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In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By nayasam26
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EDU 222

Chapter 13, Physical and Health Disabilities

October 9, 2014

Definition of Orthopedic impairment.

According to Special Education, Contemporary Perspectives for School Professionals,

“orthopedic impairment is a severe impairment that adversely affects a child’s educational performance”

(p. 423).

Types of Paralysis Include

Monoplegia, Paraplegia, Hemiplegia, Tetraplegia

Neurological Physical Disabilities Include:

Cerebral Palsy- Paralysis of the brain

Spina Bifida- A spilt or divided spine

Spinal Cord Injury- break, severe bruise, or other damage to the spinal cord that affects motor and sensory functions.

Traumatic Brain Injury- The result of a sudden and significant insult to the brain.

Types of Traumatic Brain Injury:

- Closed head injury
- Open head injury
- Concussions

Effects of Traumatic Brain Injury:

- Cognitive Skills - Processing Ability - Language - Academic Achievement - Emotions - Behavior

Causes of Traumatic Brain Injury:

- Struck by/against and includes child abuse, especially shaken baby syndrome.

- Automobile and motorcycle accidents, children not wearing seat belts.

Describe Characteristics-

Cognitive Characteristics: Students abilities are often related to the nature of the disorder, the severity

of the disorder, and the effects of treating the disorder.

Academic Characteristics: Same as Cognitive Characteristics.

Social and Emotional Characteristics: Learn and relearn how to communicate with their classmates.

Behavior Characteristics: Students may require very specific behavior intervention plans that have

extensive rewards built in for appropriate behaviors.

Recommended Educational Practices:

Early Childhood- Services are offered at an early age in the child’s home. This includes early

intervention specialists, physical and occupational therapists, and other professionals as needed who

works closely with the family.

Elementary and Secondary School Services- Some students with physical and health disabilities

receive services in a resource room or separate setting for part of the school day. In some communities

students with significant physical disabilities are educated in separate

Inclusive Practices- Inclusion is more likely to be raised regarding students who have significant or

multiple disabilities especially those with physical, medical, and intellectual disabilities.

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