Free Essay

Reparations for Former Slaves

In: Historical Events

Submitted By txshaylee08
Words 1804
Pages 8
Reparations for Former Slaves
Shaylee McCammon
COM-150
January 17, 2010
Julia L.G. Kressig

Throughout history there have been a number of instances in which people of a different race, religion, or cultural background were discriminated against, and it is time that the government repays those who have suffered. When someone makes public the belief that his or her race or beliefs are of more importance, he or she makes those who are of another race or have other beliefs think they are not important themselves. Those of the mistreated cultures, including former slaves and the aboriginal children of the stolen generation, are entitled to reparations for their mistreatment. These people were not only forced to believe they were not important but also that they could not believe in what their culture suggests they should. These people were forced to leave their homes and brought to strange environments, treated as if they were similar to the dirt on the ground, and forced to serve others for the extent of their lives. The treatment these cultures suffered entitles them to reparations for their mistreatment and removal from their homes and cultural beliefs. African Americans were taking from their homes around the world and brought to America to serve the white population as slaves. Slave traders often brought ships full of hundreds of slaves to this country by keeping them in such close quarters, they could hardly move around. They would put 150 to 200 slaves into one ship. A total of about 10 million slaves had been brought to America and of those 10 million slaves brought here in the 18th century, 6,100,000 managed to survive the voyage and land safely on these shores (ASALH, 2007). The issue of disease did not occur to the slave traders and often ended in the spreading of illnesses or even death aboard the ships. Among these diseases there were scurvy, the flux, small pox, and other venereal diseases (Sowandi’ Mustakeem, 2006). Once they were here in one piece, they would soon discover the horrifying treatment that awaited them on land was just as bad as their treatment on the ships. They were brought to the harbor and sold to the highest bidder and depending on whom bought them, were held captive for life. Some situations arose in the north in which they were sold as indentured servants, in which case they were free as soon as they turned 21. It was in these towns that taking slaves south to be sold into slavery was illegal because they would never be free. Anyone who was caught taking slaves back to the south were tried and put in prison for a very long-time. It did not matter who each slave was sold to regardless of whether or not they were married or had a family. If that were the case, the families were separated and in some cases moved hundreds of miles away. Separation from their families was a horrendous enough deed by itself but there was more to come as these African Americans soon came to discover. Not only were slaves taking separated from their families, but during their time in slavery, slaves were living in one room cottages and with a floor that was made of dirt (ASALH, 2007). They were put to work from two in the morning until 10 at night during the summer and from four in the morning until 10 at night during the winter (John Jea, 1811). During these long hours of hard labor, slaves had been given one shirt, one pair of pants and no socks during the summer and two shirts, one pair of woolen pants and one jacket in the winter to work in (ASALH, 2007). Not only were they poorly supplied with clothing but they were also given very small allowances of food each week consisting of a peck of corn and three to four pounds of bacon or salt port. There were some instances in which a slave was able to catch a few fish to add to this allowance, but those occasions vary rarely occurred. Even though the treatment of the slaves was inhumane, this country would not turn out to be the only country responsible for tearing families apart.

In Australia during World War II, children from the aboriginal culture were stolen from their homes and sent away to work in unsafe environments, to missionary schools, and taught only enough to serve their master’s. Thousands were removed from their homes by the police, inspectors, or mixed motives of the mission and institutionalized in this manner. After years of being forced to work by the European society, most of these aborigines ended their lives with no life-savings, no family, and no place to go. The government denied there was a stolen generation in the year 2000, claiming there was only about 10% of the population taken and not an entire generation (Herron, 2000). The reason all this started is because of the unfaithful men who went to Australia and had affairs with women of the aboriginal variety. The children born from these encounters began to grow to numbers so high that the Europeans became afraid of their growing population. In response to this fear they began looking for the “half-caste” children and began sending them away to “bread the black out of them.” Full blooded aborigine children were left with their families because they were considered to be a dying culture with no future. The effect this treatment had on African Americans and Aborigines was dreadful and in some aspects, still affect these cultures today. The effects this treatment had on both of these populations still affect them today. As many know, the way to continue the spread of a cultures language is by passing it on from generation to generation. This generation of children did not have the opportunity to have their language passed on to them causing the beginning of a faded language. Not only was the language prevented from being passed on but also the cultural beliefs of the aboriginal culture. These children lost their ability to develop their own aboriginal identities and the language learning cycles were broken (Margaret Zucker, 2008). Former slaves are still being treated different then others in society today. The number of people who still treat them as lower beings has definitely decreased; however, acts of racism still occur. Businesses exist today that still discriminate against African Americans when hiring new employees’. Even though this is illegal, there are a large number of men and women who do not know that and are turned away by those who believe that the white population is more important then them. Not only do reparations need to be made, there has already been a process started to give reparations to the mistreated cultures on another continent. There have been actions taking place for several years in Australia to begin giving reparations to those of the Stolen Generation. A day was dedicated to the memory of the time when children were forcibly taken from their homes. National Sorry Day has been in effect since 1998 and those still alive who were removed from their homes were found and returned to the land of their cultural background (Stephen de Tarczynski, 2009). There was also an opening of a foundation of innovative ways to heal those of the aboriginal persuasion. Not only were these actions taken to try to make amends but there was also a fund raised for those of the stolen generation whom were mistreated while under the care of the state. Given the fact that most of these children were, in fact; in the care of the state, this fund was raised to very high numbers. In 2006 Tasmania developed the Australian dollar (AUD) of around five million dollars, which is about 3.1 million dollars in the United States (Stephen de Tarczynski, 2009). Western Australia developed their AUD in 2007 of 117 million dollars, which is around 72 million dollars in the United States (Stephen de Tarczynski, 2009). Reparations have already been started by these countries, and we need to follow their example and begin our own reparation process as well. Even though these events occurred in the past, and are no longer in practice today, we as a respectable population owe it to these people to try to make the treatment of our ancestors better. Former slaves not only helped to raise the economic value of this country but also helped to raise the children who are our ancestors. If we think about all the pain we caused, we should regret everything we did to them. Instead we deny them the rights to the reparations they genuinely deserve. As stated before, other counties are beginning to try to make amends with the cultures they tried to destroy, we need to follow their guide and try to make further amends to the races we have hindered in our past. As the golden rule states, do onto others as you would have them do onto you. If each individual person would not want to be treated in that manner, then we as a population need to give reparations to those who went through this treatment themselves.

Reference Page

Anna Haebich "Stolen Generations" The Oxford Companion to Australian Politics. Ed Brian Galligan and Winsome Roberts. Oxford University Press 2008. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Apollo Group. 11 December 2009 http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t250.e354

Australia: Government Denies Stolen Generation. 4/6/2000. Retrieved 10/11/09.http://swtuopproxy.museglobal.com/MuseSessionID=45328b50d3f141579e58894ffb8ccf/MuseHost=www.2facts.com/MusePath/wnd_story.aspx?PIN=2000171340&term=Government+Denies+'Stolen+Generation'

John Jea. New York Amsterdam News; 10/6/2005, Vol. 96 Issue 41, special section p8-8. Retrieved 12/11/09.http://swtuopproxy.museglobal.com/MuseSessionID=b6fa74917ae5e98d3e3934fdf7cff039/MuseHost=web.ebscohost.com/MusePath/ehost/pdf?vid=3&hid=101&sid=d5acb9ad-ae7b-4dd0-8bc6-ce3b5981fbdb%40sessionmgr104

Margaret Zucker. ND. Open hearts: the Catholic church and the stolen generation in the Kimberley. Retrieved10/11/09 http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Open+hearts:+the+Catholic+church+and+the+stolen+generation+in+the...-a0190243415

Mustakeem, Sowande .ND. "I NEVER HAVE SUCH A SICKLY SHIP BEFORE": DIET, DISEASE, AND MORTALITY IN 18TH-CENTURY ATLANTIC SLAVING VOYAGES. Retrieved 10/11/09. http://swtuopproxy.museglobal.com/MuseSessionID=d3f78cf6f25766d1ab9c30528f590a9/MuseHost=web.ebscohost.com/MusePath/ehost/pdf?vid=1&hid=104&sid=30f47ec0-ea0f-49c3-91a4-e050bb04f052%40sessionmgr110

Slavery in the Americas. February,2007. received 10/11/09. http://swtuopproxy.museglobal.com/MuseSessionID=519baac45388b92f5aa1fbceedde24be/MuseHost=www.2facts.com/MusePath/wnd_story.aspx?PIN=wzcs00830&term=Slavery+in+the+Americas

Stephen de Tarczynski. (2009, February 23). Government followed up the apology to indigenous Australians :[Source: NoticiasFinancieras]. NoticiasFinancieras. Retrieved December 11, 2009, from ProQuest Newsstand. (Document ID: 1649831811).

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Paper One on

...REPARATIONS TO FORMER SLAVES DESCENDANTS. The debate of reparation continues unabated and legendary. It is gathering such a momentum that people who initially did not support it are now changing camps to galvanize support for it. Man was born equal without any superiority of one race over the other. Pigmentation, I believe, should not be a paradigm by which we determine who should rule or enslave the other. Although slavery is as old as the existence of man, its longevity is not a permissible cause to be perpetrated against humanity. The untold hardship executed against humanity, precisely Africans during the era of this heinous and barbaric so called “trade”, as if human beings were commodities, needs a meticulous attention by all level-headed people. In an article, “Lawsuits seek reparation from Britain, France, and Netherlands for their roles in Atlantic slave trade”, the Prime Minister of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Ralph Gonsalves in his speech on the 68th United Nations General Assembly said “the European nations must pay for their deeds”. He bemoans, “ “The awful legacy of these crimes against humanity – a legacy which exists today in our Caribbean – ought to be repaired for the developmental benefit of our Caribbean societies and all our peoples,” Gonsalves said. “The European nations must partner in a focused, especial way with us to execute this repairing.” Although the petitioners have not specified a monetary figure for......

Words: 1623 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Africian Females

...thought of reparations is a controversy topic in existence in political discussions, school systems, and newspapers. The ideas of reparations for slavery have different perspective from a white and black point of views. According to: Reparations: Pro & Con which states “As table 1.1 shows, whites overwhelmingly oppose reparations payments, and a majority of blacks support them”( Brophy 4). People believe that the reparation for slavery was Forty Acres and a Mule, which was supposed to given to each former slave family. However, it was never given to any of them. Will it ever be given? Was this concept used to pacify the cries for justice? The Reconstruction era of slavery begin when the slaves were being abolition of slavery and the final ends of the Civil War. The blacks were in need of economics independence . The need for money forced the former slaves to work for the white landowners to make a living. William T. Shermanwas a West Point graduate. He soon volunteered his services for the American Civil War when it first arose. While the Civil War was going on, he later became supreme commander. He was an essential person to the Reconstruction era. He was never against blacks and he spoke against how slaves were being misused and abused. He wanted the blacks the blacks to be just as equal to him and his race. In his book, William T. Sherman: a biography stated, “He had even advocated that they be taught to read and write, and had stated that illiterate slaves......

Words: 1187 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Rebuttal

...2014 Article Rebuttal We need a ‘Reparation Superfund’ ( (n.d.). . Retrieved July 8, 2014, from http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2014/06/08/are-reparations-due-to-african-americans/we-need-a-reparations-superfund), states Mary Frances Berry the former chairwoman of the United States commission on civil rights. Mary Frances Berry believes that ex-slave pension and bounty movement back in 1887 should be followed through. “Whose membership forms stated the number of years they had been working as slaves, along with the names of their slave owners in the plantations on which they lived”. Unfortunately a lot of the ex-slave pension bounty movement individuals have long since passed, “individuals who can prove the identity of slave ancestors, whether they sought reparations in the 19th century are not, could also be eligible.” People who read this article may wonder who will step up to pay these respirations to the individuals who can prove slave ancestry. “Monies could come from corporations that profited from slave labor in from banks and insurance companies that practiced racial discrimination”, states Mary Frances Berry. This ’Reparation Superfund’ is ridiculous and inappropriate. I among millions of Americans are truly saddened by the history of our great country. Tragedy has stung most countries on this planet when it comes to slavery. Slavery dates back to 6800 B.C. “world’s first city grows up in Mesopotamia” (Home - Free the Slaves. (n.d.). . Retrieved July 8,......

Words: 640 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Culture

...around the whole grounds and the part that was hardest to see was the slave quarters. I have seen better accommodations for horses. These people were packed in like sardines and lived like the live stock that Washington ate. They were not treated any better than an animal and the comments from the presentation didn’t shock me at all. George Washington bought, sold, inherited, and otherwise acquired hundreds of slaves over his lifetime, at one point even helping to manage a lottery in which slave children were "prizes.” (Wiencek, 2003). This man owned 317 slaves over his lifetime and was ashamed at times and tried to cover it up. In a letter to William Pearce on March 22, 1795, Washington offered to secretly join in the expense of recapturing a runaway slave but said "I would not have my name appear in any advertisement, or other measure, leading to it."(Fitzpatrick,1940 P 154). As American people we always want to believe that we are a nation that always stood up for the little people, protected what was right and stood for what was good. I mean many people think of how we helped free the Jews during WWII, but the truth is we didn’t really get involved till the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. We are taught about Slavery in school, and how Lincoln freed the slaves. People don’t really think about the people that helped us get there like Harriet Tubman who organized the Underground Railroad and helped slaves reach the North and Canada for freedom (Schafer, 2011). Lincoln is......

Words: 865 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Impact of Slavery on American Society

...In spite of the fact that slavery ended in the late 19th century as a result of the actions of the Abolition Movement, the westward expansion of the colonies, and the North’s triumph over the South during the Civil War; the struggle for African Americans was far from over. In reality “the intense engagement over the issue of slavery signals … a crisis in American race relations that necessarily elevates the significance of the study of the past in the search for social justice” (Berlin, 2004). Although America is known as a free country and one in which anyone can succeed and prosper, it is well known that there are stipulations to that freedom. Unfortunately, those stipulations, which were instituted after the official emancipation of slaves, were established when white southern elites embraced “… a Herrenvolk interpretation of democratic politics that promoted political equality for one people – whites – only” (Chaplin) in order to protect their way of life. Although not as prominent, that system of “equality” remains today. The topic of whether slavery should be removed from all aspects of American life has in and of itself sparked immense controversy. Some support the removal of any reference of slavery from all educational curriculums and historical presentations as it is thought to be offensive. Yet others argue that the inclusion of this information should be acknowledged and accepted as a right of cultural heritage and preservation of historical facts. For......

Words: 2913 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Reparation

... Gilda Duran Elaine Parker-Gills, Ed. D January 24, 2016 The Case for Reparations This article is written by Ta-Nehish Coates an American writer, journalist and editor. Coates is a National correspondent for the Atlantic, were he writes about cultural, social and political issues. More so in regards to African- Americans. Coates has also worked for the Village Voice, Washington City Paper and Times. Ta-Nehisi Coates also published a Memoir “The beautiful Struggle” in 2008, and released his second book in July 2015 “Between the world and me.” Coates was born in Baltimore, Maryland to Father Paul Coates a Vietnam War Veteran, former Black Panther, Publisher and librarian, and Mother Cherly Coates, who was a teacher. The Case for Reparation intricately traces the history of racism in the United States from long after slavery ended, to recent examples of housing discrimination. Coates writes about decades of racist policies and deliberate injustices-from Jim Crow to redlining. Not to leave out the unfair housing policies and GI bill. I found this article to be most educational, informative, and well written. I am one who knew very little about the history of slavery that went back as far as 1619. Once I started reading this article I could not put it down. This article had me feeling a shame of myself for not knowing my history. I loved the way Ta-Nehisi Coates writes and speaks. I have to say I was very intrigue with Coates that I got on you-tube and listen to a few of...

Words: 888 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The American, French, and Haitian Revolutions: Causes and Consequences

...Quartering Act of 1765, and the Tea Act of 1773) would eventually lead to all-out war between the American colonists and Great Britain. This would be a war that would be devastating to Britain, and other countries as well - a war that would forever change the landscape of the world. With the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1783, the war was over, but along with it came the inevitable spoils of war. Great Britain had lost all the American colonies, and was now heavily in debt. The British ceded all of the land between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River to the newly formed United States. The losers in this game, though, were the Indians who had previously been in control of these lands. France regained two of her former small colonies, Tobago in the West Indies and Senegal in West Africa, but in the long run the debt France incurred from the war would bring her devastation and heartache. The monarchy would soon be abolished. As stated by one website, “since the Frenchmen had helped the Americans in their revolt against a King. They were now prepared to revolt against their own king.” (“PinkMonkey Online”) Only six years after the American Revolution ended, the French Revolution would begin. For centuries France had basked in tradition. The king was king by divine right, the three estates system consisting of the clergy (First Estate), the nobility (Second Estate), and the commoners (Third Estate) was fixed, and a tax code whereby the......

Words: 2559 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Holocaust

...airplane engines for the Lufwaffe. The company played an important role in the war helping the Nazi regime. “In two crucial areas of military technology, BMW “was in the vanguard: with the guidance of Dr. Hermann Oestrich of the German aviation test center, the company developed the 003, the first jet engine to enter standard production; and under conditions of intense secrecy, it opened a rocket testing and production plant at Zuhlsdorf.” " (Company-Histories.com." Bayerische Motoren Werke AG. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2012. <http://www.company-histories.com/Bayerische-Motoren-Werke-AG-Company-History.html>.) After the war the Allied Comand ordered the break down many of the BMW facilities. BMW admits using around 25,000 to 30,000 slave laborers, being also victims of POW’s and concentration camps. The insufficient and the meager payment of 20 cents and hour went into the SS treasury to subsidies their own annihilation. (The Ethnic Newswacth , 1998). The people’s car better know as Volswagen was a creation by Ferdinand Porsche (chairman of the German Automobile Indutry federation) incentive by the ideas of Adolf Hitler in 1934, to create a vehicle for everyone. Hitler said that the new car, should have: “ four seats, an air cooled engine and cost no more than $1,000 Reichmarks, and the Nazi government would put the money for the project” (Boyes, 2012). The Volkswagen Beetle sell more than 21 million vehicles around the word, it became the symbol of an affordable car.......

Words: 2572 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Reconstruction

...The Reconstruction IB History of the Americas HL November 10, 2014 The Reconstruction from 1865—1877 would prove to be, in many ways, more difficult than the war itself, despite the victory of the Northern States. Furthermore, many questions began to arise regarding post-war reparations. Because there were so many different views of how the Reconstruction was to be accomplished there was tremendous conflict. After four years of war, despite defeat, some of the southerners remained defiant in returning to the Union. In addition, the roles of liberated blacks were also in question. Although there was conflict, the Reconstruction fulfilled its aims to the extent of granting freedom to liberated blacks, restoring the southern states to the Union and reestablishing their political structure, and the establishment of civil rights for liberated blacks. This was executed through the Presidential, Congressional and Military Reconstructions. To begin, the Presidential Reconstruction was the beginning of defining the voice of freedom for liberated blacks after the civil war. Furthermore, the Presidential Reconstruction began the upstart of a political war as principal Reconstruction proposals and plans were beginning to be implemented in order reform the Union. In 1863, Abraham Lincoln introduces his “10 percent” Reconstruction Plan. Although it is eventually replaced by Andrew Johnson’s own Reconstruction proclamation in 1865, it proposed that a state could be readmitted......

Words: 883 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Affirmative Action

...Affirmative Action The Emancipation Proclamation issued January 1, 1863, set slaves in the confederate states free. The Thirteenth Amendment permanently abolished slavery. The former confederate states, not wanting to let go of their control over blacks, established the restrictive “Black Codes.” The Civil Rights Act of 1866 proposed by Andrew Johnson was the first Civil Rights act ever written. The act was turned down by congress. The act would have given all blacks the same rights as whites. The issue of discrimination has been addressed in the court system many times. Beginning with the Dred Scott v. Sanford (1) case, in which the Supreme Court ruled, that blacks as “subordinate and inferior beings,” could not constitutionally be citizens of the United States. More recently, the Bakke case gave a look at the workings of affirmative action. A white student was denied admission to U.C. Davis because the school had already met its quotas for white students. “Affirmative action”(2) is a term coined by President of the United States, Lyndon B. Johnson in 1965. In an executive order Johnson declared that federal contractors should take “affirmative action,” this was to guarantee that “applicants are employed, and that employees are treated during employment, without regard to their race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.” Executive Order #11246 would increase the number of minorities employed by federal contractors. This order would become a major policy issue for...

Words: 706 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Affirmative Action

...Affirmative Action The Emancipation Proclamation issued January 1, 1863, set slaves in the confederate states free. The Thirteenth Amendment permanently abolished slavery. The former confederate states, not wanting to let go of their control over blacks, established the restrictive “Black Codes.” The Civil Rights Act of 1866 proposed by Andrew Johnson was the first Civil Rights act ever written. The act was turned down by congress. The act would have given all blacks the same rights as whites. The issue of discrimination has been addressed in the court system many times. Beginning with the Dred Scott v. Sanford (1) case, in which the Supreme Court ruled, that blacks as “subordinate and inferior beings,” could not constitutionally be citizens of the United States. More recently, the Bakke case gave a look at the workings of affirmative action. A white student was denied admission to U.C. Davis because the school had already met its quotas for white students. “Affirmative action”(2) is a term coined by President of the United States, Lyndon B. Johnson in 1965. In an executive order Johnson declared that federal contractors should take “affirmative action,” this was to guarantee that “applicants are employed, and that employees are treated during employment, without regard to their race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.” Executive Order #11246 would increase the number of minorities employed by federal contractors. This order would become a major policy issue for...

Words: 707 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Social Media

...South Africa and, despite some flaws, is generally regarded as very successful. Creation and Mandate The TRC was set up in terms of the Promotion of National Unity and Reconciliation Act , No 34 of 1995, and was based in Cape Town. The mandate of the commission was to bear witness to, record and in some cases grant amnesty to the perpetrators of crimes relating to human rights violations, reparation and rehabilitation. The TRC has a number of high profile members: Archbishop Desmond Tutu (chairperson), Dr Alex Boraine (Deputy Chairperson), Mary Burton, Advocate Chris de Jager, Bongani Finca, Sisi Khampepe, Richard Lyster, Wynand Malan, Reverend Khoza Mgojo, Hlengiwe Mkhize, Dumisa Ntsebeza (head of the Investigative Unit), Wendy Orr, Advocate Denzil Potgieter, Mapule Ramashala, Dr Faizel Randera, Yasmin Sooka and Glenda Wildschut. Eunice Miya being comforted at the TRC hearings. (Photo: Iris Films) Committees The work of the TRC was accomplished through three committees: Human Rights Violations (HRV) Committee investigated human rights abuses that took place between 1960 and 1994. Reparation and Rehabilitation (R&R) Committee was charged with restoring victims' dignity and formulating proposals to assist with rehabilitation. Amnesty Committee (AC) considered applications for amnesty that were requested in accordance with the provisions of the Act. In theory the commission was empowered to grant amnesty to those charged with atrocities during Apartheid as long as two......

Words: 8349 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

The Abomination of Economics

...explains the concepts of a higher being which he further connects into the book: “What is called surrealism […] comes under the non-classical conception of being, in which the fiction of the distinctive, real world no longer exists (Bense 52).” This relates back into the Marxist interpretation of Gregor and his metamorphosis as Bense clarifies the religious connections between Marxism and the Judeo-Christian beliefs which are presented in the book. The Samsa family also reflects Marxist beliefs presenting Gregor as the scourge of capitalism. Gregor’s transformation places a massive burden upon his family forcing them to sell their labor in order to continue living at their current status. Marxism presents labor as similar to slaves only differing in that “The slave is sold once and for all; the proletarian must sell himself daily and hourly” (Engels 7) the family is forced to sell their labor in order to continue living while Gregor continues to be an anchor just as capitalism was seen by the lower classes during the industrial revolution. Marx continues by connecting the social issues which lie within the capitalist system to religious connections which had developed heavily into the western world: The so-called Christian state is the Christian negation of the state, but by no means the political realization of Christianity. The state which still professes Christianity in the form of religion, does not yet profess it in the form appropriate to the state, for it still has a......

Words: 1843 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Comfort Women

...Writ 1301 The Tears of Korean Comfort Women After Chosun (the former name of Korea) was invaded by Japan in 1910, Korean women were forcibly sent to Japan as comfort women: sex slaves of the Japanese military. ‘Comfort woman’ is a euphemism for a female sexual slave to the Japanese Imperial Army before and during World War II. The Japanese military recruited young and unmarried Asian women to join the military, then sent them to brothels in China and other Asian and Pacific countries in order to “comfort” Japanese soldiers. One of the few surviving Korean comfort women, Soon-duk Kim, gave the following testimony to Sangmie Choi Schellstede, the editor of the book, Comfort Women Speak: Testimony by Sex Slaves of the Japanese Military: “I was promised a job as a military nurse…[however, the Japan military took us to] a ruined village of Shanghai. Rooms were divided into tiny cubicles. Each of our fifty girls was divided to one of these cubicles. Now this house became a brothel, and we were sex slaves in it” (38). Kim was wounded due to numerous rape. She explained about the horrible remedy she received: “One day our manager gave me packets of black powder to take once a day…[But] after I used it several times, he then told me the powder was made from a leg of a Chinese soldier’s corpse” (38). This experience is not limited to Kim. Approximately 200,000 Korean women suffered as sex slaves of Japan’s military system before and during the World War II. Today, however, not......

Words: 3041 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Elizabeth Wright Dies

...like a know-it-all, egotistical peacock, had me wondering if she is paying attention to what’s really happening in this society, or if her antenna is picking up signals from a distant era. Where are these preening whites, “insulated by privilege” from the problems of blacks, who “simply choose not to know”? Is there really anywhere in this society where one can escape the relentless retelling of the story of slavery, Jim Crow, lynchings, and segregated water fountains? Set upon with the type of charges made by people like Dickerson, and eager to comply with the rules of the race game, most whites strive to keep their heads below the radar, so as not to be slammed with the ruinous accusation of “racist.” She had this to say after hearing former New York City mayor Ed Koch moaning about racism: Similarly, Ed Koch had claimed that in this terrible society of America, “all blacks” face racism “every day.” According to Koch, from the minute a black leaves his home in the morning to go to work, he encounters ugly, persistent racism, which goes on throughout the day. My ears perked up, because I wanted to know in just which city or state or region were blacks being tormented openly and on a daily basis. Mind you, he was talking about the year 2008. Of course, he, like the young man in the Bodeker film, did not offer any examples of this horrendous treatment. My instinct was to get in touch with Koch and challenge him to pick any black man, and go off to work with him, spending......

Words: 1636 - Pages: 7