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Role of Project Management Information Systems in Project Management.

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ROLE OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN PROJECT MANAGEMENT.

INTRODUCTION

1. Background of Management Information Systems

The concept of Management information system (MIS) has been in existence as early as the 19th Century. Works of majorly were in the form of tabulated cards which could be counted and sorted commonly referred to us punch – cards. The punch-cards still remembered by many, could capture elements of information keyed in on punch-card machines; the cards were then processed by other machines some of which could print out results of tallies. Each card was the equivalent of what today would be called a database record, with different areas on the card treated as fields.

The initial idea of MIS was to process data from the organization and present it in the form of reports at regular basis. The system was largely capable of handling the data from collection to processing. It was more impersonal requiring each individual to pick and choose the processed data and use for his requirements. This concept was further modified when a distinction was made between data and information. Information is a product of analysis of data. However the data could be analyzed in different ways producing different shades and specification of information as a product. It therefore demanded that the system concept be an individual oriented since each individual has different orientation. This concept was further modified that the system should present information in such a format or form that it creates an impact to its user that it creates a decision or an investigation. It was later realized that even though that such an impact was a welcome modification, some sort of selective approach was necessary in the analysis and reporting. This development gave rise to the concept of exception reporting being imbibed in MIS. This was further developed to the extent…...

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