Free Essay

Response Paper

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By adamortiz2
Words 1594
Pages 7
Response Paper

Humanity has held varying perspectives concerning religion and deity. In our current world there are countless religious beliefs such as Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Judaism and Atheism to name a few. The vast majority of these are monotheistic or polytheistic with the exception of Atheism which is absent of any belief in a deity. In each dogmatic structure a formula is provided as a means to live a meaningful life, some to self-satisfaction, in serving others and one in serving a loving God. However, Atheism holds to a belief that there is no afterlife only an end of all existence. With this in mind and there being various religious aspects we must ponder the question, how can humanity reject or disallow the everlasting father, the one true God?
Many are the disputes for and against the existence of a God and many have proven to be confusing and misguided to say the least but do propose strong arguments that should be understood. An article by Australian philosopher H. J. McCloskey titled, “On Being an Atheist” presents a seemingly very compelling pro-atheist argument. McCloskey wastes no time and opens his article by explaining the flawed belief systems of theism. Although there are a other arguments to be considered in formulating a solid perspective McCloskey chooses to remain in the scope of three, the Cosmological, Teleological and the argument of design. Cosmological arguments endeavor to surmise the existence of God through the universe or cosmos and are sometimes referred to as first cause arguments. Beginning with the Cosmological argument he attempts to persuade his readers against this theory stating that it is deficient because it relates to a first cause and theists would have one believe that the first cause is an “all-powerful, all-perfect, uncaused cause”, referring to the self existing God and creator of all. McCloskey mentions the first cause argument but fails to provide any positional substance to render his argument effective but presents his claims as irate and irrational failing to mention any correlating theories. He furthers his argument by highlighting the evil that exists in the world and refers to the creator of this world as a being whose best intentions produce destruction rather than a loving God of peace. Although there may be some components missing from this argument, I agree with the suggestion of Evans and Manis in that, if nothing else, there is enough evidence to consider the Cosmological argument as an introduction to a deity as a first cause and an aspiration to explore and attain greater comprehension of God.
McCloskey moves on to the teleological proof in an attempt to disprove its claims. A Teleological argument is similar to the Cosmological argument in that it derives from the universe or cosmos as well, with a slight variation beginning with “its character as the cosmos, an orderly universe”. In his argument against Teleology, McCloskey attempts to dissect it by stating that this theory does not demonstrate conclusively any specific data to support the claim that there was an “all-powerful, all-perfect, designer” but he still does not present enough evidence himself to produce a valid argument. It appears that McCloskey tends to discredit an argument for failing to provide conclusive evidence but is, himself, failing to provide definitive substantiation and is simply offering his own estimation. However, nature itself displays a natural order that can only be the design of an all-powerful, all-perfect creator; from the rising of the sun and moon and the going down of the same; the revealing of the stars each night and the passing seasons.
McCloskey’s statement regarding evolution displacing the need of a designer is artificial. Evolution according to Evans and Manis is based on “chance variations and natural selection” both of which have proven to be inconclusive in its argument. They further explain that in the event that the evolutionary process were indeed possible it is only made achievable based on the law of nature or natural order and the natural law and physical constants are in fact created by design. Humanity does however, to use the term loosely, evolve, or rather adapt, to various climate change, habitats and intelligence. Why have not all apes evolved? Is humanity the lucky apes who evolved into humans? Was this survival of the fittest? Was this chance variation or natural selection? McCloskey does not address these questions in his article.
McCloskey comments concerning the problem of evil only affecting theists but the problem of evil is consequential toward all humanity. He states, “The problem of evil is a real and persistent problem for the theist and it is because of the existence of evil that we believe that God does not exist.” McCloskey’s argument denouncing the existence of God is solely based on the presence of evil in the world. It is a wonder what his position is on the existence of evil alone. This view infects the heart of unbelievers and skeptics forcing them to inquire as to how a loving God would allow evils to take place especially to the innocent. The answer to this is that God does not condone or even allow it. Man, being deceived, is now plagued by evil because he chose to disobey his creator and ate from which he was instructed not to eat from. Since this action man became knowledgeable of good and evil. Humanity continually blames God or denies God based on the notion that a God of love could not allow this when in reality it was the actions of man that caused humanities landslide of evil propaganda; in an attempt to escape accountability humanity reallocates liability toward God instead of accepting responsibility.
Concerning free will, McCloskey poses the question “might not God have very easily so have arranged the world and biased man to virtue that men always freely chose what is right?”
Let us explore the characterization of free will. Free will is the liberty to exact choice. It is the option to decide without any preconfigured directive; whether moral, immoral, ethical or unethical all humanity has been afforded this independence. Any and all decisions concerning life engage this autonomy. McCloskey’s question seems contradictory. How can one be programmed with bias and freely choose what is right? One would negate the other. God allows humanity to choose right or wrong, good or evil but presents the road map through His word, humanity need only to read, understand and believe His word to aid in making the correct choice. If humanity were “arranged” as McCloskey states then humanity would be acting on a controlled, involuntary and restrained decision; a preconceived notion.
McCloskey mentions in his article that atheism is more comforting than theism and refers to the belief in God as cold comfort. He explains that it is better to believe that there is no God than to believe in a God who would allow or is the cause of evil acts. McCloskey’s view of God is misguided and misrepresents God as some tyrannical being who does not concern Himself with His creation. It is a fact that evil is ever present but it is also factual that it is humanity that performs actions of evil and not God. In response to McCloskey, Craig proposes that if God does not exist and there is no hope in life then what is life’s purpose. He suggests that a life devoid of God is ultimately meaningless and unreasonable and humanity. If there is no hope in life and we are to simply wait for death to reach us; this is a cold state of ineffectual and futile living. McCloskey presents his arguments as if humanity, or rather believers, were ignorant or incapable of employing scientific and technological advances because of their belief in God. Believers who have placed their faith in the creator have a warm hope in Him. Whether through the wiles that this life presents or the evils that this world is plagued with a believers hope is in knowing that even if they are faced with such afflictions God will see them through according to His grace and mercy. Although McCloskey’s arguments seem convincing they are flawed. He failed to adequately present views opposing his own and only provided personal views and empty arguments. His sole grounds for opposing a supreme deity is the fact that evil exists and he attributes this evil to God when is man who is evil and not God. I appreciate McCloskey’s efforts because it is a prime illustration of the enemy’s deception on the human psyche and regardless of his perspective his argument helps to prove the existence of a loving God who is truly and deeply concerned with His creation.

BIBLIOGRAHY

Craig, William Lane. Reasonable Faith: Christian Truth and Apologetics, 3rd Ed., Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books, 2008.

McCloskey, H. J. On Being an Atheist, Questions 1, February 1968.

Stephen C. Evans and Zachary R. Manis. Philosophy of Religion, 2nd Ed., Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2009.

--------------------------------------------
[ 1 ]. Stephen C. Evans and Zachary R. Manis. Philosophy of Religion, 2nd Ed. (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2009), 67
[ 2 ]. H. J. McCloskey, On Being an Atheist, Questions 1,(February 1968), 63
[ 3 ]. Stephen C. Evans and Zachary R. Manis, 77
[ 4 ]. Ibid
[ 5 ]. H. J. McCloskey, 64
[ 6 ]. Stephen C. Evans and Zachary R. Manis, 82-83
[ 7 ]. Ibid, 64-65
[ 8 ]. H. J. McCloskey, 66
[ 9 ]. William Lane Craig, Reasonable Faith: Christian Truth and Apologetics, 3rd Ed., (Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books, 2008), 72.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Response Papers

...Taylor Sorensen Response Paper September 19,2012 There are many different things that I have learned from this class and chapters 2 and 3. The Johari window was probably the most interesting to me though, it was a real eye opener as you could say. What my friends and family had thought about me wasn't really how I thought they had saw me. My Johari window made me want to begin working on my self, not to impress but it may be for the better. The things that didn not describe me in the “Hidden” spot thhere were some words that really popped out to me that made me want to work on maybe being more that way. How I see my self is important, because its me,I see an out going, loud, fun and loving person. I care about my family and friends and I enjoy meeting new people all the time. I like to be introduced to new coltures and learning their ways of life. May people see me as perhaps loud and obocious but fun and talkative. Most people that I know that begin to know me say I am spontanious at times and can talk for hours. I'm not to sure how I came to know myself, in some cases I don't believe I know y self. In all reality does anyone really know them selves? I guess most people do know them selves but how log does it really take for someone to no one another or them selves. I'm not to sure I know who I really am, I know my name is Taylor Rae Sorensen, and I want to become a Elementy School Teacher. I know what I want, I know my goals and how I am going to achieve them......

Words: 361 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Geography Research Response Paper

...Geography Research Response Paper What will be the environmental, sociopolitical, and economic impacts of 21st century climate change? * Environmental * A springtime “ozone hole” has developed in the last 30 years over Antarctica (Mann 30) * Without an ozone layer, unhealthy levels of UV radiation would reach Earth’s surface, making the planet largely uninhabitable (Mann 30) * Basic theoretical considerations as well as detailed climate-model simulations indicate a likely increase in the average intensity of tropical cyclones and hurricanes in all major formation basins (Mann 56) * We know that mountain glaciers over the world are disappearing, and that this disappearance is generally related to increased melting due to warmer atmospheric temperatures (Mann 58) * The combination of decreased summer precipitation and increased evaporation due to warming surface temperatures is predicted to lead to a greater tendency for drought in many regions (Mann 90) * Other likely impacts of climate change over the next century include increases in extreme weather phenomena, and rising sea levels due to melting ice and warming of the oceans (Mann 90) * Sea level is predicted to rise because water expands as it warms, and melting ice is also likely to have a major impact on the sea level (Mann 98) * Coastal regions will be subject to increased exposure to flood and storm damage, more intense coastal surges, and altered patterns...

Words: 1111 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Response Paper 5

...Name Tutor Course Date Response paper 5 PRWORA (Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation) Act of 1996 had three primary legislative goals: to reduce child poverty, dependency, illegitimacy and support marriage. The reform was effective in meeting the goals. Upon implementation of the welfare reform, the AFDC/TANF caseloads dropped by half. Though some believe that the decline was as a result of a sound economy, but without a previous economic boom; however, the majority believe that the decline in dependency was attributed to the welfare reform. Welfare reform's reliance on deterrence and punishment to reduce the rolls tipped the financial and emotional balance of already vulnerable families. Request for more aid went up, and the women whose motherhood and fertility targeted by public debates, policy mandates and reproductive legislation were the same women who were accused of being a burden to the economy and punished by means of programs funded by the government, thus becoming subjected to violence, and crime related activities. Most of the methods used to employ welfare reform worked or semi-worked for about a decade, but with the growing economy, it was no longer able to keep up with the demands of the future. A serious update is required to go along with the growing economical times. Ethically, one has to wonder if it is even possible to fix something that is clearly outdated or do we just start from scratch. If the intention is to decrease the......

Words: 312 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Response Paper

...Response Paper H. J. McCloskey, a renowned philosopher in the mid 20th century, wrote a provocative article in 1968 titled, “On Being an Atheist”. McCloskey argues for atheism as the preferred and better belief system based upon his refutation of the theistic arguments. He argues against the existence of God by attempting to refute the cosmological and teleological arguments; as well he endeavours to discredit a God based upon the presence of evil. In doing this, he extends the boundaries for arguing God, whilst opening the floor to debate free will and the apparent comfort of the atheistic belief system. However, through careful analysis of the arguments for God, and an insight into the mysterious free will that God has given man; we see that a theistic belief is logically more sound and preferred. McCloskey says that the proofs for the argument of God cannot definitively establish a case for the existence of God. Therefore, all those proofs for God cannot be used in the logical argument for a God. However, McCloskey didn’t recognize the three aspects when approaching the question: does God exist. Through these three studies, we are shown that though no one person can empirically prove the existence of God, He in fact still exists (Foreman, Lesson 18). The three aspects to approaching the question of God are: best explanations approach, cumulative case approach, and the minimalistic concept of God. The best explanations aspect refers to the existence of God as the best......

Words: 1875 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Response Paper to Looking Backward

...Looking Backward (1887) | Response Paper | This Response paper is of Edward Bellamy’s Novel Looking Backward where he has a vision of the future through the life of Julian West. | David Kaliwata David Kaliwata David Kaliwata Isaac Bolder: History & Society Primary Response Paper: Looking Backward 11/4/2013 Edward Bellamy’s Looking Backward (2000-1887) When Edward Bellamy wrote his book Looking Backward (1887), he wasn’t trying to be part of the political scene but to merely write a fantasy novel. What came after the publication of his novel was the creation of more than 160 Nationalist-clubs, most notably Clubs that were advocating women suffrage. Edward Bellamy was seen by some as a male feminist who exfoliated the capitalist industrial movement of that time and wanted to paint a picture of a socialist utopia where everything was state owned and equally distributed. His book was not intended to be a blueprint for a political movement. I have to note that I did not read the book but various essays on the book and its impact on women suffrage. I feel that the book was written at a crucial time and although it wasn’t asking questions, it sparked a new way of thinking how society should be run. I believe we are all made equal and that everyone has a role in the development, upkeep and sustainability of society. Edward Bellamy’s had the same idea in mind in terms of equal distribution of labor and benefits. I will discuss what women suffrage is and the......

Words: 962 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Response Paper

...Corey Rivera Dr. Matthew Arbo Phil 201-D20 December 7, 2013 Response Paper Does a belief in an all-knowing, all-good, all-perfect, and all-powerful God provide one with all the answers to life’s inexplicable questions? Conversely, does a belief in atheism offer any insight into life’s inexplicable questions? According to an article titled “On Being an Atheist,” written by the Australian philosopher H.J. McCloskey, atheism seems to do just that. In fact in his article, McCloskey not only bashes the classical arguments for God’s existence using the problem of evil, but also offers it as the reason why one should not hold to the belief in all-knowing, all-good, all-perfect, all-powerful God. However, as seen in the arguments against McCloskey’s beliefs in atheism, such a belief is not only a sin against God, but has devastating effects to all of mankind. McCloskey claims that arguments, named “proofs” in his article, offer no significant evidence to establish a case for an omnibenevolent God, and therefore should be disregarded.1 However, McCloskey is using the classical arguments the wrong way and in a manner they were not designed to be used. The problem with referring to the classical arguments for God’s existence as “proofs” implies a sense of certainty. These arguments were not meant to prove beyond a reasonable doubt the existence of God, as McCloskey believes. Rather these arguments take a best explanation approach for the existence of God. They simply argue the......

Words: 2208 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Response Paper

...emphasizes on the angel’s wings. Wings usually symbolize power and freedom but in this story the angel is nothing like that. Here, this magical angel is described as weak and captivated inside a chicken’s coop by this common family. He is being ill-treated by the common people. This probably represents that one has his own importance only when he is strong and powerful. Weak people are always being ignored, no matter if he is an angel or not. Although he is an angel but the responses towards him was not something that we expect to see. Pelayo and Elisenda were taking advantage of this weak angel by showcasing him and charging money from the village people. After realizing a connection on the fate of the angel’s arrival and the recovery of their extremely ill son, Pelayo and Elisenda then finally decide to keep him inside the chicken’s coop. That’s the best they can do for an angel! On the contrary, if it was a strong and perfect angel with a halo that we usually picture in our imagination, then their responses would have been totally different towards the angel. Instead of showing gratitude or respect, the people of the village seem kind of cruel and unconcerned of the angel’s sick situation. They did not even care that the angel was suffering. It seems like that the people were waiting for the actual climax of the picture once it starts to talk or respond to their cruel actions. They were waiting to experience a miracle! They even threw stones and burnt his wings......

Words: 721 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Response Paper

...Alexis Serrano Introduction to Psychology Paper 3 Conformity is another term for peer pressure. Women seem to want to stand out instead of to conform whereas men are more likely to conform then stand out. Deindividualization makes people more vulnerable to conform because people are forced to be or act like a different person than what they are confortable with. Obedience is when orders are taken from someone in authority, or someone is higher than us. I am thankful for obedience or else the world would never function properly. In high school, I witnessed so many different examples of conformity and obedience, whether or not I was the one involved or I saw it happen to other people. It may happen to you even if it is an accident. I was on the school’s varsity soccer team all four years of high school and there were several times when the girls wanted to me to do something they were doing and most of the time I refused because I knew it was wrong or it just was not something I wanted to participate in. I was always considered the good kid and would usually never do anything wrong. I never cheated on a test, or let anyone cheat off of me intentionally, talk back to the teacher or bully anyone. One example for conformity, that I denied, that I will never forget is on a Wednesday night at a team dinner, the coach had already left and one of the girls took us outside and pulled out a few bottles of alcohol and suggested we drink, knowing we had a big game the next day. I......

Words: 1038 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Music Description and Paper Response

...origin of the blues is from Europe as English was used in the song’s lyrics and the fact that instruments came from Europe (Susan). This paper dwells on the comparison of two pairs of blues and the summary of Thinking Blues by Susan McClary. Comparison between St Louis song and Black snake moan In St Louis song, Bessie uses a high Pitch trumpet solo during the intro emphasizes her sadness and hatred when the man she loves goes to see another lady. The piano introduces with a moderate tempo; the trumpet picks up with a high speed then the voice joins. In contrast, Blind Lemon introduces the song with a guitar playing chords. There is a difference in their vocals as Bessie uses a moderate voice with languid vocal lines as an expression of sadness. Blind lemon on the other hand uses a deep with twang a twang voice to express his pain that will live with him forever. The tempo in Bessie’s song is slow, dragging tempo with a uniform rhythm singing with a falling sadness of her lover having another woman. Conversely, Blind Lemon uses a moderate tempo setting off the vocals clearly. The speech like rhythm in the delivery of Bessie Smith’s message is for accurate delivery of message by Bessie. In Blind Lemon’s song, the self-accompaniment of the guitar is highly distinctive. It forms the prelude and also brings out a call/response pattern in the piece. The tempo is moderate setting off the vocals clearly. Both of the vocals are conspicuous than the instruments......

Words: 1189 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Response Paper

...Phil- 201 Response Paper The argument of whether or not it is possible to prove or disprove God’s existence has been going on for hundreds if not thousands of years. Many scholars, atheists, and non-believers throughout the years have argued against the existence of God, but in H.J. McCloskey’s, On Being an Atheist, he shows a much deeper look at his argument by discussing what he thinks might be the overarching argument of Gods existence. After reading McCloskey’s article I have found many weaknesses in his argument and aim to point them out to show the truthfulness of Gods existence. In order for theists to properly bring truth to this matter we must understand the background to the beliefs of the atheists. The very first problem with McCloskey’s article is that he states that the theist’s argument in favor of God’s existence does not hold any proof. He believes that our proofs do not hold any girth and there for should be done away with. McCloskey states on page 64, “To get the proof going, genuine indisputable examples of design or purpose are needed. There are no such examples, so the proof does not get going at all.” This argument is an interesting one but is disproven by some other arguments atheists might have. Many traditional approaches to different solutions use proof or the idea of it to support it. If you examine the traditional approaches you will find that proof is seen as a series of logical steps which lead to a conclusion without having any unquestionable...

Words: 1075 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Response Paper on Nursing Topic

... Title: RESPONSE PAPER Name: Course: Institution: Date: As the CFO of community memorial Hospital, I have a major responsibility to decide if I will work together with Mega plan as our preferred provider network. Commercial Intertech the largest employer in thee community has already signed a contract with Megaplan and I myself has received a proposal from Megaplan to work with us. The problem with working with Megaplan is that they require us to give their customers a big discount of 35% from charges and there is service pre-authorization before you provide treatment to their patients and they are known to fight every claim hospitals make. I must figure out if I need to work with Megaplan because there will be a major risk involved in working with Megaplan Insurance. After considering the situation, I choose not to work with Megaplan health insurer first because it has a high discount charge. I know from experience that a hospital will lose money when ever the discount charges exceed 20%. When we lose money we do not get profit or more badly we will be left with less or no money to pay our staff. This means that working with Megaplan insurance is risky. Megaplan’s intention is to get too much money from us without considering our financial status (Berger, Steven, 2008). Again, Megaplan requires us to consult them before treatment of a patient registered with them so that they can pre-authoritize the service. This will add more work in the office as our staff will have to...

Words: 678 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Response Paper

...Omar Hamada 900141417 Social Problems in the Middle East Dr. Nazek Nosseir Research Paper What Are The Real Reasons Behind Poverty In The Middle East? "Poverty: The state of being extremely poor" by Oxford Dictionaries Introduction With the recent revolutions in the Middle East demanding word and social justice, and the high levels of unemployment in the region. The Middle East is still suffering from a high poverty rating, and a huge wage gap between the social classes. Rich people literally are getting richer while the poor are facing more problems and disasters as time goes by. Many questions remain unanswered: What are the reasons behind poverty in the Middle East? Why do rich people get richer while the poor get poorer? How do the rich people benefit from the current situation? How laws are fixed to protect only the rich? Are governments involved in these acts? Poverty rate in MENA has been slightly declining since 1990 to 2005, 17 percent of the region's population live below $2/day in 2005. The region faces various challenges in poverty reduction, such as the persistency of poverty, as poverty in this region is impacted by a hasty economic growth, which is above 2 percent per capita. This is a result of the nature of poverty, which is concentrated on groups that benefit the last ones from that economic growth: the uneducated, rural residents, families with a lot of members. Another challenge the region is facing is the increasing inequality, which is......

Words: 2553 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Response Paper

...Response Paper H. J. McCloskey Article Shawna Upchurch Liberty University Summer 2015 PHIL 201-D18 H.J. McCloskey had written an article called On Being an Atheist that was publish on February, 1968. In this article he speaks about if God is real. Even though we cannot see God in person does that mean he is not real? There are some that does not have a belief in God even those there is no proof stating there is not a God. This does not mean that one should not listen to others then they try to tell you that there is not a God. But the best thing to do is listen to them and see what proof that they can show to state as to why they think that way. Then there are some that believes that there is a God but does not believe in all that is said that he had done. McCloskey stated in page 62 that, “Philosopher colleagues attribute to much importance to the role of the proofs of the existence of God as a basis for religious belief, that most theists does not come to believe in God as a result of reflecting on the proofs, but come to religion as a result of other reasons and factors.” (McCloskey, 1968) McCloskey used three arguments to support his claims; these three arguments are cosmological argument, teleological argument, and Argument from design. McCloskey had went on speaking about the cosmological argument and about the universe. McCloskey was more into the idea of a big bang. This can be broken down into three ideas from Evans and Manis on their non-temporal form of......

Words: 1979 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Response Paper

...Response paper to 'Economic Globalization' This article (Buckley, 1998) divides into three parts: The description of the global marketplace, the competition and protection in the global marketplace and the change of the global financial markets . The article points out that the volume of world trades increase significantly in recent marketplace and business might compete not only with their neighbouring organizations but the businesses in faraway countries as well. The article states that services and intellectual property rights are becoming to comply with the international regulations. Additionally, tariff has been decreased to encourage the international trade. Buckley (ibid) believes that the gap between the rich and the poor has widened not only between countries but also within countries in recent year, and the poor might suffer hard lifetime. It seems not be wise to just focus on the profit. For the sophisticated companies, taking the sustainability into consideration might be more worthwhile to achieve the long-term development. The foreign exchange rate fluctuations exert an significant impact on the profitability of commercial organizations (ibid). Furthermore, according to Buckley (ibid), the global financial markets emphasize more on a few OECD countries such as United States, the UK and China. My response to this is to totally agree with the authors. First and foremost, companies should take both the social responsibility and the profitability into......

Words: 358 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Response Paper

...generation.They have become so involved with the use of technology that they often tend to forget about the real world and take action without using their minds.Nowadays the young generation also do not have any privacy as they share too much personal information on social media.Due to such extreme use of technology these young people are showing less personal interactions.They do not have enough time for their friends or families.The writer also said that this generation is so obsessed with gadgets and the internet that they are doing bad in their academic oerformances and that the students have very short attention spans.The writer thinks that they should not be so obsessed with technology but enjoy their benefits.I am writing this response paper to show the young generation is misusing technology and I would like to express my agreement on how the people are the ones who use technology in the wrong way, also I would like to express my disagreements on the point on which the author said that technology is taking over their lives and I would also like to offer a few suggestions. The author has mainly targeted the young generation.The young generation consists of teenagers and young adults.However, the purpose of the author is directed at everyone.He wants everyone to know about how all these new gadgets can influence negatively so that they can take necessary steps to help them.The author wants the young people to realize that they are using technology in the wrong way......

Words: 560 - Pages: 3