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Respiratory Disease

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Respiratory Disease Paper
There are various types of respiratory diseases that are currently prevalent in the United States. These diseases not only affect, but also claim the lives of many people annually. Asthma, Lung Disease, COPD, and Pneumonia are a few of the most common respiratory disease that are prevalent in our country. I chose to focus on Asthma because it is a controversial issue due to being both extremely common as well as it not having a cure. This disease has not only made a significant impact on our society due to its classified type, but to our country’s health care industry as well.
What is Asthma?
“Asthma is a chronic (long-term) lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways” (NIH). Asthma can affect anyone at any age, but it commonly starts during childhood. There are more than 25 million known cases of Asthma in our country. This disease is currently without a cure resulting in the occurrence of random flare-ups throughout a person’s life leading to symptoms being untreated if not managed properly. In order for a person to begin to manage their Asthma they must become educated on what the disease’s type is classified as.
Disease Type
Asthma is classified as needing tertiary prevention or being more manageable as a tertiary type due to being a long-term health problem that requires management to aid in softening the impact of it’s symptoms. Both the primary and secondary prevention stages of Asthma tend to not give enough information or even a detection that would be sufficient enough for a Physician to diagnose a patient or even identify the proper preventable measures and treatments. When Asthma is in it’s tertiary state, a Physician is able to easily identify what environmental issues or personal habits are causing the symptoms of a patient’s Asthma and the severity of it. Once the patient is properly diagnosed the Physician can then begin to determine the necessary treatments to mange the disease. Since there is no cure, classifying the disease’s type aids both the Physician and the patient being able to take necessary action in order to gain good control over Asthma (NIH).

Impact on Society
Asthma has made a huge impact on our society as well as the country’s health care industry. “The economic cost of asthma is considerable both in terms of direct medical costs (such as hospital admissions and the cost of pharmaceuticals) and indirect medical costs (such as time lost from work and premature death)” (WHO). This disease costs the United States 56 billion dollars each year, which includes the average annual cost of health care for a child with asthma estimating to be about $1,039. According to the CDC, there were 1.8 million ER visits as a result of Asthma being the primary diagnosis in 2011, 14.2 million Physician office visits due to Asthma in 2010, and 1.3 million outpatient Asthma visits in 2010. Not only is this disease extremely common among the population it is also very deadly if gone unmanaged. About 9 people die from Asthma every day and about 3,400 people died from Asthma in the year 2009 (CDC, 2015). The number of Asthma cases increase each year and don’t show any signs of decreasing due to the population adopting modern lifestyles as well communities becoming urbanized. As one can interpret given the statistics of the disease, it has impacted society itself, but business as well as resources when it comes to healthcare.

Conclusion
Asthma is one of the most common incurable respiratory diseases prevalent in the United States. It is extremely important that this disease is managed with tertiary care due to the severity unidentifiable during its earlier stages. With proper management a person is able to continue to perform their daily activities. This disease has greatly impacted both business pertaining to healthcare and its resources due to the extreme amount of funding as well as health care resources that aid in the prevention and the treatment of this disease. In the year 2013, there were 22, 648 known cases of Asthma in our country and “it is estimated that there may be an additional 100 million people with asthma by 2025” (WHO). Asthma made a huge impact on our society from a morbidity and mortality stand point as well continuing to influence our health care industry economically through its business and resources.

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