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Sasa

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The Spaniards integrated into the Filipino society their religion , language, customs, arts and sciences.

➢ bahay na bato ( bahay na mestiza) .

➢ Reduccion - resettlement of the inhabitants in Spanish –style poblaciones –or at least- bajo de las campanas.

SOCIAL CLASSES ▪ Españoles – with both Spanish parents ▪ Españoles peninsulares – born in the Spanish peninsula ▪ Españoles insulares or Filipinos – born in the colony

▪ Mestizos de sangley – Chinese mestizos ▪ Mestizos de español – Spanish mestizos

▪ Indios or indios naturales – natives without Spanish or chinese ancestry.

Religious orders that arrived in the Philippines: Augustinians, Dominicans, Franciscans, and Jesuits. • Fray Domingo de Salazar (Order of Preacher) – first Bishop of Manila. • Fray Ignacio de Santibañez ( Franciscan) – first Archbishop of Manila.

Tomas Pinpin – first Filipino printer Wrote the first published Tagalog book titled : Librong Pag-aralan nang manga Tagalog nang uicang Castilla ( Book that the Tagalogs Should Study to Learn Spanish) for the benefit of unlettered Filipinos in the Spanish language.

➢ In 1582 , Archbishop Domingo Salazar ordered that every town was to have one school for boys and one for girls. ➢ Subjects taught: catechism, reading and writing in dialect, music, the rudiments of aritchmetic , and trades and industries.

➢ College of Manila > College of San Ignacio > University of San Ignacio ( 1621) – first college for boys founded by the Jesuits in 1589. However, it was closed in 1768.

➢ Colegio de Nuestra Señora del Santissimo Rosario later renamed Universidad de Santo Tomas ( in 1645 by Pope Innocent X) was established in 1611 by Fray Miguel de Benavides , the third archbishop of Manila. ➢ Colegio de San Juan de Letran – established by the Dominican order to...

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