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Research Process and Terminology

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Research Process and Terminology
Patty Bishop
CJA/334
11/2/2015
Gregory Koehle

Research Process and Terminology
When you discuss doing research, it usually conjures up images of scientist in a laboratory or someone with piles of books in front of them spending hours reading. The truth is that research is done every day by a multitude of people, most of whom never even think of what they are doing as research. People who are looking to buy a home, may investigate several real estate agencies before choosing one, then when they see properties they ask various questions to decide which house is right for them. When a group decides to have a party as a restaurant, they most likely have a few choices which they narrow down in various ways. These processes are all types of research. The focus of this paper however is the process and terminology of research in the criminal justice field.
While still a relatively young science criminal justice research has come a long way, much of which has been absorbed into common language and so is no longer considered to be research related, but simple common sense. Criminal justice research often faces criticism from those who think that it is obscure jargon or academic intimidation, an elaborate explanation of what some see as common sense (Hagan, 2010). There are various methods used in criminal justice research, most employ collecting, analyzing and reporting data which can entail many complex details, the same as any other research discipline.
The research process varies in scope, style and procedure, but it all starts with a few general steps; first is problem formation, review, select and specify the area to be investigated. When deciding upon the problem, look for gaps in theory, conflicting findings in current research and the feasibility of conducting the research as well as any timelines that might affect current policy....

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