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Rwanada Genocide

In: Historical Events

Submitted By voalana
Words 595
Pages 3
Alana Vo
Modern World History, Period 7
11/19/12

In 1994, Rawanda, a frightening genocide between the Hutus and the Tutsis broke out after the death of the Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana, a Hutu. Of course, the Tutsis were blamed for the assassination and the Hutus seeked for revenge. The question is, who is to be blamed for the start of this genocide in the first place? Although some may argue that the Hutus or the Tutsis were at fault for this genocide, the Belgians are first to blame as to why this genocide broke out between the Hutus and the Tutsis. The Belgians increased racism by continuing with the Hutu and Tutsi differences, they favored the Tutsis over the Hutus, and then gave the Hutus power over the new government. One reason why the Belgians are to be blamed for this genocide is they continued the already existing Hutu and Tutsi differences. They took this traditional Hutu-Tutsi relationship and turned it into their class system making the minority Tutsi with 14% and Hutu 85%. In 1926, the Belgians introduced the system of ethnic identity cards differentiating Hutus and Tutsis. This has caused a lot of tension between the two ethnicities. Another reason why the the Belgians should be blamed is they favored the Tutsis over the Hutus. This made the Hutus really mad because it was minority over majority. This also increased racism because the Belgians favored the Tusis over the Hutus because the Tutsis look more European or whiter than the Hutus. Because the Tutsis looked more European they were given privileges and western-style education. Tutsis were also left in charge and the Hutus were used as forced labor. A third reason why Belgians are at fault for the start of this genocide is after favoring the Tutsis, they let the Hutus be in charge of the new government. The Tutsis got really mad about this and it gave the Tutsis and the Hutus another reason to hate each other. With the majority in charge of the new government, A new Hutu president was elected, Juvenal Habyarimana. After 20 years of ruling Rwanda, the president had passed away when his plane was shot down above Kigali airport. Immediately the Hutus blamed the Tutsis for it and this was what sparked the genocide. Even though what had happened in Rwanda, 1994 cannot be changed it could have been prevented. If the Belgium had dropped the Hutu-Tutsi difference when they had started governing Rwanda the identity cards would have never been created and would have decreased the racism. With the decrease of racism, the Belgians wouldn’t have favored the Tutsis over the Hutus making every one of them equal and less tension and hatred would have been present. Also, if the Belgians had stayed a bit longer to govern Rwanda as a peaceful and strong government then give Rwanda its independence, things would have been much different. In spite of Belgium’s non-involvement of the violence during the genocide, it is they who are to be blamed of the whole start of it because they continued the Hutu-Tutsi difference and created a racial class system of ethnic identity cards, they favored one ethnic over another, and then betrayed the Tutsis by leaving the Hutus in charge of the new government creating more tension between the Hutus and the Tutsis. Although some may still disagree and claim that it should be the Hutus or the Tutsis that should be blamed, Belgium started it all with the lack of proper governing.

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