Premium Essay

Roman Civilization

In: Historical Events

Submitted By Mashchapeyama
Words 9212
Pages 37
Author: Mashell Chapeyama

Institution: University of the People
Course: History
Bachelor’s Degree
Selected essays on Roman Civilization
Plebeian revolt

There are a number of causes that led to the first revolt by the Plebeians. Some of the causes of the revolt are poor distribution of land, poverty among the Plebeians, and the harsh debt law that affected the plebs. This essay will discuss the causes of the first Plebeian revolt as well as the results of the revolt.

One of the main causes of the plebeian revolt was the existence of poverty among the Plebeians. The poverty was a result of the actions of the Patrician, in some ways. What happened was that the Plebs assisted the Patrician to expel the kings from Rome and led to a republican state. The fight against the kings left the plebs in a very worse off condition. Since the patricians lived in the city, during the war their property would remain secure. The city was guarded by walls. However, since the plebs lived in the countryside, which was not guarded, their property was greatly destroyed during the wars. The plebs’ fields were destroyed as much as their property. The destruction of the property and fields was possible since the Plebs men were fighting in the wars leaving their homes unprotected. So, whereas the men were fighting during the wars their properties and fields were being plundered, making them very poor at the end of the wars. So the Plebs were not happy that their properties and fields were being destroyed by the enemies, when in fact they were serving in the Roman army for the sake of protecting their country. That abject poverty and the resulting distress was one of the main causes of the revolt. The patrician did not assist in making their lives better.

The second cause of the revolt was the unjust law of debt. The law of debt stipulated that the creditors could sell their...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

A Synopsis of Roman Civilization

...synopsis on Roman Civilization. Submitted to Md. SafayatHossain Lecturer Department of Accounting & Information Systems Faculty of Business Studies University of Dhaka Group List Name Md. MohimChowdhury Md. Ashraful Islam Mohammad ArifHossain Raihan Ahmed Provat ID No. 16027 16085 16086 16090 Introduction: The modern accounting system which is also called the double entry accounting system was first introduced in Florence in the late thirteenth century. But the predecessors on ancient civilization had also accountancy practices due to the trading. There accounting practices were not based on double entry accounting system. But they had their own numerical systems to count their products. The economic system at that period was not so intricate and complex. Hence, their recording system was also simple, the testimony of which is seen in archaeology. Of the ancient civilizations the Roman civilizations was a prominent one in respect of political, social and economic approach. It was one of the ancient civilizations which were based on commercial trading. The language and the legions were supported by trade while being at the same time part of its backbone. Romans were businessmen and the longevity of their empire was due to their commercial trade.1 Overview of the ancient civilizations: There were many civilizations in the ancient world. The most dominant ones were: a. b. c. a. The Babylonian Civilization. The Egyptian Civilization. The Greek Civilization. The......

Words: 2736 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Ancient Roman Civilization (Significance)

...Significance of Ancient Roman Civilization Tuesday, October 02, 2012 7:29 PM Argument for how the achievements of ancient Roman civilization impacted subsequent Western civilization   Established one of the largest empires in the world. Enduring legacy that continues to influence Western civilization Achievements: Law and Administration Roads and bridges Institution of a bilingual culture   Of greatest significance: Roman Law and Administration Based on principles of justice and reason Instituted a system of common laws to protect citizens Notable aspects that many modern day governments uphold today: The recognition that all men are to be treated equal under the law A person is to be considered guilty until proven innocent     The ancient Roman civilization did more than establish one of the largest empires in the world; they also left an enduring legacy which continues to influence Western civilization. Achievements in the areas of law and administration, construction of roads and bridges, and the institution of a bilingual culture helped to form an cultural infrastructure that has prevailed through the ages.   Of greatest significance, is the Romans contribution in the areas of law and administration Their laws were based on principles of justice and reason. They institutes a system of common laws that served to protect citizens. A couple of important aspects we continue to value today are the recognition that all people are to be treated equal......

Words: 621 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Early Civilazations

...Battuguldur Bilguun Travis Schill World History October 12, 2013 Early Civilizations From 10200 B.C to 400 AD was a timeline of Early Civilizations. Early Civilizations are divided into 3 main groups; The Neolithic Era, Bronze Age and Iron Age. They all had great accomplishments in agriculture, government, religion, and education. Every civilization had their own unique way of living. Many of our agriculture, inventions, and religion were practiced by them. We merely adopted their way of life. So we can say that Early Civilizations became fundamentals for our modern invention, agriculture and religion. Ancient people discovered the development of agriculture accidentally. Before finding agriculture, ancient people had a hunter-gatherer system where males go hunting and females and kids stay home and gather fruits or any other edible plants. Farming started from the Neolithic Era which involved the domestication of animals and plants. Increasing population was the number one reason people started to farm. Because they couldn’t feed all the hungry mouths just by hunting animals. They had to have a large population at that time because ancient people lived under constant dangers caused by other tribes. The people who first cultivated cereal grains have observed them in the wild while they were hunting or gathering and noticed the seeds fall. After sometime, they return to the same place to find a...

Words: 1033 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Cultural Studies

...Topics in Cultural Studies Brenda Johnson Unit 1 Discussion Board AIU Culture Makeup Ancient civilizations are the foundation of the world as we know it today, was built on ruins of 10,000 years of advanced cultures such as the Greek, Roman, Mesopotamia, Mayan, Indus, Egyptian. Ancient history began with the invention/communication of art and then writing in about 3100 BC and lasted for centuries. Natural environment was an influence that help with the makeup of early civilization; changes in the weather such as seasonal changes, changes in the weather was an influence on when they would go out to do there hunting and planting. Science and development of their knowledge in how to use new tools and how that knowledge helped with simplifying how they hunted, build, and planted. Trading brought about interaction between many different cultures. Agriculture made it possible to settle down in a permanent community and not to have to always be on the move hunting for food; once farming was developed mankind did not have to be on the move continuously; learning to control the production of food and to keep a good supply of food and cattle on hand then their lives started to changed dramatically and completely. Because of the cultural makeup social issues did come up; such as conflicts between groups of people who believed differently. Pros and Cons of Revisionist History Revisionist history is a reinterpretation of what we call facts or truth surrounding...

Words: 322 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Evolution of Medicine

...Term paper EN1320 Dr. Baughman Jay C. Montgomery August 13, 2015 The Evolution of Medicine By Jay C. Montgomery The evolution of medicine was a contributing factor to important advances in our own modern day medicines and technologies. While there are many civilizations to choose from, some of the best contributions came from the Egyptian, Chinese, Greek, Roman, Muslim, Indian, and Japanese cultures. In order to understand what these civilizations did to transform the medical world, it is a necessity to first recognize and appreciate what they were able to accomplish with the little resources available at the time. That being said, even though these societies had little to work with, they were still capable of amazing achievements. The first civilization being considered is the Egyptian civilization because it is one of the oldest and most well-known for their proficiency in various fields, including medicine. The Egyptians possessed a large amount of knowledge of healing with herbs as well as repairing physical injuries in order to tend to the workers responsible for building the great monuments that we still see today in Egypt (Shuttleworth, Ancient Medicine). The Egyptians were very skilled at performing eye surgery, since irritation of the eyes was common in a desert society. Most of the archeological evidence we have today is thanks to the well preserved mummy corpses. We know that healed skeletons were a good indication that prove the Egyptians were capable...

Words: 2827 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Civilizatioin

...Tymesha Hankerson Foster, 1B August 26, 2012 Civilization Essay Would you think people who are considered uncivilized help make the world what it is today? The definition of being civilized is to bring people to a stage of social, cultural, and moral development. Before we got to where we are today the Paleolithic Age was the first stage to go through; the Neolithic Age brought us to the Last Ice Age and agriculture was created. This also established into the different way civilization was interpreted between cultures. From 2,500,000 B.C.E. to 10,000 B.C.E. human species were getting to know each other and finding ways to survive. The tools they used were made from natural findings such as stones, bones, and wood. Each person had a task to complete. Men had to hunt and women gathered things and kept the tribe or village in order. During this period there was no idea of living idle. Wherever the food went so did the human species. The maximum size for any group was 30, meaning the groups weren’t big. In between the time Paleolithic Age began and ended, the Last Ice Age came along. Quickly there was a change on the eating schedule. It went from hunting and gathering to strictly agriculture. Agriculture has played an enormous part of the lifestyle we live today. Things such as job specialization, cities, writing, and the government have all came from the creation of agriculture. Humans learned to tame and control wild animals and taught themselves self-control as well.......

Words: 466 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Importance of the Culture of Science

...Importance of the culture of science Scientific development, prosperity and welfare are dedicated to all men of all nations. The culture of science is inevitable as one of the tools of gradual development of civilization in fields, like food, cloth home, medical treatment, education, industrial mills, conveyance and transport, communication and exchange of information, information – management, the extraction of natural wealth and preservation space – research etc. During the middle of the 18th century new industrial mills were established in England with the help of newly discovered machines, steam engine and various kinds of machines. As a result production increasing manifold. This new era of industry is called a industry revolution It has been possible to goods and their sale increased. The following that below: 1. a. The totality of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, institutions, and all other products of human work and thought. b. These patterns, traits, and products considered as the expression of a particular period, class, community, or population: Edwardian culture; Japanese culture; the culture of poverty. c. These patterns, traits, and products considered with respect to a particular category, such as a field, subject, or mode of expression: religious culture in the Middle Ages; musical culture; oral culture. d. The predominating attitudes and behavior that characterize the......

Words: 2704 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Human Societies

...Ginger Williams GKE Task 1 Geography plays a very vital role in the development of the early human societies. The development occurred as people of different regions interacted with others and shared as well as extended their acquired knowledge. This led to primitive people establishing and populating the regions. Physical geography and the culture of the people of Mesopotamia shaped the society of the day (Maisels, 1999). Just as Mesopotamia, the same physical geography is seen to have contributed to the development of United States through the process of diffusion of people and their ideas. Mesopotamia, is the birthplace to early civilisation and early agriculture, and this is attributed to its critical geographical features, which included rivers and fertile flat lands. The easy accessibility of water from the rivers Tigris and Euphrates provided the people with the knowledge to bring in more dependable food sources. These two rivers run almost parallel to each other, and together the rivers formed the greatest agriculturally productive alluvial plain. It is on these alluvial plains that the initial crop plantations were experimented. After this was successful, the people started coming up with other means of tapping the water and expanding the land under irrigation. The region was also filled with lots of plants that were easy to domesticate (Maisels, 1999). Therefore, the culture of the people was influenced by the physical geography, and this contributed to the......

Words: 657 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Development of Civilization

...The Development of Civilization Prepared for Mr. Bsharah By Chris Treadwell History B1 Spring 2013 Civilization is defined as; an advanced state of cultural and material development in human society, marked by political and social complexity and progress in the arts and sciences. This wasn’t achieved easily, nor was it an ever-progressing movement. More so it was the product of several trial and error advancements in various fields of human endeavor. The starting point for all this advancement is known as the Neolithic Revolution, also referred to as the agricultural revolution. This was the shift from a nomadic hunter-gatherer culture to a more settled agricultural lifestyle. The domestication of plants and animals was a major turning point in mankind’s evolution, but it took more than a millennia to transform from nomads to agrarians. Archeological data indicates that several different forms of plant and animal domestication evolved in separate locations worldwide. “The earliest Neolithic societies appeared in the Middle East about 8000 B.C.E., in China about 4000 B.C.E., and in India about 3600 B.C.E.” The first farming was largely grain based in fertile river-valleys with adequate climate and natural resources to sustain farming. Over time man began developing the where-with-all to change his surrounding environment to suit his needs even further. Certain crops were grown in areas according to availability geographically and ease of production rather than......

Words: 1446 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Early Societal Culture

...played in a society. In early cultures men were the decision makers, the ones who governed or ruled. Religion played a significant role during early culture as well. When cultures encountered each other, they were taken aback by their differences. The fact that they may have spoken different languages or revered dissimilar Gods may have been a conflict of interest. Their inability to communicate effectively would have cause a hostile situation, as they would have felt threatened as if their territory was at risk of being invaded. The main cultural influences on earl civilizations were religion and geography. The geography of a culture determined if they would have the ability to farm the land or if they were close to the sea to they would have the ability to trade resources with other cultures. These resources and ability to create wealth were valuable to the survival of a culture. Greek and Roman culture depended upon the gods to guide them, so religion would be emphasized among the people within the culture. Revisionist history is definitely something to be considered. I have always believed that everything you read in history books is not always truthful. I believe historian do their best to find the most accurate information about past events but I highly doubt they get it right every time. I do not believe this misinformation is done with ill intentions, as I’m certain...

Words: 507 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Political Philosophy

...Clash Of civilisation The Clash of Civilizations (COC) is a hypothesis that people's cultural and religious identities will be the primary source of conflict in the post-Cold War world. It was proposed by political scientist Samuel P. Huntington in a 1992 lecture at the American Enterprise Institute, which was then developed in a 1993 Foreign Affairs article titled "The Clash of Civilizations? in response to his former student Francis Fukuyama's 1992 book, The End of History and the Last Man. Huntington later expanded his thesis in a 1996 book. Huntington began his thinking by surveying the diverse theories about the nature of global politics in the post-Cold War period. Some theorists and writers argued that human rights, liberal democracy, and capitalist free market economy had become the only remaining ideological alternative for nations in the post-Cold War world. Specifically, Francis Fukuyama argued that the world had reached the 'end of history' in a Hegelian sense. Huntington believed that while the age of ideology had ended, the world had only reverted to a normal state of affairs characterized by cultural conflict. In his thesis, he argued that the primary axis of conflict in the future will be along cultural and religious lines. As an extension, he posits that the concept of different civilizations, as the highest rank of cultural identity, will become increasingly useful in analyzing the potential for conflict. In the 1993 Foreign Affairs article, Huntington......

Words: 2810 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Unit 1 Db

...early Greek and Roman cultures, including illustrative or significant examples of the various features. Be sure to include elements of culture such as government and geographical terrain, economics and trade practices, art and architecture, and philosophical and religious beliefs. Your submission should be 1-2 pages in length and may be oriented in either portrait or landscape format. Please submit your assignment. •What forces contributed to the cultural make-up of early civilizations? •What social issues arose because of this cultural make-up •What were the main influences on early civilizations? •From your perspective what are the pros and cons of revisionist history? Explain your response. Brandon Nelson Unit 1 Discussion Board A culture was developed when Homo -sapiens and Neanderthals, were the first earliest humans to live on earth. They were known to be carpenters and camping scouts to their families. They were excellent toolmaker, cooking with firewood, and wore animal skin for protection of weather conditions that they have faced. The forces that help develop early civilaization are communication and writing. The human culture developed over 30,000 years ago. Which most information about the civilization may be incorrect or not even true. .The Cave of Lascaux. (n.d.). The Neolithic Age had started around 10,000 BC, were new families became more to the survival of agriculture and hunting crews from different civilization. There......

Words: 826 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

How Did Americans Use Sea Roads Central Asia

...The Eurasian region had been home to the most of mankind as well as to the world’s most productive agriculture, largest civilizations, and highest attentiveness of rural people. The 3rd Wave civilization, 500 CE – 1500 CE, led all the people to work everywhere they go. They worked inside their houses, in their place of work and even on the roads. This brought together many diverse people from all around. With all these people out on the road and people trying to make money, they started to make trade. Silk and sand roads emerged and became the way of trade. Central Asia used silk as currency and as a means of accumulating wealth. It became a figure of “high status” in China and the Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire). This made silk highly desired commodity across Eurasia. It became associated with the expanding world religions of Buddhism and Christianity. China created an almost unbroken tie of states throughout Eurasia. Silk Road trade thrived over the course of the 7th and 8th centuries during the course of the Muslim Abbasid dynasty, Byzantine Empire,...

Words: 552 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Wonderful Ethiopia

...Hogarth Blake Presents: Wonderful Ethiopians Of The Ancient Cushite Empire By Drusilla Dunjee Houston First published in 1926 This e-book was edited by Hogarth Blake Ltd Download this book and many more for FREE at: hh-bb.com hogarthblake@gmail.com ‘Wonderful Ethiopians Of The Ancient Cushite Empire’ by Drusilla Dunjee Houston Reproduction & duplication of this work for FREE is permitted. Refer to the terms & conditions page for more details. Terms & Conditions Scanned at sacred-texts.com, October, 2004. John Bruno Hare, redactor. This text is in the public domain in the United States because it was not renewed at the US Copyright Office in a timely fashion as required by law at the time. These files may be used for any non-commercial purpose, provided this notice of attribution is left intact in all copies and subject to the sacred texts Terms of Service at http://www.sacred-texts.com/tos.htm Hogarth Blake presents this e-book FREE of charge; it may be used for whatever purpose you see fit. The only limitations are that you may not decompile, disassemble, reverse engineer, modify, create derivative works based upon, sell, publish, license or sub-license the work or any part of it without the express written consent of Hogarth Blake Ltd. The work is provided as is. Hogarth Blake Ltd. makes no guarantees or warranties as to the accuracy, adequacy or completeness of or results to be obtained from using the work via hyperlink or otherwise, and......

Words: 74797 - Pages: 300

Premium Essay

Great Ethiopians

...Hogarth Blake Presents: Wonderful Ethiopians Of The Ancient Cushite Empire By Drusilla Dunjee Houston First published in 1926 This e-book was edited by Hogarth Blake Ltd Download this book and many more for FREE at: hh-bb.com hogarthblake@gmail.com ‘Wonderful Ethiopians Of The Ancient Cushite Empire’ by Drusilla Dunjee Houston Reproduction & duplication of this work for FREE is permitted. Refer to the terms & conditions page for more details. Terms & Conditions Scanned at sacred-texts.com, October, 2004. John Bruno Hare, redactor. This text is in the public domain in the United States because it was not renewed at the US Copyright Office in a timely fashion as required by law at the time. These files may be used for any non-commercial purpose, provided this notice of attribution is left intact in all copies and subject to the sacred texts Terms of Service at http://www.sacred-texts.com/tos.htm Hogarth Blake presents this e-book FREE of charge; it may be used for whatever purpose you see fit. The only limitations are that you may not decompile, disassemble, reverse engineer, modify, create derivative works based upon, sell, publish, license or sub-license the work or any part of it without the express written consent of Hogarth Blake Ltd. The work is provided as is. Hogarth Blake Ltd. makes no guarantees or warranties as to the accuracy, adequacy or completeness of or results to be obtained from using the work via hyperlink or otherwise, and......

Words: 74797 - Pages: 300