Premium Essay

Salary Structure in Management in Germany, Poland and the Uk – a Comparative Study

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Kalinho7
Words 1293
Pages 6
Salary structure in management in Germany, Poland and the UK – a comparative study

Table of Contents

1 Table of Contents
1TABLE OF CONTENTS..........................................................................................................................3 2INTRODUCTION.....................................................................................................................................4 3DEFINITION OF SALARY......................................................................................................................4 4GENERALY TRENDS IN MANAGEMENT SALARY IN UNITED KINGDOM, GERMANY AND POLAND....................................................................................................................................................6 5SALARY IN UNITED KINGDOM............................................................................................................6 6SALARY IN GERMANY..........................................................................................................................8 7SALARY IN POLAND.............................................................................................................................8 8CONCLUSION.........................................................................................................................................8 BIBLIOGRAPHY.......................................................................................................................................8

Analysis

2 Introduction
Compensation of employee is important and at the same time really difficult task. Important because it can contribute to growth efficiency and competitiveness in company. Difficult, because it arouses the most controversy and discontent of workers. An effective system of remuneration of employees enables to achieve the following tasks: - recruit and retain...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Coffee Studies

...[pic] Coffee, Cooperation and Competition: A Comparative Study of Colombia and Vietnam Authors:[1] Adriana Roldán-Pérez Maria-Alejandra Gonzalez-Perez Pham Thu Huong Dao Ngoc Tien Research assistants (Colombia): Franz Xaver Riegler Stephanie Riegler Catalina Tabares Melissa Eusse Research assistant (Vietnam): Nguyen Thu Hang Table of contents List of figures 4 List of tables 4 Acronyms, abbreviations and definitions 6 Weights and measures 6 Abstract 7 1 Introduction 8 1.1 Research objectives 9 1.1.1 General objectives 9 1.1.2 Specific objectives 9 1.2 Research methodology 9 2 Literature review on the global value chain (GVC) of coffee 11 2.1 Theory of global value chains 11 2.1.1 Introduction to the value chain concept 11 2.1.2 Global commodity chains 12 2.1.3 Value chain analysis 13 2.1.3.1 Definition 13 2.1.3.2 Methodological aspects of value chain analysis 15 2.1.4 Governance 15 2.1.5 Barriers to entry and rent 16 2.1.6 Upgrading in value chains 16 2.2 Overview of the world coffee market 17 2.2.1 World coffee production 17 2.2.2 Production by type of coffee 18 2.2.3 Coffee producing countries 19 2.2.4 Stocks in producing countries 20 2.2.5 World coffee exports 21 2.2.6 World coffee consumption 24 2.2.7 The International Coffee Organisation and coffee prices 29 2.2.8 Mapping the global value chain of coffee 31 3 Analysis of Colombia and Vietnam’s participation in the coffee value chain 33 3.1......

Words: 28626 - Pages: 115

Free Essay

Leadership

...NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND PRODUCTIVITY Nicholas Bloom John Van Reenen Working Paper 16019 http://www.nber.org/papers/w16019 NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138 May 2010 This paper has been prepared for a chapter in the Handbook of Labor Economics Volume IV edited by David Card and Orley Ashenfelter. We would like to thank the Economic and Social Research Council for their financial support through the Center for Economic Performance. This survey draws substantially on joint work with Daron Acemoglu, Philippe Aghion, Eve Caroli, Luis Garicano, Christos Genakos, Claire Lelarge, Ralf Martin, Raffaella Sadun and Fabrizio Zilibotti. We would like to thank Orley Ashenfelter, Oriana Bandiera, Alex Bryson, David Card, Edward Lazear, Paul Oyer, John Roberts, Kathy Shaw and participants in conferences in Berkeley and the LSE for helpful comments. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research. © 2010 by Nicholas Bloom and John Van Reenen. All rights reserved. Short sections of text, not to exceed two paragraphs, may be quoted without explicit permission provided that full credit, including © notice, is given to the source. Human Resource Management and Productivity Nicholas Bloom and John Van Reenen NBER Working Paper No. 16019 May 2010 JEL No. L2,M2,O32,O33 ABSTRACT In this handbook of labor economics......

Words: 30278 - Pages: 122

Premium Essay

Untitle

...Eggert Hansen and Søren Teglgaard Jakobsen www.danishtechnology.dk jens.henrik.haahr@teknologisk.dk This study was carried out on behalf of the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Education and Culture. Views expressed represent exclusively the positions of the authors and do not necessarily correspond to those of the European Commission. Contents Index 1. .......................................................................................................................... 2 2. 3. 4. Executive Summary................................................................................................. 4 1.1. Education Systems and Basic Skills................................................................. 4 1.2. Student Background Characteristics and Basic Skills.................................... 10 1.3. School Characteristics and Basic Skills ......................................................... 13 1.4. Individual Student Characteristics and Basic Skills....................................... 17 1.5. New Analysis and Data Collection Activities................................................ 19 Introduction............................................................................................................ 22 2.1. Objectives....................................................................................................... 22 2.2. Scope of the Study.......................................................................................... 24......

Words: 87738 - Pages: 351

Premium Essay

What Are Socioeconomic Factors Influencing Student Performance

...and Søren Teglgaard Jakobsen www.danishtechnology.dk jens.henrik.haahr@teknologisk.dk This study was carried out on behalf of the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Education and Culture. Views expressed represent exclusively the positions of the authors and do not necessarily correspond to those of the European Commission. Contents Index 1. .......................................................................................................................... 2 2. 3. 4. Executive Summary................................................................................................. 4 1.1. Education Systems and Basic Skills................................................................. 4 1.2. Student Background Characteristics and Basic Skills.................................... 10 1.3. School Characteristics and Basic Skills ......................................................... 13 1.4. Individual Student Characteristics and Basic Skills....................................... 17 1.5. New Analysis and Data Collection Activities................................................ 19 Introduction............................................................................................................ 22 2.1. Objectives....................................................................................................... 22 2.2. Scope of the Study.......................................................................................... 24 2.3...

Words: 87837 - Pages: 352

Premium Essay

Analysis of International Marketing

...3122-prelims.qxd 10/29/03 2:20 PM Page i International Human Resource Management 3122-prelims.qxd 10/29/03 2:20 PM Page ii 3122-prelims.qxd 10/29/03 2:20 PM Page iii second edition International Human Resource Management edited by A n n e - Wi l H a r z i n g J o r i s Va n R u y s s e v e l d t SAGE Publications London l Thousand Oaks l New Delhi 3122-prelims.qxd 10/29/03 2:20 PM Page iv © Anne-Wil Harzing and Joris van Ruysseveldt, 2004 First published 2004 Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of research or private study, or criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form, or by any means, only with the prior permission in writing of the publishers, or in the case of reprographic reproduction, in accordance with the terms of licences issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside those terms should be sent to the publishers. SAGE Publications Ltd 1 Olivers Yard London EC1Y 1SP SAGE Publications Inc 2455 Teller Road Thousand Oaks, California 91320 SAGE Publications India Pvt Ltd B-42, Panchsheel Enclave Post Box 4109 New Delhi 100 017 British Library Cataloguing in Publication data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library ISBN 0 7619 4039 1 ISBN 0 7619 4040 5 (pbk) Library of Congress Control......

Words: 205529 - Pages: 823

Premium Essay

Case Study on Outsorcing

...Panthon Sorbonne Centre d’Economie de la Sorbonne. ABSTRACT. The article is dealing in the first place with the definition of (offshore) outsourcing in relation with foreign direct investment and international subcontracting process, as well as with some connected issues such as fragmentation of the production process, international production relocation, de-industrialisation in developed countries and industrialisation in newly industrialising, now coined emerging countries. In the second place, it aims at finding how global strategy differentiates from traditional MNC strategies and how much outsourcing fits with such global strategy. The last section of the article briefly screens the economic impact of outsourcing on the world trade structure – with the two enlightening snapshots of global trade in sports goods and European Union 15’s outward processing trade with Central Eastern European countries (CEECs)-, as well as on home developed and host emerging countries. The article conclusion is that outsourcing has grown faster than world trade in the past two decades and has skyrocketed during the very last years because it is a cornerstone of a new global strategy adopted by multinational companies since the late 1980s. KEY WORDS: Offshoring, outsourcing, new strategy of multinational companies. JEL CLASIFICATION: F14, J23, L6. Conference on International Outsourcing and the European Union: Impact on the domestic market, scenarios and strategies, Madrid, 28-29......

Words: 14678 - Pages: 59

Free Essay

Business

...CHAPTER 1 ASSESSING THE ENVIRONMENT POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, LEGAL, TECHNOLOGICAL LECTURE OUTLINE General Outline Opening Profile: India Becoming a Crucial Cog in the Machine at I.B.M. The Global Business Environment Management in Focus: A Small Company, A Global Approach Regional Trading Blocks Comparative Management in Focus: Opening Economy Revitalizes India Information Technology The Globalization of Human Capital The Global Manager’s Role The Political and Economic Environment The Legal Environment The Technological Environment Chapter Discussion Questions Application Exercises Experiential Exercise End-of-Chapter Case Study: Under Pressure, Dubai Company Drops Port Deal Additional Cases: India: The Employment Black Hole? Mecca Cola Student Stimulation Questions and Exercises Opening Profile: India Becoming a Crucial Cog in Machine at I.B.M. The opening profile reports on the growing importance of India as a source of low-cost services in the IT market. The Indian labor market is attractive not only due to its low wages, but also because of the scientific and managerial talent found in the country. IBM’s Indian facility in Bangalore is now the company’s second largest worldwide operation. While IBM has laid off thousands of workers in the United States, its Indian operation has greatly increased employment. Some of IBM’s competitors have also begun to move their operations to India. The opening profile raises the question of......

Words: 96329 - Pages: 386

Premium Essay

Applied Business Unit 12

...INTERNATIONAL DIMENSIONS OF: COSTA COFFEE COFFEE AROMA * Acknowledgement | 3 | * Summary | 4 | * 12.1- Investigation of two businesses with international and European presence * Name of the organisation * Operating Profit * Main Activities * Legal Format * Type of Business * Target Market * Industry * Business Sector * Product Range * Aims and Objectives * Type of Competition * Similarities and Differences Between the Businesses * Why businesses become international * How businesses meet their aims and objectives by being international | 5 | * 12.2- Research and Analysis of the Factors for Business having an International presence * Strategic Objectives * Theory of Comparative Advantage * Impact on host country when business is setting up and trading * Incentives by host country to business * Impact of business activities on competitors, customers, suppliers and business itself * Effectiveness of international business | 26 | * 12.3- Explore the dynamics of international organizations on one chosen business in a globally competitive environment * How EU and WTO affect the international business * Benefits of membership * Limitations of membership | 30 | * 12.4- Examine and evaluate the growth and influence of multi-national operations * Why business have become international * Impacts on developed and developing countries * How wealth of multi-nationals influence host......

Words: 18368 - Pages: 74

Premium Essay

Report

...ISBN 978-92-64-04632-0 OECD Employment Outlook © OECD 2008 Chapter 3 The Price of Prejudice: Labour Market Discrimination on the Grounds of Gender and Ethnicity Despite some progress, there is still evidence of discrimination on the grounds of gender and ethnic or racial origins in OECD labour markets. Field experiments show pervasive ethnic discrimination in many countries. Indirect evidence shows that on average at least 8% of the gender employment gap and a larger proportion of the gender wage gap can be attributed to discrimination. Virtually all OECD countries have enacted anti-discrimination laws in recent decades, and evaluations as well as cross-country analysis suggest that, if well-designed, these laws can be effective in reducing disparities in labour market outcomes. However, enforcement of antidiscrimination legislation is essentially based on victims’ willingness to claim their rights. Thus, public awareness of legal rules and their expected consequences (notably, victims’ costs and benefits of lodging complaints) is a crucial element of an effective policy strategy to establish a culture of equal treatment. Moreover, legal rules are likely to have more impact if the enforcement is not exclusively dependent on individuals. In this respect, specific agencies may play a key role. 139 3. THE PRICE OF PREJUDICE: LABOUR MARKET DISCRIMINATION ON THE GROUNDS OF GENDER AND ETHNICITY Introduction Employment outcomes are far from being evenly......

Words: 38406 - Pages: 154

Premium Essay

The Effects of Corporate Governance Mechanism. a Case Study of Nigerian Listed Banks

...CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY The experience of business failure and financial scandals around the world brought about the need for good governance practices. The United States of American, Brazil, Canada, Germany, France, England, Nigeria all witnessed financial failures in the 90s and in the recent periods. This view was supported by Bell et al (2000), that the last 20 years witnessed several bank failures throughout the world. Financial distresses in most of these countries were attributed to a high incidence of non – performing loans, weak management and poor credit policy. In the view of Omankhanlen (2011), the development was said to have reflected the deterioration in the quality of credit facilities, coupled with the ongoing reclassification of bank assets. The banking institution occupies a vital position in the stability of the nation’s economy. It plays essential roles on fund mobilization, credit allocation, payment and settlement system as well as monetary policy implementation. Management is expected to exhibit good governance practices to ensure achievement of it objectives and avoid the consequences of failure leading to loss of confidence. This view was supported by Wilson (2006) that poor corporate governance can lead market to lose confidence in the inability of a bank to properly manage it assets and liability, including deposits which could in turn trigger a bank liquidity crisis. Oluyemi (2005) considered corporate......

Words: 11916 - Pages: 48

Premium Essay

The Economic Benefits of Environmental Policy

...VU University Amsterdam, Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM) Institute for Environmental Studies Vrije Universiteit De Boelelaan 1087 1081 HV AMSTERDAM The Netherlands Tel. ++31-20-5989 555 Fax. ++31-20-5989 553 E-mail: info@ivm.falw.vu.nl Internet: http://www.vu.nl/ivm vrije Universiteit amsterdam Contents Executive Summary 1. 2. 3. 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 4. 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 5. 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 6. 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 7. 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 8. 8.1 Introduction Environmental Policy and the Economy Environmental Policies and Productivity Description and background Policy instruments Review of evidence from the wider literature Evidence from examples and case studies Scale of economic benefits to date and assessment of the further potential Beneficiaries and timescale Environmental Policies and Innovation Description and background Policy instruments Review of evidence Examples and case studies Scale of economic benefits Beneficiaries and timescale Environmental Policies and Employment Description and background Policy instruments Review of evidence from the wider literature Evidence from examples and case studies Scale of economic benefits to date and assessment of the further potential Beneficiaries and timescale Environmental Policies and the Balance of Trade Description and background Policy instruments Review of evidence from the wider literature Evidence from examples and case studies Scale of economic benefits to date and assessment of...

Words: 78697 - Pages: 315

Premium Essay

Explaining and Tackling the Shadow Economy in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania: a Tax Morale Approach

...link to this article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1406099X.2015.1114714 © 2015 The author(s). Published by Routledge Published online: 12 Nov 2015. Submit your article to this journal Article views: 1004 View related articles View Crossmark data Full Terms & Conditions of access and use can be found at http://www.tandfonline.com/action/journalInformation?journalCode=rbec20 Download by: [95.158.49.18] Date: 20 April 2016, At: 09:43 Baltic Journal of Economics, 2015 Vol. 15, No. 2, 81–98, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1406099X.2015.1114714 Explaining and tackling the shadow economy in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania: a tax morale approach Colin C. Williamsa* a and Ioana A. Horodnicb Management School, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK; bFaculty of Economics and Business Administration, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Iași, Romania Downloaded by [95.158.49.18] at 09:43 20 April 2016 (Received 26 November 2014; accepted 28 October 2015) To explain the shadow economy in the Baltic states of Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia, this paper evaluates the relationship between the shadow economy and tax morale. Viewing tax morale as a measure of the symmetry between the codified laws and regulations of formal institutions (state morality) and the unwritten socially shared rules of informal institutions (civic...

Words: 9995 - Pages: 40

Premium Essay

Study on Jewel Sector in India

...EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF INDIA OCCASIONAL PAPER NO. 138 INDIAN GEMS AND JEWELLERY: A SECTOR STUDY EXIM Bank’s Occasional Paper Series is an attempt to disseminate the findings of research studies carried out in the Bank. The results of research studies can interest exporters, policy makers, industrialists, export promotion agencies as well as researchers. However, views expressed do not necessarily reflect those of the Bank. While reasonable care has been taken to ensure authenticity of information and data, EXIM Bank accepts no responsibility for authenticity, accuracy or completeness of such items. © Export-Import Bank of India Published by Quest Publications February 2010 CONTENTS Page No. List of Tables List of Exhibits List of Boxes Executive Summary 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Introduction Raw Material Base: Global scenario International Trade in Precious Metals, Gems and Jewellery Profile of Select Countries Status of Precious Metals, Gems and Jewellery Industry in India Market Analysis Challenges and Strategies World Gold Demand Production of Diamond in the World and in India World Exports and Imports (2007) of Select Precious Metals, Gems and Jewellery India’s Major Export Destinations and Import Source Countries of Precious Metals, Gems and Jewellery (2008-09) Members of Kimberley Process 5 7 9 11 30 32 41 47 61 84 93 108 109 110 113 116 Annexure Project Team: Mr. S. Prahalathan, General Manager, Research & Planning Group Ms. Renuka Vijay...

Words: 35353 - Pages: 142

Free Essay

Havard Case

...had had a heavily € oversubscribed Initial Public Offering in May 2001. Over the next 12 months, its stock price increased by nearly 50%—despite bearish stock market conditions—to push its market valuation to € 13.4 € billion. The high stock price made Inditex’s founder, Amancio Ortega, who had begun to work in the apparel trade as an errand boy half a century earlier, Spain’s richest man. However, it also implied a significant growth challenge. Based on one set of calculations, for example, 76% of the equity value implicit in Inditex’s stock price was based on expectations of future growth—higher than an estimated 69% for Wal-Mart or, for that matter, other high-performing retailers.1 The next section of this case briefly describes the structure of the global apparel chain, from producers to final customers. The section that follows profiles three of Inditex’s leading international competitors in apparel retailing: The Gap (U.S.), Hennes & Mauritz (Sweden), and Benetton (Italy). The rest of the case focuses on Inditex, particularly the business system and international expansion of the Zara chain that dominated its results. The Global Apparel Chain The global apparel chain had been characterized as a prototypical example of a buyer-driven...

Words: 15358 - Pages: 62

Premium Essay

International Marketing

...8' 394 HF5415.1 ISBN 0 471 27987 0 Typeset by Pintail Studios Ltd., Ringwood, Hampshire Printed in the United States of America Contents Preface ....................................................................................... ix 1. Introduction A CHALLENGE ......................................................................................... 1 MARKETS FOR INDUSTRIAL GOODS ...................................................... 1 BENEFITS OF STABILITY AND OBSTACLES TO CHANGE IN INDUSTRIAL MARKETS ....................................................................... 3 IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTITIONERS ..................................................... 4 Marketing Management ....................................................................... 5 Purchasing Management ...................................................................... 5 Industrial Policy...

Words: 177248 - Pages: 709