Business and Management
Submitted By wehjiolal
示意图的独特之处在于要求在作文里面实现对“compare and contrast”这两个能力的考核。首段的关注点：除了改写题目和其他图表作文一样以外，还要加入the development of以突出动态。如果有将来时的时间，最要加入with forecasts to的字样。
The diagrams provided give information about the development of a school site from 2004 with forecasts to 2024. 新东方郑仁强绝对原创，转载请注明出处方郑仁强绝对原创，转载注明出处
Clearly, the school site in 2004, which was surrounded by trees, can be divided into 4 main regions: two school buildings, one car park, one sports field and a main road. Located in the center and the north were two school buildings. One was situated next to the school main entrance, and the other was just opposite the path, bordering one sports field in the northeast.A main road ran through the entire school from the north to the south on the left-hand side of picture.新东新东方郑仁强绝对原创，转载请注明出处
It is interesting to note that there has been an increase of 400 students, from 600 in 2004 to 1, 000 two decades later. For this reason, several changes are to be found in the 2024 school site. The number of school buildings will increase to 3 and the preceding path is planned to be reconstructed for linking these 3 buildings together. The former sports field will be transferred from its position in 2004 to the south, giving way to a newly-built car park and a newly-built school building. A new road is also expected to run through the whole school from the west to the east.
It is evident from the information given that there are striking differences between 2004 school site and 2024 school site. 新东方郑仁强绝对原创，转载请注明出处
The chart provided illustrates the details about six subway systems.
It is interesting to note that the length of a subway increases with its age. Of all the subway systems listed, London subway stays in the top position in terms of age and length, which has a history of 132 years and is about 181 times as long as M subway. The next one is Paris subway, which was opened in 1900 and is 494 kilometers shorter than London subway. This is followed by Tokyo, Washington and Los Angles. Clearly, M subway ranks the last in these two aspects, which was established a century later than London subway and covers a route of only 11 kilometers.
Tokyo subway owns the largest carrying capacity, which serves about 32 times as many passengers as that of M subway each year. Paris subway ranks the second in this aspect, which holds 1, 596, 000 passengers less than Tokyo subway per year. London, Washington and Los Angles maintain the middle position. M subway transports the smallest number of passengers, with only 122, 000 annually.
It is evident from the information given that there are striking differences in age, length and carrying capacity among the 6 subway systems.
玻璃回收的流程图范文-看这一篇足矣-新东方郑仁强 The diagram below shows the process of glass recycling.
The flow chart provided indicates how glass is recycled.
It is interesting to note that the whole process can be divided into 3 phases. First of all, glass products in various forms are gathered in the collection point, so that they are easily transported by special trucks or vans to the Cleaning plant, where they get sterilization by high-pressured water. There are three different channels in the Recycling plant, namely Brown, Green and Clear, which represent the colors of glass. After being recycled in the furnace, glass products are melted into recycled liquid glass. Mixed with new liquid glass, the compound is finally molded into solid glass, which, afterwards, will be sent to various customer supermarkets for selling. Thus, the glass will go to the customers for different purposes.
Through a brief introduction of the circle of glass recycling, we come to realize that the process of glass recycling is a complicated one and I believe it plays a vital role in environmental protection and ecological preservation.
It is worth noting that the conviction rates for both males and females reach a peak in their early twenties. The male conviction rate increases by 9%, from 1% at the age of 10 to 10% at the age of 20. A much smoother rise is found in this figure for females during the same period. These numbers for bothmales and females experience a gradual decrease after they are twenty years old.
对应英文：Just/only/merely/simply/nothing more than
例句解析：Internet dating is nothing more than a waste of time. 网恋纯粹是在浪费时间。
2.原始中文：有利于，有助于， 有益于，对…有好处，对于…来说必不可少/不可或缺/极为关键， 能够可以
对应英文：Benefit-v/be beneficial for/bring benefits to, be of great importance to, play an important role in
例句解析：网恋有助于培养我们对于被骗的抗打击力。Internet dating is of great importance to the improvement of our resilience for being cheated.
例句解析：网恋能锻炼男人们泡妞的本领。Internet dating helps to promote males’ skills to chase a girl.
对应英文：do harm to, be harmful to, have negative effect on, pose a threat to, exert adverse influence on
例句解析：沉迷于一夜情给人们对爱情和家庭的态度带来消极影响。Addiction to one night stand exerts adverse influence on our attitude towards love and marriage.
对应英文：Bring about, give rise to, result in, lead to, give birth to, create, cause, be responsible for
例句解析：婚外情的结果往往不是被离掉，就是被干掉。Having an extramarital affair often gives rise to either a divorce or a murder.
对应英文：Be useless/unimportant/unnecessary, Be of little importance to…, there is no role for, there is no justification for…, make no difference, serve no useful purpose
例句解析：没完没了的说教对于防止孩子们早恋毫无用处。Nagging serves no useful purpose for preventing puppy love.
对应英文：Be useful/helpful/important/necessary, make a difference to，play an essential role in…, be of great importance to…,
例句解析：早恋对于我们早年积累同父母斗争的经验还是很有用的.Having puppy love plays an essential role in helping us to accumulate experience of struggling with parents at an early age. 新东方郑仁强绝对原创，转载请注明出处，违者必究！！
对应英文：spring/come from, be determined by, depend/rely on, be mainly based on, be closely related to
例句解析：传说我们的“第一次”会决定我们一生对它的态度。It is said that our attitude towards sex for life is closely related to the first time when we have it.
|大学教育/高教育 |University education/Higher education/tertiary education |
| |新东方郑仁强绝对原创，转载请注明出处 |
|上大学 |Go to/enter university, attend college, receive/access university education |
|应该- |Sb Should do |
| |Sb Ought to do |
|新东方郑仁强绝对原创，转载请注明出处 |It is right/reasonable/justified for sb to do |
| |Sb are/is encouraged to do |
| |Sb are/is obliged/obligated to do |
| |It is time+主语+过去式 |
| |新东方郑仁强绝对原创，转载请注明出处 |
|许多，很多，非常多 |通用版： |
| |plenty of可数, a lot of, a great deal of, a variety of, a large/great number of=a |
|新东方郑仁强绝对原创，转载请注明出处 |large/great amount of, |
| | |
| |修饰非人非生命的抽象名词： |
| |A wide range of, a variety of, a broad array of, various, |
|仅仅，不过是，只是+名词词组 |Just, merely, only, nothing more than, |
|有利于…, 对…有好处/有益, 从…中受益 |简单原始版： |
| |Be good for/be beneficial for/benefit |
| | |
| |升级改造版： |
| |Be necessary for… |
| |Play a vital/essential role in… |
| |Be of great/considerable importance/significance to… |
|人们 |People/citizens/individuals/the public/rural residents-city dwellers/we |
|不利于, |简单原始版： |
|损害，对…有坏处/有害，对…有负面/不好 |Be bad for/do harm to/be harmful for |
|的影响 | |
| |升级改造版: |
| |Have negative effect on/pose a threat to/exert adverse influence on |
| |Communication=contact=interaction=interplay |
|交流/接触/互动 | |
|导致，造成，引发 |Bring about, give rise to, result in, lead to, give birth to, create, cause, be |
| |responsible for |
|社会不稳定 |Social instability, social disorder, social chaos, |
|社会稳定/和谐/团结/安定/安全 |Social stability/harmony/solidarity/security |
|给/提供 |offer sth to sb, provide sb with sth, |
| |make sth available/accessible to sb, |
|方法，方案，措施，策略,解决办法 |Way/ actions/measure/strategy/method/solution/approach |
|（让…变得更好）提高，改善，加强，促进|Improve/strengthen/enhance/promote/foster /develop |
|，增强，巩固，夯实，改良，改进，开发 |新东方郑仁强绝对原创，转载请注明出处 |
|，增进，推动，带动，拉动，提升，强化 | |
|，完善，锻炼，锤炼，磨练，培养，发展 | |
|有人认为/我认为/大家认为/人们认为 |Some people reckon/consider/deem/claim/maintain/assert/advocate/am convinced that…, |
| | |
| |It is generally accepted that… |
|新东方郑仁强绝对原创，转载请注明出处 |It is universally recognized that… |
| |Nobody would disagree that… |
| |It is necessary for us to realize that… |
|有用/有（存在）价值， |Be useful/helpful/important/necessary, make a difference |
| |Play an essential role in…, be of great importance to…, |
|没用/没有（存在）必要/价值 |Be useless/unimportant/unnecessary, |
| |Be of little importance to…, there is no role for, there is no justification for…, make |
| |no difference, serve no useful purpose, |
|学习 |学知识acquire knowledge |
|新东方郑仁强绝对原创，转载请注明出处 |学外语command the use of a foreign language |
| |影响学习 lower/affect/do harm to/pose a threat to one’s academic performance |
| |学习(成绩)academic ability/performance/testing scores |
| |学习途径Sources of learning |
|保护/维持/维护 |Protect/preserve/conserve-动词 |
|新东方郑仁强绝对原创，转载请注明出处 |Protection/preservation/conservation-名词 |
|环境污染 |Environmental pollution/contamination/damages/degradation |
|实施/控制/管理 |Control, manage, administer, in charge of, take responsibility for, be responsible for, |
|生存/谋生/吃饭 |Survive-survival, make a living, put food on the table=earn one’s bread and butter, |
| |新东方郑仁强绝对原创，转载请注明出处 |
|解决，处理（问题） |Solve/deal with/handle/overcome/conquer/address |
|决定，取决于，来源于，建立在…基础之上|Spring/come from, be determined by, depend/rely on, be mainly based on, be closely |
|，与…息息相关/难脱干系（因果的关系） |related to |
| | |
| |新东方郑仁强绝对原创，转载请注明出处 |
|浪费花费，钱/时间 |…is a waste of time and money, |
| |consume money and take time, |
| |…is a commitment of time and money, |
|做到/实现/获取/获得 |Achieve/acquire/obtain |
|方便 |动词: facilitate |
|新东方郑仁强绝对原创，转载请注明出处 |名词: convenience |
| |形容词: convenient |
|不方便，不便/麻烦 |形容词Inconvenient， 名词inconvenience/trouble |
|越来越+adj |Increasingly+形容词 |
|越来越多的+noun |An increasing number of+名词 |
Some people think creative artists should receive financial support from the government, while others believe that they should seek support from other sources. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
The government should be responsible for supporting creative artists because governments are based on taxpayers’ money.
Governments, which are in possession of wider resources and political power, are capable of taking this responsibility.
It will relieve the government’s financial burden if individual and companies’ support is involved.
Some people say that the best measurement of a country’s success is the quality of life people enjoy. Others argue that a prosperous economy is the key factor in a country’s success. Which opinion do you prefer?
A country is established for protecting and maintaining the welfare of its citizens, so living standard is definitely an important factor that we should consider.
A prosperous economy is critical for promoting a country’s status in the international community.
Some people think students can benefit from private secondary schools. Others believe they have negative effects on the society as a whole. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
Private secondary schools are able to provide students with education of higher quality because they have better teachers and facilities.
Smart class adopted by most private secondary schools can do a better job in meeting students’ individualized needs and foster students’ well-rounded development.
The prevalence of private secondary education may contribute to the imbalance in allocation of educational resources and enlarge the disparity between the wealthy and the impoverished.
Some people think it is the government rather than companies and individuals that should pay for road expansion. Do you agree or disagree?
Governments are based on taxes collected from taxpayers.
Governments have sufficient financial and political power to perform such activities.
Some people believe that some unpaid community serivice should be a compulsory part of high school programme. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Doing unpaid community service is a rewarding process in which we learn to put theory into practice.
Participation in volunteer work helps to cultivate student’s adaptability and sense of responsibility.
Doing unpaid community service is time-consuming and may dampen students’ academic performance.
Children who are brought up in families which do not have a great amount of money are better prepared to deal with the problems of adult life than children who are brought up by wealthy parents. Do you agree or disagree？
Children of poor family are better developed in their independence and adaptability.
Children of poor family are blessed with stronger aspirations to succeed and they have sufficient will power to overcome difficulties in life/they have more resilience to resist setbacks.
Children of wealthy family are able to enjoy a wider range of learning sources and better education, which provide them with diverse experiences and capabilities.
People who read books develop better imagination and language skills than those who watch TV. Do you agree or disagree?
Reading books helps to cultivate individuals’ ability to use the language in a well-organized way.
Books leave more space for people to think and imagine, but watching TV gives a stereotype reflection of reality.
Modern games are better for developing a wide range of skills for children than traditional games. Do you agree or disagree?
Traditional games have positive effects on participants’ physical fitness, because they demand a large amount of body movements.
Traditional games help to cultivate players’ craftsmanship and imagination, which lays foundation for the development of creativity.
There are no time and geographical limitations for modern games, which provide a more flexible way for players to have relaxation at any time and any place.
Rote learning is widely used in many education systems. Do the advantages outweigh its disadvantages?
Rote learning helps to nurture students’ resilience and memory.
Rote learning plays a critical role when students prepare for examinations.
Rote learning may dampen the development of students’ creativity and imagination.
Some people think that the earlier technology has changed our life more than the recent technology. Do you agree or disagree?
Earlier technology helps to usher in a transition from agricultural society to industrial society.
Earlier technology lays a solid foundation for the development of recent technology.
Recent technology makes it easier for people in different places to communicate and share.
Some people think schools should teach children how to compete, while others argue that learning how to cooperate is more important. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
Competition fosters positive changes.
Cooperation breeds opportunities.
Some people think it is more important to spend public money on promoting healthy lifestyles in order to prevent illnesses than to spend it on the treatment for people who are already ill. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Making efforts to promote the quality of medical care services is a good idea to improve public health.
The government should publicize the importance of healthy lifestyle through all forms of media and advertising.
Increasing the number of sports facilities can provide citizens with a higher access to sporting activities.
Some people think that the best way to improve road safety is to give road offences stricter punishment. Do you agree or disagree?
More investments can be channelled into infrastructure projects, which is cricical for improving road conditions and road safety.
The goverment should impose more training on would-be drivers before they get a driving license, and this plays a vitla role in ensuring the level of their driving skills.
Stricer punishment helps to impress road offenders powerfully, which can prevent them from making the same mistakes again.创
There is a shortage of water resources everywhere. Analyze the reasons and give some solutions.郑仁强
气候变化，全球变暖 climate changes， global warming
工业增长 industrial growth demands more water resources
家庭用水浪费 domestic water consumption is on the rise
立法enact regulations to prevent the overuse of water
Some people prefer to provide help or support directly to the local community. Others prefer to give money to national or international charitable organizations. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.郑仁强原创，转载请注明出处
Providing needy people with direct support helps to prevent corruption and embezzlements.
Direct assistance serves as a more efficient way to help local victims when disasters like earthquake hit the homeland.
Charitable organizations are able to collect and allocate more resources in a well-organized way.
Some people say the age of books is past, and the information will be presented by some multimedia such as video, computer and television; others think the book and the written words will be necessary for spreading information and complete education. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Reading written words on books has already been widely accepted as a common way to gain information for thousands of years.
Not all the information can be recorded and spread through electrical means.
Some people think that the increasing business and cultural contact between countries brings many positive effects. Others argue that it causes the loss of national identities. Discuss on both these sides and give your opinion.
foster the development of global economy and promote people’s living standard
remove misunderstanding between different cultures
small countries are more likely to suffer unwanted invasion in terms of economy and culture.
Some people think all students should learn a foreign language. Others believe students without the talent should not learn. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
Learning a foreign makes it easier for us to communicate with foreigners.
It will provide students with a better career development if they are able to use a foreign language.
Forcing students without the talent to learn a foreign language is money-consuming and takes time.
Architects should not worry about designing a building as a work of art. Do you agree or disagree?
Beautiful buildings serve as an important part of cityscape and promote a city’s status in the whole world.
Architectures with well-designed appearance often serve as attractions for commercial opportunities and investment.
It will pose a threat to buildings’ functions and practicality if too much attention has been paid to their appearance.
Child caring is very important today. It is suggested that all mothers and fathers should take childcare training courses. Do you agree or disagree?
Taking such courses can be an arduous process, because it demands a commitment of money and time.
Stereotype and biases are inevitable in childcare courses, and this may pose a threat to the development of kids’ individuality and creativity.
Parents are able to acquire professional knowledge and experience about how to look after children, which is critical for having a better understanding of children’s actual needs.
21. People tend to spend more money on their appearance such as clothes and hairstyle. Reasons? Do the advantages outweigh its disadvantages?
the improvement of citizens’ living standard
foster consumption and bring about commercial opportunities
result in a waste of natural resources
some people think technological development increases the gap between the rich and the poor, while others belive it has the opposite effects. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
The increase in working efficiency and productivity driven by scientific development enables enterprise-owners to pursue more profits with a lower cost.
Human power is replaced by automation and machinery, which results in more severe unemployment problems.
Scientific development provides the poor with more opportunities to seek their fortune.
23. Some people think that countries should produce food for the whole population and import food as little as possible. Do you agree or disagree?
provide a guarantee for food security
give an impetus to domestic agricultural development
Some people think all new doctors and teachers should go to work in rural areas, while others argue that people should go where they like. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
improve rural residents’living standard
accumulate working experience
dampen free flow of talents
25. Some people think the only purpose of prison is to punish crimes, while others believe that it has other functions. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
Provide a renewable workforce for society
Offer a place for offenders to reform their mistaken values