Free Essay

Science of Toys

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By galinganal
Words 657
Pages 3
Introduction
The String Toy is so old that its beginnings are unknown. It is also called either Thread Spinner or Whirling Button. Fortunately for us, that makes the toy quite easy to make. It is an ancient mechanical device used for ceremonial purposes and as a toy. It is an object in the middle of a cord and can be made to buzz by winding the cord while keeping the end stationary. The object moves by pulling and releasing the tension on the cord. The most common way that it was made was with a large button and some string.

History of the toy
As children in the 1950's, this was a favorite toy. It is interactive and although it doesn't seem to do much, the hypnotic whirring and the pulling to keep it moving kept us busy for a long time. There are several different kinds of spinning tops. In East Asia the conventional way of spinning the top is by using a string. By the late 16th century, tops like these were being used by adults in Britain. The Museum has a varied collection of spinning tops, humming tops and gyroscopes. A number of optical toys was developed in the early 19th century and it is used as spinning to create moving pictures. One of these is the zoetrope invented in 1834. It consists of a metal drum pierced by a series of thin vertical slots. Paper strips, depicting a moving figure or object, are placed inside. When the child spins the drum and looks through the slots, the pictures appear to move. This is due to the principle of “persistence of vision”; the brain remembers what the eye has seen for a fraction of a second and so “pieces together” the separate pictures.

How to make a Button-String Toy?
Note: You can make spinner by using either button or bottle cups. 1. Find a large button and some strong string, and you’re halfway to making this toy. If you not have button, you can use bottle caps as substitution for the button but you will need a hammer and a nail to create holes in the bottle caps. 2. The button should be about 2 in (5 cm) in diameter. 3. Thread the string through and form a loop about 15 in (38 cm) long. 4. Place one finger of each hand in either end of the loop and twirl the button so that the string twists. 5. After the string has twisted, jerk both fingers away from the mutton and hold them still. The string will unwind and then wind itself up in the opposite direction.
Commercial Status of Toys
Because of the discovery of Button-String Toy, the not only the children are interested in this toy but also the scientists especially physicist who specializes physics’ concepts. Scientists are interested in study this toy because they want to figure out what are the possible mechanisms behind this toy. The children is also interested to buy this toy because they want to have fun and to test what are features does this toy have.

Mechanisms
Once you get the rhythm of the motion, you can keepit up for some time. This toy may not sound like much fun when you read about it,but when you play with it, you’ll find it almost hypnotic and difficult to put down. The button acts as a flywheel. But in this toy, it stores its spinning energy in the string by twisting it. When the string is winding up, it is storing potential energy, energy that can be converted to motion at some time in the future. When you jerk on the string, the potential energy is converted to motion, or, to be precise, kinetic energy: that is, the button spins in the other direction. Once the string has unwound, the button continues spinning, and the kinetic energy begins changing back into potential energy.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Affection of Reinforcement Schedule to Pet Training

...According to B. F. Skinner (Science and Human Behavior, 1965), the Operant Conditioning is the process by which a response becomes more or less likely to occur depending on its consequences. The schedule of reinforcement is an important component of learning process under the Operant Conditioning. I would like to apply this theory on the 2 dogs with same age in 2 different educating situation.  The 2 objects of study are Yorkshire Terrier in my cousin’s home and Toy Poodle in ours. The Yorkshire Terrier was educated under random schedule, while the Toy Poodle was educated under continuous reinforcement schedule.  While house training the Yorkshire Terrier and Toy Poodle, classical conditioning was applied. In order to communicate the command and action to the 2 objects, we applied the motivational training. Motivational training engages the use of rewards to strengthen good performance, and overlooks all bad behavior (Marlo Shelby, 1999). It is based on Thorndike's Law of Effect (Burch Mary R. and Jon S. Bailey, 1999), which states that actions that generate rewards tend to increase in regularity and actions that do not generate rewards decrease in frequency. We brought both Yorkshire Terrier and Toy Poodle into the cage while saying the command “House” then gave them snacks, after that we reward them with snacks whenever they get into the cage. Both Yorkshire Terrier and Toy Poodle learnt to get to the cage with the command “House”. After learning the command,......

Words: 659 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Passion for Learning

...July 26, 2011 Submitted By Case Group – 2J: Arit Kumar Mondal  1011084 Rajarshi Sarma 1011194 Nirupam Das 1011258 TOY DISTRIBUTION INDUSTRY IN USA The toy distribution industry in USA is dominated by top five retailers (50% market share). Sales are seasonal towards the last quarter of the calendar year. The industry is attractive and the per capita contribution to toys is increasing. There has been a growing interest in the educational toys segment where educational value is the primary purchase driver. DIRECT MAIL INDUSTRY In 1993, over 40% of the Americans used mailed catalogs for purchases. Catalog consumers were well educated and had high incomes. Catalog sales were driven by mailing size, response rate & average order amount. Volume discounts, coupons & free gifts served as incentives. New products were extremely important in children’s catalog. CHALLENGES FOR PASSION FOR LEARNING (PFL) PFL’S market positioning is of a direct-mail company offering 100% educational products for 6-12 year old children. Its first catalog mail in 1994 resulted in a disappointing response rate of 0.77% which resulted in a loss of $145000 on revenues of $54000. There was also increasing competition from specialty chains focused on educational toys and big discount retailers. The firm also faces immediate challenge of designing its 1995 holiday catalog. Repositioning of the firm with the objective of breakeven in the......

Words: 1153 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Challenge of Advertising to Children

...Young Consumers The challenge of advertising to children Winston Fletcher Article information: Downloaded by NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY ISLAMABAD At 03:26 16 September 2015 (PT) To cite this document: Winston Fletcher, (2004),"The challenge of advertising to children", Young Consumers, Vol. 5 Iss 2 pp. 11 - 15 Permanent link to this document: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/17473610410814102 Downloaded on: 16 September 2015, At: 03:26 (PT) References: this document contains references to 0 other documents. To copy this document: permissions@emeraldinsight.com The fulltext of this document has been downloaded 2431 times since 2006* Users who downloaded this article also downloaded: Margaret-Anne Lawlor, Andrea Prothero, (2008),"Exploring children's understanding of television advertising – beyond the advertiser's perspective", European Journal of Marketing, Vol. 42 Iss 11/12 pp. 1203-1223 http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/03090560810903646 Chris Preston, (2005),"Advertising to children and social responsibility", Young Consumers, Vol. 6 Iss 4 pp. 61-67 http:// dx.doi.org/10.1108/17473610510701322 Railton M. Hill, (2006),"Advertiser satisfaction with advertising agency creative product", European Journal of Marketing, Vol. 40 Iss 11/12 pp. 1254-1270 http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/03090560610702803 Access to this document was granted through an Emerald subscription provided by emerald-srm:543672 [] For Authors If you would like to write for this,......

Words: 2764 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Lego Marketing Analysis

...create simple four and eight stud building blocks. Today, LEGO has turned into one of the most famous toy brands in the world. The aim of this case study essay is to asses the macro and micro environment in which LEGO is performing today. Micro Marketing Environment The micro marketing environment is defined as “the forces close to the company that affect its ability to serve its customers – the company, market channel, firms, customer markets, competitors and publics, which combine to make the firm’s value delivery system” (Kotler, Wong, Saunders and Armstrong, 2005) One of the most notable things concerning the micro environment of LEGO is that it is viewed as a strong brand. It been part of the toy market for so long, that grandparents and parents can remember playing with the toy as a child, and so often feel they have a relationship or bond with the product. The brand has also infiltrated many markets world-wide, and its fame is instrumental in its continued success. The case study states, it’s the only European company to enter the worlds Top Ten toy manufacturers. The product also has a unique selling point. The toy of LEGO is aiming to capture a creative imagination and also enable it to stand out in the market of dolls, cars, computer games etc. It is promoted as a “system of play”, which can be a strong selling point when trying to compete with educational toys. Another positive aspect of the micro environment of LEGO is the broad of products it sells......

Words: 2439 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

New York City

...New York, 1984 [Copy-edited and spell-checked by Scott Atkins, September 1995. Tagged in html, October 1995.] TOYS French toys: one could not find a better illustration of the fact that the adult Frenchman sees the child as another self. All the toys one commonly sees are essentially a microcosm of the adult world; they are all reduced copies of human objects, as if in the eyes of the public the child was, all told, nothing but a smaller man, a homunculus to whom must be supplied objects of his own size. Invented forms are very rare: a few sets of blocks, which appeal to the spirit of do-it-yourself, are the only ones which offer dynamic forms. As for the others, French toys always mean something, and this something is always entirely socialized, constituted by the myths or the techniques of modern adult life: the Army, Broadcasting, the Post Office, Medicine (miniature instrument-cases, operating theaters for dolls), School, Hair-Styling (driers for permanent-waving), the Air Force (Parachutists), Transport (trains, Citroens, Vedettes, Vespas, petrol-stations), Science (Martian toys). The fact that French toys literally prefigure the world of adult functions obviously cannot but prepare the child to accept them all, by constituting for him, even before he can think about it, the alibi of a Nature which has at all times created soldiers, postmen and Vespas. Toys here reveal the list of all the things the adult does not find unusual: war, bureaucracy, ugliness,......

Words: 874 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Technology Transfer

...Industrial Promotion and Technology Branch TECHNOLOGY PAPER SERIES 6/05 Technology Transfer and Trade: The Toy Industry in India UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION I N D U S T R I A L P R O M OT I O N A N D T EC H N O LO GY B R A N C H Technology Transfer and Trade: The Toy Industry in India TECHNOLOGY PAPER SERIES TPS 6/05 December 2005 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Vienna, 2005 UNIDO Industrial Promotion and Technology Branch Technology Paper Series TPS No. 6/2005 December 2005 Technology Transfer & Trade in Toy Industry of India Copyright © 2004 by United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) The designati ons employed and the presentation of the material in this document do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The responsibility for options expressed rests solely with the authors, and publication does not constitute an endorsement by UNIDO of the opinions expressed. This document has been produced without formal editing. The views expressed in this report do not necessarily reflect the views of the Secretariat of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization. Any indication of, or reference to, a country,......

Words: 7419 - Pages: 30

Premium Essay

Management Report

...steady growth, global toy industry has attracted many research in studying this field, in which one of the largest toy manufacturers Mattel Inc. suffered from a recall scandal in 2007. This essay directs at exploring reasons that lead to Mattel’s operation failure in this scandal regarding two key frameworks in global operation management, namely, supply chain management and quality management. Providing potential recommendations to prevent or react to supply chain failure as well. 1.1. U.S. toy industry According to Statista (2016), the U.S. toy industry amounted to $43.1 billion in 2015. It was projected to reach $45.02 billion by 2016. By means of global supply chains, U.S. enormous demand for toys is satisfied. For example, most toys sold in the U.S. are designed in the U.S., but approximately eighty percent of those sold in the U.S. are manufactured in China (Boyle, 2015). The main characteristics of toy industry are ‘volatility’ and ‘seasonality’ (Wong & Johansen, 2005). Roughly seventy percent of toy sales occur in the final three months of the year, in which families conduct bulk purchase as gifts to children for Christmas. Therefore, during early months of a year when demand for toys are considerably lower, toy manufacturers face problems with much of the unutilized capacity. They also need to appropriately adapt capacity so as to meet the dramatically soared customer demand during the final quarter of the year because of toy industry’s high......

Words: 2770 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Feasibilty Study

...CHRIST THE KING COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Jaysons Bldg.#12 National Road., Putatan, Muntinlupa City Tel Nos. 862-6930 – 403-2581 A Project Feasibility Study presented to the Faculty of Business Administration In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Bachelor of Science in Business Administration major in Financial Management by September , 2013 APPROVAL SHEET In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the course Bachelor of Science in Business Administration. this study entitled Feasibility Study. has been prepared and submitted by: Jason E. Margahal Isabela B. Lubong Bernadeth I. Deres Rochelle A. Flavier Ailie P. Marinas Muriel B. Butay Whose grade for the paper is_____________. Project Study Moderator Accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Science in Business Administration Teresita S. Dones Dr. Rey S. Guevarra Chairman, Dean, Department of Business Administration Academic Affairs Introduction of the project * Title/Name of the project * The name of our project proposal/business proposal is “Jr. Bia Child Care Center”. The history of this name is come from our first and last name. “J” Stands for Jason, “r” for Rochelle, “B” for Bernadeth and Butay which is the last name of Muriel...

Words: 5386 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Being a Teenager

...Packaging is the science, art, and technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use. Packaging also refers to the process of design, evaluation, and production of packages. Packaging can be described as a coordinated system of preparing goods for transport, warehousing, logistics, sale, and end use. Packaging contains, protects, preserves, transports, informs, and sells. In many countries it is fully integrated into government, business, institutional, industrial, and personal use. Effectivepackaging design breaks away from the standard rules and conventions that we are accustomed to, giving the product a unique edge to stand out from the rest.  In today’s modern and competitive retail market world, you only have one chance to make a first impression. Make that first impression a creative and memorable one, with a eye-catching design that will capture consumers attention soon. So, I have rounded up 20 beautiful toy packaging designs inspiration for your next next design project or just for some fresh ideas. 5. Coarse False Friends in Pain Toy Packaging Designs Inspiration Designed bycoarse The level of production and attention to detail that coarse puts into their packaging never ceases to amaze me. For Coarse False Friends in Pain the two hurt 13 inch resin figures are packed apart in individual wooden screen-printed boxes (standing and fallen) to underline the dramatic incident that irrevocably changed the friends’ lives. To......

Words: 438 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Spin Master Toys

...Spin Master Toys (A): Finding a Manufacturer for E-Chargers 1. What is your assessment of the process that Spin Masters has used to get to this point? 2. As Alex Perez, which of the two potential suppliers would you choose? Why? 3. Discuss an implementation plan for your decision.  Summary Spin Master Toys of Toronto, Ontario, a company who had been successful in creating fad items was about to roll out a new line of airplanes that were going to be powered by electricity called E-Chargers. With a delivery date to the retailers of December 7, 1999, they were now trying to decide from which supplier to purchase the design and production of this rollout. They had investigated a number of suppliers and managed to narrowed it down to two, Wah Shing and Wai Lung. They had to make a choice quickly. Analysis Evolution Anton Rabie, Ronnen Harary and Ben Varadi all graduated from The University of Western Ontario. Varadi and Rabie from the Ivey Business School and Harary from political Science. They all chose not to go into the corporate world and pursued their own dreams by creating successful fad items. Some of those items were Grow-Things, Earth Buddy, Radical Reptiles and many more. In 1996 Spin Master rolled out its Air Hogs line of compressed-air-powered planes which they manufactured in China. Before they decided to do it, it took them time to digest the idea, they thought it was too ambitious. After their success with Air Hogs, they......

Words: 1203 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Colo

...meaning to everything we see. As Human our color vision influences everything from our art and poetry to the colors we paint our homes and the clothing we choose to buy. Colors distinguish a thing from the other. Colors determine our emotions. Pablo Picasso once quoted, “Colors like features follow the changes of the emotions”. Do you feel happy in a yellow room? Does the color blue make you feel calm and relaxed? Artist and interior designers have already proven how color can dramatically affect moods, feelings and emotions. Color is a powerful tool when it comes to communication and can be used to signal action, influence mood and cause physiological reactions. How color affects the effectiveness of the business? Marketing is a science of satisfying human wants and needs. When this filed acquires the principles of color psychology, it would be a great help for the marketers influence consumer behavior. Since color is an n important factor in the visual appearance of the products as well as in brand recognition, color has become important to marketing. Color is a very influential source of information when people are making purchase decision. This paper aims to answer the questions-How colors influence consumer behavior? How...

Words: 4107 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Kinder Joy Eggs

...crispy chocolate. Additionally, surprised toys that comes with Kinder JOY are  the second benefit that young consumer should feel interested in. Kinder JOY is not only an special chocolate which contains rich in milk and hazelnuts but this product is also made without artificial colours and preservatives so it is healthy and safe for consumers. Once purchasing Kinder JOY, consumer will get a random surprised toy which is colorful and attractive. Toys is packed into a half of the egg and comes with a instruction paper which makes the toy become more interesting. Moreover, Kinder Joy's chocolate candies come in only one model and taste the same all around the world which have creamy chocolate and toys set separately in two parts of the egg. However, toys that come with Kinder Joy is usually updated according to market trends. These Kinder Joy Eggs are sold through retail distribution channels so most  Kinder Joy's customers are who use direct products and non-business purpose. In addition, the products contain chocolate with toys so not many adults would be likely to purchase a piece of chocolate and get free small unsuitable toys for their age. As a result, most customers of Kinder Joy are children or the parents buying it for their children. If the consumers can not find Kinder Joy, they can still buy substitute products ,such as: OZO chocolate. Kinder Joy Eggs which is one of the first chocolate products which come with special toys for children were produced for the......

Words: 2756 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Psych

...2010). Emotions such as smile on the other hand can teach infant positive association attached to a smile that we adults can feel. Learning to smile and what is meant by a smile is a process, just like learning how to walk (Ainsworth 1999). Even though infants smiles, it may seem like they are happy. They probably are, but infants also learn the joy of smile by sharing it with someone else by mimicking their parents or strangers joy when they see an infant. Take for instance when a baby receives a toy as a gift from a parent. An infant would smile upon receiving a toy and would look at the parent with smile. With this anticipatory smile the child will keep smiling as long as the parents keep smiling because they are mimicking what the parents are doing. But if the parents makes a sad face while the baby makes an anticipatory smile, the baby will most likely do the same and make a sad face even though the baby received a toy. Infants are getting aware of their social world. They are learning from the environments around them the reason to smile and what that smile is associated with....

Words: 318 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Theory of Mind

...Does theory of mind develop gradually or is there a radical conceptual shift between the ages of 3 and 4 years? Explain how research evidence supports your views. From an evolutionary perspective, the complex and highly functional psychological abilities can be seen as a product of a continuous adaptation process. Well-developed mental skills form the basis of humans complex and advanced mental functioning, both interpersonal and intrapsychologically. One of these advanced mental abilities is the capability to attribute emotions, intentions and knowledge within yourself and others (Flavell, 2004). This is a form of social cognition or a mental understanding that within developmental psychology is termed “Theory of Mind”. It is often said that children start to develop a “Theory of Mind” at the age between 3 to 5 years (Premack & Woodruff, 1978), but scientists have always had different views and opinions about when and how Theory of Mind develops. Some researchers believe that this development happens gradually, while others believe there is a conceptual shift between the ages of 3 and 4. I will in this essay evaluate and discuss the different viewpoints with the support of previous research evidence. Within the theory of mind approach, the ability to attribute mental states to others is considered evidence for children having developed a psychological understanding of the mind as representational – that is, they have realised that what is in the mind is only a......

Words: 2093 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Helping Your Child Learn Science

...Helping Your Child Learn Science U.S. Department of Education Margaret Spellings Secretary First published in September 1992. Revised in 2004 and 2005. This booklet is in the public domain. Authorization to reproduce it in whole or in part for educational purposes is granted. While permission to reprint this publication is not necessary, the citation should be: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Communications and Outreach, Helping Your Child Learn Science, Washington, D.C., 2005. To order copies of this publication in English or Spanish, write to: ED Pubs Education Publications Center U.S. Department of Education P.O. Box 1398 Jessup, MD 20794-1398; or fax your request to: (301) 470-1244; or e-mail your request to: edpubs@inet.ed.gov. or call in your request toll-free: 1-877-433-7827 (1-877-4-ED-PUBS). If 877 is not yet available in your area, call 1-800-872-5327 (1-800-USA-LEARN). Those who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) or a teletypewriter (TTY), should call 1-800-437-0833. or order online at: www.edpubs.org/webstore/Content/search.asp This publication is also available on the Department’s Web site at: www.ed.gov/parents/academic/help/hyc.html On request, this publication is available in alternate formats, such as Braille, large print, audiotape, or computer diskette. For more information, please contact the Department’s Alternate Format Center at (202) 260-9895 or (202) 205-0818. Children’s books and magazines are mentioned in this......

Words: 15638 - Pages: 63