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Seven Organizational Approaches Paper

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Submitted By mzcarla1001
Words 574
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Carla Paula Tantay
May 24, 2015
HCA/220
Seven Organizational Approaches Paper
Instructor: Terrasha Rachels

There are 7 organizational approaches to studying the human body. The seven organizational approaches consist of planes and directions, body cavities, quadrants and regions, anatomy and physiology, microscopic and macroscopic, body systems and medical specialties. The body planes and body direction is the division of the body in to sections from front to back, right and left, and top and bottom. These sections are called the mid sagittal plane, the coronal plane, and the transverse plane. There are two main cavities; “Dorsal and ventral body cavities”. Based on Bite Anti Body Research, Some anatomical references do not recognize the dorsal body cavity but we will use it in this example because it is use by some professionals and colleges. Dorsal body cavity protects organs in our nervous system and dorsal body cavity has 2 divisions which is cranial which works around the brains and spinal which works around the spinal cord. With Ventral the superior division is called the thoracic cavity. The thoracic cavity is surrounded by the ribs and muscles in the chest. It’s further subdivided into lateral pleural cavities (each pleural cavity envelopes a lung) and the mediastinum. Within The pericardial cavity lies within the mediastinum.

Quadrants are divides our bodies into regions for diagnostic and descriptive purposes. The quadrants are defined by drawing an imaginary line vertically (top to bottom) and horizontally (sideways) though the umbilicus (belly button). The following is a list of the organs in the four quadrants. Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ), Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ) , Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ) and Left Lower Quadrant (LLQ) (CINDY SCHMIDLER, 2015)

When it comes to the study of human body according to structures and functions; Anatomy is the study of structures and Physiology is the study of the functions of those structures.

Most cells and cellular structures are called microscopic in size, that is, they can be seen only through a microscope. The human body can be studied according to its smallest parts and how they combine to make larger and more complex and structures and systems. Cell is the smallest functioning structures in the body that can reproduce itself by division, Tissues and organs are macroscopic that can be seen with naked eyes.

Body Systems is the study according to its various structures and how they function together. Gastrointestinal system, Respiratory system, cardiovascular system, blood, lymphatic system, integumentary system, skeletal system, muscular system, nervous system, Urinary system, male genital and reproductive system, female genital and reproductive system, endocrine system, eyes, ears, nose and throat system is the list of body system.

The human body can be studies according to the medical specialties that make up the practice of medicine. Each medical specialty includes the anatomy (structures), physiology (functions), disease and conditions, laboratory and diagnostic procedures, medical and surgical procedures and drugs for the body system.

Electronic health information exchange (HIE) allows doctors, nurses, pharmacists, other health care providers and patients to appropriately access and securely share a patient’s vital medical information electronically—improving the speed, quality, safety and cost of patient care.

References:
Electronic Health Information Exchange retrieve from The Exchange Of Health Information. Health Affairs, 31, no.3 (2012):527-536

CINDY SCHMIDLER (2015) Quadrants are divides our bodies into regions for diagnostic and descriptive purposes. Retrieve from http://www.healthpages.org/anatomy-function/anatomy-terms/#body-quadrants

Susan Turley (2011). Medical Language, Second Edition

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