Risk of Drugs

In: People

Submitted By poter
Words 684
Pages 3
Pedro Orozco
Global Studies
History of Drug Buisness
In this paper I will discuss the history of illegal drug business in the United States including the types of drugs that involved in the illegal drug business. I will also be discussing illegal drug syndicates and cartels a long with their structures and operational methods. Finally, I will answer the questions, if there is a better solution to the ways in which we fight the drug business in the United States.
The illegal drug business in the U.S. has different types of activities from drug use to drug sales to produce and manufacture trafficking. A few leaders, notably Charles “Lucky” Luciano, broke the rule of avoiding dealing drugs and used other gangs of the drug trade and developed sophisticated networks for importing and selling illegal drugs to the United States (Mazzeno, 2011). During the WWII illegal drugs were becoming less available in the U.S., traffickers had difficult times transporting drugs from overseas that were already in a conflict. After the war, drug trafficking picked up making the Mafia the lead supplier of illegal drugs. The Mafia’s were smuggling drugs into the country through ports (and later through terminals), where it controlled many of the operations (Mazzeno, 2011). These groups were mainly African American, Asian, and Latino gangs. These countries mainly got their drugs from Latin American countries via Mexico.

There are different types of illegal drugs smuggled into the United States each day. Cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine, ecstasy, and marijuana are the most popular illegal drugs smuggled. “Cocaine is produced in the South American Andean countries of Colombia, Peru, and Bolivia; Colombia is the source of an estimated 90 percent of the cocaine supply in the U.S. market” (Lyman & Potter, 2007). The majority of the methamphetamine that is available in…...

Similar Documents


...Q1 Regarding to the information provided by Ms Truong, her financial literacy should be in level of medium to high. She confidently feels herself as an experienced investor since she understands the figures and relationship of risk and return, and rides out any movements in the investment market. As a result, she would like to channel any surplus funds into her investments. Besides, she more concerns about the income, capital growth, tax efficiency, control of her investment. Obviously, without certain financial literacy, she will not concern those so much. On the other hand, since she has superior financial literacy, I reasonably consider that she has dominant ability to manage her present and future financial investment. In addition to her financial concern and literacy, she weekly monitors her expenditures, banks account and investment balances and also prefers to take greater control over her self-managed superannuation, in other words, she indeed has superior ability to manage her financial investment. To conclude, I believe that Ms Truong has medium to high financial literacy and superior ability to manager her present and future financial investments. Q2 Short-term (1-3 years) financial goals: Ms Truong wants $10,000 available for accommodation, food and incidental expenses due to the overseas trip next year. Also, she needs to pay off her visa credit card liability of $2,256 and car loan of $9,128 . Medium-term (3-5 years) financial goals: she might need to...

Words: 1115 - Pages: 5


...In finance, risk is defined as the likelihood that we will receive a return on an investment that is different from the return we expect to make. There is a trade-off between risk and expected return. Risk in investment has to be viewed in the marginal investors’ perspectives who set the stock prices. ↕ The objective in corporate finance is the maximization of firm value and stock price. Equity Risk and Expected Return Defining the risk In addition to the expected return of an investment, investors must consider: • Variance (and standard deviation) – the spread of the actual returns around the expected return. The greater the deviation of the actual returns from the expected return, the greater the variance. • Skewness – the bias toward positive or negative returns. For example, if a distribution has a higher probability of large positive returns than the large negative returns, it is called a positively skewed distribution. • Kurtosis – the shape of the tails of the distribution. Fatter tails lead to higher kurtosis, indicating that there is a tendency of the price if this investment to jump in either direction. If the underlying distribution of returns is normal distribution, the investors only have to worry about the expected return and variance. ↑ In practice, the expected return and variance are most likely estimated using past returns rather than future returns. The assumption made when using historical variance is that past return...

Words: 1131 - Pages: 5


...Community policing is a great addition to the legislation and has helped in the war on drugs. How has community policing had such a positive affect? First we to ask ourselves how drugs can impact the community and the people who reside in it. The negative effects of drugs are not just to the individual, but to his or her community also. “Although many of these effects cannot be quantified, ONDCP recently reported that in 2002, the economic cost of drug abuse to the United States was $180.9 billion.” (NDIC, 2006) The most common effects of drug abuse include: ill health, sickness and eventually, death. Diseases such as hepatitis and AIDS are spread through drug use such as heroin users. Every year thousands upon thousands of infants are born with impairments and illnesses due to drug abusing mothers. Crime rates go up in neighborhoods infested with drug abusers. “However, this is only a part of the distressing picture of the relationship between narcotic addiction and criminality. For most narcotic addicts, predatory crime (larceny, shoplifting, sneak thievery, burglary, embezzlement, robbery, etc.), is a necessary way of life. “(PLOSCOWE) One important aspect about community policing is its ability to deter the drug trade. Community policing seeks an alternative to arresting individuals with drug charges. The emphasis is placed on the drug user and less on the drug dealer. “The criminal justice approach to regulating drug use in the United States overly burdens the legal and...

Words: 498 - Pages: 2


...Possible risks: Project risks: Description & Possible mitigation strategies: • R&D, HR, group management team outstation support risk, Real time report and provide support services. • IT: Hardware & software compatible risk, IT technician will come on site to install the framework and provide training. • Share services support risk, set up new reporting group & new cost centre. (Being late, project being delivered late. Like family emergency or the project itself failing just as it was working out well. 2, Over budget. 3. Communication breakdown. 4. employee turnover. 5. Not knowing what’s Going On. 6. Team member Not fit for the Job. 7. Members Don’t know the project ..technology or information dealing with. 8. Dad environment. 9. Un-productivity. 10. User Commitment. Customer risks: Description & Possible mitigation strategies: It might occur sales resistance (existing custom might not shift to the new brand of bottler water). Mass advertisement to win confide/trust in new product. • dissatisfy the customer - by not fulfilling needs and/or expectations • satisfy the customer - by satisfying needs and meeting expectations • delight the customer - by exceeding their expectations in some way. In today's fiercely competitive business environment, customer loyalty is a key success factor. Transition risks: Description & Possible mitigation strategies: Business design risk, centralise / decentralise management, company...

Words: 350 - Pages: 2


...Introduction The Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) is an association founded in 1904 with a goal dedicated to the constant improvement of football. Based in Zurich Switzerland, FIFA is governed by Swiss law. The organisational structure of FIFA is made up of a Legislative Body (Congress), an Executive Body (Executive Committee), an Administrative Secretariat (Administrative Body) and Committees that assist the Executive Committee. FIFA employs about 310 people from over 35 nations and has been served by 8 presidents since its conception in 1904 (FIFA.com) Overview of the FIFA World Cup The FIFA World Cup is a men’s football sporting event of global proportion held every four years and organised by FIFA to unite and build a better future for the world through the power and popularity of football; which is an integrated part of society. The inaugural FIFA World Cup was held by Uruguay in 1930 and the tournament has been on for about eight decades with the 19th World Cup held in 2010 and hosted by South Africa. (FIFA.com) Referring to Jennings (2009), the FIFA World Cup is considered to be a mega event as it is suggested to involve extensive preparation and planning, exceptional scale and scope and long term resource commitment, particularly with regards to construction of infrastructure, budgetary planning and operations. This analysis therefore categorises the FIFA World Cup as a high risk mega event as it presents a site for operational...

Words: 2093 - Pages: 9


...Risk interaction for a stockbroker firm Overview The following system depicts the interaction of the components of a stockbroker firm in perspective of its revenues, profits, and outlook for economical development, all of them being influenced by the element of risk (depicted in the system by volatility and risk of costumer willing to take). The main product to be analyzed in our system interaction is stocks which is the main source of profit for a stockbroker firm. The selling of this product to different costumers around the world generates fees every time a stock or a security is traded at stockbroker firm. The more trading the firm has the higher the revenues of the firm as fees are generated every time there is a customer trading stocks. Interaction and components The first loop labeled as loop A consist of the primary function system of the stockbroker firm. The components and its functions create a reinforced loop as all its components reinforce the next one to bring a higher or lower outcome. For instance, the more stock selling the stockbroker firm deals with, the more fees it is able to generate which consequently gives higher revenues and profits to the firm. When a company has a good track record of revenues and profits it seeks to make it grow and have a bigger market share. This consequently gives a better reputation of the firm and finally an increase in the selling of its product which reinforces the loop. It is important to note that if the outlook is...

Words: 1291 - Pages: 6

The Potential Risk Involved in Bringing a New Pharmaceutical Drug to the Market

... prescribe. This is not the end of the research and development stages, there is also a final stage called phase IV and is known as the ‘post market surveillance stage’ it is in place to ensure the drug continues to have positive effects on its patients and if anything negative occurs then an immediate investigation will take place and then drug will be taken off the market. Breaking the stages downs allows you to understand the full potential risk involved and why continuous research and developments in required to in sure that one drug is successful and becomes available to the pharmaceutical market, making up for all the previous cost incurred, and future one’s to come. Only one tiny hiccup is needed and the testing of the drug will be closed down. At phase I on average around 70% of drugs will actually successfully complete the first phase. At phase II 33% of the starting figure will complete the second stage and only around 25 will pass phase III.As well as failing at the clinical trials stages they also have a chance that after all testing is complete they will not be approved by the FDA. Hence why the price of these drugs are costly and patents are in place to ensure generic company do not take the formula and create a cheaper version of the same drug. Even though the risk in developing a new drug into the pharmaceutical market the rewards are even greater when they have been......

Words: 827 - Pages: 4


...Assalamu’alaikum wr.wb Good morning everybody. First of all, let’s praise to our God, Allah SWT, The lord of the universe and who has given us the blessing, so we can stay here together. Until I can standing in here. Well, I will begin my speech about “Drugs". Drugs are an illegal substance that some people smoke, inject, drink, eat for the physical and mental effects it has. Many students consume drugs for fun or of other reasons. They (drugs) deal in the environment through the network. The main target is the students. At the beginning, the students consume as a free try. After a period of time, they become the drug addict and always buy and consume it. The sale of drugs is very careful and neat. The students also involved on dealing it. Based on the observation, the students consume the drugs because of stress. They can’t solve their own problems, like family problem. The disorder in the family makes drugs to be the escape to finish the problem. It is to calm down the instant thought. Besides that, the poverty makes the students involve on selling and dealing the drugs in order to get the pocket money. The result of the observation is that the average of the drugs consumers becomes addicted. The students don’t realize that the drugs consumption has the negative impact for them, like the intelligence decreases, mental disorder, death and many kinds of disease. It is very hard to recover from this impact except in the drugs rehabilitation with the high cost. Many...

Words: 395 - Pages: 2


... obligations/duties etc etc etc).   https://www.sdic.org.sg/ We discussed Singapore's # 1 ranking in offshore Chinese renminbi NDFs and how the latter is essential in trade finance (year 1 core where you learnt for example, the standby letter of credit, a type of guarantee that the bank only pays in the event of default, therefore an item not on the balance sheet but never the less becomes "alive" upon default and therefore a credit risk).  So do you see if you have your concepts pat down(very solid :)), you have an open canvas to paint with :) http://www.fdic.gov/regulations/safety/manual/section3-8.html If the US definition of one includes Federal Deposit Insurance Commission (FDIC)  insured deposits, then by logic,  Singapore's encompasses the SDIC insured deposits (Singapore Deposit Insurance Corporation limited to 50,000 sgd introduced in 2011, after the global financial crisis, by who??...it's your job to figure all this out during your group work and explain what the rules and regulations are and how best Victor bank's stakeholders etc should meet their obligations/duties etc etc etc).   https://www.sdic.org.sg/ We discussed Singapore's # 1 ranking in offshore Chinese renminbi NDFs and how the latter is essential in trade finance (year 1 core where you learnt for example, the standby letter of credit, a type of guarantee that the bank only pays in the event of default, therefore an item not on the balance sheet but never the less becomes "alive" upon......

Words: 633 - Pages: 3


... RELEVANT LEGAL ISSUES TO HR MANAGEMENT & ORGANISATIONAL PERFORMANCE It is important for organizations to understand relevant legal and safety issues relating to HR management and organizational performance because if organizations comply with laws they can avoid lengthy court battle or damaged reputations with its associated cost risk. The HR department helps and guides an organization to treat employees fairly as such complying with relevant laws and avoiding costly slip ups. A typical example is the Page 16 of 26 racial lawsuit which cost Texaco $176million, Shoney’s $132million and Coca-Cola $192 million. It is true that no matter how effective an organization’s HR management strategy is, some employees will still feel they are Victims of discrimination but the HR department by being familiar with employment laws can reduce the possibilities of their organization facing discrimination charges. So it is important that HR departments are familiar with these laws and communicates the importance and applicability to people involved in personnel decision making. THE CONCEPT OF IMMUTABLE CHARACTERISTICS People can only claim discrimination based on immutable characteristics such as race, sex, Nationality/Ethnic Origin, Color, Age, religion, Disability, Political opinion, Sexual orientation & Marital/Family status, these are traits they people cannot really change so laws have been enacted which is meant to protect people in each categories within the immutable...

Words: 6351 - Pages: 26


... supervision. Why Family Support is Critical http://www.drugabuse.gov/related-topics/criminal-justice/drug-addiction-treatment-in-criminal-justice-system 2/7 11/14/2014 Drug Addiction Treatment in the Criminal Justice System | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Drug use often leads to violence; separation of parents and children; loss of jobs; feelings of hopelessness; serious money problems; single parenthood and worry over childcare needs; harmful relationships; emotional and behavioral difficulties in children; and dangerous driving that can result in the death of the drug user, family members, or innocent travelers on the road. In 2007, 53 percent of prisoners in Federal and State prisons reported having children under the age of 18. [ix] Children with parents who use drugs and abuse alcohol are widely considered at high risk for a range of physical and behavioral problems, including substance use. Juvenile justice systems are also affected; as many as two-thirds of juveniles who have been detained may have a substance use disorder. [x] Effective treatment decreases future drug use and drug-related criminal behavior, and can improve a person’s relationship with his or her family. In addition, the family needs tools and support to help deal with the offender’s incarceration, rehabilitation, and loss of income. More Treatment Is Needed Many prisons are not making treatment a priority, despite clear benefits to offenders, their families, and...

Words: 2473 - Pages: 10


..., there are four primary areas of intervention: treatment, education, advocacy, and research. Treatment should be provided through a multidisciplinary, abstinence based approach, with physicians and social workers collaborating by using evidence-based treatments such as those described earlier” (Byrne, Ferris, & Lander, 1). The Lorcet abuse help website indicated, “Lorcet is an opiate commonly prescribed for mild to moderate pain. Lorcet is comprised of hydrocodone and acetaminophen. Hydrocodone is an opiate that gives Lorcet its addictive qualities, and acetaminophen is added to enhance the effects of hydrocodone. Even when taken as directed, there is still a risk of becoming addicted to Lorcet. Lorcet is being abused when it is taken more frequently or in larger doses than prescribed, or when it is taken with other drugs or substances such as alcohol. There exists a wide range of cultural factors that can influence Lorcet abuse, from the environment a person lives in, to the glorification of drug use in the media. No matter what influences a person to begin abusing Lorcet, rehab is the great solution that helps people regain normal healthy lives. The media spotlight on celebrities and drug use may have a direct impact on the abuse of painkillers such as Lorcet. Celebrities and their substance abuse problems make headlines on a regular basis. To some, abusing Lorcet may seem inconsequential if celebrities are seen carrying on a successful career while abusing drugs...

Words: 3476 - Pages: 14


.... Next up is the stimulant, Cocaine. Cocaine is one of the most dangerous drugs known to man. Once a person begins taking the drug, it has proven almost impossible to become free of its grip physically and mentally. Cocaine is a drug in a powder form or crystal form. The powder is usually mixed with substances such as corn starch, talcum powder, sugar, or other drugs such as procaine or amphetamines. Extracted from coca leaves, cocaine was originally developed as a painkiller. It is most often sniffed, with the powder absorbed into the bloodstream through the nasal tissues. It can also be ingested or rubbed into the gums. To more rapidly absorb the drug into the body, abusers inject it, but this substantially increases the risk of overdose. Inhaling it as smoke or vapor speeds absorption with less health risk than injection. Cocaine use can lead to death from respiratory failure, stroke, cerebral hemorrhage or heart attack. Cocaine causes a short-lived, intense high that is immediately followed by the opposite intense depression, edginess and a craving for more of the drug. People who use it often don’t eat or sleep properly. They can experience greatly increased heart rate, muscle spasms and convulsions. The drug can make people feel paranoid, angry, hostile and anxious. Today, cocaine is a worldwide, multibillion-dollar enterprise. Users range from all ages, occupations, and economic levels. In the United States, the 2006 National Survey on Drug Use and Health reports......

Words: 1157 - Pages: 5


... facility must follow guidelines in order to get employees security clearances, re-up their clearance, and handle any other security obligations outlined by the government security team. A1 I have identified Risk #7 (Loss of Funding) as emanating from the aspect of the company’s global marketplace activities. Currently, the company is a sub-contractor on five large contracts. There is a Prime contracting company that helps run the administrative duties of the government contract. That Prime contract hires sub-contracting companies to be a part of the main contract. All of the contracts typically last one year. Each year committees, other contracting companies, and the government agency the contract came from meet to see potential extensions. Extensions are based off of performance as well as goals reached and if the customer, the government, is satisfied with progress of the contract. Sometimes though, when funding or financial issues arise, then funding must be cut on a contract. Another reason that funding could be cut would be if the project was not able to complete goals established in the contract. Once the funding is cut then everyone involved would initially lose their job. As being a smaller company compared to companies with thousands of employees and on more than triple of the contracts MantIT has, this issue is very difficult with keeping employees employed if funding was cut. A2 and A3: Below is a Risk Register for PROMPTS A2 and A3. A2 is......

Words: 1890 - Pages: 8


...Mexico’s Drug War Drug trafficking has become an increasingly growing problem in the world today. Illegal drug trade is a worldwide black market consisting of production, distribution, packaging, and sale of illegal substances. Although today’s "War on Drugs" is a modern phenomenon, drug problems have been a common problem throughout history. The market for illegal drugs is massive, when we consider the estimated global drug trade value is worth $321 billion (Vulliamy). The most drug trafficking happens on the border between Mexico and the United States. Former Mexican President Felipe Calderon said, “Our neighbor is the largest consumer of drugs in the world. And everybody wants to sell him drugs through our door and our window” (Catholic Online). Mexico is the main foreign supplier of marijuana and a major supplier of methamphetamine to the United States. Mexico is responsible for 90% of drugs that comes from the southern border of the United States. Mexico has been a producer and distributer of illegal drugs for generations; the country now finds itself in a battle with powerful and well-financed drug cartels. The corruption in the Mexico, the trafficking of weapons and the violence has made it possible for cartels to keep operating. Since 2006, when president Calderon declared the war on drug cartels, violence in Mexico has increased dramatically. The country has certainly seen a big rise in drug violence, with cartels fighting for control of major shipment routes.......

Words: 305 - Pages: 2