Free Essay

Rhetorical Essay

In: English and Literature

Submitted By gmoran182
Words 1487
Pages 6
Guns or No Guns
Three hundred and twenty-three students have died in documented school shootings over the past 15 years, making it the by far the largest cause of violent deaths in school. A very highly debated topic corresponding with this issue is how to stop it, any many people believe that arming teachers is the way to do it. Many also believe that arming teachers will only make things worse, and that’s what Allen Rostron tries to get across, to parents of teens, in his article Arming Teachers Will Not Reduce School Violence, published in 2012. In this article, Rostron uses many appeals, along with his reputation to provide the reader with statistics to back up his reasoning and to show his knowledge on the topic to persuade readers that arming teachers is a bad idea in the fight against school violence.
Though Rostron uses many appeals throughout his writing to persuade us to his side of view, his reputation precedes him. He is a Professor of Law at the University of Missouri Kansas City and has published multiple articles on gun policy and whether or not guns should be used and how they should be used. To name a few, "Cease Fire: A 'Win-Win' Strategy on Gun Policy for the Obama Administration," Harvard Law & Policy Review, Oct. 28, 2009, "Dodging the Bullet: Tort Immunity for Gun Makers," Jurist, Nov. 3, 2005, and "The Supreme Court, the Gun Industry, and the Misguided Revival of Strict Territorial Limits on the Reach of State Law," Michigan State Law Review, Spring 2003. These are just a few of his articles but you can see how long he has been writing for and the topics he has written about, all about guns. He is also involved in many different programs to reduce gun violence. He was the Staff Attorney for the Brady Center to Prevent Gun Violence and now he is the Senior Staff Attorney there. He is also affiliated with Yale’s Law School and the History and Economics program at the University of Virginia. This makes him the right man to write this article and makes people want to read it because they know if will consist of the truth and only the truth, minimal bias, along with a persuading and well thought out argument.
Rostron uses a plethora of logical and ethical appeals throughout this piece. He made sure to back up his statements with facts or quotes like this one here when he was talking about the shooting at Virginia Tech, “After the shooting at Virginia Tech, the executive director of the Virginia Association of Chief of Police said: ‘I have my own concerns that, had there been a number of people who had been in that classroom with guns, there could have been additional persons killed just as a result of poor judgment calls.’” (Rostron 1) This is a great use of logical appeal because the whole paragraph talks about how handing teachers guns would make things worse because they might not always make the right calls under pressure, and that is exactly what this quote states. It makes the article that more reliable because the quote came from someone pretty high up at the time of the shooting, the Executive Director of the Virginia Chief of Police. There is many more like this but this one is the most significant. The more of these he uses the better because it makes the article more complete and shows how other people have the same view, not just Rostron. All throughout the article there is sophisticated words and sentence structure yet he does not over do it which reasurres the reader that the author knows what he is talking about. Rostron speaks in a tone that is passive yet forceful. Meaning, he is not yelling to get his point across. He is using words to imply he is calm, yet the words carry big meanings. They are small and seemingly meaningless words, but if you stop and think about some of them they have a hidden meaning. All this being said, he sometimes got confusing with what he was saying, like his words were too big or there were too many wow words in one sentence. This made it somewhat difficult to read because the reader is stopping every once and a while to try and decipher what a word meant. This is not the first time Rostron has written an article on gun violence, he has released many other articles on similar topics and has done multitudes of research on the situation, lending a hand in helping the reader believe what he is saying to be true, and looking to him as a credible author. Using logical appeals, he did a very great job in getting his point across. While he did not do bad at getting his point across using ethical appeals, his sentence structure could have been better and less confusing at times.
On top of his reputation, he uses emotional appeals on multiple occasions to try to get his point across effectively. The very first sentence is even an emotional appeal “As a society, do we really want our teachers to be prepared to shoot children, perhaps killing them?”(1) This will really speak to the heart to most people for two main reasons. First off, when parents read this the first thing they will think about is their kids being exposed to more guns. And what parent wants their kids around more guns than necessary? They will also think of a teacher possibly killing one of their own in defense of themselves or other students, whether it be by accident or if the child was actually threatening people. Either way, no parent wants that for their children so that pits them against teachers having guns right from the start of the article. Another thing parents may think of is the money aspect of teachers being given guns. This presents a whole other slew of problems. First, the guns and ammo would have to be bought, now that will either come out of the districts funds, which hurts education, or your parents will have to pay for them, when if you’re not financially able to do so you will run into an issue. Another problem that comes along with teachers being given guns is that most of them will not know how to properly handle and fire a gun, causing the firearm training to also come out of the parents pockets or school funds, which still does not help the children. Who knows; maybe it will even raise taxes! Emotional appeal is also present in this essay when another argument against schools arming teachers is revealed “Moreover, given the frequency with which innocent civilians are killed or injured in urban crossfire and slodriers are killed by friendly fire, it is equally plausible that creating a cross fire might cost additional lives”(1). This point will also touch a lot of people because maybe they had someone in the military or police force that was killed in friendly or cross fire and they know what it feels like. This is a very likely possibility since teachers, even though they have gone through all the training, will not be able to handle the pressure of being in a gun fight because they have most likely never been in one before. Also, hitting a moving target is a lot harder than hitting a paper target so they could very easily miss and hit a student of staff member behind the assailant. And that probably gets a lot of people thinking, do we really want teachers carrying guns when they could hurt our children just as easily as they could save them? I used to For those that are for teachers carrying guns, they may have been persuaded by this article because he has a valid point and has done a good job persuading the audience to at least rethink why they are for teachers carrying guns in school. He did a really good job, using the appeals mentioned above, creating an argument that was not only effective, but true.
Taking everything above into account: the writer’s reputation, the logical appeals, ethical appeals, and emotional appeals, Rostron did a very good job using the three appeals of argumentation to promote his stance on the matter. I believe that some people may even have been swayed by his compelling argument enough to where their opinions have shifted. The one downfall to Rostron’s article is that his ethical appeals were a little weak and made it tougher to understand the article. Overall, Rostron uses many appeals, along with his reputation to provide the reader with statistics to back up his reasoning and to show his knowledge on the topic to persuade readers that arming teachers is a bad idea in the fight against school violence.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Rhetorical Strategies: How They Enhance the Essay

...Rhetorical Strategies: How They Enhance the Essay Today, rhetorical strategies are ubiquitous. They can be discovered in the latest top box office cinematic movie, the beloved binge-watched television show on Netflix, the aggravating commercials we are forced to sit through, the latest best-selling book, etc. Applying rhetorical strategies helps the writer communicate with ease and fluidity. Rhetoric additionally helps the reader or viewer gain interest while making it pleasurable. All in all, rhetorical strategies are simply ways of effectively and adequately presenting material. In the essays of discussion the effectiveness of how imagery, emotional appeal and tone build the writers credibility and enhance the essay will be discovered. For example, Virginia Woolf uses rhetorical strategies in “The Death of The Moth”. Woolf begins by using imagery effectively throughout her essay by strategically incorporating descriptive details. Woolf encountered this moth in the day time, so she begins her essay by stating, “moths that fly by day are not properly to be called moths . . .” (para. 1). This statement spikes wonder; what does that mean? She explains that moths in the day “ . . . do not excite that pleasant sense of dark autumn nights and ivy-blossom which the commonest yellow-underwing asleep in the shadow of the curtain never fails to rouse in us” (Woolf para. 1). Her sense of imagery is full of color and expression which helps her credibility in her writing. It truly......

Words: 2336 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

The Future of Life Rhetorical Essay

...titles, “The People-First Critic Stereotypes The Environmentalists” and “The Environmentalist Stereotypes The People-First Critic”, alluding to the similarity of the arguments presented in the two passages. The first few lines of each passage are dedicated to name-calling and revealing the other side’s intentions and agendas, which both consist of gaining political power. The invective used attacks on both sides, almost making the passage a diatribe. This can be seen in situations whereby the environmentalists call the conservatives “worst bunch of hypocrites”, while the opposing side repeatedly calls the environmentalists “wackos”. Regardless of the right or the left wing, each passage accuses the other of having a “hidden agenda”. Another rhetorical device used by Wilson to reveal the uselessness of the arguments is bathos; towards the end of the first passage, property owners are exalted people who “know their own land”, are caring towards animals and plants, and are the “real grass roots” of the country. Capitalism is also stated as what is best for the environment. Wilson reveals the irony in both arguments that while both the environmentalists and conservatives revile each other, they ultimately accuse the other of the same crime, which is to gain political power and take over lands. Wilson also makes great use of hyperbole throughout the two passages to amplify the illogical cases made...

Words: 386 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Rhetorical Essay

...Kevin Kittle UNV-103 3/26/13 Ruben Garcia Module 1 Journal Entry I understand the term motivation very well. I spent five years in the U.S. Army hearing and living that word every day. There were many times being in the Army, especially deployed to Iraq that If I did not stay motivated I would of never of made it both physically and emotionally. I am using the same motivation I had while in the Army and translating into my schooling. My motivation to enroll in GCU just happened one day while reading through various job descriptions in my new field of probation. I never thought that I would have wanted to go back to school, but I realized that everything that I want to do in my career need a form of continued education. I realized that I could not rely only on my military experience. Motivation will be very important to my success while attending GCU because I do work full time and it would be impossible to complete both if I did not try my hardest or be un motivated. I do enjoy the aspect of having a class wall. I feel more connected with other students and also less intimidated. I fell less intimidated because there are other students just like me who have never done online classes and have only some computer experience. The class wall connection will help me stay motivated because I can see what other students have issues with and answer there are receiving so I will not become discouraged. Currently I do not feel as......

Words: 307 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Rhetorical Essay

...Rhetorical Analysis of the Anti-Smoking Advertisements Joshua Martinez DeVry University ENG-112-64585 Anti-smoking advertisements occasionally pop up throughout our society which is often showing the viewers the harmful effects of tobacco through startling images. This advertisement uses the elements of ethos, pathos, and logos in order to make people rethink about smoking. The video advertisement uses children to make a point across by showing real scenarios on the effects of smoking. It shows that the commonplace for smoking, in today’s time, is acceptable for teenagers to smoke and jump to an assumption that children are starting to try it. Once the children are introduced into this advertisement pathos is also introduced. It shows that the innocent can be tainted with smoking and brings in fear to the audience. Ethos falls into play when the children are appealing to the adults that they want a lighter to smoke. Children are viewed as innocent and when a child wants to do something that destroys that innocence, adults, try to stop it. We tend to believe people whom we respect. One of the central problems of this advertisement was the children asking the adult for a cigarette which created the audience something that is worth seeing. When the kids asked for a lighter, pathos gets involved as the adults asks the children if they are being serious and refuses to give them one. The adults then respond with various reasons why smoking cigarettes......

Words: 672 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Rhetorical Essay

...Rachael Gaskins ENG- 105 July 6, 2015 Bob Staples Rhetorical Analysis The Center for Disease Control is one of the largest organizations in the United States related to the Department of Health and Human Services. The center began on July 1, 1946 as the Communicable Disease Center (CDC). Its original goal was to stop malaria from growing throughout the nation. The founder of Communicable Disease center, Dr. Joseph Mountin kept fighting for health issues for the public and wanted to give attention to other communicable diseases as well. “The mission statements for the Center of Disease Control states “ The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) serves as the national focus for developing and applying disease prevention and control, environmental health, and health promotion and health education activities designed to improve the health of the people of the United States,” ( Our History-Our Story, 2013). The organization continues to put forth efforts of restricting chronic diseases, work place hazards and environmental health threats. It is claimed to be the leader in public health. In today’s day and age the Center for Disease Control has accessible resources such as the website http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/facts.html. This website provides information about many diseases. For example the link above shares up to date data on Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder......

Words: 803 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Rhetorical Analyis Essay

...Alejandro Guerrero English 3.5 12 April 2015 Rhetorical Analysis Essay In the early twentieth century, America was plagued with the disease of child labor, a work force that was marred with kids of all ages, from ages two to twelve that inhabited nearly every facet of the new industrial age that had grasped hold of post Civil War America. Throughout the masterfully crafted essay, Kelley emphasizes the need to radically reform the corporate system in which the helpless young are being coerced into a childhood spoiled by the capitalist desires of an ever-evolving country. Kelley uses an arsenal of rhetorical devices to heighten her points and explain the severity of the economic and social travesty that was sweeping the country during the era. Among the ranks are the uses of logical claims, emotional appeal, and skillful imagery that help Kelley develop her argument into one that is masterful and effective in its conviction. At its core, the argument is geared to be its most compelling through Kelley’s assimilation of logical assertions based solely on the premise of immoral and unrighteous exploitation of children. In her piece, Kelley equips a barrage of specific and convincing examples to explicate her reasons on why she believes the employment of underage individuals is not only illegal, but devalues the very morals and principles that human civilization is built upon, an unwritten rule of ethical code that no individual human nor all encompassing society may......

Words: 1080 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Rhetorical Analysis Essay

...Rhetorical Analysis Essay Rossetti Christina Romo Devry University ENGL 112 Professor K.Mckilligan Sabre Jet F-86D Advertisment There are several elements that North American Aviation uses to draw in their potential audience. The printed ad was marketed during the Korean War (Cold War) a time where Americans were highly concerned about their overall safety and well-being of their families. The ad use Pathos (emotions), Ethos (creditability) and Logos (reasoning) .The usage of both genders in military uniform in a aviation tower with at an “at ease” look while sharing communications with one of the most important and manufacturer fighter jets during the war, makes many feel that their concerns about safety are being met and this appeals to the emotion aspect of the advertisement. The United States Air Force (USAF) higher rank personnel used along with the Sabre Jet F-86D right above the manufactured name is the creditability that the audience can trust, the stamp of approval. Being that North American Aviation (NAA) is the manufacturer of the Sabre Jet F-86D, the most important and best fighter jet in 1953, the manufacturer’s longevity is used in the reasoning appeal because not only was NAA the largest company but also the oldest being found in 1928 and their first combat aircraft, BC-1 produced in 1937. The ad is of a F-86D Sabre Jet that were mainly manufacturer to kept up with the similar winged Soviet MiG-15 during the Korean/Cold War era(1950-1953).North......

Words: 685 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Rhetorical Essay

...Nature vs. Nurture: What are the reasons behind the development of human behavior? Laquinta Gantt Baker College English 102: Composition II Melissa Rigney May 4, 2012 Nature vs. Nurture Theory: What are the reasons behind the development of human behavior? Throughout history, research has attempted to determine if an individual’s personality, behaviors and intelligence are shaped by genetics or the environment, which formed the nature versus nurture theory. The nature versus nurture debate is about the relative importance of an individual's innate qualities (“nature”) versus personal experiences ("nurture") in determining individual differences in physical and behavioral traits. There have been many theories formulated to explain why humans behave the way they do. Explanations vary from demonology to magnetic fluids controlling people's behaviors. Toby Epstein Jayaratne’s article entitled “The Perennial Debate: Nature, Nurture, or Choice? Black and white Americans’ explanation for individual differences” attempts to persuade readers that choice is just as an influential factor as genetics or the environment by examining a group of black and white Americans to determine which of the three factors are most responsible for their differences. The author argues that in order to account for a person’s behavior, their explanation or beliefs about what causes them is very influential in determining the behaviors they exude. To provide evidence for his topic...

Words: 1312 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Rhetorical Essay

...Rhetorical analysis ​The article chosen for this analysis is titled " Rescuing Brown v. Board of Education: Profiles of Twelve School Districts Pursuing Socioeconomic School Integration" by Richard Khalenberg who is a senior fellow with the left-of-center Century Foundation This article is addressed to parents with young kids and to the general public. The purpose of this article is to inform people of the importance of why public schools need diversity within their districts. The article focuses on the proponents argument of the impact affirmative action has in creating a more diverse educated society. ​This article starts out by addressing an issue that happened in eastern Louisville, Kentucky and how diversity is not followed by everyone in the world. The Louisville school district was violating the Constitution by assigning students to schools on the basis of their race. The article mentions the court case of Brown v. Board of Education as a reference to segregation among schools and also provides current statistics of minorities in public school districts that give reinforcement to the claim of inequality. The article then explains how after the courts ruled that there be diversity in the public schools, they explain how much it benefits students to be in diverse classes. Richard Khalenberg says, "Providing all students with the chance to attend mixed-income schools can raise overall levels of achievement". The author of the article is trying to express......

Words: 709 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Rhetorical Essay

...Katherine Applegate 12/18/15 Professor Rich Rees Hydroxycut The number one weight loss supplement advertised for thirteen years now is Hydroxycut. When you look at the website to try and figure out which one will be best for you the Pro Clinical Hydroxycut draws you near. In the success stories they always show really skinny people and fit people who did not need the supplement. While looking on their website it shows two different studies that were performed. Both of the people studied did not lose a lot of weight. I have to say that from trying this with light workouts and healthy eating that it did not work for me. Hydroxycut first came out on the market in 2002. Then in 2009 the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a warning to consumers to stop taking it because there were more than twenty-three harmful cases reported and one death. Then in 2010 Hydroxycut came back out on the market to be sold again. On September 1, 2010 Hydroxycut became an official trademark. Hydroxycut did not stay in the United States of America but also branched out worldwide to other countries to target anybody who wants to lose weight and give it a try. Muscle Tech Research and Development out of Toronto Canada developed Hydroxycut. In 2004 Muscle Tech sold all the companies they were working with to the same person who founded them and Muscle Tech went bankrupt. When you look at the box of Pro Clinical Hydroxycut in the store or online it is very eye catching. The box is red......

Words: 717 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Rhetorical Analysis Essay

...Brianna Harden English 214.05 Baldwin April 12th, 2013 Emotional Consequences Faced By Veterans and Their Families Many books, articles, or even essays that are read throughout one’s life, can at times be slightly unclear about what precisely the main idea is or what the authors true purpose is for writing that text. Most people do not understand that every writer uses rhetorical strategies throughout their writing to make their text clear and understandable for the reader. These rhetorical strategies are particularly important because they help with the clarity of complex ideas and assist the writer in getting their point across. In doing so, writers are able to make their text more effective for a wider range of people to read. In the article “Iraq, Afghanistan War Veterans Struggle With Combat Trauma,” by David Wood, and in the short story, “Gold Star,” by Siobhan Fallon, the authors use numerous amounts of rhetorical tools to help guide the reader through the text. While “Gold Star” is a short story about a wife who has lost her husband due to the war and “Iraq, Afghanistan War Veterans Struggle With Combat Trauma,” is an informative newspaper article about how the war can have severe consequences on not only the soldiers themselves but their loved ones back at home too, both text use emotive appeals that aim to inform the general public of the various emotional and psychological tolls faced by veterans and their families today. Furthermore, throughout both......

Words: 2264 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Rhetorical Analysis Essay

...Assignment #3: Rhetorical Analysis Essay ENG: Section 1105 The Backwards Robe Phenomenon I believe almost everyone in the United States, and even other countries, have heard about the Snuggie (http://www.mysnuggiestore.com/). The Snuggie epidemic is definitely contagious, myself admitting that I even own one. Infomercials have been around for decades, but the Snuggie was definitely a game-changer in that world. From the many commercials that give most of us a few laughs, to seeing almost every living room with a Snuggie draped over their couch or recliner. It's safe to say that the Snuggie is one of the most successful infomercials today, acquiring around $400 million dollars in sales and ranking number 8 on the best seller list. The backwards robe does an amazing job in the commercial for advertisement, showing you that you can go anywhere in your Snuggie and you're able to keep your arms warm and functional, but is it really that necessary of a product? I believe that the goofiness of the infomercial is part of what has made it so successful. The product itself is silly as well, which makes it more memorable than the Slap-Chop or the Ove Glove. The infomercial still uses logos in knowing that it is soft fleece, and does have a reasonable refund date along with a reasonable price. While watching the commercial over again on the internet, I almost feel like they take it too far and it ends up just being cheesy. It seems very outdated, even though it isn't more than 10......

Words: 1337 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Rhetorical Analysis Essay

...The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), founded by Henry Bergh in 1866, was the first humane society established in North America. The ASPCA outlines its goals in its mission statement: “to provide effective means for the prevention of cruelty to animals throughout the United States.” The ASPCA, a nonprofit organization, works to fulfill its mission by caring for pet parents and pets, providing positive outcomes for at-risk animals, and serving all victims of animal cruelty. The ASPCA utilizes both its website and its television advertisements to encourage people to participate in the organization either by donating or adopting. The ASPCA’s website’s organization, content, and layout work primarily to entice visitors to donate money. An examination of the webpage shows the site builders’ careful planning of the design elements. Visitors cannot avoid the large rectangle across the top of the page containing a slideshow of four different pictures. Each of the pictures, a close-up of a dog or cat that has been rescued by the organization, shows a pet with large and sad eyes, forcing the visitor to make eye contact with the pets. Three out of the four picture slides contain a large orange link that reads “Donate Today.” All of the slides also include the names of the dogs and cats shown, adding a personal touch to the pictures. Website viewers may feel guilty if they do not donate money after looking into the eyes of the neglected pets. The......

Words: 1601 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Alcohol Rhetorical Essays

...11/14/13 Alcohol is what we commonly use to have a good time. You can buy it straight from the store. The only catch is that there is a limit to this good time; you must be at least 21 and over to get your hands on it. As most of us know that hasn’t stop many people under the age limit from getting it. One way of doing this would be having someone of age to buy a bottle of alcohol for them or the famous way of getting a fake ID. What people need to know is that alcohol is a depressant. Alcohol can slow down the function of your nervous system, changing a person perception, emotions, movement, vision, and hearing. To me this doesn’t sound very pleasing, and to most people it wouldn’t. Most reasons people tend to drink liquor is to give them that vibe they are looking for. That sometimes a mellow feeling at the beginning of your party with one to two drinks, but that one drink can lead to that over the limit feeling or falling over and becoming extremely sick. One fact about alcohol is that it can cause intoxication. Intoxication can lead to vomiting. Vomiting is not a good feeling to have when it is actually happening but to others it’s a sign of showing that you had a good time but now your night is over, and it’s time to get yourself home or too a safe destination. In an advertisement sponsored by the Stop Drinking Association, entitled “alcohol can end your party”, they have a picture of a woman who vomits out the decorative items of a party. The ad, give us a......

Words: 1086 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Portfolio

...to write four essays that have stressed the course competencies of subject matter knowledge, writing process knowledge, rhetorical knowledge, genre knowledge, discourse community knowledge, and meta-cognition. Through the process of drafting, editing, and revising three out of the four papers, I think I have been effectively able to absorb three of those course competencies; subject matter knowledge, rhetorical knowledge, and writing process knowledge. The first paper I was assigned to write for Writing 102 was a literacy narrative. For this paper, I was told to write about a past experience that helped influence my current writing and reading qualities. The core competencies that were involved in this essay were writing process knowledge and subject matter knowledge. I used writing process knowledge when I was told to generate ideas for my essay. I began by thinking of five possible ideas and from there I created a brainstorming web out of the two topics I thought would be the most interesting. Shortly after starting, I realized I could only build an effective brainstorming web from one idea. I decided to use the first time I forgot my lines in a play as my main idea for the essay. After I completed the brainstorming web and finished taking notes on what I remembered from the incident I started to follow the writing process that consisted of prewriting, drafting, and revising. Subject matter knowledge, which was the other core competency, was used in this essay when I began......

Words: 1073 - Pages: 5