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Schizophrenia

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Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a disorder which affects how a person thinks, feels and acts. Someone with schizophrenia may have difficulty distinguishing between what is real, and what is imaginary. They may seem to be withdrawn, or have difficulty expressing normal emotions in social situations. In contrast to common stereotypes with schizophrenia the risk of violence towards others is small.
Schizophrenia can cause behaviors, and they may be different for each individual. It can cause people to hear voices, hallucinate, or believe other people are controlling their thoughts. They may have trouble organizing their thoughts, or may feel as if their mind is racing from one unrelated thought to another. Many people with this disorder have difficulties maintaining basic hygiene, or keeping a organized home. It also can cause repetitive behaviors such as pacing. These behaviors can be frightening, and often lead to irrational behaviors.
Schizophrenia affects men and women at the same rate, and occurs almost equally in all ethnic groups around the world. Symptoms usually begin between ages 16 and 30. The onset tends to be earlier in men, than in women. This disorder rarely begins during childhood, or after the age of 45. People with schizophrenia in their family may have a higher risk for being diagnosed with this illness. The exact cause of schizophrenia is still unknown. Although scientists recognize that this disorder tends to run in families, and that a person inherits a tendency to develop the disease. Schizophrenia may also be triggered by environmental events, such as viral infections or highly stressful situations or a combination of both. This illness sometimes appears when the body undergoes hormonal and physical changes, like those that occur during puberty. Genetics help to determine how the brain uses certain chemicals. People with...

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