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Security Competition Between the Us and North Korea

In: Historical Events

Submitted By mimikiki123
Words 9664
Pages 39
Conclusion
This concluding chapter evaluates the implications of this research project through five sections. First, a postscript briefly recalls the process of US-North Korean interaction from the transition to the Administration of George W. Bush in 2001 to Pyongyang’s June 2008 demolition of the cooling tower at the Yongbyon nuclear facility. Secondly, and based on the findings of my empirical case study in Chapters Four and Five, I comparatively examine the strength of offensive realism, defensive realism and constructivism in explaining the extent to which US-North Korean security competition was mitigated from 1993 to 2000. The third section considers the implications of this research project’s findings for the ability of policymakers to exercise security dilemma sensibility. The fourth section concludes this PhD thesis by laying out a proposed research agenda that builds on the findings of this research project.

1. Postscript: Transition to George W. Bush
George W. Bush succeeded to the US presidency in early 2001 on a political platform that pointed to elements of ideological fundamentalism and assumptions of inherent bad faith in Pyongyang. Robert Woodward argued that the Bush Administration’s outlook was based on moral absolutism that cast the US as a crusader against the ‘evil’ North Korean leadership. Similarly, Charles L. Pritchard, who served as National Security Council Director for Asian Affairs under the Clinton Administration, and the US Representative to Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO) under the Bush Administration, reflected that the transition to Bush marked

a hundred percent fundamental change. The Bush Administration brought with it a whole different set of assumptions on North Korean intentions and how to deal with the North Koreans, they [the Bush Administration] viewed the Agreed Framework as...

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