Premium Essay

Review of Marintime Transport 2014

In: Business and Management

Submitted By pa437383
Words 47885
Pages 192
UNCTAD

Review of MaRitiMe tRanspoRt 2014

For further information on UNCTAD’s work on trade logistics, please visit: http://unctad.org/ttl and for the Review of Maritime Transport 2014: http://unctad.org/rmt E-mail: rmt@unctad.org Layout and printed at United Nations, Geneva
1418912 (E)–November 2014–2,062
UNCTADRMT2014
United Nations publication
Sales No. E.14.II.D.5

UNITED NATIONS

ISBN 978-92-1-112878-9

Photo credit : © Jan Hoffmann

To read more and to subscribe to the
UNCTAD Transport Newsletter, please visit: http://unctad.org/transportnews U n i t e d n at i o n s C o n f e r e n C e o n t r a d e a n d d e v e l o p m e n t

Review

of MaRitiMe tRanspoRt 2014

U n i t e d n at i o n s C o n f e r e n C e o n t r a d e a n d d e v e l o p m e n t

Review

of MaRitiMe tRanspoRt 2014

New York and Geneva, 2014

REVIEW OF MARITIME TRANSPORT 2014

ii

NOTE
The Review of Maritime Transport is a recurrent publication prepared by the UNCTAD secretariat since 1968 with the aim of fostering the transparency of maritime markets and analysing relevant developments. Any factual or editorial corrections that may prove necessary, based on comments made by Governments, will be reflected in a corrigendum to be issued subsequently.
*
**
Symbols of United Nations documents are composed of capital letters combined with figures. Use of such a symbol indicates a reference to a United Nations document.
*
**
The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
*
**
Material in this publication may be freely quoted or…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Rise of Air Transport and Its Impact

...The Rise of Air Transport and its impact on the Environment [pic] Table of Content 1 Abstract 3 2 Introduction 3 3 HISTORY OF THE WORLD AIR transport 3 3.1 How it all began 3 3.2 ICAO and IATA-history and reality 4 4 Air Transportation and the Environment 5 4.1 Demand for Air Transport 5 4.2 Environmental Impact of Aviation 7 4.3 CO2 emissions per passenger kilometer 7 4.4 Aircraft Water Emission 9 4.5 Nitrogen Oxides 9 4.6 Impact of Aviation on Biodiversity 10 4.7 Noise Emissions and its impact on humans as well as biodiversity 11 5 Cost of Aviation on certain examples 11 5.1 Aviation Cost for exotic flowers 11 5.2 The Berlin Airport Fiasco 12 6 Historical Trends in Aircraft Transport 13 7 Conclusion 14 8 Table of Figures 15 9 Sources 15 1 Abstract The following Assignment has the topic of showing the history of aviation and within this showing the environmental impact of aviation. Due to this the history is shown and in addition different types of problems connected to aviation such as carbon oxide and greenhouse gases are explained. At last there is an introduction in data’s showing aviation in its beginning as a mass transport and now. 2 Introduction Transportation - one of the most important sectors of the economy, performing the function of a kind of circulatory system in a...

Words: 4110 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Tourism and Transport

...International Tourism and Transport Assignment One: BX660020 Scotland By: To: Word count: 2,459 Date: 23/03/2012 1.0 Introduction The purpose of this report is to examine and discuss land, air and sea transport modes with reference to examples of each type of transportation. The importance of these transport modes will be analysed with reference to regional, national and international networks including supply and demand. The importance of these networks will then be critically evaluated. The country that will be analysed will be Scotland. Scotland is the most northerly of the four parts of the United Kingdom and occupies about one third of the island of Great Britain. “Scotland is bounded by England to the south, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and north, and the North Sea to the east”(Alice Brown 2012) . A map of Scotland can be seen below in blue. (http://m.wikitravel.org/en/UK) With a population of 5,169,000 (2008), a total land mass of 77,925(sq. km) and the fact that it is made up of over 790 islands an extensive transport system is needed for locals to get around and tourists to see the country (Alice Brown 2012). As stated in the Scotland National Transport Strategy “Transport is an essential part of economic activity. Infrastructure, roads, rail, airports and ports – and the businesses that use these assets - are all vital components of Scotland’s economy. Transport has a significant and positive......

Words: 2709 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Transport

...Transport or transportation is the movement of people, animals and goods from one location to another. Modes of transport include air, rail, road, water, cable, pipeline, and space. The field can be divided into infrastructure, vehicles, and operations. Transport is important since it enables trade between peoples, which in turn establishes civilizations. Transport infrastructure consists of the fixed installations necessary for transport, and may be roads, railways, airways, waterways, canals and pipelines, and terminals such as airports, railway stations, bus stations, warehouses, trucking terminals, refueling depots (including fueling docks and fuel stations), and seaports. Terminals may be used both for interchange of passengers and cargo and for maintenance. Vehicles traveling on these networks may include automobiles, bicycles, buses, trains, trucks, people, helicopters, and aircraft. Operations deal with the way the vehicles are operated, and the procedures set for this purpose including financing, legalities and policies. In the transport industry, operations and ownership of infrastructure can be either public or private, depending on the country and mode. Passenger transport may be public, where operators provide scheduled services, or private. Freight transport has become focused on containerization, although bulk transport is used for large volumes of durable items. Transport plays an important part in economic growth and globalization, but most types cause air...

Words: 2654 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Transport Planning

...Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman Faculty of Science (Academic Year 2013/2014) May 2013 Tri-Mester UDPL 2333 TRANSPORT PLANNING AND DEMAND ANALYSIS GROUP ASSIGNMENT COVER SHEET Course Details Course | : Bachelor of Science (Hons) Logistics and International Shipping | Year and Semester | : Y2T2, Y2T3 | Tutorial Group | : T1 | Tutor’s Name | : En. Mohamad Fared bin Mohamad Makmor | Lecturer’s Name | : En. Mohamad Fared bin Mohamad Makmor | Assignment Detail Topic : Land Public Transport Commission (SPAD) Due Date : Monday, 26th. August 2013, Week 14 Important Note : Submission of assignment is the responsibility of the students. Student Details Name | Student ID | 1. Ho Kah Sing | 1003725 | 2. Lim Ji Wei | 1201176 | 3. Lim Jia Yap | 1005132 | 4. Ng Joe Yee | 1002691 | 5. Sow Szu Jie | 1200926 | 6. Yap Hui Woon | 1200685 | Assignment overall marks: Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman Faculty of Science (Academic Year 2013/2014) May 2013 Tri-Mester UDPL 2333 TRANSPORT PLANNING AND DEMAND ANALYSIS BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONS) LOGISTICS AND INTERNATIONAL SHIPPING YEAR 2, TRIMESTER 2 MARKING SCHEME FOR GROUP ASSIGNMENT No. | Guideline Criteria | Rating | Actual Score | 1. | Company Background | 2 marks | | 2. | Analysis | 5 marks | | 3. | Strategy Analysis | 3 marks | | 4. | Recommendations | 6 marks | | 5. | Conclusion | 2 marks | | | Project Organization | 2 marks | | ......

Words: 6821 - Pages: 28

Premium Essay

2014 Spring Lecture Reviews

...In this lecture, Mr. Steube introduced his background to us so that we knew he also went for USF MBA program in 1995, worked in a real estate company, and is now the director of emerging technology, Cox Target Media. He also introduced to us abundant high-end electronic applications and technologies such as the robot, 3D web camera, electronic wallet, passbook, electronic coupon, even 3D printing. He told us that technology changes quickly, so we have to keep up to the newest trend to maintain pace for our company and to stay competitive. He told us that as a marketing leader, his job consists of ‘‘selling the information’’ to his customers just like what he was doing for us. He emphasized that the platform for technology in mobile devices has surpassed the desktop and showed us a lot of prevailing mobile apps which are marketed by him. He revealed his secret of success is based on ‘‘team work’’ because ‘‘invention’’ and ‘‘ideation’’ cannot be done by oneself alone. And the most important part of team work is brainstorming, which enables people to share problems and discuss the technology trends, marketing strategies, and internal problems. What I have learned mostly from Mr. Steube is, ‘‘Do not be afraid of doing silly stuff such as the ‘‘marshmallow challenge.’’, which is an exercise emphasizing on team collaboration. I should not be afraid of ‘‘failure’’ and should try sharing my ideas, working with a team on a regular basis. However, I was reminded that although I should...

Words: 333 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Transport

...The Projected Main Mode Travel Share Trend for Gauteng 2040 Daniel Pillay 201060830 LeLani Le Fleur 200623816 Hlalanathi Sishi 920045519 Sifiso Mhlongo 200514389 This assignment is submitted in partial fulfillment Of the requirements of the Bachelor of Technology Degree in Transport Management In the Department of Transport and Supply Chain Management Faculty of Management At the University of Johannesburg April 2014 Table of Contents Introduction 3 Background 3 Research Statement 4 Body 5 Car/Driver Passenger 5 Mini Bus/Taxis 7 Walk 8 Bicycle 9 Train 12 Bus 16 Conclusion 19 Bibliography 20 1. Introduction Background Information The South African economy has seen phenomenal changes in the economic environment that it operates in and the Government has taken the initiative to align the country to conform to international standards to become a competitive and relevant role player in the global markets. In all economies, transportation infrastructure and modes is the vital key to the progress of any country. South Africa comprises of 9 different provinces of which Gauteng is the dominant generator of all South African GDP. Labor is the main source required for the creation of GDP and in that context transportation to and from their place of residence to the place of employment is critical. This research addresses to modal share trends that would likely to take place based on the statistical information extract......

Words: 5047 - Pages: 21

Free Essay

Refusal of Transport

...Refusal of transport Any individual has the right to refuse transport. To refuse transport is to indicate or show that one is not willing to accept the transportation from one place to another by means of vehicle, aircraft or ship. (White and Harber, 1992). Every adult has the right to make decisions regarding their health care; this also includes the decision to refuse transportation even when highly recommended by Paramedics. Even if the decision is regarded to be insensible or even irrational to other family members or health care providers so long as the patient has provided a valid refusal the decision must be respected. When attending a patient who expressly refuses ambulance Treatment and/or transportation to hospital, the paramedic is required to conduct an assessment of the validity of that decision. This assessment is referred to as a VIRCA assessment. (Queensland Government, 2013) A crew has been called by a relative to an elderly emaciated woman with a history of Type 1 diabetes. She presents as lethargic, too weak to sit up in bed, cool skin and is somewhat irritable. She is resistant to a full vital signs examination and repeatedly says she does not want to go to hospital, has a GCS of 13, though at no time does she open her eyes to respond to questions. The crew decides to leave her at home as she has refused assessment. A short time later a second ambulance crew is called. They are more assertive and find the patient to be significantly hypotensive and......

Words: 624 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Btech Transport Assignment

...among vehicular modal share in the Transport system thirty years from now Phumelela Kubheka, 200675320 This Assignment is submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the Bachelor of Technology Degree in Transportation Management In the Department of Transport and Supply Chain Management Faculty of Management At the University of Johannesburg 03 April 2014 Table of contents 1.1 Introduction …………………………………………....3 2. Transport issues …………………………………….….5 2.1 Amount of travel ……………………………………....5 2.2 Purpose of travel ……………………………………...6 2.3 Public Transport accessibility ………………………..7 2.4 Affordability …………………………………………....8 2.5 Accessibility to shopping complexes, and medical facilities …………………………….…...10 3. The Bicycle modal share ………………………………11 4. Conclusion………………………………………………14 5. References………………………………………………15 Introduction It is important to remember that transport should be made accessible and affordable to people of all income groups. Poverty is seen as a relative concept, and the view is taken that we should not be considering one South African poverty problem, but rather strategies for developing the metropolitan, urban and rural poor households. The households have been further grouped into quintiles according to their incomes. In my quest to answer how likely trends are going to change, I will give an analysis of a broad range of transport issues. For example; the......

Words: 2885 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Direct Marketing : University Transport

...2014 DIRECT MARKETING PLAN FOR UNI TRANSPORT 2|Page 3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY We developed a direct marketing plan for the transportation service known as the UNI Transport. We have come up with a marketing plan from where we have developed a direct marketing plan. We have firstly come up with a SWOT analysis through which we have identified the strengths, weakness, opportunities and threats. From there we have identified our target market and then we have gone further in to build a customer database from which we have identified our types of customers. From there we have moved on to the existing communications used and then we went for the marketing objectives and strategy. From the marketing objectives, we have recommended the communications that should be used by the service. After that, we have moved on to describe what the service offers and then we have talked about the types of payment terms. Since price and growth are interrelated, we have later moved on to the Ansoff matrix. Lastly we have calculated the expected return on investment and the upcoming plans for the coming years. 3|Page 4 OVERVIEW OF THE SERVICE The service we have chosen to work on is a university transportation service, run by a student of North South University. The name of this service is ‘UNI Transport.’ This is an existing service that is operating in a small scale. For students who study in universities located in faraway areas such as Bashundhara, it is an everyday hassle to travel...

Words: 5150 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Public Transport

...1. INTRODUCTION Nowadays, public transport plays an important role in each country in the world. This is because public transport is the most important issue in our lives. People have different views about public transport. In this report the authors will compare the views on public transport between 0 ELICOS students and Australians. 2.1. Background * Regarding the selection of public transport of Australian, the survey have shown that the rate of using public transport increases significantly between 2006 and 2011 while train occupy the highest with 6.3%, bus and tram with 3.5% and 0.6% respectively in 2011. However, the proportion of using private vehicle is higher than public transport in Australia (Australia- method of travel to work, n, d). According to the survey Australian Bureau of Statistics (2009). We want to know why people choice public transport. 51% of people think that public transport is convenient/ less stressful/ reduce travel time. 21 % of people have no private form of transport, 12% of people think cheaper than own transport, 10% of the people because the public transport services near home, and nearly 5% people think environment/ weather/ other. Our research find figure shows the frequency of people who use public transport. The most figures of three to seven days a week is 35%. The proportion of people use public transport one to two days week 20%. The figure of less than once a month and once a month is similar 15% and 16%......

Words: 471 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

2014 Hull Fc Season Review

...2014 for the ‘Black & Whites’ has been a familiar tale of frustration, disappointment and ultimately deflation. Rather than anger from the fans, there was more of a sense of "Ah well, same old same old" around the KC. A squad capable of bringing silverware back to the west of the city, possibly deceived as the strongest group since the 2005 Challenge Cup Winners, failed to find the dreaded C word throughout- CONSISTENCY. Adam Pearson knew it was a gamble placing an untried assistant coach in Lee Radford, at the helm of such a well supported club, but it’s impossible to say if AP’s master plan has paid off just a season in. As with Peter Gentle, it’ll be the second season that Radders can hopefully prove his worth. With preparations already underway for next season, hope springs eternal. Not only is Radford stronger and wiser for the ups and downs of this year, but so too are his youthful squad. Finishing outside the play-offs will most definitely not be an option in 2015 given so much more is at stake. Onwards and upwards you might be forgiven to say… It’s fair to say worry set into the minds of the fans even in pre-season. An away draw at partner club Doncaster was followed by defeat at Bradford and a 54-6 demolishing at Featherstone in Richard ‘Superman’ Whiting’s testimonial match. Despite this, Hull FC claimed the season’s early bragging rights winning the pre-season ‘friendly’ derby. Inconsistent results even in January set the tone for the rest of the year, with the......

Words: 1973 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Urban Transport

...106 India Infrastructure Report 2006 6 URBAN TRANSPORT O. P. Agarwal Growth in number of vehicles The increased travel demand has resulted in rapid growth in the number of motor vehicles in the cities. In the six major metropolises of India, growth in motor vehicles has outpaced population growth. On an average, while the population in India’s six major metropolises increased 1.89 times during 1981 to 2001, the number of registered vehicles went up 7.75 times during the same period (Figure 6.2). Thus the growth of motor vehicles was almost four times faster than the growth of population. Cities without good mass transit systems, like Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad and Bangalore, showed a higher 60 50 40 30 20 10 Congestion is an outcome of twin factors, (a) growth in number of vehicles on road, (b) limitations to expansion of road space. Views expressed in the chapter are of the author. Cy cle s 2wh ee ler s IP T C Ca rs Sl ow t Fa s ns po B lic Tr a Congestion Pu b ISSUES IN URBAN TRANSPORT IN INDIA IP T rt 0 W alk T he burgeoning urban population of India is engaging in a variety of economic activities in rapidly expanding cities, which are, therefore, encountering fast escalations in urban travel demand. A variety of transport modes, such as, walking, cycling, two-wheelers, para-transit, public transport, cars, etc. are used to meet these travel needs. Travel demand is determined by a number of factors, the primary one being the size of the population.......

Words: 17489 - Pages: 70

Free Essay

Public Transport vs. Private Transport

...Public Transport vs. Private Transport Nowadays people from all over the world are suffering from the air pollution. One of the reasons of such situation is the constantly increasing car usage. Are we able to do something in order to encourage people not to use private cars or to use them less? To be honest, there are only several things we can do. Among them is propaganda of the risks caused by the private cars usage. We can provide people with the main benefits they can get by using public transport and make the transportation prices more affordable. First of all, advertisement is a very powerful “weapon”. Many people can remember the ad they saw several years ago. Advertisement has a very strong effect. It can impress people, influence their thoughts and even change them. Of course, it is impossible to encourage all people from all over the world to use public transport only. But still a certain number of people will definitely give up using cars and will give preferences to the public transport as time goes by. Moreover, we can also provide people with the benefits they can get from usage of public transport. For example, it is possible to provide those people who use public transport with the 20% discount when they need to buy something. Also, it is possible to implement special cards that will be some kinds of an opportunity to change bus to train for free. As a final point, let’s take a look at one more thing we can provide people with in order to encourage them......

Words: 371 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Transport

...criteria would you base this assessment on? C) AIR TRANSPORT: 1. What are the loading capacities of a: a) Hercules C 130, b) “Caravan”, c) Beechcraft “King Air” 200 or 400, d) Illiouchin 76 ? (A) Hercules C 130, ➢ Max Payload- 70,060 Kg ➢ Cargo Volume-105m3 ➢ Cargo Door -3.12m,W=3.12m,H=2.74m ➢ Cabin Dimension-L12.3m,W=3.12m,H=2.7m B) Caravan ➢ Max Take of weight-3985Kg ➢ Max Payload - 2138kg C) Beech craft ➢ Max Payload- 4,375lbsor 1984Kg ➢ Useful Load -2921 Kg ➢ Max Fuel Capacity-665us gallons D) Illoouchin 76 ➢ Max payload -375,000Kg ➢ Max Range -3,650m ➢ Cargo Volume-180m3 2. Please state the two most common fuels used in Air Transport. ➢ Jet A1 and Aviation Gas 3. What is the meaning of: a) P.P.L. b) AWB ? ➢ PPL ( Pre parking list ) Show and list of items shipped which indicate the packaging, Mode of transport ➢ AWB ( Air Waybill) It indicate the volume and gross weight of item Shipped 4. What are the main stages in preparing an “air drop” operation? ➢ Reconditioning Palletizing Loading - Reconditioning –Palletizing- Loading D) ROAD TRANSPORT/TRUCKING: 1. What is the loading capacity......

Words: 1594 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Transport

...Transport is considered in Agenda 21 in the context of several chapters, including, among others, Chapter 9 on Atmosphere and Chapter 7 on Human Settlements. In undertaking the five-year review of the implementation of Agenda 21 during its nineteenth Special Session in 1997, the General Assembly noted that, over the next twenty years, transportation is expected to be the major driving force behind a growing world demand for energy. It is the largest end-use of energy in developed countries and the fastest growing one in most developing countries. Furthermore, adequate, efficient, and effective transport systems are important for access to markets, employment, education and basic services critical to poverty alleviation. Current patterns of transportation development are not sustainable and may compound both environmental and health problems. There is, therefore, a need for urgent action, ranging, inter alia, from the promotion of integrated transport policies and plans, the accelerated phase-out of leaded gasoline, the promotion of voluntary guidelines and the development of partnerships at the national level for strengthening transport infrastructure, promoting and supporting the use of non-motorised transport and developing innovative mass transit schemes. Within the framework of the Commission’s multi-year programme of work, transport was discussed by the Commission at its ninth session in 2001. Countries agreed that international co-operation is required in order to...

Words: 352 - Pages: 2