Premium Essay

Report on Organ Sales

In: Social Issues

Submitted By felicityyl
Words 1941
Pages 8
Report on organ sales

Peng Yl

Tutor: F.Yang

Study skills

6/12

International Business Class 5

Table of contents

1. Executive summary
This report was to research whether we should legalize the sale of human organs. It examined the cases about organ sales all over the world. The major methodology is case study of quality research. The main findings were that situation of organ translation and sales in entire world. It was concluded that legalize the sales of human organs can not make more people get rescue and the sale of human organs is a kind of crime. The recommendations are that organ sales should be banned and society needs a law to control the black market.

2. Introduction
Here is the report concerning about whether we should legalize the sale of human organs. People has discussed about it for a long time. According to public reports, China has become the world's second largest organ transplantation country. In China, There are about ten thousand cases of transplant operation each year. Besides, millions of patients are waiting for organ transplants. Under the serious imbalance of organ supply, some patients tend to buy organs through black market. It resulted in the formation of underground organ trading chain.

My assumption in this report is organ sales can not be legalized. The scopes of this report are the cases about organ sales all over the world. The methodology I used is quality research.

3. Literature review

3.1 The growth of organ sales

Organ transplantation and the discovery of antibiotics are considered as two important discoveries of human medicine in 20th Century. Every year, 1,500,000 patients who need organ transplantation has created an illegal industry—— organ sales. Some socialists investigate the phenomenon of organ sale in the modern society. They…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Leadership, Teambuilding, and Communication

...Commercialization of Organ Transplants Many critics argue that permitting organs to be bought and sold is unethical. In this paper I will review the arguments for and against commercialization of organ transplant. I will formulate my position on the debate of whether or not the sale of organs should be permitted and I will defend my moral judgment with an argument. I will also determine which normative theory best supports my conclusion. Nearly 100,000 people in the United States are on a waiting list for kidneys, hearts, livers, lungs, and other organs. Many of these people die each day because the high demand for organs greatly exceeds the supply, and the disparity is widening. Despite these laws and other strategies, such as organ donation cards, the organ shortage remains (Sadler & Sadler, 2012). Some people favor changing the federal law to allow people to buy and sell organs. Although, this approach is filled with ethical problems, including the risk that only the desperately poor would be persuaded, and possibly forced to sell their body parts (Sadler & Sadler, 2012). A problem that has been around is the trafficking of human organs. Despite severe and fine tuned laws most jurisdictions are unable to curb organ trafficking. Nor are they able to provide organs to the needy. There are reports of the kidnapping and murder of children and adults to “harvest” their organs (Kishore, 2005). Millions of people are suffering, not because the organs......

Words: 1357 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Organ Shortage: to Market or Not to Market

...The organ shortage: To market, or not to market? Jessica Peabody Baker College Organ transplantation is a term that most people are familiar with. When a person develops the need for a new organ either due to an accident or disease, they receive a transplant, right? No, that's not always right. When a person needs a new organ, they usually face a long term struggle that they may never see the end of, at least while they are alive. The demand for transplant organs is a challenging problem that many people are working to solve. Countries all over the world face the organ shortage epidemic, and they all have different laws regarding what can be done to solve it. However, no country has been able to create a successful plan without causing moral and ethical dilemmas. The organ shortage is at a critical level, and unless a better system is devised, it will continue to get worse. The debate on whether to legalize and regulate organ trade through the free market has become a very controversial issue in the last decade. The shortage of organs is a problem the increases dramatically every day. In 2010, there were more than 112,000 people on the organ waiting list in the United States. However, there were only 14,507 donors. Of those donors, only 6,564 were "live donors" (UNOS, 2010). Organ trafficking is rising in popularity due to the constant increase in demand for organs and the continuous decrease in supply. Trafficking is the illegal trade of human organs such as the......

Words: 1888 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Organ Trafficking in Moldova

...The buying and selling of organs is a huge business for Europe's poorest country, Moldova. According to organ trafficking specialists, Moldova is one of the key suppliers to the world organ trade and Moldovan kidneys are the cheapest priced in Europe. The country is one of the top 3 suppliers in the thriving global black market in organ sales, according to a just-released report on organ trafficking. According to the report, a record rise in human organ-farming has made Moldova one of the leading source countries although with just over 3 million inhabitants it is much smaller in size than the world's two other organ trafficking centers, Brazil (184 million people) and India (1.12 billion people). The prominent position of Moldova in the illegal organ trade is because "this place is a black hole, no one cares about the population and government officials can just do what they want," in the words of a lawyer who recently left Moldova and today lives near Copenhagen, Denmark. Along with Brazil and India, Reuters has named Moldova is one of the top 3 source countries in the world for organs. Worldwide, the buying and selling of organs is a huge business, and the export of human raw material is bringing hard currency to Moldova. Officially listed as Europe's poorest country, Moldova is now the West's center for the illegal organ trade. The country shares a common border with the European Union, but is officially outside EU jurisdiction and not subject to international......

Words: 1202 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Commercialization of Organ Transplants

...Commercialization of Transplants Introduction The 1983 Human Tissue Act 65 regulates every aspect concerning organ transplants (Schicktanz, and Chair in Bioethics (Ḥefah), 2013). Since its last amendment in 1989, there have been tremendous developments in medical science. Presently, organ transplants are nearly routine operations in various hospitals. Commercializing human part for transplantation has also seen an increase in demand for sperms, hair, plasma, eggs, among others. Even so, there are arguments for and against the commercialization of human organs such as marrow, kidney, and sundry, with both sides of the arguments facing criticism. It is imperative to investigate ethical aspects regarding commercialization of human organs. To reach a conclusion on whether it is ethical or unethical, this paper summarizes both sides of the argument and later presents a moral argument and rationale for commercialization of transplants. Without commercialization, there would be few potential donors willing to give out their organs to a dying patient who needs the specific organ urgently, which is contrary to human dignity. This is the moral argument in this report. Arguments for commercialization In 2009, a group of cancer patients, bone-marrow donation advocates, and parents filled a lawsuit against the US government. The federal law had banned buying and selling of human organs. One of the parents had three daughters suffering from a blood disorder called Fanconi anemia,......

Words: 1461 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Living in the Information Age Wa-6

...change in the future? In the field of medicine, there have been many advancements in the ways that some common sicknesses can be treated, and even prevented all together. Although some of the most likely ailments for humans every year can not be totally prevented, the technology of the future might see better antibiotic production methods, and distribution techniques to allow for more individuals receiving treatment sooner, rather than allowing for a greater spread of the illness. A greater contribution that might be seen is the ability to build useable organs from a lab, and not requiring someone to die before someone receives the needed organ. “A company called Organovo has developed the first commercial 3-D bio printer that builds custom organs cell-by-cell. Each individual cell is based upon sample cells from the body of the customer. Organovo reports that veins and arteries will be available in 5 years, and more complex organs like hearts and livers in 10.”(Lejuwaan, Jordan) The way that people see the world, and the lifestyles that they live have drastically changed with the introduction of smartphones, and the internet to there every day lives. With such power at our fingertips one might wonder how something that seems so complete could even become more advanced. “In the very near future, another huge jump will be made: integrating the information on the Internet with our surroundings. By that I mean being able to look at a building, product or place and......

Words: 570 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Diversity

...Warning You do not have permissions to perform this activity Courses Download Save Link Courses View Syllabus English Composition II Details | This course explores various types of research writing, with a focus on constructing essays, arguments, and research reports based on primary and secondary sources. A writing-intensive course. Prerequisite: ENG-105 | Credit Hours | 4.0 | Pre-requisites | ENG-105 | Co-requisites | None | Course Add-Ons | Textbook1. Finding Purpose Through Argumentative WritingGrand Canyon University (Ed.). (2015). Finding purpose through argumentative writing.http://gcumedia.com/digital-resources/grand-canyon-university/2015/finding-purpose-through-argumentative-writing_ebook_1e.phpElectronic Resource1. The Writing Process Mediahttp://lc.gcumedia.com/zwebassets/courseMaterialPages/eng105_writingProcess.php 2. Rubric Peer Review Mediahttp://cola.gcumedia.com/phi105/rubric/rubricCompare.html 3. Flashcard DeckUtilize the flashcard deck to review key terms and definitions.http://lc.gcumedia.com/mediaElements/gcu-flashcard-application/v1.1/#/add/ENG-106 Additional Material1. Developing Academic Skills GuideReview this resource as you move forward in the course. It will be important to come back to this resource periodically.ENG106_DevelopingAcademicSkillsGuide.docx 2. Academic Writing GuidelinesReview this resource as you move forward in the course. It will be important to start your assignments. Come back to this resource......

Words: 5399 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Organ Transplant

...Organ Transplant in the United States Stephanie Daniels UCA Certificate of Authorship I hereby certify that I am the author of this document and any assistance I received in preparing this report is fully acknowledged. I have also cited in APA format all sources of data, data analysis, ideas, words, phrases, or sentences. I also hereby certify that I have not submitted this paper to any other professor, at Webster University or elsewhere, during the course of my educational career. I have properly cited and acknowledged material that was presented in previous papers of my authorship. Signature: __________________________________________________ Date: __________________________________________________ TABLE OF CONTENTS Page # Abstract……………………………………………………………………………………3 Organ Transplant…………………………………………………………………………..4 What Organs and Tissues Can Be Donated……………………………………………….6 Organ Transplant Cost…………………………………………………………………….10 Ethical Issues: Organ Transplant…………………………………………………………..11 Strength and Weaknesses……………………………………………………………….....14 Alternatives and Key Challenges: Organ/Tissue Transplant……………………………...15 Summary and recommendations…………………………………………………………...17 References…………………………………………………………………………………19 Abstract Organ transplant experiments began in the 1800’s on animals and humans as a......

Words: 4065 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Commerce

...MISSION “Plan & facilitate a high quality, safe, efficient, environment friendly & affordable Urban Transport in Lahore City” Lahore Transport Company (LTC) has been established under the provisions of Provincial Motor Vehicles Ordinance (Amendment) Act 2009 as an Urban Transport Company. Government of Punjab notified the company vide. No. SO (NTS) 2-88/2009 dated 1st Dec., 2009. LTC has been registered under section 42 of Companies Ordinance 1984. LTC is primarily a regulation body which has been tasked to ensure a smooth running transport system in Lahore which will provide the commuters a safe, efficient and affordable transport service. LTC is expected to be a self sustaining organ of the Government of Punjab. As per the provisions of the said ordinance, LTC is now the sole organ responsible for custody of all transport infrastructures in Lahore and its operations through a network of private operators. This infrastructure includes Bus Stops, Bus Shelters, Bus Bays, Bus Depots, Bus Terminals. The operational aspect includes service routes and the buses provided by and operated through a network of private operators. LTC is managing the passenger services through a variety of transport vehicles covering High Occupancy Vehicles (HOV) such as Buses and Low Occupancy Vehicles (LOV) such as Vans, Coasters, Hi-Ace, as well as certain approved Rickshaw models. The organization is governed through a board of directors headed by Chairman Mr. Khawaja Ahmed Hassan,......

Words: 790 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Improtant Note

...Blackboard. Submitting your Assignment All students must submit their work via Grade Centre as Blackboard and Turnitin are integrated. ESSAY TOPIC “In today’s modern society, organ donation is a public relations issue, not just a health issue.” Questions: 1. Which aspects within the definitions of public relations support this statement? 2. Who would you identify as the primary and secondary publics with this topic? Give reasons for your answer. 3. Please assess the topic and its ethical implications. Who do you think would be most affected by ethical issues and why? 4. In your research, you will discover a range of public relations activities conducted by different organisations concerning the issue of organ donation. Summarise two examples of public relations activity in support of organ donation and two examples of public relations activity opposing organ donation. How effective do you think these activities have been to influence target publics? Use references to support your answers to each question. Sources serving as a starting point for your research: http://www.humanservices.gov.au/customer/services/medicare/australian-organ-donor-register http://www.donatelife.gov.au/ http://www.theweek.co.uk/health-science/35635/pros-and-cons-automatic-organ-donation Is there a right or wrong answer to the questions? No! It is important to note that this essay allows you to use your research skills to support your......

Words: 2068 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Document

...the Edsel "resembled a Chrysler sucking on a lemon". Some have speculated that the car failed to sell because its grille resembled a female sex organ. Another reason for the Edsel's failure was its market research. Ford's market research indicated that there would be increased demand for mid priced-range vehicle in which the company was losing its share of market, therefore many of demographic of population would desire this vehicle. However, after an initial sales goal of 200,000 for the model year 1958, the Edsel only sold a little over 60,000 cars. Also, Ford missed the oncoming economic recession in the late of 1950s in the market research. Pricing strategy was also another its failure because Edsel would be a mid priced-range vehicle, but the reality was that the Edsel was only $70 less than the most expensive Ford car. Lastly, Edsel had quality control problems. There were many reports of mechanical flaws in the models originating in the factory, due to lack of quality control and confusion of parts with other Ford models. Recommendations for what should have been done differently: - Edsel's visual appearance could have been different from its look since its grill had some anatomical flaws. For instance, Its front-end grille should not have had different connotations such as horse collar, toilet seat, female sex organ, etc. - The price of Edsel shouldn't have been expensive. In some pricing strategies, when some products price themselves too low, they......

Words: 618 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

New Constitution

...according to which a state or organization is governed. The constitution regulates the relations between the state and its citizens as well as relations between the organs of the state. It has influence in a country’s social, political and economic activities. Kenya got its new constitution was enacted on the 27th August 2010 replacing the old one which had been in place since independence. Two bodies were then created to guide the Implementation process. The Constitutional Implementation Oversight Committee and the Commission for the implementation of the Constitution. Even though the people of Kenya are very positive on the new constitution, there has been slow progress on the implementation process. According to the timeline only 17 of the 31 laws due on 2013 have been enacted so far. This means that the members of parliament are not in a hurry and this could be inefficient in the long run. The new Kenyan constitution promises much but the implementation process has proven difficult. Members of parliament are to be blamed as they are voting to extend the timelines. They should do their part to work hard and implement the constitution to bring change to this country. A constitution is a public document that regulates the relations between the state and its citizens as well as relations between the organs of the state. THE NEW CONSTITUTION Kenya adopted a new constitution just recently. This constitution has brought with it several provisions that will have the......

Words: 2002 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Almarai

...The first report For cooperative training In a Name : Abdulrahman maged Al-khmees University ID: 429103676 Supervisor: Fawaz Said Subject Page History of pasture ……………………………. ...…………………3 Brands and Affiliates ………………………………………………….3 Types of Products …………………………………………………. 3 The financial performance ……………………………….………. 4 Principal owners……………………………………………………...4 Administrative Divisions…………………………………………....4 Almarai-head-office in alriyadh ……………………………………4 Almarai-head-office in alriyadh ……………………………….…..5 Factories …………………………………..………………………….6 QBD …………………………………….……………………………..6 Packaging………………….…………………………………………6 Why is packaging important …………………………………..…7 What are they doing in the Department of Packaging….….7 Questionnaire…………….…………………………………………..9 Quality ………………………………………………………………10 TRD …………………………………………,………………………10 * Established Almarai in the city of Riyadh in 1991, with a capital of 750 million riyals, which is an extension of the dairy farms developed by Prince Sultan bin Mohammed bin Saud in 1977, and the owner for about 29% of the shares of the company. * In 2005 shift Almarai from a private company to a joint stock company registered in the Saudi stock market , Where Almarai shareholders of more than 70,000 contributors. * In 2007 the company was acquired of Western Limited laboratories' * In 2009 was initiated the......

Words: 1741 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Iran Law of Supporting Knowledge-Based Firms and Commercialization

...The law of Supporting Knowledge-Based firms and Commercialization The present report tries to provide a summary of the mentioned law. The law was approved by parliament in November 2010. Important events related to knowledge-based firms law are summarized as table below: Activity | Date | Preparing the bill of law in vice presidency for science and technology | January, 2008 | Approval of the law in parliament | November, 2010 | Approval of the "Implementing Regulations" by the government | November , 2012 | Launch of qualification system of knowledge-based firms and enrolling applicants | March, 2013 | Announcement of tax exemption of firms located in the science and technology parks by Iranian National Tax Administration(ITNA) | August, 2013 | Approval of the first list of verified knowledge-based firms | September, 2013 | Approval of second edition of evaluation guideline and criteria of knowledge-based firms that recognizaed industrial companies with knowledge-based activities as potential applicants for the law | March, 2014 | The first financial facilities provided for knowledge-based companies by Innovation and Prosperity Fund (IPF) | June, 2014 | Approval of detailed methodology of customs exemption | October, 2014 | Implementing knowledge-based products leasing program by IPF | February, 2015 | Implementing program for support and development of of knowledge-based products and services export | May, 2015 | Article 1. The law define......

Words: 2607 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Gmo Potatoes

...on Karen's right to privacy, that "The present life support systems may be withdr?~m * * * without any civil or criminal liability therefore on the part of any participants." Ironically, Miss Quinlan lives on; so does the question of the role of machines and medication in sustaining vital functions and the propriety of stopping or withholding such treatment from patients. The dilemma doctors, patients, relatives and the legal community face in cases like Karen's is largely due to medical progress in the development of ever more sophisticated means of life support. Several years ago, a patient died when his heart stopped and "extraordinary" treaL"Uent consisted of an injection of adrenaline. However, with respirators, heartlung machines, organ transplants and similar measures, patients who would have died in the past can now be kept alive, at least technically, for weeks, months and even years. The slogan "death with dignity" implies a rejection of the paraphernalia by which a terminal patient is kept alive, usually at great cost to his family and in isolation from it. Such "intensive care," so the argument goes, is often less for the patient's benefit than for the physician's. It allegedly reduces the patient to an object, prolongs dying for many people and needlessly makes death a psychologically, if not physically, anguishing experience. The upsurge of interest in so-called death with dignity, however, has partially obscured an undercurrent of doubt and some outright......

Words: 1916 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Unit 1 Assignment

...correspond to a smaller amount of milk, and vice versa. This happens because all the economy's resources are already in use, and therefore obtaining more cars would always require sacrificing some milk. In economic terms, the negative slope is due to the presence of opportunity cost. Problem # 2 Part A: Go to the internet auction site eBay at www.ebay.com and select the category Jewelry and Watches, followed by Loose Diamonds and Gemstones, and then Diamonds, Natural. How many natural diamonds are for sale at the moment? Note the wide array of sizes and prices of the diamonds. In what sense is there competition among the sellers in this market? How does that competition influence prices? In what sense is there competition among buyers? How does that competition influence prices? As of June 18, 2013 there are 204,692 diamonds for sale. The competition in the market on eBay would be based on the age of the diamond and it authenticity. 199,692 of the diamonds that were on sale, the seller’s utilize the “Buy Now” feature while only 5,226 utilize the “Auction” feature. For Sellers that decided to utilize the “auction” feature the only competition the buyers have is out bid each other. It also would depend on how much they would want to spend on that diamond. The influence on the prices would depend on what size, shape, color and condition the diamond. Problem #2 Part B: Describe what would happen if an outside agency determined the prices eBay could charge. If an agency......

Words: 966 - Pages: 4