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NATIONAL SERVICE TRAINING PROGRAM
What is the National Service Training Program (NSTP) law?
NSTP law or otherwise known as Republic Act 9163, is a program aimed at:
Enhancing civic consciousness and defense preparedness in the youth
Developing the ethics of service and patriotism while undergoing training in any of its three (3) program components
Enhancing the youth’s active contribution to the general welfare.
What are the program components of NSTP?
Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (ROTC)
Literacy Training Service (LTS)
Civic Welfare Training Service (CWTS)
Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (ROTC)
Designed to provide military training to tertiary level students in order to motivate, train, organize and mobilize them for national defense preparedness.
Literacy Training Service (LTS)
Designed to train the students to teach literacy and numeracy skills to children, out-of-school youth and other segments of society in need of their services.
Civic Welfare Training Service (CWTS)
Refers to activities contributory to the general welfare and the betterment of life for the members of the community, or the enhancement of its facilities specially those devoted to improving health, education, environment, entrepreneurship, safety, recreation and moral of the citizenry and other social welfare services.
Who shall take the NSTP?
All incoming freshmen students, male and female, enrolled in any baccalaureate courses (and in at least two (2)-year technical-vocational or associate courses), are required to complete one (1) NSTP component of their choice as a graduation requirement.
Since when has the NSTP been implemented?
The NSTP has been implemented since the start of school year 2002-2003.
How is the NSTP taken up?
Each of the NSTP components is undertaken for an academic period of two (2) semesters and is credited for three (3) units per semester with fifty four (54) to ninety (90) training hours per semester.
What if I cannot take the NSTP during regular semester?
A one-summer program in lieu of the two (2)-semester program may be designed, formulated and adopted by DND, CHED and TESDA, subject to the capability of the school and the AFP to handle the same.
Are currently-enrolled students covered by the NSTP law?
Male students currently enrolled but have not taken any program component of the previous Expanded ROTC (E-ROTC)/National Service Program (NSP) are covered by the NSTP.
What will become of NSTP graduates?
Graduates of the non-ROTC components shall belong to the National Service Reserve Corps (NSRC) which could be tapped by the State for literacy and civic welfare activities.
Graduates of the ROTC component shall form part of the AFP Citizen Armed Force, subject to DND requirements.
Who is responsible in supervising the NSTP to students?
School authorities shall exercise academic and administrative supervision over the design, formulation, adoption and implementation of the different NSP components in their respective schools.
In case of ROTC, the school authorities and DND shall exercise joint supervision over its implementation.
What lead agencies will monitor the implementation of the NSTP?
CHED regional offices, TESDA provincial and district offices and DND-AFP through major service reserve commands and their ROTC units shall oversee and monitor the implementation of the NSTP under their respective jurisdiction to determine if the trainings conducted are in consonance with this Act.
GUIDELINES FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE NATIONAL SERVICE RESERVE CORPS (NSRC)
Background
Section 11 of RA 9163 or the National Service Training Program Act of 2001 specifically provides for the creation of a National Reserve Corps (NSRC), composed of graduate of the non-ROTC Components: CWTS and LTS.
Members of the NSRC may be tapped by the State for literacy and civic welfare activities, through the joint efforts of DND, CHED and TESDA.
The National Service Reserve Corps (NSRC)
MISSION
To provide a trained and motivated manpower pool that can be tapped by the State for civic welfare, literacy and other similar endeavors in the service of nation
The National Service Reserve Corps (NSRC)
FUNCTIONS
Assist in the disaster preparedness, mitigation, response and rehabilitation programs
Serve as an auxiliary to the Disaster Coordinating Council (DCC) response units
Assist in the promotion of civic welfare activities
The National Service Reserve Corps (NSRC)
FUNCTIONS
Assist in the implementation of literacy programs
Assist in socio-economic development
Assist in environmental protection
Perform other similar endeavors

NATIONAL SECURITY SITUATION IN THE PHILIPPINES

AFP Overview
The Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) consists of a 66,000-member army; a 24,000-member navy, including 7,500 marines; and a 16,000-member air force. Active forces are supplemented by 131,000 reserves.
A joint service command covers five military areas.
The 6,000-member National Capital Region Command, established in November 2003, is responsible for protecting the government against coup attempts.
The president of the republic is commander in chief of the armed forces.
Foreign Military Relations he United States and the Philippines have a mutual defense treaty that has been in effect since 1952, but it does not extend to territorial disputes involving the Spratly Islands. In 2003 the United States designated the Philippines as a major non-North Atlantic Treaty Organization ally. Total U.S. military assistance to the Philippines rose from US$38 million in 2001 to US$114 million in 2003 and a projected US$164 million in 2005, which would make the Philippines the fourth largest recipient of U.S. foreign military assistance.
Australia reportedly also a major source of military assistance.
External Threat
Defense Budget the defense budget for 2005 totaled US$840 million, or 5 percent of the proposed government budget of US$16.5 billion.
Almost half of the defense budget was designated for the army. Viewed another way, 80 percent of the budget was slated for personnel and almost the entire remaining amount, for maintenance and operating expenses.
Thus, less than 1 percent was available for desperately needed procurement
Major Military Units
The army has eight light infantry divisions, one special operations command, five engineering battalions, one artillery regiment at headquarters, one presidential security group, and three light-reaction companies.
The navy has two commands—Fleet and Marine Corps. Navy bases are located at Sangley Point/Cavite, Zamboanga, and Cebu. The air force is organized into headquarters and five commands: air defense, tactical operations, air education and training, air logistics and supply, and air reserves.
Major Military Equipment
The army is equipped with 65 light tanks, 85 armored infantry fighting vehicles, and 370 armored personnel carriers, as well as towed artillery, mortars, recoilless launchers, and several small aircraft.
The navy is equipped with one frigate; 58 patrol and coastal combatants; 7 amphibious ships, plus about 39 amphibious craft; and 11 support and miscellaneous vessels.
Major Military Equipment
However, in April 2003 the armed forces chief of staff stated that only 56 percent of the navy’s vessels were operational. Naval aviation has six transport aircraft and four search-and-rescue helicopters.
The air force has 36 combat aircraft and 25 armed helicopter
Military Service
The Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) is an all-volunteer force. The minimum age for service is 20 years.
Paramilitary Forces
Paramilitary forces include the civilian Philippine National Police (under the Department of Interior and Local Government), with an estimated 115,000 personnel; the Coast Guard (run by the navy but technically part of the Department of Transportation and Communications), numbering 3,500; and local citizen armed militias, the Civilian Armed Forces Geographical Units (CAFGUs) estimated to number 40,000–82,000
Foreign Military Forces the Philippines has participated in a variety of United Nations (UN)-sponsored peacekeeping missions, most recently the UN Mission in Burundi, the UN Mission of Support in East Timor, the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti, the UN Mission in Ivory Coast, and the UN Mission in Liberia.
The Philippines also participated in United States-led operations in Iraq, with troops involved in humanitarian assistance starting in August 2003.
However, the Philippines decided to withdraw its small force in July 2004 when insurgents took a Filipino truck driver hostage
Police
The Department of Interior and Local Government oversees the Philippine National Police (PNP), which has an active force of about 115,000.
The PNP, which had been entrusted with internal security in 1996, lost this role two years later, when the Armed Forces of the Philippines—particularly the army—reasserted its lead role in internal security.
In September 2002, the PNP regained some of its authority when it was allowed to form a counterinsurgency task force in northeast Mindanao. Meanwhile, the army established a parallel task force in southwest Mindanao.
Internal Threat
Insurgencies by various Islamic terrorist and separatist groups and the communist New People’s Army pose a significant internal threat.
In response to this situation and the global war on terrorism, the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) has been restructured to combat domestic insurgencies, most of which are based on the southern island of Mindanao: the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), the Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG), Jemaah Islamiyah, and the Communist Party of the Philippines’ New People’s Army (NPA).
In addition, the loyalty of the military to the government remains in doubt, following an unsuccessful coup by a renegade faction of the AFP in July 2003.
Terrorism
The Philippines faces an indigenous terrorist threat from several organizations: the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), the Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG), Jemaah Islamiyah (JI), and the communist New People’s Army (NPA). The MILF and ASG, which aspire to establish an Islamic state on Mindanao, are reputed to have links to al Qaeda. The MILF, which has engaged in sporadic peace negotiations with the government and has some moderate elements, is the largest of the groups, with about 10,000 to 11,000 soldiers.
Terrorism
The more militant ASG, after being forced to abandon its stronghold on the island of Basilan by the Armed Forces of the Philippines, has regrouped on Jolo. About 400 guerrillas now are affiliated with the group, about half the original level before its confrontation with the Philippine military.
Jemaah Islamiyah, an al Qaeda affiliate active in Indonesia but with branches across Southeast Asia, allegedly failed to execute plans to bomb ceremonies marking the inauguration of the new Philippine government in June 2004.
The NPA, the military wing of the Communist Party of the Philippines, has about 3,000 guerrillas on Mindanao.
Human Rights
According to a U.S. Department of State report released in March 2006, Philippine security forces have been responsible for serious human rights abuses despite the efforts of civilian authorities to control them.
The report found that although the government generally respected human rights, some security forces elements—particularly the Philippine National Police—practiced extrajudicial killings, vigilantism, disappearances, torture, and arbitrary arrest and detention in their battle against criminals and terrorists.
Prison conditions were harsh, and the slow judicial process as well as corrupt police, judges, and prosecutors impaired due process and the rule of law. Besides criminals and terrorists, human rights activists, left-wing political activists, and Muslims were sometimes the victims of improper police conduct.
Violence against women and abuse of children remained serious problems, and some children were pressed into slave labor and prostitution.
TERRORISM
the use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims
Guiding Principles
The prime duty of the government to serve and to protect its citizens, in turn it shall be the responsibility of all citizens to defend the security of the state
And in fulfillment thereof the government may require each citizen to render personal, military or civil service
Role of the Youth
In recognition of the role of the youth in nation building the state shall promote civic consciousness among them and
Developed physical, moral, spiritual, intellectual social well being
It shall inculcate ideals of patriotism, nationalism and advance their involvement in public and civic affairs
Role of the Youth
As the most valuable resource of th nation the youth shall be motivated, trained and involved in military, literacy, civic welfare programs.
NSTP
National Service Training Program – refers to the program aimed enhancing civic consciousness and defense preparedness in the youth by developing ethics of the 3 components.
ROTC
Reserve Officers Training Corps – institutionalize under section 38 and 39 of Republic Act No. 7077
Designed to provide military training to tertiary level students in order to motivate, train, organize and mobilize them for national defense preparedness
2. LTS
Literacy Training Service – designed to trained the students to teach literacy and numerical skills to school children, out of school youth and other segments of the society which is considerably in need of their services
3.CWTS
Activities contributory to general welfare and the betterment of life for the member of the community or enhancement of their facilities
Especially those who are devoted to improving health, education, environment, entrepreneurship, safety, recreation, and moral values of citizenry
Program Implementation
All incoming freshmen students, amle or female
Starting school year 2002 – 2003 enrolled in any baccalaureate and is atleast 2 years technical vocational associate course are required to complete 1 NSTP component of their choice
All higher technical vocational course and educational institutions must offer atleast 1 NSTP components
State universities and colleges shall offer ROTC components at least 1 other NSTP component
The PMA and Philippine Merchant Marine Academy, PNPA and other SUC of similar nature in view of the special character of this constitution are exempted from NSTP
Private higher and technical vocational institution with at least 350 student cadets may offer ROTC component and consequently establish/maintain a Department of Military Science and Tactics (DMST), subject to the existing rules and regulation of the AFP
Duration and Equivalent Course Unit
Each NSTP components shall be undertaken for academic period of 2 semesters. It shall be credited 3 units per semester for a duration of 54 hours to 90 hours training per semester
1summer program in lieu of the 2 semester program may be designed, formulated and adopted by DND, CHED, and TESDA
However it is subjected to the capability of the school and the AFP to handle the same
PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION
Refers that body of rules and maxims in accordance with which the power of sovereignty are habitually exercised
Constitution of the Philippines
May be defined as the written instrument by which fundamental powers of the government are established, limited and defined by which these powers are distributed among several departments for their safe and useful exercise for the benefit of the people
Who are the citizens of the Philippines

Those citizens of the Philippine at the time of the adoption of this constitution
Those whose fathers and mothers are citizen of the Philippines
Those born before January 17, 1973 of Filipino mothers whole elect Philippine citizenship upon reaching the age of majority
Those who are naturalized in accordance to the law
Duties and Obligations of Citizens

To be loyal to the republic
To defend the state
To contribute the development and welfare of the state
To uphold the constitution and obey the laws
To cooperate with duly constituted authorities
Duties and Obligations of Citizens
To exercise right responsibility and with due regards for the rights of the others
To engage in gainful work
To register and vote
1987 PREAMBLE
We the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty GOD in order to build a just and humane society and established a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the common good, conserved and developed our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our posterity, the blessings of independece and democracy
1987 PREAMBLE
Under the rule of law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom. Love, equality and peace do ordain and promulgate this Constitution

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