Premium Essay

Reseach Proposal

In: Business and Management

Submitted By haseeb28
Words 2175
Pages 9
An Exploratory study on the Challenges Faced by Young Male Entrepreneurs in Karachi

Research Proposal
Spring 2016
4th Feb 2016

Submitted To:
Dr. Jawaid Qureshi
Submitted By:
Abdul Basit - 1435199
Syed Muhammad Haseeb - 1435218

Contents 1. Introduction 2 1.1 Background 3 1.2 Aims of Research 4 2.0 REVIEW OF LITERATURE 4 3.0 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 6 3.1 Research Questions 6 3.2 Research Design 6 3.3 Sample Size 7 3.4 Research Instrument 7 References 9

1. Introduction:
Interest in entrepreneurship in economies has grown within international business research due to the failure of getting employment, limited success of microfmance, lack of experience and knowledge and the relatively the unfulfilled promise of Government sector solutions. Research argues that entrepreneurial orientations and opportunities can be the answer to the former issue.
In recent years, entrepreneurship has been regarded as an important element not only of regional economic growth itself, but of economic resilience. It has been suggested that this generation should become known as E-Generation because, they are expected to become the most entrepreneurial generation since the Industrial Revolution (D. F. Kuratko, 2004). This would be no surprise as a Gallup poll (Walstad, 2010) conducted in 2010 found that 69% of its 602 surveyed university students expressed interest in starting a business. However, a similar kind of pool which have the students who has just started their business as entrepreneurs indicated that, they had faced several challenges even those which they haven’t identified as challenges.
To address this growing interest and lack of knowledge regarding the initial challenges many researchers have identified an entrepreneur as a risk taker having a challenging persona. They had to fight many odds and ends The Pakistani business environment…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Reseach Proposal

...RESEARCH PROPOSAL Identification of Research Topic Over the past five years while working in a residential care home for people with dementia, the researcher has observed that incidents of violence and aggression both physical and verbal towards health care staff happened regularly. The incidents of aggression affected staff mentally and physically but the majority of incidents went unreported. The nursing staff, registered nurses and nursing assistants in this environment both acknowledged the seriousness of this on-going problem to them. However the reluctance to report the aggression is because they considered the aggression to be part of the job despite them acknowledging it as a problem. England is an ageing society and as the population ages, health care providers, government, communities and families are faced with the burden of caring for people with dementia (Cubit, 2010). According to Access Economics (2005), dementia is becoming increasingly predominant to the aging population worldwide. A survey of over 15000 care homes in England and Wales found that 78% of residents were cognitively impaired (Bowman et al, 2004). In addition the Alzheimer`s Society (2007) reported that there are around 750 000 people in United Kingdom with a dementing illness. A more recent survey by the Alzheimer`s Society (2009) reported that around one third of older people with dementia in UK live in residential home care settings, representing 200 000 individuals. According to......

Words: 5535 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

International Bussiness Reseach Proposal

...Question 1 | Computation of Total Income of Mr Masako | Year of Income: | 2012 | Residential Status: | Resident | Sources of Income: | Employment/Business/Investment | | | Employment Income | TZS | Salary | 18,650,000 | Housing allowance | 1,200,000 | Sitting Allowance | EXEMPT | Employment Chargeable Income | 19,850,000 |   |   | Business Income |   | Taxable profit | 12,581,000 | Less: Unshipped stocks (60% x 5mil) | 3,000,000 | Business Chargeable Income | 9,581,000 |   |   | Investment Income |   | Dividends from Atlas Limited | FWP | Rent – Marinda house | 20,000,000 | Gain from sale of shares | EXEMPT |   | 20,000,000 | Less: Investment allowable expenditures | | Maintenance | 3,500,000 | City rates | 2,250,000 | Kitchen construction | NIL | Investment Chargeable Income | 14,250,000 | Total Income | 43,681,000 | | | | | Tax Liability | TZS | Tax payable on total income | 11,803,500 | Tax payable on final withholding payment | 155,000 | Total tax payable | 11,958,500 | Less: Withholding Taxes Already Paid to TRA | | Final – Dividend | 155,000 | Employment income | 4,654,200 | Net tax payable | 7,149,300 | Question 2 Repartriated Income | TZS | Additional Capital | 150,000,000 | Add: Opening Cost......

Words: 1185 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Why Study Business Research?

...Why Study Business Research? Business Research is system that helps you analyze and disseminate information such ad data and insights for decision making. This process will help actions to maximize their performance in different scenarios. ROI stands for return on investment and doing business research will help you increase to the contribution of this return. There are different factors that will want you to have an interest in reseach methods, they relate to technology, business competition, government, managemtn, business methodologies etc. We have to pay attention to the information we research because not all the information is solid or reliable. It is important to address all the information to facilitate the process of researching. Business reseach will help identify and define opportunities and problems, monitor strategies, regine tactics and will help you understand various fields of management. Information and Competivie Advantage? It is important to understand the relationship between different business and their research. All this information will be critical to understand decisions that do with mission, goals, strategies and tactics. Goal: Every company have different goals there is a goal that all company would want which is sales. Sales goes in hand with market share, ROI, profitabiblity, customer relations, employee productivity, efficiency, stocks, etc. We have to learn about all this in order to do an analysis and this will increase the decision......

Words: 543 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Research Paper

...English 102— Research Paper Requirements and General Guidelines Dr. B. Bryant Office phone—671-6358 Office—Bldg. 1, room 119 E/ office 19 Research Paper due—May 2nd (Fri) 3:00 pm in my office It must contain copies of your research. 1. Your final paper needs to be 5-8 pages (not including “Works Consulted page”) in MLA format. NO PAPER UNDER 5 PAGES WILL BE ACCEPTED!!! 2. In your research folder—a folder that does not allow your research materials to fall out—you must have the following items: • Research Paper—11/25 • Rough Draft • Research proposal/outline due 4/24 for class time • COPIES OF YOUR RESEARCH! • Your paper must be sent to on safe assignment PLEASE NOTE: NO PAPER WILL BE ACCEPTED WITHOUT COPIES OF YOUR RESEACH! The paper will receive an F. 3. Research Materials—Included on your “Works Consulted” page, you must have at least 5 professional journal articles or books. You can have more; the research really depends on your topic. Also the research papers I gave you count as a source and Loot. 4. The journal articles can come from the internet, but make sure the article is a professional article with a thesis/research, not a general informational page. All internet articles must be cited as an internet source. You can use the museum websites and YouTube. 5. For books and articles in books, you must copy the title page, copyright page, table of contents and the......

Words: 628 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Soap

...RESEARCH PROPOSAL This research is initiated by examining the secondary data & evaluating the primary data on the basis of analysis to gain insight into the problem. PROBLEM DEFINITION: The research is conducted • To know about the customer satisfaction level associated with their existing soap. • To study the factors affecting the consumption pattern. • To know about the customer preference level while selecting among beauty soap. • To know about the customer brand loyalty of a soap. • To know that endorsement by celebrities play a role in selecting soap. • To have an idea about the parameters that consumer use while buying the beauty soap. • To find out the source of influence of customer purchase RESEACH DESIGN Research design is the first and foremost step in methodology adopted and undertaking research study. It is overall plan for the collection and analysis of data in the research project. Thus it is an organized, systematic approach to be the formulation, implementation and control of research project. In fact a well planned and well balanced research design guards against collection of irrelevant data and achieves the result in the best possible way. Sample Size and Design: A sample of 50-70 people was taken on the basis of convenience. The actual consumers were contacted on the basis of random sampling. • Sampling unit was comprise of ladies Research Period: Research work is only carried for 2 or 3 weeks. ...

Words: 303 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Government Final

...DATA: Collected faster/cheaper than primary. Commercial online databases. (world factbook) Caution: Data may be old, gather for different purpose and quality maybe unknown. 3. PRIMARY DATA: information father for the first time to solve a particular problem. More expensive and time consuming but current and more relevent. Enhanced by the internet: Observation groups, experiements, etc. Steps in the Marketing Research Process: The systematic (1) design, (2) collection, (3) analysis, and (4) reporting of data relevant to a specific marketing situation. 1. Define the problem and reseach objects. 2. Devlope the reseach plan for collecting information. 3. Imprementing the reseach plan/ collecting and anazlying data. 4. Report findings Public Policy and Ethical Issues in Market Research: Intrusions on consumer privacy Collection of too much information for CRM and Personalized Advertising. Proposals for adopting standards that outline marketing researchers’ responsibilities for data collection, usage, and storage Chapter 5 Business vs. Consumer Markets: 1. Involve far more dollars and items than do consumer markets. 2. Market structure and demand differs from consumer markets:Contains far fewer but larger buyer and Business demand is derived from consumer demand Business Buyer Behavior: Refers to the buying behavior of the organizations that buy goods and services for use in the production of other products and services that are sold, rented, or supplied to......

Words: 1858 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Computer Addiction

...A. COURSE DESCRIPTION: This course is designed to support students in developing their research proposal and to assist them in defining their mode of enquiry. The course has been constructed to guide students through a range of issues and considerations which should inform their general approach to research. It will give students a general introduction to scientific research, its methodologies, its challenges and its organization. This course permits an understanding of the various decisions and steps involved in preparing a research proposal which includes the problem and its background, literature review, research methodology as well as a critically informed assessment of published research. Also, students will be introduced to a range of research tools, data analysis and will be equipped to plan and organize their research, as well as develop their data collecting instrument. B. COURSE GOALS AND OBJECTIVES: | | | |Course Objectives |On completion of this course, students will be able to: | | |Understand the concepts, approaches and procedures underlying the conduct of research. | | |Develop a research problem, select the......

Words: 1540 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Mktg 202 Notes

...MARKETING 202 NOTES CHAPTER 1 MARKETING RESEACH = systematic and objective process of generating information to aid in decision making BASIC (PURE) RESEARCH= > expands limit of knowledge or learn more about concept > not aimed at solving pragmatic problem > verify acceptability of certain theory APPLIED RESEARCH= > conducted when a decision needs to be made about specific real life problem > studies undertaken to answer specific question (our focus) SCIENTIFIC METHOD= > techniques and procedures used to recognise and understand marketing phenomena 4 STAGES OF DEVELOPING AND IMPLEMENTING MARKETING STRATEGIES: 1. Identifying and evaluating opportunities 2. Analyse market segment and select target markets 3. Planning and implementing a marketing mix that will satisfy customers’ needs and meet objectives of the organisation 4. Analysing market performance TYPES OF RESEARCH FOR PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTING MARKETING MIX: 1. Product research = to evaluate new products or adapt old products = concept testing: new product idea to judge acceptance and feasibility of concept = product testing: reveals strengths and weaknesses and performs better than competition = brand name evaluation: is name......

Words: 1065 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

How to Become an Effective Hr Officer

...most attractive point is the extensive trainings for employees which is one of the best practices. This perspective highlights the efficiency of labour forces that directly promote productivity. The employees in the manufacturing department can get 2 opportunities to be sent to training institutions every year, and the longest training lasts for 3 months. The new individuals can also have the training courses from the beginning. All the training fees are covered by the company and it offers the salary for employees when they are in the training period. However, the turnover of employees is quite high and the leaving people caused much loss for the company. The aim of this article is to investigate in Huawei’s turnover problem and give a proposal based on data collections that attract major stakeholders’ attention to make some changes. The highly turnover of employees will have bad influence of the strategic management and thus affect the company’s long-term good performance. Research methods and data sources (1.1&1.2) It is necessary to make a research which showing the valid and reliable information before make the suggestions showing to the stakeholders. When conducting a research project, HR officers have to experience a data collection process. The data types can be categorised as follows: primary or secondary and qualitative or quantitative. Horn (2009) describes the definitions of primary data as new collected information which has never been used in the......

Words: 2364 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Disaster

...MZUMBE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND MANAGEMENT A RESEACH PROPOSAL AN INVESTIGATION ON CHALLENGES FACING ORGANISATIONS IN THE USE OF ELECTRONIC RECORDS A CASE STUDY OF MZUMBE UNIVERSITY PREPARED BY, NAME : HAPPY D. MITUNU REG. No. : 11341/T.10 COURSE : BPA – RAM II SUBJECT : PUB 220 DATE : 5TH JUNE 2012 TABLE OF CONTENT 1.0. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM 2.1. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES 2.2.1. GENERAL OBJECTIVE 2.2.2. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 2.2. RESEARCH QUESTION 2.3. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND PROCEDURE 2.4.3. RESEARCH DESIGN 2.4.4. AREA OF THE STUDY 2.4.5. TARGET POPULATION 2.4.6. SAMPLE, SAMPLE AND SAMPLE TECHNIQUES 2.4.7. METHOD OF DATA COLELCTION 2.4.8.1. QUESTIONARE 2.4.8.2. INTERVIEW 2.4.8.3. OBSERVATION 2.4.8.4. DOCUMENTARY 2.4.8. ANLAYSIS OF DATA 3.3.6.1. QUALITATIVE DATA ANALYSIS 3.3.6.2. QUANTITATIVE DATA ANALYSIS 1.0. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM For any organization to have good performance and continue to operate well it needs to keep records concerning any activity taking place in a specific organization. The development of technology makes the need of using electronic form to keep records in order to expand the methods of creating, editing, maintaining, transmitting and retrieving the records. Records may be found on a variety of......

Words: 1142 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Evaluate and Explain the Limitations of a Range of Sources of Information Both Primary and Secondary, for Small Scale Public Services Projects.

...47). Primary sources are great for research because they can contain unconcealed evidence recorded at the time of the event thus eliminating bias. As a result primary source's are considered to be of much greater importance, superior to secondary, however availibilty can be an issue. A secondary source is a piece of information or a recording that relates to research formed from the original creation of a primary source or sources under investigation. A secondary source could be a police report, television documentory or an article in a magazine. Secondary source's are great for research due to their ease of access, low cost's and availability. The data collected can be an exact derivative of the primary source making this method of reseach more wide spread. However the information provided by a secondary source is sometime's considered to have less importance over primary as the information put simply is second hand. ''This is secondary research and it involves the collection of information from studies that other researcher's have made of a subject.'' Dawson, (2009,41). As a primary source Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) is used for surveillance. These camera's are often found in banks, retail outlets, public uniformed service organisations and now have widespread presence in public places. The camera's provide community safety, aid crime prevention and help protect national security. Any criminal behaviour caught on CCTV will contain vital evidence of the......

Words: 1491 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Globalization

...climate of industrial relations. The 1967 ordincince established a compulsory system for employee sharing in benefits of industrial expansion and a 1980 act encouraged distribution of 3% of capital to employees. The 1970 German act has been broadened over time with the intent expressed by public authorities to promote accumulation of capital. In the Anglo-Saxon countries where government action is limited to establishing a legal framework some tax incentives for worker participation are provided, but adoption of schemes by companies is slow. By contrast, obligatory systems like the 1967 French ordinance may achieve quick changes. In these circumstance, participation becomes a right enforceable by law. In a number of the northern European proposals "participation breaks all links between the individual employee and his employers." For example, under a Dutch scheme excess profits would be allocated to retirement pension supplements for the entire workforce of the country. Likewise in a Swedish plan a portion of profits would be placed in a central fund in the form of non-negotiable shares. Three reasons are noted for the increase in activity in this area in the last ten years. The slowing rate of economic growth has led to a search for new methods of financing investment and broader distribution of benefits; there is an increasing tendency even in liberal countries to legislate in the field; and the role of trade unions has moved beyond wages and working conditions to concern......

Words: 1153 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

English Proficiency

...RESEARCH PROPOSAL: By Roselle M. Soriano-Ph.D. in Rhetoric & Linguistics Presented to: Dr. Emolyn Iringan Professor, Research Seminar BackgroundoftheStudy | Title: READING COMPREHENSION LEVEL OF THE FRESHMEN BACHELOR OF ARTS OF QUIRINO STATE UNIVERSITY CABARROGUIS CAMPUS IN RELATION TO THEIR SPEED IN READNG, A.Y. 2013 – 2014 | | THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUNDIntroduction “Learning to read and understand what we are reading is one of the necessary steps towards literacy. It is utterly important to get the meaning of what we are reading otherwise it would be meaningless. It will be like staring at words without knowing what it is about. Reading without comprehension is also like listening to a person talking to you without understanding what he or she actually wants to convey”, Riley Johnson (2010). Reading is indispensable and one of the most important aspects of learning. It is also one of the most essential parts in student’s life. It is necessary to determine the possible problems that the students are facing in relation to their comprehension skills in reading, to come up with the most appropriate strategies in reading suitable for the leaner’s ability to understand the text. This reseach is intended to detect the reading comprehension level of the freshmen Bachelor of Arts major in English of Quirino State University in relation to their......

Words: 1374 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Effects of Technology

... ALMIRA S. PASAY Teacher Talamban National High School Talamban, Cebu City Dear Mrs. Pasay: PEACE BE WITH YOU ! Research is full of thinking and analyzing, It is part of the requirements in Grade 8 and our group was required to do an investigatory project. We are required to make a new product which is relevant to our society. In this case, we would like to ask your permission to act as our adviser because we believe that you have the ability to guide us to be successful in this project. We are hoping for your kind consideration and hoping for your kind help and for us to come up with a good research proposal. Sincerely yours, Cueva, Ric Joshua D. Illaga, Lynne Ivy L. Ilustrisimo, Monamae Frenzy G. NOTED BY : MS. CELIA C. GEPITULAN Reseach I, Teacher Curriculum Vitae A. Personal Background Name: Ric Joshua D. Cueva Gender: Male Age: 14 Birthdate: March 2, 2001 Address: Lot 2 Blk. 1 Phase 1 Villa Leyson Subd.Bacayan, Cebu City Name of Mother: Jerielyn Gay Cueva Name of Father: Rico B. Cueva School: Talamban National High School B. Educational Background LEVEL | SCHOOL | SCHOOL YEAR | Playgroup- Kinder 2 | Villa Leyson Children’s House | 2008 | Grade 1- 2 | Talamban Elementary School | 2009-2010 | Grade 3-6 | Talamban Elementary School | 2010-2013 | Grade 7-8 | Talamban......

Words: 1308 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Random

...completing explanations, qualitative research assumes that people have meaningful actions or experiences that can be interpreted. It is economical, flexible and answers questions based on why and how. In conclusion the result of qualitative study is a narrative report with contextual descriptions and direct quotations from research participants Quantative research on the other and is used to test hypothesis, look and cause and effect, make predictions. Groups studied in this research are large and randomly selected, and specidic variables are studied. Quantative research deals with numbers and statisitcs and its end result being statistical reports with correlations, comparsions of means and statistical significane of findings. Hence as the reseach paper does not include any numbers and statitcs and is only based on a descrptive study to indentify facts and data for the feasability of an HR department hence a qualitative study would be best. Qualitative study includes focus groups, indepth interviews, observations and projection techniques. Focus Groups: Sometimes it is preferable to collect information from groups of people rather than from a series of individuals. Focus groups can be useful to obtain certain types of information or when circumstances would make it difficult to collect information using other methods to data collection. They have been widely used in the private sector over the past few decades, particularly market research. They are being increasing......

Words: 3905 - Pages: 16