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Resilience And Maltreatment

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Resilience and Child Maltreatment:
Protective Factors and Measurements
Substantial research exists on the impact that traumatic or stressful events such as maltreatment have on children (McClure, Chavez, Agars, Matosian, 2008). Maltreatment can be expressed in specific situations such as sexual abuse, physical abuse, emotional abuse, neglect and exposure to violence (McClure, et al 2008; Afifi, MacMillan 2011). Multiple research have concluded that the exposure to such events bring about outcomes that can affect an individual's lifetime (Afifi, McMillan, 2011). Such outcomes include depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance abuse, impaired academic/occupational functioning, aggression, crime, violence, suicidal behavior, and inappropriate
…show more content…
In other words, some individuals go without developing a negative mental health or physical outcome (Herrman, Stewart, Diaz-Granados, Berger, Jackson & Yuen, 2011). When this occurs, it is usually described as resilience among those individuals. According to Limke, Showers, and Zeigler-Hill (2010) other characteristics that might describe resilience in an individual are that the outcomes of a stressful or traumatic event don’t really have negative impacts and in some occasions advantages result. A big part of research with resilience and child maltreatment is to identify the specific factors that lead to certain individuals to overcome such traumatic events. When doing research on resilience it is important to note the kind of measurements that are used. It is important to consider the definition of resilience in order to understand how research is done and what factors contribute in the outcome of resilience in certain individuals. There are different aspects to consider when defining …show more content…
As it was the case of Dennison, et al (2016) who used a 3T Siemens Trio Scanner in order to examine reward reactivity and reaction time. They looked at specific brain areas that would be affected by the tasks: pallidum and basal ganglia. There are many different ways to measure resilience. Each study used similar forms of collecting data, but with different measures. Characteristics of participants: age, gender, and race/ethnicity had an impact on how these measures were chosen. One thing that the studies had in common is the purpose of their studies. Their objectives include to identify specific factors contributing to resilience and providing counselors with this information so they can apply it with their

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