Free Essay

Seven Years War

In: Historical Events

Submitted By leonel1208
Words 899
Pages 4
The Seven Years War was a series of conflict between several countries including the colonies, Britain, France, Spain, Austria, Russia, Sweden, and Persia (Brinkley, 2012). While the war officially began in 1756, many of the colonists predicted the French and Indian war in the early 1750’s. Although Great Britain was still in control of the colonies, they provided very little help and support. This eventually worsened matters, especially when many colonists were constantly fighting off Indian tribes who were in alliance with the French. In fact, nearly every Indian tribe had ties to the France, excluding the Iroquois tribe due to the fear imposed by the British (History, 2014). As previously stated, the Seven Years War officially began in 1756 when France and England, for the first time, engaged in full-blown warfare. What made this war so significant were the alliances formed, which included England and Prussia, and France and Austria, countries who would have never joined forces in the past (Brinkley, 2012). In 1957, one year after the war began, England was struggling and defeat became quite common for the country. As a result, William Pitt was appointed to fix the problems England was facing in the war. Almost immediately, Pitt announced that the war in America was completely under British rule. Because the casualty count was so high, he decided to engage in impressment meaning that the colonists were basically forced to join the British army. Furthermore, the colonists were obligated by law to supply, feed, and provide shelter to British soldiers. Because so many Americans were fed up with England and their lack of support at the beginning of the war, hundreds of thousands of colonists began to revolt against the new policy, which nearly put a momentary stop to the war. In 1758, Pitt realized the important role the American colonists had played in foreign affairs and created a new plan. He decided to immediately credit the colonists back for their contributions to the British Army, granting the colonies full control over their army and even having sent numerous British troops to supply the colonial army (Brinkley, 2012). These factors, along with the simple reality that the French Army was much smaller than England’s, led to some of the many struggles the French began to encounter. In fact, the joint forces of England and the colonies played a significant role in the defeat of the French in 1758. Roughly ten months later, England acquired a significant victory in the siege of Quebec with the leadership of two highly respected generals, Wolfe and Amherst (History, 2014). In September 1760, the French finally surrendered to the English Army. By this time, America was beginning to decrease their involvement in actual warfare. While tensions between the French and English decreased, the colonies still offered bounties for the murdering of any person who was Native. As an act of retaliation, the French Army and several Indian tribes attacked and killed a large number of colonists in various settlements along the coast (Brinkley, 2012). In 1763, policy was about to change in Britain as a result of the appointment of new Prime Minister, George III. Unlike Pitt, George III was completely against the war and continuous hostilities between the countries. As a result, the Peace of Paris was signed granting England a large portion of the New World (History, 2014). Though the acquisition may have seemed to be quite beneficial at the time, England eventually established a large amount of debt. Many English colonists believed Americans should have given more to the war, since it was primarily benefiting them. Frustrations in England also increased when it became known that American merchants were exporting goods to the French colonies during the war. In America, however, the consists finally witnessed how England handled affairs in the New World, England’s inability to continue to enforce unfair policy proved to many colonists that the English were simply unable to appropriately control the colonies (U.S. History, 1999). Furthermore, the colonists gained confidence and recognized the unity of their army, which was much different than the arrogant reputation the English Army held. Though England may be seen the territory acquisition beneficial at the time, the French and Indian war was a stepping stone to the American Revolution (History, 2014). England was in a great deal of debt as a result of the French and Indian War. In 1763, policy was about to once again change with the new leadership of George Grenville. Much like the majority of key English leaders, Grenville believed that the colonies were partially responsible for the debt in England (Brinkley, 2012). He began to enact a series of new, unfair taxes and regulations on the colonies, eventually causing several crises, rebellions, and revolts within the colonists. In the eyes of the colonies, Grenville’s plan was seen as an unfair retaliation (U.S. History, 1999). As the taxes increased, so did the violence, eventually leading to the Boston Tea Party. “No taxation without representation” was heard around the world as the road to independence from England got closer.

References
History (2014). Article: Seven Years War. Retrieved from http://www.history.com/topics/seven-years-war
U. S. History (1999). The French and Indian War. The Seven Years War. Retrieved from http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/related/frin.htm
Brinkley, A. (2012). American History: Volume 1: To 1865. McGraw Hill Education.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Seven Years War

...The Seven Years’ War - A First Person Account I was born and raised in Virginia. I provide for my family by hunting and trapping game. My wife and children take care of our home and help me prepare the animal pelts and meat for sale or consumption. We live a modest life and attend church services regularly. I joined the militia with neighbors a couple years ago as a way to support our community. I am grateful to God to be alive today to recount my experiences through the Seven Years’ War. Growing up in Virginia, I was exposed to a very diverse population. My friends and family led simple lives here, but we would see many people come and go through our community. The first stranger I remember was a very loud preacher. I remember my parents bringing me to a field to hear this man speak at what they called a “revival.” The man was called Whitefield and I recall my parents cheering and more excited than any time we had gone to Church before or since. I never told anyone, including my wife, about the second stranger I met. One day I was out hunting and I came across a very tired Negro. His hands and back were covered in scars. He was visibly cold and tired. I gave the man my flask of milk and what little jerky I had and I vividly remember how rapidly he ate it. I did not understand the words he said to me, but I knew of neighbors who may help him and simply pointed into the direction he should go. The third man I remember spoke very properly. ...

Words: 1148 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Seven Year War Paper

...Seven Year's War Paper Seven Year's War Paper Many factors led to the Seven Years’ War. Along with these factors, I think that the huge differences in cultural backgrounds and points of view between the various countries involves also contributed to the Seven Years’ War. In the seventeenth-century, the colonies were becoming over run by various, very different immigrant groups (Davidson, 2006). Famine, warfare, and religious persecution forced most of the non- English groups to leave from their homes in Europe and go to the American colonies. This immigration quickly increased the population and made the colonies more diverse. The diversity caused the colonies to be primarily divided along cultural lines. The colonist divided themselves according to their ethnic, regional, racial, and religious differences (Davidson, 2006). Because many of these immigrants had no money and no way to pay for their trip to America, they had arrived in the colonies already signed into indentured servitude (Davidson, 2006). The population increase had a significant impact on the lifestyles of the colonists in the eighteenth-century. At this time the birth rate had increased dramatically as women typically gave birth to five to eight children. This fast population increase made nearly every part of the eighteenth –century American life more frantic and hectic. Social relations in the era grew more strained, as many of the colonials found that this diversity made it impossible......

Words: 1123 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Seven Years War

...Seven Years' War The eighteenth century was a precise and hard time to live in, because of the many changes that took place. We have been divided by so many changes that have affected us due to different religious, cultural, and our way of living. I am from the South, where we have big families and most of our time is spent gathering agriculture and raising our families. Most of the crops that we grow are tobacco, rice where we have large plantation so we had to enforced labor on our slaves in order for us to benefit from our profits. At this time the birth rate has increased so much to as women were given birth between five to seven children as it is still today. It was impossible to form a common identity, because of the strained relations in this area. This population had a significant impact on the lifestyles in the eighteenth century because of the harsh living and hard times. Young single women from poorer families worked in wealthier households as maids, cooks, laundresses, seamstresses, or nurses (Davidson 2006). White males received college education where as white females were excluded from receiving a higher education and slaves received no education at all. I was taught what I needed to know at home far as education wise my mom taught me my lessons. My brothers were taught to go out and work on the farm, and hunt, because there were no monies to pay for our education, so in that area there was a struggle to get an education In order to set up farms the English......

Words: 965 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Seven Years War Paper

...In this paper I am going to explain the diverse social and political backgrounds existent in the eighteenth-century America. There were many factors that led to the Seven Year’s War, and I will explain some of these factors as I venture through this paper. I will also explain how this war affected me and America in general. Before I was born in the Seventeenth-Century, the colonies were being overrun by different immigrants. Famine, warfare, and religious persecution forced those immigrants to move to the colonies. “They paid for their passage by signing indentures to work as servants in America” (Davidson, J., 2006). When the immigrants and slaves came to America this caused for a very large growth in the population, and the population in the colonies was rapidly growing from natural increase. My father had stated that “the birthrate of the eighteenth century in America was triple what it is today” (Davidson, J., 2006). I was born during this time, and most women gave birth to between five and eight children. My mother said, “Most children only lived to maturity”. Because of the religious and ethnic diversity there was a chaotic rate of westward expansion. This made it hard for colonials to share any common identity. Every aspect of social development set Americans at odds with one another. My dad said that even the children of longtime settlers couldn’t obtain land along the coast. There were limited supplies of land so three and four generations were using the same......

Words: 407 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Seven Year War

...1- FRENCH INDIAN WAR  The French Indian War directly caused the Revolutionary War by the separation of King …….  The French Indian war was also known as the Seven Year War…..  The British colonist understood that by …..  On the other hand, the British did not understand that by…..  In conclusion, the French Indian War…. 2- RELIGION  Religion played an essential part in founding America by ….  Was America a really please for religion freedom? Only if you were running away from prosecution since the Native Americans were forced to give up their own believes thus their religion.  During the 1600s separation of church and state did not exist. The church was the state. The religious figures held more power than the kings.  In conclusion, religion played a tremendous part in the foundation of our country. 3- INDIANS IN AMERICA HISTORY  The Indians believed and saw the land as their mother who provided food and shelter to them. The immigrants were taken apart the ecosystem by abusing it. The Indians were afraid of the immigrants’ abuse not only because they interfered with their culture and their religion but their source of life.  Indians were an enormous help for the immigrants that arrived into their land. Pokahontas, Squanto and Pontiac were some of the most famous Indians that help the immigrants to survive….  All the abuse and ambition for wealthy from the colonist forced the Indians to stand for their land by starting war against the aggressors...

Words: 368 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Seven Years War

...Seven Year’s War Luis A Bazan March 27, 2011 HIS/115 Jeff Hanford I am an American citizen here in North America. Living here is very different. There are many things going on here and in all the colonies. There are numerous issues going on. There is a lot of settlement taking place with many different people. There are not only issues between the people who are settling but there are also many issues and differences between the natives that were here when we started migrating and settling. Also there are issues and differences among the colonies themselves. As I have lived here and learned about what is going on, I have written a journal of the several happenings not only where I live but also throughout all colonies. I have kept some notes about the type of people here. I have also kept notes on the various issues between colonies, people and groups. I have observed the natives as well as the settlers and have seen several different things from hatred to friendliness and many steps in between. Although I hope to be able to learn a lot about this and other colonies, it will be very difficult as we are separated by distance and also the communication between the colonies is not very efficient and it takes a lot of time for news to travel from colony to colony. One of the things I have noticed more than anything is that this and other colonies have become and are continuing to become very diverse in more areas than one. First of course there are the natives......

Words: 1163 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Seven Years War

...The Seven Years’ War was also called the French and Indian War. It was a war fought by the French and the English over who would control the North American continent and India. At the beginning of the war the French had the best advantage because they had most of the Native Americans as their allies and they a chain of forts strategically located throughout the frontier. All the English had going for them was that they had a bigger population of people than the French had. The English knew that they had to solve two big problems if they were to win the war against the French. The first of these problems was that they had to regain the trust of the Iroquois Indians. The other problem was with the colonies themselves and the way they supported the English. To help with these problems, English leaders put together a colonial conference in Albany, New York in June 1754. Among all the people at the conference there was a man there by the name of William Johnson. He was married to a Mohawk woman and with her help they were able to communicate with the Iroquois and tried to gain their support. The Iroquois didn’t help the English until later on in the war when they knew the English were going to be the victors. To help with colonial support, a group of people got together and put together a proposal known as the Albany Plan of Union. The plan called for a council to represent all of the colonies and one person to preside over it who is appointed by the king. The war......

Words: 1093 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Seven Years War

...The Seven Years' War also known as the French Indian War. It lasted from 1754 to 1763. The war resulted from ongoing tensions in North America as both French and British officials sought to extend their regions. In North America the war pitted France, French colonist and their Native allies against Great Britain, the Anglo-American colonists and the Iroquois Confederacy. Prior to the war Great Britain controlled the 13 colonies up to the Appalachian Mountains. Beyond the mountains lay New France a large sparsely settled colony that stretched from Louisiana through the Mississippi Valley and Great Lakes to Canada. The French and British border was not well defined and one territory that was disputed was the upper Ohio River Valley. The French built forts in the area to try and bolster their claim of the land. The British had other plans. They sent in British forces led by colonel George Washington in an attempt to get rid of the French. The British were outnumbered and defeated by the French. This was the start of a very rough war for the British. The British Government sent General Edward Braddock to the new colonies as commander of the British North American forces, but things did not go well for him he alienated the Indian allies and colonial leaders failed to cooperate with him. He died on July 13th 1755 on a failed expedition to capture Fort Duquesne. In 1757 things started to change for Britain. They defeated French forces in India and in 1759 they......

Words: 1265 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Seven Year War

...I am 13 years old, and my name is Victoria. I was born, and presently live in Boston, but my family came here from England to start a new life for themselves, and soon their family; me. I walk around my city, my home, and I observe that many different people of many different backgrounds reside in my town with me. I names like Puritans, and Quakers, and I often wonder why we are all the same, but labeled differently. My mother tells me that we all have different labels, but we all worship the same God. We are Puritans. Day by day my mother teaches me the words in a giangantic book called the Bible. We must follow, and obey all the words that God has written for us in this one book. My father works as a fisherman, and he is our “leader”. He provides our family with the resources we need to survive, and my mother provides us with the words we need to live by. If someone breaks a rule in the thick book that God wrote us, they must be punished. My parents have made it pretty clear to me to follow all of the rules, and nothing harsh will happen to me. I have heard of people being stoned, and embarassed in front of everyone for breaking the rules. I have also heard talk to people being hung to death for breaking the more serious rules that need to be followed. My mother told me that one of the reasons her, and my father sailed seas to Boston was because they wanted to be free to practice any religion they prefered. The puritans have taken over the government here in Boston, and......

Words: 1099 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

History of the Seven Years War

...Janine McAuley The History of the Seven Years War Seven Years' War During the late 1750's and early 1760's, Fredrick of Prussia's invasion of the German state of Saxony had sparked a worldwide series of conflict that also raged in North America. This war was known as the Seven Years' War. It was one of the largest struggles between England and France for dominance in world trade, naval power, and control of the land in North America. For nearly a century, the French and the British had coexisted peacefully in North America. The French explored and claimed a vast region of the land, from Louisiana in the South to the Great Lakes in the North. This region, enclosed by four major cities: Montreal, Detroit, New Orleans, and Quebec, was the Centre of the French empire in North America. (www.digital) history.org For the British, their empire was located at the eastern coastal line of the Atlantic Ocean. Both the French and the British had built communities, trading posts and fortresses to secure a hold on their own claims. Yet, by 1750's, things began to change as both English and French settlements expanded. The religious and commercial tensions began to produce many new conflicts. During this period, the English were getting prepare for the great population leap across the Appalachians into the Ohio valley and beyond. They were not impressed when France tried to claim the Ohio Valley as part of the French territory in the same year while they were prepared to use that......

Words: 2244 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Seven Years' War Paper

...Seven Years’ War Paper Your Name Goes Here Axia College of the University of Phoenix Shauna Donovan HIS 115 Many factors led up to the Seven Years’ War and in this paper I will describe the social and political backgrounds existent in eighteenth-century America, explain how the diverse backgrounds and views led to the Seven Years’ War and explain how the outcome of the Seven Years’ War affected me and America. All of this will be explained as you read along in this paper. In the seventeenth-century before I was born, “the colonies were becoming overrun by various, very different immigrant groups” (Davidson, J., 2006). Famine, warfare, and religious persecution forced many non-English groups to flee their homes in Europe to the American colonies. This immigration quickly increased the population and made the colonies greatly diverse in backgrounds. This diversity in backgrounds caused the colonies to be divided along the cultural lines. The colonists divided themselves according to ethnic, regional, racial, and religious differences (Davidson, J., 2006). “Since many of these immigrants had no way to pay for their trip to America, they arrived in the colonies already signed into indentured servitude” (Davidson, J., 2006). The population increase had a significant impact on the lifestyle of colonists in the eighteenth-century. “At this time the birth rate also increased with women typically giving birth to between five and eight children” (Davidson, J.,......

Words: 1319 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Seven Years War Paper

...Seven Years War Paper Jennifer Bennett August 14, 2011 Seven Years War Paper Dear Journal, I wanted to tell you about the social cultures and the people who have settled in the North America colonies. Things are pretty bad at this moment, so I feel like I need to talk about what I am feeling and seeing. I really wanted to talk about how the fact that there are a large amount of African Americans, in the population who were brought over from the African continent and the islands in the Caribbean. A large amount of the Africans here are slaves, which are owned by southern farmers and planters. There’s a couple of Africans that are free men, but they work as servants here in the North. Also I have met some free men working in stables. A long time ago before I or anyone arrived on this continent, people were already here witch everyone calls them the Indians and they still remain in several civilized areas. But there are a lot more Indians being found in the western parts of the continent, where the white settlers were starting to move. There is something that I have always found strange, is the Indian are all different they are divided into these tribes, meaning they were divided into small groups of Indians. They would settle in many different places. Also each has their own way of doing things. In my area we do a little bit of trading goods with the tribes, that are living near us because most of them either farm or hunt for food. The......

Words: 996 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Road to Revoltion

...the city dock, tearing it apart board by board. The crowd then beheaded the effigy and "stamped" it to pieces. After giving the stamp collector time to flee, they ransacked Oliver's house, shattering the windows and smashing the furniture. Three days later, a second house was wrecked in Newport, Rhode Island, after the local stamp distributor failed to resign. The protests and disorder that broke out in the American colonies in 1765 marked the beginning not only of the American struggle for independence, but of over half a century of popular protest, revolution, and war across the western world. From the Ural Mountains in Russia to the Alleghenies and the Andes in the Americas, rioting, revolutions, and popular struggles against undemocratic rule took place in areas as diverse as France (in 1789), Geneva in Switzerland, Ireland, and Mexico. Revolution took on an entirely new meaning in 1791, when civil war erupted in San Domingue (Haiti) and slaves in the French colony's northern province rose in revolt. In 1770, a French philosophe, the Abbé Raynal, had called for a "Black Spartacus" to overthrow slavery. Spartacus was a Thracian slave and gladiator who led a great slave revolt against the Romans, in southern Italy in 73-71 B.C.E. Under the leadership of a new Spartacus, Toussaint Louverture, Haiti's slaves defeated the armies of France, Spain, and Britain, and, in 1801, adopted a constitution prohibiting slavery forever. Haiti became independent in 1804 after......

Words: 1856 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

His 115 Complete Class

...Compare and Contrast Matrix HIS 115 Week 2-DQ 1 HIS 115 Week 2-DQ 2 HIS 115 Week 3-Assignment Seven Years' War Paper HIS 115 Week 3-CheckPoint - Great Britain and the Colonies HIS 115 Week 4-Appendix C - The Confederation Government Table HIS 115 Week 4-DQ 1 HIS 115 Week 4-DQ 2 HIS 115 Week 5-Assignment - Western Expansion Presentation HIS 115 Week 5-Checkpoint - Hamilton's Financial Program HIS 115 Week 5-Checkpoint - War of 1812 HIS 115 Week 6-CheckPoint - The Bank War HIS 115 Week 6-DQ 1 HIS 115 Week 6-DQ 2 HIS 115 Week 7-Assignment - Perfection Era Paper HIS 115 Week 7-CheckPoint - Class Structure and Slave Culture HIS 115 Week 8-Appendix D - Civil War Matrix HIS 115 Week 8-DQ 1 HIS 115 Week 8-DQ 2 HIS 115 Week 9-Capstone Checkpoint HIS 115 Week 9-Final Project - Historical Timeline and Essay Activity mode aims to provide quality study notes and tutorials to the students of HIS 115 COMPLETE CLASS in order to ace their studies. HIS 115 COMPLETE CLASS To purchase this visit here: http://www.activitymode.com/product/his-115-complete-class/ Contact us at: SUPPORT@ACTIVITYMODE.COM HIS 115 COMPLETE CLASS HIS 115 Week 1-Assignment - North American Civilization Paper HIS 115 Week 1-CheckPoint - European Societal Changes HIS 115 Week 2-Appendix B - Compare and Contrast Matrix HIS 115 Week 2-DQ 1 HIS 115 Week 2-DQ 2 HIS 115 Week 3-Assignment Seven Years' War Paper HIS 115 Week 3-CheckPoint - Great Britain and the Colonies HIS 115 Week......

Words: 463 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

French History

...Although fishing and fur trading expeditions were successful, France made no serious attempt to colonize “New France” until the 17th century. France greatly expanded its holdings in North America during the second half of the 17th century and early 18th century. Profits from the fur trade and from providing supplies and services to the French colonial régime and its military offered the opportunity for enterprising individuals to obtain wealth not otherwise available from the trades or farming. (New France: Historical Background in Brief) In 1756, the world war known as the Seven Years’ War broke out in Europe, with France and Austria allied against England and Prussia. The English had the advantage of the mightiest navy on the seas and, with Frederick the Great on their side, the finest army in Europe. Determined to drive France out of North America, England used its superior sea power to cut New France off from Europe. The war officially ended with the signing of the 1763 Treaty of Paris. Thus France surrendered all title to the mainland of North America, and the French régime in Québec officially ended. (New France: Historical Background in Brief) A watershed event in modern European history, the French Revolution began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790s with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte. During this...

Words: 534 - Pages: 3