Premium Essay

Rep Act

In: Social Issues

Submitted By diontears
Words 11942
Pages 48
Philippine Institute for Development Studies

A Study of Philippine Hospital Management Administrative Systems
Fred Avestruz

The PIDS Discussion Paper Series constitutes studies that are preliminary and subject to further revisions. They are being circulated in a limited number of copies only for purposes of soliciting comments and suggestions for further refinements. The studies under the Series are unedited and unreviewed. The views and opinions expressed are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the Institute. Not for quotation without permission from the author(s) and the Institute.

June 1995
For comments, suggestions or further inquiries please contact:
The Research Information Staff, Philippine Institute for Development Studies 3rd Floor, NEDA sa Makati Building, 106 Amorsolo Street, Legaspi Village, Makati City, Philippines Tel Nos: 8924059 and 8935705; Fax No: 8939589; E-mail: Or visit our website at

PIDS Project No. DOH / 91-92 / 05 (Final Report) October 30, 1994

Fred S. Avestruz, MBA, Ph.D. Asian Institute of Management


Chapter 1


INTRODUCTION ........................................................ 1 1.1 Objectives of the Study .................................................. 1 1.2 Conceptual Framework of Hospital Management ................ 2 1.3 The Hospital in the Philippine Health Care System ................. 3 1.3.1 The Philippine Health Care System ..................... 5 '_1.3.2 Role of Hospitals .............................................. 7 1.3.3 Hospitals Industry Structure ................................. 15 1.4 Operational Characteristics of Philippine Hospitals ................ 18 1.5 Hospitals in the...

Similar Documents

Free Essay


...SAT Vocabulary A abase (v.) to humiliate, degrade (After being overthrown and abased, the deposed leader offered to bow down to his conqueror.) abate (v.) to reduce, lessen (The rain poured down for a while, then abated.) abdicate (v.) to give up a position, usually one of leadership (When he realized that the revolutionaries would surely win, the king abdicated his throne.) abduct (v.) to kidnap, take by force (The evildoers abducted the fairy princess from her happy home.) aberration (n.) something that differs from the norm (In 1918, the Boston Red Sox won the World Series, but the success turned out to be an aberration, and the Red Sox have not won a World Series since.) abet (v.) to aid, help, encourage (The spy succeeded only because he had a friend on the inside to abet him.) SAT Vocabulary A abhor (v.) to hate, detest (Because he always wound up kicking himself in the head when he tried to play soccer, Oswald began to abhor the sport.) abide 1. (v.) to put up with (Though he did not agree with the decision, Chuck decided to abide by it.) 2. (v.) to remain (Despite the beating they’ve taken from the weather throughout the millennia, the mountains abide.) abject (adj.) wretched, pitiful (After losing all her money, falling into a puddle, and breaking her ankle, Eloise was abject.) abjure (v.) to reject, renounce (To prove his honesty, the President abjured the evil policies of his wicked......

Words: 23163 - Pages: 93

Free Essay

Emile’s Used Car Emporium busy at work on his scaffold when Dorothy’s Scottish terrier TuTu, who she keeps with her at work, plows into the scaffolding while chasing a cat. Phil is knocked off the scaffold and falls ten feet to the ground, suffering a broken leg. Please address any and all issues you spot in this problem. You may need to make a few assumptions, if so... please state what those assumptions are. According to, an agent’s duties are to act on behalf of and be subject to the control of the principal, act within the scope of authority delegated by the principal, use duties with appropriate care, avoid conflict with personal interests and those of the principal, and promptly hand over to the principal all monies collected on principal’s behalf. The principal’s duties are to compensate the agent as agreed and to cover the agent against claims, liabilities, and expenses incurred in using duties assigned by the principal. The relationship between the principal and the agent is the agreement that the agent will act on the behalf of the principal. The agent assumes an obligation of loyalty to the...

Words: 1890 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Emergency Situation on Board Ship concerned, first and foremost, he or she must be aware of the different types of emergency situations that can arise on board ship. This would help in understanding the real scenario in a better way, and would also lead to taking correct actions to save life, property, and environment. We have prepared a brief instruction guide that must be given to all the seafarer onboard to tackle different emergency situations.   Emergency Situation Guide Officers and crew should familiarize themselves thoroughly with the Fire Training Manual and the training manual on Life Saving Appliances of the ship.   General Alarm  In case of a general alarm: * Rush to muster station with life jacket, immersion suit, and act according to the vessel’s Muster Lists. * Act as per the emergency explained by the in charge officer.   Fire alarm  In case of a fire alarm:  * Inform Officer On Watch. * Check if it is a false or true alarm. * Report back of findings. * In case of fire, raise the Fire/General alarm as soon as possible. Try to stop fire and if it is not possible, muster according to the Fire Muster List.   Man Over Board signal  In case of Man Overboard Signal:  * Rush to the deck and try to locate the crew member fallen in the water * Throw lifebuoy and inform deck. Read more here.   Abandon Ship Signal  In case of...

Words: 534 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Price of College on the Rise

...Adam 15 September 2014 The Price of College is on the Rise On the morning of Wednesday March 6th, 2013 I hurriedly got ready for the ACT after slightly sleeping in. The panic from sleeping in on top of all the stress and worry for my future made me on edge for the most important day thus far in my young adult life. All of my hard work for the past 3 years was rest assured on the next 4 hours, I had to get a high score on the test there is no other way. Rick Perlstein, the author of “What’s the Matter with College” argues the negative changes in college since the 1960s. He disputes that the college experience is not as radical and political as previously. He claims that students are overly concerned with money, which amplifies the fact of students being overscheduled to the point they don’t explore who they are. Indeed, young adults are too connected to their parents through technology and evolving social media to explore anything new. In other words I agree with Perlstein that college is now less of an experience, I believe this is caused by the sky rocketing cost of attendance and the focus on the economy/debt. With the enormous rise of college tuition students have been fighting the inevitable reality of debt. The College Board articulates that the average tuition at a four-year college has increased by 27 percent beyond the rate of inflation over the five years from the 2008-09 academic year to 2013-14. Even after raising cost for inflation the average cost has......

Words: 776 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Marketing Policies: an Empirical Assessmet

...developing marketing principles. Our goal was to develop an inventory of marketing principles and to see how this inventory changed over time. But in trying to develop this inventory, we were confronted by the second question, that is, the communication of knowledge. Thus, we sought to develop an inventory of the principles that are actually being communicated. As a working definition, we defined principles as normative statements that specify a condition followed by a suggested action. That is, marketing principles should provide operational guidelines, telling managers how to act in a given type of situation. An example of a principle is that the illustration in a print ad should be placed above the copy. Principles should help marketing managers to make better decisions because they incorporate marketing knowledge derived through previous research and experience. A well-developed set of principles can act as a basis for an expert system. For example, Burke et al. (1990) developed an expert system in advertising based heavily upon the principles presented in the advertising textbook by Rossiter and Percy (1987). Well-supported principles of marketing should be of interest to marketing practitioners. Those who make marketing decisions might like to know what principles can help them make better decisions. Such principles, for example, might show the conditions under which an increase in prices would improve profitability. In many disciplines, basic principles seem to be......

Words: 438 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...Boudreau v. Lin, 1997 12369 (ON SC) 1997-08-20 Case Presentation For INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS LAW PREPARED BY Lewis-Asonye Chigozie 300759315 Ogunsanya Quadri 300771273 Akinola Oluwafemi 300761445 Nwankwo Ifeanyi 300671046 ON MARCH, 26TH 2014. SUBMITTED TO Professor Michael Karambatos Table of Contents Introduction…………………………………………………………………………………...2 Facts...........…………………………………………………………………………………...3 Issues.............................................................................................................…........................6 Rules ….…………...........................………………………………………………………….7 Analysis........................………………………………………………………………………..9 Conclusion….…………………………………………………………………………………11 References…………………………………………………………………………………….12 Introduction Plaintiff: Mr. Paul Boudreau; Counsel: Katherine A. Cotton Defendant: Professor Jimming Lin; Counsel: Daniel Mayo Defendant: University of Ottawa; Counsel: Kathryn Prud’ Homme The case between Mr. Paul Boudreau and Professor Jimming Lin took place in the Ontario Supreme Court (General Division) presided by Métivier J. The hearing was on the March 3, 4, and 5, 1997 while the judgement was rendered on August 20, 1997. The Judges opening remarks to the case:- The plaintiff,...

Words: 2635 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Uw Admissions Essay

...position of coxswain for the freshmen eight, and along with it the task of controlling eight unruly freshmen boys and keeping a $30,000 racing shell from being damaged. My sophomore year I earned the coxswain position on my team’s top boat the Men’s Junior 8+. On that boat we went undefeated all season and brought the team their second national title. Junior year I once again earned the spot of coxswain on the top boat, which this time was the Med’s 1st Varsity 8. The job as a coxswain is fairly simple. My job is to act as a second coach, I am in charge of the boys who comprise my crew and it is my job to make sure they do their job to the best of their ability. At the same time every day at practice it is demanded of me that I behave in a mature and responsible manner. My experience on my rowing team has been truly defining, I learned things about myself I would have never known had I not joined the team. As a coxswain I have to behave as if I were a coach I must act maturely and responsibly. My ability to do so has earned me respect and the honor of commanding the fastest boats my team can field. Even through the worst of times in my life I have always had rowing as an escape. At crew I am stress free and without outside burdens, I am free to be myself. I am certain that had I not joined the rowing team my freshmen year I would have been a different person. I would not have made the friends I did I would not have gained the confidence I have. And the feeling of belonging......

Words: 608 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Military vs Civilan Life

...disciplined. A soldier is supposed to act and conduct himself according to the military guidelines at all times. There is a law for everything a soldier does, from how he should walk to how he should talk. A soldier is suppose to walk erect, hands at his side, hands cuffed at the middle joints, the arms should swing nine inches to the front and six inches to the rear. A soldier has to address the person he is speaking to in the correct manner. He will acknowledge an officer as sir or ma’am, and an enlisted by his/her proper rank.   There is a regulation governing how much a soldier can weigh at a certain height. If he weighs too much, then he must be taped. Being taped means to see how much body-fat a person has. If he has too much fat, then he will be placed on the overweight program. The program offers the soldier a certain amount of time to try and lose the amount of excess fat. If he is not able to lose it, then he could be kicked out of the military. There is also a regulation on how a soldier must wear his uniform. The Dress Blues are to have a worn look to it. The boots are to be brush shined. There are different types of uniforms. There is a physical fitness uniform, dress blue uniform, army combat uniform, and many others. The uniforms are not to be worn together. A soldier cannot wear a physical fitness shirt with his dress blue pants. There is a certain guideline that every soldier must follow so we all look, talk, and act as...

Words: 1008 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Hourglass Syndrome

...approximately 13 minutes per day using our computer. This relates to 3 days per year totally waiting. How relevant in our lives is this? Do we wait longer than that in the line of Wal-Mart buying groceries? Should we then have a label of line syndrome. There are so many labels out there all ready, should we create another. If so we could have hold music syndrome, and phone automation syndrome, and the press 1 for English syndrome. Labels do not do Americans any good. Most Americans seem to equate the word syndrome with a reason to act out. Television most recently expresses this with a commercial by GameFly. This is a company that rents video games similar to the company NetFlix. The commercial shows teenagers and adults acting crazy and throwing their televisions out windows due to buying a bad video game. Society teaches us to act as spoiled brats if we don’t get our way. The word syndrome seems to help Americans with an excuse to act out in this way. Our society does not show the ability to function as true adults. Everyone seems to want to have a reason to misbehave when we do not get things exactly the way we want. This has been proven with road rage. People have now used this excuse to get a lighter sentence for running someone off the road and injuring them deliberately. They feel justified in doing this, because someone made a mistake or deliberately cut them off on the freeway. The judge and jury then justifies this...

Words: 777 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...dressing for others. Gals drive cars they can afford rather than driving a car they have no way of paying for. Gals are basically the average woman. They go to work everyday, come home and take care of the family and then take care of themselves. This means that they take time out of their busy day to satisfy some of their needs. Gals go out on the town with their friends, to volunteer their time for the needy, and they just make the best out of what they have. Women take care of themselves but its not the same. They take care of their inner needs. Women tend to ignore their emotional needs because there is no room in their agenda. Gals go with the flow and don’t worry about an agenda. Gals are seen as women, but gals do not act as women. Gals act as themselves not someone else. Women put on faces for different people and do not show their true feelings. When women are...

Words: 465 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Music Can Effect Teenagers in Different Ways

... So if used correctly music can be a good force on a teens life, and it can help them get through rough times in life. Or it can further worsen a problem in a teen’s life. Music can help teens by being a good and positive force for mental health. As stated in paragraph 3 music can be calming, relaxing, and intellectually stimulating. It can also effect emotions and patterns of thinking, it can impart ideas and ideologies, powerfully and emotionally conveying a certain way of life. Paragraph 7 states something similar, “Music can be used in a positive way to bridge gaps, to create a bond between people who might otherwise have little in common. It can convey a message of peace and brotherhood, relax, soothe. But for teens music doesn’t act as just a way to relax or make new friends. Music has been connected to youth developing greater language capacity as well as a greater adeptness in the ability to learn a new language when they play an instrument, as said in paragraph 13. The extent of positives ranges when you’re involved in musical classes, playing a musical instrument is also beneficial school wise. As states in source b playing a musical instrument and or having music related classes can lead to significantly higher levels of mathematic proficiency and much higher test scores on the verbal and mathematic...

Words: 272 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Explain the Relationship Between Discipline and Obedience from the Montessori Perspective. Explain How Discipline and Obedience Are Linked to the Development of the Will. the development of the will. Then there will be a consideration in how these aspects of development are the foundation of the development of obedience. I will then describe the there levels of obedience linking the first two relevantly to the spiritual and social embryonic stages of the absorbent mind. Finally I will conclude my argument by summarising the main ideas of this essay. The term DISCIPLINE is often define in the dictionary by “training to act in accordance with rules; drill; punishment inflicted by way of correction and training; behaviour in accord with rules of conduct;” This term is still very associated with punishment in your society. We say a child needs “discipline” when they are miss behaving and we think parents or teachers need to punish him. Discipline it’s imposed by external factors and maintained by fear of repercussions or punishment. I consider this type of forced discipline to be ineffective. It may appear to be effective from the outside but is not maintained in a long term. The child may act submissive to play by the rules,...

Words: 1021 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...must submit a recommendation form to the University of Dayton, which should be completed by the high school counselor or principal. The counselor should attach the following: 1. A list of senior year grades and courses for which this student is registered 2. A transcript of the student's grade record 3. Results of the ACT or SAT (critical reading and math) Schneider Student Last Name Nathan First Name Patrick Middle Name 02-OCT-1996 Birth Date United States Birth Country Mail to: Ofc o Amsin fie f diso Uiest o Dyo nvriy f atn 30CleePr 0 olg ak Dyo,O 44910 atn H 56-30 Indiana Birth State Indianapolis Birth City Counselor/Principal Name Official Title Counselor/Principal Signature Date School Name Address Telephone CEEB code Student's GPA: __________ on a __________ scale Student's exact rank in class at the end of six semesters: Rank __________ in a class of __________ Test SAT SAT ACT* ACT* Date Scores Critical Reading __________ Math __________ Writing __________ Critical Reading __________ Math __________ Writing __________ Composite __________ Composite __________ *The University of Dayton does not require the writing section of the ACT. Would you recommend this student as having the aptitude and academic record appropriate to baccalaureate studies at the University of Dayton in the program desired? ___ Highly recommended ___ Recommended ___ Recommended with reservation ___ Not recommended ___ Unable to judge at this time ___ Prefer not to......

Words: 317 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Baby Thesis

...A baby thesis is like a shortened version of your final, completed thesis. As a result, it contains less parts or sections that a full thesis. However, just because a baby thesis is shorter, and therefore takes less time to write, than a completed thesis, this does not mean you should put less effort into your baby thesis. Writing a strong, well-written baby thesis is important, as it can act as your foundation for your completed thesis. A baby thesis must contain a number of features: * A table of contents, or contents page A table of contents should show to the reader exactly where the specific sections are within your thesis. Each of the main headings, and any subheadings associated with these, should be listed in your table of contents, along with the page number on which the headings can be found. * Introduction An introduction should be imaginative and compelling, and should make your reader care about the information in the rest of your thesis, inspiringthem to read on. However, it must also contain a number of facts, such as the aim of your thesis, what inspired your thesis in the first place, and any work done in the past by you or other which you are building upon in your thesis. * Findings and analysis This section is fairly self-explanatory - it should contain the raw data which you gained from your investigation, and an explanation of what this data means for your thesis.  * Recommendations Recommendations should be aimed at...

Words: 344 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Esus3 Assignment First Draft

...use ;use badly: 滥用; 妄用 to abuse one’s power academic 1. concerning teaching or studying ,esp. in a college or university:(学院或大学) 教学的; 学术的 2. concerning those subject taught to provide skills for the mind rather than for the hand: 人文研究的; 学术上的 accelerator the piece of apparatus in a car , etc . which is used to increase speed:(汽车等的) 加速装置; 加速器 access 1.a means of entering ; way in ; entrance: 进入; 通路 The only ( means of ) access to their house is a narrow road. 2. means or right of using , reaching , or entering: 使用接近或者进入的方法权利 accommodation a place to live ; room , flat , house , hotel room ,etc .住所 What sort of accommodation can you get in? accomplishment 1.the act of accomplishing or finishing work completely and successful: 完成; 成就 2. a skill ; something in which one is accomplished: 造诣; 成就 accordance agreement: 一致 I sold the house , in accordance with your orders . accuracy the quality of being ACCURATE : exactness or correctness...

Words: 30116 - Pages: 121