Premium Essay

Secular vs Biblical Worldviews

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By ArchangelX007
Words 730
Pages 3
Part 1
I am selecting the worldview of Secular Humanism for this assignment. (This sentence not included in word count)
The Question of Origin, from a Secular Humanist worldview, is that there is no God but that humans evolved over time, from nonliving matter, into complex living beings. Science explains creation and any thought of a deity or Supreme Being, be it the God of Abraham or pagan gods, and is disregarded.
Secular Humanist answer the Question of Identity through Darwin’s Theory of Evolution. Since all animals, including humans, evolved from nonliving matter, a Secular Humanist sees mankind as “a more sophisticated animal” (Weider and Gutierrez, 2013). In the eyes of a Secular Humanist, man has as much worth as an animal.
For a Secular Humanist, the Question of Purpose is best summarized in the Preface of the Humanist Manifesto (1933) which states that their purpose is “furnishing adequate social goals and personal satisfactions”. In other words, leaving a positive influence on society. The Secular Humanist’s’ goal is to leave a legacy through their works. The meaning of life is through the actions of the individual.
Morality and ethics is relative for a Secular Humanist. Since there is no absolute truth, it is difficult for a Secular Humanist to determine what is right and wrong. The Question of Morality and Ethics is answered by the influences of the society they live in.
The answer to the Question of Destiny can be found in Naturalism. In the eyes of a Secular Humanist, since we evolved from nothing, when a person dies, that is the end. The body ceases to work, a person is buried and the body breaks down into the basic organic elements. To a Secular Humanist, the deceased person’s legacy is the only thing that lives on.
(278 words)
Part II
In comparing and contrasting answers to the Question of Origin of a Secular Humanist worldview to that of a…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Biblical World View

...Secular Humanism Vs Biblical/Christian Worldview Richard Puller Liberty University Secular humanism is defined as a theory of ethics and human fulfillment devoid of spirituality, the supernatural, or God. Man becomes the measure of all things, (Secular Humanism and Evolution by Caleb Colley, PH.D). Tom Flynn executive director of the Council for Secular Humanism and editor of Free Inquiry magazine defined Secular humanism as a comprehensive nonreligious life stance that incorporates a naturalistic philosophy, a cosmic outlook rooted in science, and a consequentialist ethical system. Secular Humanistic beliefs regarding origin, identity, meaning/purpose, morality and destiny are as follows. The Secular Humanist believes in the Evolutionary Theory. They believe that the universe already existed, that man is a part of nature and that he has emerged as a result of a continuous process. Secular Humanist believes man is a result of naturally occurring chemical reactions that have occurred through the evolutionary process and that we have no particular purpose. Secular Humanist see mankind’s existence again as a result of the evolutionary process, mankind is just matter and has no more importance than any other living thing. Secular Humanism utilizes the Ethical relativism theory, where morality is relative to the norms of one's culture. Whether an action is right or wrong depends on the moral norms of the society in which it is practiced. Secular Humanist believes......

Words: 625 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Secular Humanism

...Secular Humanism The Question of Origin- As a secular humanist, the origin of life is nothing spectacular. Human life is a product of thousands of years of evolution. Man evolved from matter that simply was; there is no god who created life, it just is. The Question of Identity- A secular humanist identifies equally with all life, “Mankind is simply a more sophisticated animal” (Weider & Gutierrez, 2013). Because man has evolved from animals, we are not above them and should treat all life with the same respect. The Question of Meaning/Purpose- A secular humanist believes man gives his own meaning to life (Weider & Gutierrez, 2013). It is merely man’s responsibility to leave the world a better place after he is gone. A humanist seeks and finds fulfillment from the amount of happiness in his life and satisfaction from his desires. Therefore, seek what makes you happy and brings you the most pleasure. Having a naturalist worldview allows the individual to decide a personal meaning and purpose for their own life. The Question of Morality- There is no absolute moral code in secular humanism; the belief is to base your decisions on the consequences of your actions. A secular humanist does not believe in an all-knowing god; you are simply free to be your own judge. If it feels good and does not hurt anyone; you should be able to do it. The Question of Destiny- A secular humanist believes existence is over at death. There is no afterlife; you cease to exist...

Words: 629 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Biblical & Secular Views on Counseling

...Running head: Biblical & Secular Views Biblical & Secular Views on Counseling John Smith Liberty University Abstract Whether a counselor comes from a strong Christian background, or a secular one, the goals of the professional should remain in the best interests of the client. Still, it remains important where the views of that counselor originated from and where the source of their motivation and ethical standards are derived. This paper attempts to compare and contrast the viewpoints of secular and biblical worldviews, as it relates to the counseling profession. Biblical & Secular Views on Counseling No matter what philosophical background counselors come from, the theme of their work should remain the same: It is all about the client. Whether a counselor uses the Code of Ethics adopted by the American Counseling Association, (2005) or the code adopted by the American Association of Christian Counselors, (2004) the goal of the professional still need to keep the client’s best interests at heart. Still, with this thought in mind, Christian and secular groups differ in the ways in which they go about not only helping clients, but how they define their perspective roles in the exchanges between the therapist and the client. In order to accurately evaluate the ways in which Christians view the role of the counselor, it is first important to go to the source of their opinions of the......

Words: 4259 - Pages: 18

Free Essay

Original Creation of Earth

...Original Creation of the Earth (The Big Bang vs. Six-Day Creation) TANITKA C. SMITH PHSC210_A24_201240 Debora Ladner December 3, 2012 INTRODUCTION The Big-Bang Theory, accepted widely by atheists and many scientists, simply says this: between 10 and 20 billion years ago a “bang” or explosion occurred from a single point in nothingness and with the scattering of googles of atoms, the earth came into being. An eruption of sorts occurred, haphazardly distributing the smallest particles of matter that miraculously adjoined themselves to create living, breathing organisms and every other object on the earth. Every word of the Bible is true. Every day, creation scientists are finding more and more evidence to support the six days of creation. There is nothing wrong with science, but in the end it is the fallible word of man. YOUNG EARTH At its simplest, evolution is a hypothesis which claims that all life has descended with modification from a primitive single celled organism in the remote past. The development has been one of increasing complexity. Originally, the first cell evolved from a preexisting organic “soup” in a primeval ocean, which in turn developed from chance conglomerations of inorganic chemicals. Ultimately, these chemicals themselves were produced by the “Big Bang” origin of the actual universe. Against overwhelming evidence it is said that the Big Bang happened billions of years ago, and gives argument that the earth and the universe......

Words: 1106 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Psych 101

...areas covered within the field of psychology.  It introduces students to the way psychology affects them as a person as well as its ability to help us understand, predict, and control behavior for the betterment of people.  It is offered as a general education course because of its impact on our society through the research that is being conducted and the theories that are being presented.  This course will study secular aspects of psychology; however, the major emphasis will connect the Christian worldview as the absolute guideline for our psychological decisions in life. I. Prerequisites None II. Required Resource Purchase Myers, D.G. (2010). Psychology (9th ed.) New York, NY: Worth Publishers. ISBN: 9781429251259 (When you order this text from MBS Direct, it will also contain the PsychSim 5.0 CD, a study guide, and booklet. Please note that this is a secular text and you may not agree with all of the views expressed in the text. Liberty strives to provide a well-rounded education for our students that will include secular views and theorists along with a strong integration of Christian principles.) Disclaimer: The above resource(s) provide information consistent with the latest research regarding the subject area. Liberty University does not necessarily endorse specific personal, religious, philosophical, or political positions found in these resources. III. Additional Materials for Learning A. Computer......

Words: 949 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Environmental Ethics

...Sebastian Estrada PHIL 3360: Environmental Ethics Dr. Vicki Toscano Issues paper#1 Anthropocentrism vs. Biocentrism 1/26/2012 The Historical Roots of our ecologic crisis is an article written by Lynn T. White, Jr. published in the journal Science in 1966. White was a medieval scholar and in this article he blames technology, Christianity, and anthropocentrism as the “Roots” of our ecologic crisis. He states, “All forms of life modify their contexts,” but believes that this modification should be for the good of the earth like the coral polyp. He states Man must coexist with nature. Man had always been a dynamic element in harmony with the earth. This all changed sometime around the 1850 when the “Baconian Creed” of scientific knowledge started influencing the people. As a result man began to exploit the earth through new advents in technology. White cites the invention of the eight-oxen plow as the beginning of man’s “ruthlessness” towards nature. White continues to argue that Christian Axioms fueled this newfound exploitive attitude towards earth. To White, Christianity’s story of creation and notion that “no item in the physical creation had any purpose save to serve man’s purpose (White).” only served to justify these actions and put Christianity as “the most anthropocentric religion the world has seen.” White continues to argue that simply applying more science and more technology to our ecologic crisis is not going to solve the problem. To him the issue is......

Words: 1154 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

One Nation Under God

...profit off of people’s fear of death. Despite a drastic decrease in its wealth and influence in modern times, the Catholic Church remains a powerful force, and its corruption has remained present to this day.Monsignor Franz-Peter Tebartz-van Elst from Limburg was known as the “Bishop of Bling”. Tebartz-van Elst spent lavishly renovating his residence, including a reported $20,000 on a bathtub and $620,000 on artwork. He was asked to resign by Pope Francis (Frizell 1). This kind of graft is commonplace in the Catholic Church. Another example of immorality committed by established religion is the assertion of creationists in our public education system. Biblical creationists believe that the world was created by god about 4000 years ago. They believe that god flooded the world, and that Noah saved humanity on an ark. This worldview has been proven incorrect in countless different ways by scientists. Carbon dating is a scientific method used to determine the age of organic materials. Carbon dating is done by measuring the decay of certain isotopes in materials. Since isotopes decay at a routine pace they can be used to determine the age of an organic material. Carbon-14 is the radioactive isotope used in carbon dating. Carbon-14 decays with a half life of 5730 years, making it ideal for determining the age of ancient materials.(Carbon Dating) Having found countless samples to be tens of thousands of year’s old, carbon dating completely refutes the possibility of a 4000 year......

Words: 2395 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Violence Against Buddhsim

... the five dimensions method was borrowed from the seven dimensions method that the Scottish writer and university educator, Ninian Smart, established in his book, "The World's Religions." To apply Smart's method to this study, some modifications were made. Among the five dimensions adopted, the experiential dimension was more comprehensively defined. Smart had confined the dimension to supernatural experiences, like glossolalia, nirvana or trance. However, this paper includes everyday experiences in the aforementioned dimension, in order to better understand the observed destructive behavior. (A) Doctrinal Dimension: Exclusivism vs. Inclusivism vs. Pluralism What connects the attacks on Buddhism by Korean Protestants with the doctrinal dimension? The answer to this question is closely associated with the monotheism, Biblical inerrancy theory and idolatry prohibition, among many. The Christian belief of monotheism is a belief which forms strong social bonds and group unification. When a group upholds a singular god-like figure, the group consequently develops strong bonds within their social structure. This occurrence is found not only in Christianity, but also in Judaism and Islam. For example, the Jewish people have historically endured through ceaseless attacks and invasion, but have sustained their cultural identity; in addition, Muslim countries occupied the Middle East have shown this social endurance. These examples clearly show the strong social......

Words: 7933 - Pages: 32

Premium Essay

Police

...a member of the American Council on Education, the Mississippi Association of Independent Colleges, and the Association of Presbyterian Colleges. It is approved by the National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities, and the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities. VISION AND MISSION OF BELHAVEN UNIVERSITY Belhaven University prepares students academically and spiritually to serve Christ Jesus in their careers, in human relationships, and in the world of ideas. Belhaven University affirms the Lordship of Christ over all aspects of life, acknowledges the Bible as the foundational authority for the development of a personal worldview, and recognizes each individual‘s career as a calling from God. Each academic department is committed to high academic goals for its students and clarifies the implications of biblical truth for its discipline. Belhaven upholds these commitments in offering undergraduate and graduate programs, by conventional or technological delivery modes, and in local, national, and international venues. The University requires a liberal arts foundation in each undergraduate degree program, in order to best prepare students to contribute to a diverse, complex and fast-changing world. By developing servant leaders who value integrity, compassion, and justice in all aspects of their lives, the University prepares people to serve, not to be served. Revised August 2010. OUR STATEMENT OF FAITH 1. 2. We believe that there is only one God,......

Words: 151104 - Pages: 605

Free Essay

There's No Room: a Look at Public Schools' Design for Science and Evolution

...the state has guidelines to follow for schools’ curriculum, then reading the bible as a form of literature in theory should not violate the First Amendment or our notions of the separation of church and state; thus, could incorporating theories from the Bible for literary purposes make evolution and intelligent design together in schools possible? Last year marked the 400th anniversary of the King James Version of the Bible. This all-time best seller has had profound impact on the history and development of the United States. The Bible has played an important role in the education of our nation. In colonial America, people used the Bible to learn to read, and many desired to learn to read in order to read the Bible (Loewy, 2006). In Stone vs. Graham in 1980, the Court ruled that the posting of the Ten Commandments was unconstitutional. Yet, it affirmed, “The Bible may constitutionally be used in an appropriate study of history, civilization, ethics, comparative religion, or the like” (Loewy, 2006, Vol.5 para1). If the Bible is in fact a historical book sufficient for literary purposes, then by this reasoning intelligent design based on the teachings of the Bible should not be problematic to public schools. One of the first things to note about teaching intelligent design in schools is how different it is from teaching it in Church. Schools examine and evaluate propositions. Churches frequently indoctrinate their parishioners in them. Schools may ask: “What evidence is......

Words: 2088 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Creationism vs. Evolution

...Outline I. Introduction Thesis: In studying the underlying constructs of psychology – the origins of humanity, human nature, and human purpose – one sees the extensive influence of evolution. When contrasted with the biblical view of creationism, it becomes clear that modern psychology shares little in common with biblical principles. II. Basic Constructs of Human Psychology A. Human 1. What is a human being? 2. How do humans differ from animals? B. Human Behavior 1. Thought, feeling, action 2. Inner and outer worlds of human perception III. Human Origins A. Evolution 1. Life from non-life material/Big Bang Theory 2. Genetic mutation 3. Natural selection a. Competition as the foundation of behavior b. Law of the Jungle B. Creationism 1. God created the universe and all creatures 2. Each species was created separate and distinct 3. God created man special in God’s own image IV. Human Nature A. Evolution 1. Survival of the fittest a. Social behavior b. Mating c. Reproduction 2. Behaviorism a. Behavior is a combination of social learning and genetic influencces b. Effect on antisocial behavior on reproduction 3. Biological determinism a. No real basis for free will B. Creationism 1. Humans were made in God’s image a. God is love, justice, kindness, and joyful 2. The Fall of Man separated humans from God a. ‘War’ between good and evil b. Man’s nature is now sinful 3. Jesus the Son of God redeemed......

Words: 4365 - Pages: 18

Free Essay

Socrates

...epistemology. Although generalized perceptions of incompatibility between science and religion are not prevalent among the American public (Baker 2012), specific topics such as evolution have come to serve as symbolic boundary markers for some religious groups. Because of this role as signifiers of institutional commitment, religious views, political identity, and educational attainment are the most salient correlates of accepting of evolution (Evans 2011; Keeter, Smith, and Masci 2011; Mazur 2004) and supporting teaching creationism among Americans (Eckberg and Nesterenko 1985; Woodrum 1992). A particularly salient collective and individual identity in the maintenance of issue-specific perceptions of conflict between science and religion is biblical “literalism” (Bruce 2008; Ellison and Musick 1995; Hoffmann and Bartkowski 2008; Lawrence 1989; Marsden 2006). Although often conceptualized as a singular belief, literalist perspectives represent social identities embedded in interpretative communities (Bartkowski 1996; Boone 1989; Stroope 2011). A cognitively consequential feature of literalist identities is the filtering of information through an “intratextual” interpretive lens. Hood, Hill, and Williamson (2005) argue that the defining characteristic of fundamentalist religious identity is its role as a perceptual filter; further, they suggest that for literalists: Education and vocation are good only to the extent that they facilitate the divine intention and design......

Words: 7196 - Pages: 29

Premium Essay

The Abrogation of Organized Religion and the Push for Universal Scientific Literacy

...for Universal Scientific Literacy Since religion was humankind’s first attempt at trying to understand the chaotic world around them, it was therefore the worst attempt. The fact that organized religion still persists in the modern technologically advanced society is so preposterous that it’s almost beyond comprehension how it has managed to, not only survive, but thrive. Organized religion, in all of its various guises, is an antiquated device of manipulation and control; it’s the root cause of nearly all wars, poverty, bigotry, racism, terrorism, and human suffering. It is also the most fundamental hindrance of scientific progress that mankind faces and should therefore be methodically phased out and replaced by atheism, secular humanism, and most of all, an education focused primarily on scientific literacy. What is the Essence of Religion?: It was once an inconceivable act for a human being to question the existence of some sort of a creator god, or gods. People had all the evidence they needed right in front of them: they were conscious and alive, the world was beautiful, coincidences happened which seemed much like prayer being answered, and the earth was encased inside of a celestial sphere while the heavens appeared to revolve directly around the earth, making man the very center of this profound design; it was almost as if the world was created specifically for humans. Thus, organized religion was born. Religion is the......

Words: 4721 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

Ane John Walton

...Chapter 1 Chapter 1 is Walton’s introduction to the discussion concerning the congruence of the Old Testament with the world surrounding it. This chapter discusses the history, methodology, and reasoning behind comparative Old Testament studies. It then concludes with the principles and goals each student should possess as he or she studies the Old Testament. His synopsis of comparative Old Testament studies begins with the resurgence of Egyptian and Mesopotamian archaeological studies during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.[1] He then moves on to discuss the impact of Friedrich Delitzsch’s lectures concerning how the writers of the Old Testament borrowed from extrabiblical sources set the stage for many secular ideologies removing the special revelation aspect from the Bible. This allowed two things to take place. First, it brought out the comparative study of the Bible into a critical realm; and second, it made Assyriology, Egyptology, and Hittitology serious academic disciplines which have greatly enhanced modern man’s understanding of these ancient cultures. While Walton discusses several forms of Old Testament study, his opinion favors comparative studies. He starts with explaining the reasoning for sound methodological comparative study and moves on to answer the “why” it should be performed over other studies. In his view, it expands the student’s understanding of four culturally significant areas: language and literature,......

Words: 4252 - Pages: 18

Free Essay

Worship Manual

...the following way: • • • • the object of our worship is God Himself the context of our worship is a relationship initiated by God the dependence of our worship is that of created on Creator the expression of our worship is a response to His revealed truth 1-4 It is interesting to look at the responses of different individuals to God's revelation of Himself throughout the Biblical record. Once again there are a large number that we could choose, however the following is a representative selection: • • • • • Gen. 17:1-8 Exod. 34:4-8 Josh. 5:13-15 Matt. 14:25-33 Luke 24:50-52 - God establishes covenant with Abraham - God declares His Name to Moses - Joshua's encounter near Jericho - the Disciples' encounter with Jesus in the storm - the Ascension What is of particular relevance to our discussion is not just what happened on these specific occasions, but how that affected each individual's life from then on. Another dramatic example would be Saul's conversion in Acts 9 and his subsequent life and letters. My favourite definition of what we might call “Biblical worship” is: “Worship is our individual and corporate response to God's revelation of Himself within the context of a covenant relationship.” Pastor Earl McNutt, from sermon at The Stone Church, Canada If you have stuck with me so far, then I think you will agree that there is very broad scope for considering the specific what, why, where and how of worship. If worship is......

Words: 23268 - Pages: 94