Robert E. Lee on Leadership

In: Business and Management

Submitted By elizshear
Words 3625
Pages 15
March 9, 2010

Robert E. Lee on Leadership
Effective leadership involves creating direction in achieving the vision, aligning people through communication, and motivating and inspiring subordinates toward a shared vision. Direction helps in creating strategies that work toward a vision, or desirable future state. Alignment of people is achieved through communication of new directions and building a commitment to subordinating self interests in order to further the interests of the organization. The ability to motivate and inspire is what makes an exceptional leader. In H.W. Crocker’s, Robert E. Lee on Leadership, it is evident through General Robert E. Lee’s many leadership roles that he possessed the ability to motivate and inspire. Lee led as a businessman, as a warrior, and as an administrator. His actions in many circumstances throughout his life, exemplify some of the mainstream leadership theories of today. His style of leadership had a uniquely effective quality that is rarely observed. The lessons learned and qualities of leadership recognized from Lee’s experiences are beneficial for leaders of any organization today.

Lee as a Businessman
In the years before the War Between the States, Lee inherited the responsibility of running Arlington plantation, which was willed to his wife by her father. With the plantation, Lee inherited his father-in-law’s debts. Lee’s challenge was to run the plantation successfully enough to pay-off these debts and finance what his father-in-law had willed his granddaughters. Lee became a businessman. He started by defining his objectives, assessing his means, and surveying the difficulties. Lee systematically took on obstacles and cleared away the problems. He was not afraid of hard work. Crocker quoted the Mayor of Saint Louis recording Lee’s efforts: “Lee went in person with the hands every morning about…...

Similar Documents

Robert E. Lee on Leadership

...March 9, 2010 Robert E. Lee on Leadership Effective leadership involves creating direction in achieving the vision, aligning people through communication, and motivating and inspiring subordinates toward a shared vision. Direction helps in creating strategies that work toward a vision, or desirable future state. Alignment of people is achieved through communication of new directions and building a commitment to subordinating self interests in order to further the interests of the organization. The ability to motivate and inspire is what makes an exceptional leader. In H.W. Crocker’s, Robert E. Lee on Leadership, it is evident through General Robert E. Lee’s many leadership roles that he possessed the ability to motivate and inspire. Lee led as a businessman, as a warrior, and as an administrator. His actions in many circumstances throughout his life, exemplify some of the mainstream leadership theories of today. His style of leadership had a uniquely effective quality that is rarely observed. The lessons learned and qualities of leadership recognized from Lee’s experiences are beneficial for leaders of any organization today. Lee as a Businessman In the years before the War Between the States, Lee inherited the responsibility of running Arlington plantation, which was willed to his wife by her father. With the plantation, Lee inherited his father-in-law’s debts. Lee’s challenge was to run the plantation successfully enough to pay-off these debts and...

Words: 3625 - Pages: 15

Robert E. Lee

...Robert Edward Lee “One of the greatest soldiers, if not the greatest, who ever spoke the English language” was born into a distinguished aristocracy on January 19, 1807 in Stratford Hall, Virginia. Though he was arguably the most cerebral military mind in our nation’s history, the military field was not Robert E. Lee’s career of choice. Despite that fact, Lee is now highly regarded as a skilled tactician and arguably the second-most influential man in the Civil War. With the Civil War approaching, on April 18, 1861, Secretary of State Francis Blair offered Lee control of all United States troops. Though any other man would have accepted immediately, Lee was in a tougher situation: he had to choose between the country he had served for thirty-two years or his home and family in the South. After pondering his decision, Lee decided to resign from the United States Army, stating that he could not raise his hand against those he loved. Lee assumed command of the Army of Northern Virginia on June 1, 1862. This was the main army of the Confederacy. It was not until three years later that he officially assumed command of all Confederate troops. However, this was a mere formality as he had been the main leader throughout the course of the war. In his first major battle of the Civil War, Lee’s army demolished the troops of John Pope at the Second Battle of Bull Run (Manassas). However, at Antietam, Lee lost one-third of his troops to George McClellan...

Words: 529 - Pages: 3

Robert E. Lee and His Position on Slavery

...January 6, 2011 Robert E. Lee and his Position on Slavery and Secession In the spring of 1861, our country faced a great turmoil caused by the incendiary issues of slavery and secession in the southern states. Abraham Lincoln, the newly elected president, was faced with the prospect of presiding over half a nation. Slavery was the key issue for the southern states but in Lincoln’s opinion the more pressing issue was the preservation of the Union. If not the issue of slavery, than some other issue at some other time would be reason enough for the states to try and secede. Lincoln’s fervent hope was that he could avoid a war by keeping the state of Virginia in the Union. “Lincoln declared to the U.S. Congress, “The course taken in Virginia was the most remarkable-perhaps the most important.” This simple statement expresses Virginia’s exceptional place in the history of the secession movement and the eventual coming of civil war in America. Virginia was important for two major reasons: first, the especially prominent and distinguished role it played in early American history and, second, its strategic location. For these reasons Virginians were truly torn over the decision of whether or not to secede. Because Virginia was not only sandwiched geographically but also economically, socially, and culturally between the North and the South, her decision to leave the Union was a tumultuous, long-fought battle.”(Gillian Cote, pg. 1) One of the ways Lincoln hoped to keep...

Words: 3327 - Pages: 14

Sara Lee

...Case 16. Sara Lee in 2010: Has its retrenchment Strategy Benefited Shareholders? Question#1. What is Sara Lee’s corporate strategy? How has its retrenchment strategy changed the nature of its business lineup? Sara Lee’s vision is “to be the first choice of consumers and customers around the world by bringing together innovative ideas, continuous improvement and people who make things happen”. Sara Lee’s corporate strategy was to transform Sara Lee into company focused on its food, beverage, household, and body care businesses not only in US also internationally. Continuously, Sara Lee developed its Retrenchment Strategy which is uses to reduce the diversity or the overall size of the operations of the company. First plan was to exit eight businesses that had been marked as nonstrategic: • Direct Selling. Sara Lee sold its business that sells cosmetics, skin care products for $ 547 million cash. • U.S retail coffee. Company sold its well-known coffee brands. • European apparel • European nuts and snacks • European rice • U.S meat snacks • European meats • Sara Lee branded apparel Company expected retrenchment initiatives to generate combined net after-tax proceeds in excess of $3 billion. Next, Sara Lee started to focus to increase the sales, market shares, and profitability of remaining business. Two most important goals were increase sales by 2-4 percent annually to reach $14 billion. Company’s key objectives for remaining businesses were focus on......

Words: 287 - Pages: 2

Lee College

...Lee College Financial Statements ACC 380: Accounting for Not-For-Profit Organizations June 4, 2012 Lee College Financial Statements Why do Not-For-Profit organizations need financial statements? The accounting system for nonprofits is designed to capture the economic activities of the firm and its financial position. The financial statements are constructed based on the “Accounting Equation” in which: Assets = Liabilities + Net Assets (Keating, 2008). This equation is very helpful, but not show us how or why net assets change over time. This is the purpose of the financial statements. For Lee College, a private not-for-profit, the financial statements required under the FASB Statement 117 are the Statement of Financial Position, Statement of Activities, and Statement of Cash Flows (Copley, 2011). The focus of this paper will be on the Statement of Activities and the acceptable alternative. The Statement of Activities’ purpose is to show revenues, expenses, gains, losses, and reclassifications and to show the changes in net assets by net asset class (unrestricted, temporarily restricted, or permanently restricted) (Copley, 2011). FASB Statement 117, as stated earlier, requires the Statement of Activities as part of the three required financial statements for a private, not-for-profit college. However, there is an acceptable alternative to the Statement of Activities. An acceptable alternative to the Statement of Activities is to present two statements: 1...

Words: 483 - Pages: 2

Gus Lee

... usually came across. Lee even goes as far to say that, “[his] courage was so low that putting on his big-boy underpants was a task” (154). In the way that Lee did not have the confidence to perform and act in bigger aspects in his life, the smaller actions also became affected because to Lee they were to be done with determination and concentration such as even putting on underpants. Also, because of the fact that they were “big-boy underpants”, Lee felt as if he could not fit them. He believed he was much too small to fit anything that was for a bigger boy; thus, it was awkward for him to try to somehow make them work for him. After becoming familiar with the community, Lee met the compassionate Toussaint who willingly assisted Lee during his time of uncertainty. Lee explains how “[his] primary bond to [Toussaint] was for things he did not do. He never cut [Lee] down” and “he opened his heart by explaining things to [Lee], giving [Lee] his learning, and taking [him] into his own home” (152). Toussaint provided Lee with someone to look up to for guidance, protection, and friendship, things that Lee lacked in his town earlier. Because of this inspirational person, Lee had a longing to somehow be like him and to gain the confidence that so easily came to his friend. Essentially, Lee reflected this self-worth and pride later on as he became a talented writer and he effortlessly was able to express his emotions. He also taught his skills in ethics to members of the U.S.......

Words: 1005 - Pages: 5

Sara Lee

.... Tourism is part of the tertiary industry. Tourism enterprise is the core of the development of tourism. Hotels, travel agencies and various conservation parks and other tourism enterprises in the economic environment will inevitably encounter a variety of problems, even crisis that threats their own survival. Comprehend from organizational behavior science crisis is our research focus and direction. Organizational behavior is a field of study devoted to understanding and explaining the attitudes and behaviors of individuals and groups in organizations. More simply, it focuses on why individuals and groups in organizations act the way they do. In this paper, from the perspectives of globalization and diversification, we will discuss theories and practices of development in the fields of tourism organizations and organizational behavior in them, and comprehensive systematic expositions of tourism organizations and organizational behavior main content. References: Joffre Dumazedier, "Towards a casual society”. Robert W McIntosh, "tourism principles, institutional and philosophical". 2. 0 OB of sustainable tourism: Organizational Culture In a certain sense, tourism business is the production, management, sales culture of the enterprise, there are a purchase, consumption, and enjoy cultural consumers, therefore, tourism enterprises competition is essentially a cultural competition. In order to gain a firm foothold in the global competition of...

Words: 4840 - Pages: 20

Robert Kuok

... had very good relations with China, compared to other businessmen of his stature. In fact, he was among the very first foreign entrepreneurs who did business with Communist China, right after Chairman Mao Tse Tung’s “Cultural Revolution.” Robert has established a good deal of connections in mainland China, which enabled him to successfully gain the trust and acceptance of the communist leaders. And while he does hold great favor amongst the leadership of the country, Robert is in no way subservient to them. It is said of him: “Robert is the best China watcher in the business. He understands the steel backbone of the Communist Party, but while other Hong Kong tycoons tend to be hugely subservient to Beijing, he is in no way obsequious.” MYTH OR FACT: ROBERT KUOK AVOIDS MEDIA ATTENTION In spite of having wealth, power, and influence, Robert is a very humble man, and prefers to live a simple life. He rarely indulges himself in the pleasures of life, nor does he love to be in the company of the press. In fact, Robert is known to be very media-shy, so much so that he only has had one or two interviews over the course of his entire career. This love for the simple life has allowed Robert to remain humble in spite of all his accomplishments, and has forged in him a lifestyle that he passed down to his children, thus teaching them to wisely handle all the wealth that they have. He stated in an interview with him: “Everything on earth is dynamic. I can only give my children a...

Words: 4697 - Pages: 19

Dick Lee

...Amendment 1 Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.  * Freedom of religion, speech, and the press; right of petition and assembly Amendment 4 The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.  * Protects against unreasonable search and seizure Amendment 5 No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.  * Rights of people accused of crimes * No double jeopardy * Right to remain silent * Notice and...

Words: 4129 - Pages: 17

Harper Lee

...Victoria Heckel Professor Baldassare English 201 4 April 2014 Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird: The Pulitzer Prize-winning best-seller To Kill a Mockingbird was written by Harper Lee in 1960. Lee’s early life influenced a lot of what was introduced in the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, although she made a point that this was not an autobiographical novel. Throughout her life Lee shows similarities in characters in the story as well as ones she’s grown up with. Lee addresses prejudice and tolerance and especially the courage it takes to make societal change. These ideas combined with her personal experiences is what probably won her Pulitzer prize winning novel. Harper Lee was born on April 28, 1926, in Monroeville, Alabama. Her mother, Frances Cunningham Finch Lee, was a homemaker. For most of Lee's life, her mother suffered from mental illness, rarely leaving the house. It is believed that she may have had bipolar disorder (Harper Lee 1). Her father, Amasa Coleman Lee, practiced law, a member of the Alabama state legislature (Lee, Harper 2). She grew up as a tomboy in a small town, which she fought on the playground, and talked back to teachers. She was bored with school and resisted any sort of conformity. Truman Capote was one of Lee’s closest childhood friends, Lee often stepped up to protect Truman from other boys his age that picked on him for the fancy clothes be wore and also for being a sissy. The two were different but they both shared in having difficult...

Words: 928 - Pages: 4

Lee Strobel

...Lee Strobel Grace University was blessed to have special guest Lee Strobel host and speak at Grace’s chapel, a marvelous showing. Many students read Lee Strobel’s book “Case for Christ” and piled in to find seats to hear Lee Strobel speak. The crowd was very large and tense waiting for Lee Strobel to speak because of how excited people were to hear a man with such an influential story. Lee Strobel talks about his journey through life by starting off at the beginning as an atheist and how he looked upon the Bible and God. Lee Strobel as an atheist lived the life of selfishness and searched to please only himself because that was the only life he thought there was. Lee Strobel’s wife became a Christian. At first this scared him but being curious about Christianity and wanting to relate with his wife he decided to look into the belief/religion. Lee Strobel began to study the word of God and as he did Christianity really started to grasp his attention. Lee Strobel came up with the four “E’s” in his research, the four “E’s” are what put the puzzle pieces together for Strobel. The four “E’s” were execution, early, eyewitness, and empty. Each one of the “E’s” stood for facts and evidence proving what the Bible says is correct. The first “E” stood for the execution of Christ on the cross, the second “E” was early facts showing that Jesus arose, the third “E” was the many eyewitness reports about Jesus, and the last “E” was empty which stood for Jesus’s tomb that he was buried...

Words: 408 - Pages: 2

Article Review on Building a Leadership Brad by Austin Lee

...Executive Summary Under the Management of Jeffrey H. Brotman, Costco Wholesale Corporation remains as one of the largest wholesaler retail in the world. Tech-Shield should consider the option of making an investment to Costco Wholesale Corporation due to the company’s effective business strategy, financial success, and reputable corporate policies. Costco's 5 year financial history has shown the increasing growth of the company. Costco has significant profit margin of 1.5% to 2%, showing that they are still growing and will become even more successful in the years to come. Costco continues to gain more loyal customers by attracting them on low priced goods and excellent customer service. Costco plays a very important role in the economy by creating jobs and opening up 30 new warehouses in 8 different countries from the year of 2012 to 2013. With more than 70 million members and employees, Costco prides their company to provide their customers quality products for the best price, ability to take care of their employers and customers, and to reward shareholders. Introduction Costco currently remains as the nation’s largest wholesale operator with 462 warehouses in the United States. In the year off 2013, Costco has over 71.2 million cardholders and 185,207 workers while profiting over 105.2 billion dollars in revenue. Wal-mart offers 100,000 items as divergent to 40,000 items at most grocery stores. However, Costco offers 10,000 items because they are able to order...

Words: 1737 - Pages: 7

Leadership - Mr. Lee Kuan Yew

... ROSALDO In another interview, he said, “My job really was to find my successors. I found them and their job is to find their successors. So there must be this continuous renewal of talented, dedicated, honest, able people who will do things not for themselves but for their people and for their country”. Ingenuity With very limited resources, Mr. Lee knew that he has to be ingenious with his plans to make Singapore what it is today. In 1954, to convince Britain that Singapore is ready to become a self-governing nation, Mr. Lee together with his Englandeducated fellowmen form an alliance with the dominant Chinese pro-communist trade unionist supported by 70% of the total population of the Chinese-speaking Singaporeans. After the short-lived merger with Malaysia, in 1965, Singapore was fully independent but left with serious problems on national security, economy and social issues that need urgent solutions. To immediately address these issues on national security and economy, Singapore joined the United Nations in 1967 and become one of the founding members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in 1967. Since Singapore is multicultural, with different race and religions being practiced, Mr. Lee’s government strictly implemented laws that will counter any threat that might incite ethnic and religious violence. To address Singapore’s very limited water resources, Mr. Lee started water recycling in 1974 and continue to experiment until 1998 when they......

Words: 598 - Pages: 3

Sara Lee

...1. What is Sara Lee’s corporate strategy? How has its retrenchment strategy changed the nature of its business lineup? The strategy at Sara Lee is to expand globally, for Sara Lee acquiring new business models to expand into new product categories is how they plan to achieve this goal. For many years Sara Lee has successfully acquired both related and unrelated products, but will now streamline this a little more with the retrenchment strategy. The previous management team struggled with this broad product offering and the disseminated locations. The retrenchment strategy will allow Sara Lee to focus their resources on a smaller, tight knit beverage, food and household business. It will also allow for a change in the model from a wholesale distributor to a larger retail company. 2. What is your assessment of the long-term attractiveness of the industries represented in Sara Lee Corp.’s business portfolio? Sara Lee has the potential to grow. With a focus on core products that are their food company, they have dropped the dead weight of not so profitable products. The food industry will continue to grow within reason due to the requirement of us to have food to survive. It is beneficial to Sara Lee to have established brand power within the market segments as well. If Sara Lee stays active in the market segments and acquires only products that benefit them in the long term, they should keep profits up. 3. What is your assessment of the competitive strength of Sara...

Words: 439 - Pages: 2

Sara Lee

...Sara Lee’s Retrenchment Strategy Case Study Vinh Tran Strategic Management April 28, 2013 Sara Garski Southwestern College Professional Studies Introduction Sara Lee started out as a small company in wholesale distribution that gradually grew to a series of related and unrelated businesses. For the next 40 years, the company expanded to food processing, retail food, and household products to more than 40 countries. Their broad differentiation strategy and geographically spread operations has management struggling to operate efficiently. Even with the vast company’s portfolio, it did not help with building shareholder value. With the declining profits worldwide, Sara Lee’s retrenchment initiatives is divest eight of its business units to raise profitability through operating profit and sales. Strategies Sara Lee’s retrenchment strategy is required in order to focus its resources on more profitable industries such as the beverage, food, and household products company. Their plan on separating themselves from weak performing business units and product categories will put the company in a better financial position. Management will be able to focus their resources to boost their profitability, sales, and market shares on the remaining products. The spin-off of Hanes brands was a smart move even though the operating profit margin was still a moneymaker. The cash payment needed to eliminate the note payable to Hanes brand from Sara Lee and it did...

Words: 1094 - Pages: 5