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Rivers and First Civilizations.

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Submitted By Roelka
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Rivers were an essential part to the growth of any civilization, because humans need food, water, and shelter to survive. All early civilizations settled near rivers or bodies of water and built out from there. The water from the rivers provided nourishment to the plants. The plants then provided them with shelter for the settlers. The settlers used the rivers water for drinking, preparing food, bathing themselves and provided water for their crops. The washing of their food and body helped keep diseases down and produced more work output. Doing more work meant digging irrigations systems from the rivers to the crops. Either by irrigation or by carrying buckets, the water was needed for crops. The running water also attracted animals that the early people hunted. The rivers were used as trading routes, made it easier to transport people or supplies. Living at the river sides require strict organization – apart from building irrigation systems, people had to learn how to prevent the water from flooding their homes by building dikes. Settling in at the river sides made it possible to establish the most known civilizations, like Egypt (river Nile ) or Mesopotamia ( Tigris – Euphrates) .

1. Describe carefully three ways in which Neolithic society differed from Paleolithic society.

* People of the Paleolithic era lead a nomadic way of life. They were moving in small groups, rarely communicating with others. They moved from place to place mainly in order to find food. For example, when they couldn’t find any more edible plants or animals in one area, they were moving to the other and finding a temporary shelter there. In the Neolithic era people started to form larger societies and lead a sedentary lifestyle. They did not have a need to move in order to find food – they were able to learn how to grow crops and breed some animals they were using for…...

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