to alter, firstly, their neighbors and eventually the rest of the Earth. In the other hand, all the countries are somehow connected to each other, either by any kind of agreement; or deal or by security matters or, most importantly, by economic treaties, which is the one that normally rules over. In other words, everything is a hug chain and if one link is moving the rest of the links will follow. This is in different dimensions and magnitudes, per say, the closest ones will move strongly than the far ones, yet, they will move as well. The movement can be facts as little as a strike or as big as a coup d'etat or, why not, a march in favor for homosexual rights. Globalization is commonly the factor raising the masses making the globe shake at the rhythm of those who have the “control”. This is because we are in an era of consuming in which the people look up for spending whatever money they have in their pockets and to posses as many item as one’s economies can allow. BODY There are 4 main different factors that to my opinion make the 4 elements of the question link to each other:......

Words: 1040 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Evaluate the View That New Cults and Sects Are Replacing Traditional Religion as the Means for Experiencing and Expressing Religious Belief in the World Today

...traditional religion as the means for experiencing and expressing religious belief in the world today In this essay, I will be evaluating the view that cults and sects are replacing traditional religion as for expressing religious belief in the world today. To do this I will be referring to a number of sociologists view on the idea of sects and cults. New religious movements such as sects and cults have become more common over the years. Many people are becoming influenced by these religious groups which tell citizens in society if they join them they will lead a better life. Many sociologists have argued that NRMs are increasing in size and popularity due to unjust events people are seeing in modern society. To begin with, many sociologists have argued that NRMs are no big influence on society and are just really to some extent a way of showing societies change, which is sure to happen over the years anyway. Wallis identified three main kinds of new religious movements. These are world affirming, world accommodating and world rejecting groups. Sociologists have argued the one that is short lived than the rest is the world rejecting. This group is usually classed as a sect or cult in which they are always highly critical of the outside world and demand significant commitment from their members. An Example of one of these is the Unification church (the Moonies) founded in Korea. They reject the mundane the secular world as evil and has strong moral rules such as no......

Words: 1383 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

The Historical and Religious Significance of the Bombing of Civilians in World War Ii

...The Historical and Religious Significance of the Bombing of Civilians in World War II By Patrick Taylor For as long as there has been war there have been soldiers, and as long as there have been soldiers there have been civilians. A civilian is defined as any person not in armed forces yet time and time again people have launched attacks against these neutral parties for both political and economic reasons. Although these attacks have taken many forms, one of the most severe and vicious ways this has been done is through aerial bombing. This tactic can be even more harmful than other forms of attack due to its very nature. While bombings kill as many civilians as other similar attacks, aerial bombing can destroy the buildings and infrastructure of a place as well, devastating the area for years, even after the bombing has stopped. Many areas have been affected by aerial bombing through history, but possibly none as much as London and the rest of Britain during the Blitzkrieg on Britain during World War II. Beginning on September seventh in 1940 and ending on the tenth of May in 1941, this blitzkrieg killed over 40,000 civilians and wounded more than three times that. Over half of these casualties were in London itself and at least one million of its homes were destroyed. These figures are impressive, however they cannot show exactly how much damage was actually done. When people’s homes were destroyed they had few places to go. Then during the next bombing they......

Words: 1399 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Religious World Views

...World View Chart Assignment Branda Darling Elizabeth Jarnagin World Religion June 16, 2015 This course has been very interesting and creating the World View Chart over the past ten months has taught me a lot about many different religions. When I started this course I expected there to be a lot of differences between the religions. I was shocked and even excited to find that the religions I studied all have something very interesting in common. When looking over the World View Chart, I noticed that the View of Human Nature of all the religions are very similar. All of the religions believe that humans have the capacity to be generous, kind, loving and even divine. It is true that the views of human nature are alike between the studied religions, however the way that humans start aout differs greatly. For example, Zoroastrians believe that humans are essentially born with good in them. Whereas Christians believe that because of the sin that Adam and Eve committed, humans are born with sin in them. “Behold, I was shapen in iniquity, and in sin did my mother conceive me.” (Psalms 51:1). As you can see, these two beliefs are very different but they become similar. Both of these religions believe that humans have free will and can choose to good, choose to treat others with love and respect. Another example can be seen when you look at the Hindu religion and the Buddhism religion. Hinduism believe that when humans are born they are like a blank slate. They can either be......

Words: 441 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

World Religious Tradition Ll

...WORLD RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS II REL/134 FEBRUARY 7, 2010 DISSWALLY AQUAS DESCRIBING RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS ABSTRACT IN THIS PAPER I WILL EXPLAIN HOW RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS DESCRIBE AND ENCOURAGE THE RELATIONSHIPS WITH THE DIVINE, THE NATURAL WORLD, SACRED SPACE AND TIME AND WITH EACH OTHER. INCLUDED IN THE PAPER I WILL PROVIDE EXAMPLES OF VARIOUS RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS. I WILL DISCUSS THE NEED FOR MAN TO DESCRIBE NATURAL DISASTERS THROUGH DIVINE INVOLVEMENT. MAN STILL USES DIVINE INTERVENTION AS A WAY TO EXPLAIN EVENTS THAT ARE SEEN AS MIRACLES. SOME TYPES OF EVENTS LEND CONFIRMATION TO THE BELIEF OF A DIVINE BEING OR PRESENCE. THE RELATIONSHIP DEVELOPED WITH THE DIVINE COMES SEEMS TO BE CONNECTED TO THE HUMAN BEINGS DESIRE TO EXPLAIN HIS EXISTENCE. MOST OF THE TIME THIS DEVELOPMENT OF THE DIVINE GOD OF A CULTURE SEEMS TO ALSO BE CONNECTED TO HISTORY OF THE CULTURE. THIS CREATES A RELATIONSHIP OF A BENEVOLENT GOD TO ITS PEOPLE. THERE IS ALSO A NEED TO BELIEVE THAT THE SAME GOD ALSO HAS THE CAPABILITY OF BEING A PUNISHING GOD BASED ON WHAT THE CULTURE PERCEIVES TO BE BEHAVIOR OR CIRCUMSTANCES THAT DOES NOT PLEASE GOD. THIS RELATIONSHIP IS ALSO INFLUENCED OVER TIME BY TRADITION. THOSE WHO BELIEVE ARE ABLE TO EXPLAIN CREATION AND THE ORIGIN OF THEMSELVES, THEIR FRIENDS, FAMILY AND NEIGHBORS THROUGH THIS RELATIONSHIP. THOSE WHO BELIEVE ALSO DEVELOP A RESPECT FOR AND UNQUESTIONING FAITH IN THE POWER, BENEVOLENCE AND WRATH OF GOD. SACRED TIME IS “THE......

Words: 795 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

James Madison

...Eliza Lucas Pinckney: Was in Charge of 3 South Carolina plantations by the age of 16. Imported indigo to her plantation, which became a very important cash crop. John Smith: Leader of Jamestown Colony in Virginia. First explorer to map the Chesapeake Bay part of the first settlement to the New World. Helped save colony from devastation. Anne Hutchinson: Was a Puritan spiritual adviser and an important participant in the Antinomian Controversy that shook the Massachusetts Bay Colony. She helped create a theological schism that threatened to destroy the Puritans' religious experiment in New England. She was eventually tried and convicted, then banished from the colony with many of her supporters. John Rolfe: Was married to Pocahontas and moved to England with her. Most notably established the tobacco industry in the colonies and was killed by Indians upon re-arrival in the new world. Pocahontas: Was a Virginia Indian notable for her association with the colonial settlement at Jamestown, Virginia. Daughter of Powhatan and married to John Rolfe. John Calvin: Influential Frenchman who helped develop Calvinism, which contained the idea of pre-destination. He Fled to America for religious freedom. Ferdinand Magellan: Portuguese explorer selected by King Charles of Spain who organized the Spanish expedition to the East Indies, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the earth. He commanded ships. Part II – Identification: Plantation: Usually located in the south....

Words: 1505 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Religions Effect on Society

...Mr. T. Campbell Religions Effect on Society For as long as humans have had the ability to reason, they have attributed the natural phenomenon of the world around them to deities, spirits, and supernatural forces. Religion has played a huge role in the development of societies and civilizations throughout history. It has been a guide for morals and principal. It has been a foundation of law for many cultures. The positive aspects of religion are recognized and cherished among its followers, however there are other effects, some well-known, and others ignored, that are not so positive. Just some examples of these effects are: wars, discrimination, control, the retardation of science, the denial of healthcare, and death. This argument seeks to research and describe some of the negative effects religion has had on mankind, and thus the world. Certainly the most notable negative impact on society is religious wars. A religious war or holy war is a conflict primarily caused or justified by differences in religion. The account of the conquest of Canaan by the Israelites in the Book of Joshua; the Muslim conquests of the 7th and 8th centuries; the Christian Crusades, 11th to 13th centuries; Wars of Religion, 16th and 17th centuries. These are the classic examples, but a religious aspect has been a part of warfare as early as the battles of the Mesopotamian city-states in 700BC. Throughout recorded history, more wars have been waged in the name of religion than any other reason....

Words: 1167 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Religion and Conflicts

...At the dawn of the twenty-first century, a casual glance at world affairs would suggest that religion is at the core of much of the strife around the globe. Often, religion is a contentious issue. Where eternal salvation is at stake, compromise can be difficult at or even sinful. Religion is also important because, as a central part of many individuals' identity, any threat to one's beliefs is a threat to one's very being. This is a primary motivation for ethno-religious nationalists. Additional insights into religion and conflict are offered by Beyond Intractability project participants. However, the relationship between religion and conflict is, in fact, a complex one. Religiously-motivated peace builders have played important roles in addressing many conflicts around the world. This aspect of religion and conflict is discussed in the parallel essay on religion and peace. This essay considers some of the means through which religion can be a source of conflict. Religion and Conflict Although not necessarily so, there are some aspects of religion that make it susceptible to being a latent source of conflict. All religions have their accepted dogma, or articles of belief, that followers must accept without question. This can lead to inflexibility and intolerance in the face of other beliefs. After all, if it is the word of God, how can one compromise it? At the same time, scripture and dogma are often vague and open to interpretation. Therefore, conflict can arise...

Words: 1552 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Religious Study

...Religious studies are a broad, multidisciplinary academic discipline to study the beliefs, and behaviors pertaining to different world religions. According to the author, unlike other major academic disciplines, the study of religion is not based on any unique methodology but is derived from several other fields of academia. This field of study is so broad that any attempt to develop a unique methodology would limit the scope of understanding and further research into the subject. Hence, religious studies derive inputs from several other fields of study and provide its scholars with a plethora of these derived methodologies. The absence of any unique methodology is dealt by incorporating several other academic fields and developing different approaches for interpretation and research. Scholars, who look at religion from the perspective of society, use one such approach. They look at both sides of the coin and study how society shapes religion and how religion has been shaped by the various societal factors. They also try to analyze the changing symbiosis of religion and society by adopting either a quantitative approach of statistical surveys or a qualitative approach. Another such methodology involves anthropological study of religion. The rituals, practices and behaviors of tribal groups provide a deep insight into the oldest form of religious habits, which have been carried for ages. This approach studies the traditions that have been carried by all these traditions from...

Words: 510 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Religious Tolerance and Pluralism

...Dan Cohn-Sherbok and Langdon Gilkey are religious theorists who both propose theories of pluralist religious dialogue. Their theories turn out to be quite similar, with Cohn-Sherbok’s proposal actually fitting into one of the categories Gilkey proposes. Like many other theories of religious pluralism, their ideas tend to conflict with established religious ideas and may not be feasible for actual use in interfaith conversation. However, Gilkey finally concludes that in order to figure out a pluralist model for religious dialogue, it must first be observed in practice, rather than putting forth proposals that are conflicted in reflection. In the end, the best step towards religious pluralism is in practice, rather than in thought and reflection. Cohn-Sherbok, from the Judaic perspective, starts with the basics, with the history of Jewish inclusivism, before he turns to show how that could turn into pluralism. He explains how, before the Holocaust, Judaism has had a comparatively tolerant attitude towards other religions, while still believing that Judaism was the one true faith. They did not condemn other religions for their practices, as their prophets said that in the end of days all people would accept their God (Cohn-Sherbok, 121). After the Holocaust however, Jewish thinkers distanced themselves from Christianity (Cohn-Sherbok, 123) Unlike the exclusivist view of Christianity, Jews have a long tradition of toleration, with the belief that God’s will extends to other......

Words: 1602 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Religious Intolerance

...------------------------------------------------- Religious intolerance Contents * 1Definition * 2Historical perspectives * 3Contemporary attitude and practice * 4See also * 5References * 6Further reading * 7External links ------------------------------------------------- Definition The mere statement on the part of a religion that its own beliefs and practices are correct and any contrary beliefs are incorrect does not in itself constitute intolerance (i.e., ideological intolerance). Religious intolerance, rather, is when a group (e.g., a society, religious group, non-religious group) specifically refuses to tolerate practices, persons or beliefs on religious grounds. ------------------------------------------------- Historical perspectives According to the 19th century British historian Arnold Toynbee, for a religious establishment to persecute another religion for being "wrong" ironically puts the persecuting religion in the wrong, undermining its own legitimacy.[1] ------------------------------------------------- Contemporary attitude and practice The constitutions of some countries contain provisions expressly forbidding the state from engaging in certain acts of religious intolerance or preference within its own borders, examples of such include The First Amendment of the United States Constitution, the Article 4 of the Basic Law of Germany, Article 44.2.1 of the Constitution of The Republic of Ireland, Article 40 of......

Words: 1012 - Pages: 5