Premium Essay

Sexual Assault

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Jfecha
Words 1477
Pages 6
What is crime?
Crime is the breach of rules or laws for which some governing authority (via mechanisms such as legal systems) can ultimately prescribe a conviction. Individual human societies may each define crime and crimes differently, in different localities (state, local, international), at different time stages of the so-called "crime" (planning, disclosure, supposedly crime”. A crime is therefore an act prohibited by law and punishable by law.

CRIME AND ETHNICITY What is ethnicity?
Ethnicity is socially defined category based on common language, religion and nationality, history or any other cultural factor. It can also be defined as a shared cultural heritage, typically involving common ancestors language and religion. Sociological insight into the patterns of ethnicity and crime may highlight things such as, demographic factors (age and socio-economic composition of ethnic communities), prejudice in the police force, links to colonial struggle and marginalization.
It is important to emphasize that none of these explanations adequately explain the complex patterns of ethnicity and crime, and also tend to overlook the amount of different experiences within each ethnic group (i.e. not all young back unemployed men turn to crime).
Due to societal prejudice and stereotyping some ethnic groups have come to be related with crime. For example, in Kenya, the Kikuyu community are judged as criminals. Other ethnic communities have come to believe that they are the only ones who commit crimes. This is not true as other communities also commit crimes, it has reached a point that people from other ethnic groups forge identity cards with kikuyu names; this justifies the stereotype. On the other hand, in Kenya most crime reports or analyses show that most criminals come from the stereotyped ethnic group, the Kikuyu.
Because prejudice is hard to change...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Sexual Assault

...The assault crime of rape can be applied to many types of sexual attacks. Some of the more common types are forcible rape, acquaintance (date) rape and statutory rape. Statistics show that more than half of the victims in these cases were acquainted with their attacker. Sadly, an estimated one out of four forcible rape crimes is actually reported to police making it the least reported of all violent offenses. Forcible rape as defined in the FBI’s UCR Program is the carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will. Attempts or assaults to commit rape by force or threat of force are also included (http://www.fbi.gov). The rapes reported under this program are always females and sexual attacks on males are counted as aggravated assaults or sex offenses. Forcible rape is often a planned crime and is more frequently committed by a man the victim knows. A victim may be held captive and repeatedly assaulted or it may be a single act. A rapist will feel the need for personal fulfillment and dominance. As a result of this, victims are violated, humiliated and battered physically which leaves them with feelings of helplessness, vulnerability and a lack of control over their personal lives. There are three elements to the crime of rape: carnal knowledge (penetration); forcible submission; and, lack of consent. Penetration is an essential element of rape and means that the male sexual organ entered the female sexual organ. Courts have held that even the......

Words: 868 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Sexual Assault

...This essay will examine the topic of sexual assault on University campus. Firstly, the legal definition of sexual assault is that it is an offense to knowingly cause another person to engage in an unwanted sexual act by force or threat. This essay will examine the sociological research conducted on the topic of sexual assault on University campus, and there have been a number of identified reasons in being sexually assaulted. Reasons that were discovered include the way an individual presented themselves, the intake or abuse of alcohol, and being placed in an abusive relationship. Furthermore, researchers have investigated these topics and discovered the need for programs to help victims of sexual assault due to the long- term effects it has on an individual. With the initiation of these programs, the hope is to help victims move forward in their lives. The articles that were discovered and expressed these three main points about sexual assault on University campus, the main general question was why? Why was this being done and why were the reported incidences so high for women as opposed to men? Researchers gathered victims of sexual assault on University campus as well as victims of sexual assault not necessarily on a University campus. A theory was proposed called the Routine Activities Theory. This theory portrayed that the reason this act was done to females was because of the way they dressed, the types of social gatherings they went to and what they did...

Words: 436 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Sexual Assault

...Army Sexual Assault & Response Program PE: L301 Scenario 1 Minnie Lee and Sandra Chip are both sergeant first class attending the Advanced Noncommissioned Officer Course (ANCOC). They have become good friends during their training and have a lot in common. Both of them are divorced and have one child. With only a week left in the course, they decide to go to the theater to see the latest movie. As they watch the movie Minnie asks Sandra, “May I kiss you?” Before Sandra can respond, Minnie grabs Sandra and places her mouth over her lips. Sandra struggles to get away, not believing what is happening to her. After pulling away, she walks out of the theater in a state of shock and surprise a. Does the scenario describe a sexual assault? yes b. If so, what type? Incident Assault c. If rape, what type? Not rape d. Who is the victim? Sandra e. Who is the alleged perpetrator Minnie ANSWER: Sexual assault is an involuntary sexual act in which a person is threatened or forced to engage against their will, or any sexual touching of a person who has not consented. Indecent assault is an assault that is sexual in nature. Any person who has indecent contact with another or takes indecent liberties with a person without his or her consent is guilty of indecent assault. The fact that Sandra was trying to pull away is the gesture saying that Minnie’s actions are unwanted. It is a sex crime. There are many COAs in which Sandra can handle this situation.......

Words: 1964 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Sexual Assaults

...Investigating Sexual Assaults Sexual Assaults Incident Reports Jurisdictions have different approaches when it comes to the reporting and documentation of sexual assaults which has resulted in an inefficient system for dealing with these cases. This week’s reading identifies practices and procedures that can help in streamlining the process for law enforcement officials. Coding Each case that is reported should be documented in writing and provided with a case number regardless of the amount of information that is given to law enforcement. No cases should be dismissed without proper evidence collection and investigation. Report Writing When doing a report try to get necessary details that will help in the identification and apprehension of the suspect. Do not make judgement decisions about the victim based on the information that they have provided. Specific language and observed behavior of the suspect by the victim should also be documented. Victim Interview Health and safety issues posed by the victim should be immediately addressed. Explain the investigative process to the victim, this will help in building trust. Provide support services to the victim during the process if they need it. Every victim will react differently to trauma, initial interviews may present only a small amount of the information that the victim chooses to discuss. Schedule follow-up interviews with the victim, this will give them time to recall more information. Suspect......

Words: 480 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Sexual Assault Definition

...Sexual Assault Definition and Army Policy Definition Of Sexual Assault Sexual assault refers to offenses of a sexual nature committed without the lawful consent of the victim. Sexual assault includes rape, forcible sodomy, indecent assault, and carnal knowledge as defined by Articles 120, 125, and 134 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). The following are types of sexual assault: • Rape – Sexual intercourse by force and without consent • Forcible Sodomy – Oral or anal sex by force and without consent • Indecent Assault – Any non-consensual touching done with the intent to gratify lust or sexual desires • Carnal Knowledge – Sexual intercourse with a child under age 16. Attempts to commit the offenses of rape or forcible sodomy under Article 80, UCMJ, or assaults with the intent to commit rape or sodomy under Article 134, UCMJ, are also crimes punishable under the UCMJ. Discussion Questions: • What are some of the differences between sexual assault and sexual harassment? • Why isn’t sexual assault considered to be just a more serious example of sexual harassment? Sexual Assault Definition and Army Policy (continued) Army Policy on Sexual Assault The Army policy on sexual assault is as follows: • Sexual assault is a criminal offense that has no place in the Army. It degrades mission readiness by devastating the Army’s ability to work effectively as a team. • Sexual assault is incompatible with Army Values and the Warrior Ethos and...

Words: 1464 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Cause of Sexual Assault on College Campuses

...Name Teacher English 101-Section 10 November 2014 Cause of Sexual Assault on College Campuses Over the last few years, the media has been filled with news broadcasts and reports of sexual assaults on college campuses. According to an article written by Wayne State University’s Dr. Antonia Abbey, “The term sexual assault is used . . . to describe the full range of forced sexual contacts . . .” This includes “. . . touching or kissing; verbally coerced intercourse; and physically forced [sexual behaviors]” (118). While these events are highly publicized when they occur, they happen much more frequently than realized. Young women are the primary victims of these attacks; reports regarding the assault of men are much less frequent. Many things contribute to why sexual assault and rape happen on college campuses. Alcohol consumption, personal psychological factors, and social influence all play a major role in why and how these events occur. The central factor in all rape and sexual assault cases is the victims are not adequately informed of the dangers beforehand. With that said, it is not the victim’s fault they were abused, but had they been proactive to remove themselves from the situation, things would have resulted differently. Alcohol plays a major role in sexual assault. Every campus has some aspect of Greek life—fraternities, sororities, and other elite social organizations. It can be noted these organizations are mostly known, and classified, according to the......

Words: 1194 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Sexual Harassment & Assault Prevention Situation

...ABSTRACT A Sexual Offense is a serious issue. The United States Military has a “zero” tolerance for sexual offenses. Sexual offenses include sexual assaults, sexual harassment, sexual violence and sexual abuse. As an NCO we need to ensure the safety of our Soldiers and do everything in our power to prevent a sexual offense. If a sexual offense happens it is our responsibility to manage it in the proper way. The Sharp Program is a combination of two Army programs. The SAPR (Sexual Assault Prevention and Response) and the POSH (Program and Prevention of Sexual Harassment). On 6 February 2004, Acting Secretary of the Army Mr. Les Brownlee established a task force. The task force was responsible for reviewing Army policies on reporting and addressing allegations of sexual assaults. The finding of the taskforce led to the implementation of the SHARP program. In September 2008 the Army launched phase I of the Sexual Assault Prevention Strategy and in April 2010 the phase II Army wide roll out began. (SHARP Facts, n.d.)   INTRODUCTION Sexual violence is an increasing problem in the armed forces, no matter your gender, age or race. The Sexual Harassment/Assault Response and Prevention (SHARP) has been a yearly briefing, since its inception in September 2008. The SHARP program was developed to ensure Soldiers understand what a sexual offense is, how to deal with a sexual offense and possible steps to prevent a sexual offense from happening. It also strives to......

Words: 883 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Sexual Assault Mtsu

...Middle Tennessee State University has had six sexual assault cases reported; that is more than its entirety last year. We have been in session for eight weeks; that is almost one sexual assault per week. Granted, that could be a result of the campaigns MTSU has been advertising. The posters motivate victims to speak up about an assault. Sexual assault is the most unreported crime at MTSU, according to campus police. Nevertheless, our campaign preventions should not be about the victim speaking up— there should be no victims; our preventions should be geared towards the offender. This is one of the biggest issues at MTSU. A student should feel safe at the university he/she will spend the next four years of their promising life at. A sexual assault report was filed the first day of school. As freshman, we don’t even know our way around campus yet, where all the closer parking spots are yet, and there is already a report filed? That is demoralizing. Middle Tennessee State University has the qualities to be one of the top universities in Tennessee. However, that will never happen if the crime rate, not only in sexual assaults, but in general does not go down. First impressions are everything. I remember the first time I visited this campus. My mom was talking to my dad on the phone about the town and MTSU as we got out of the car. This is when the issue was first brought to my attention. My dad informed us of a sexual violence report he saw while researching......

Words: 1001 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Army Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Program Practical Exercise

...The Army Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Program Practical Exercise .Read each scenario and determining the following: a. Does the scenario describe a sexual assault? b. If so, what type? c. If rape, what type? d. Who is the victim? e. Who is the alleged perpetrator? Scenario 1: Minnie Lee and Sandra Chip is both sergeant first class attending the Advanced Noncommissioned Officer Course (ANCOC). They have become good friends during their training and have a lot in common. Both of them are divorced and have one child. With only a week left in the course, they decide to go to the theater to see the latest movie. As they watch the movie Minnie asks Sandra, “May I kiss you?” Before Sandra can respond, Minnie grabs Sandra and places her mouth over her lips. Sandra struggles to get away, not believing what is happening to her. After pulling away, she walks out of the theater in a state of shock and surprise. Scenario 2: First Sergeant Lee asks SSG Long to befriend and mentor his teenage son Mike. SSG Long is a highly motivated and dedicated 24-year-old Soldier. Mike is 15 years old. SSG Long and Mike have spent many hours together, and Mike has become very fond of SSG Long and enjoys spending time with him. One day SSG Long suggests that he and Mike go on a camping trip. While there, SSG Long makes sexual advances towards Mike. SSG Long and Mike then engage in consensual sex. Scenario 3: Sergeant Major Wayne and his wife have been married for 4 years and......

Words: 769 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Being a Victim of a Sexual Assault

...Being a Victim of a Sexual Assault Craig Smith American Intercontinental University Online Abstract This paper will discuss a victim of a sexual assault who did not report the act to her local police department immediately after it occurred, but has now sought the advice of legal consultation to find out her rights and if she could sue the offender for damages or pursue criminal prosecution as a result of the attack. Just in case the victim was afraid to report the assault she needs to know the Rape Shield Law expressly rule out the use of evidence of a victim's past sexual history to weaken that victim's credibility. This law is intended to protect victims from invasions of their privacy, and to encourage them to come forward without having to fear that their sexual history being used against them to hinder their case in any possible way [ (LaMance, 2011) ]. Being a Victim of a Sexual Assault After researching the issue of rape and victims’ rights it appears this will be a hard case to prove in both the civil and criminal courts systems. The accusation of rape usually comes down to he said, she said testimonies and because of that rape is a very sensitive subject to be addressed [ (Hill, 2012) ]. Rape is an assault that is so easily committed and often the term is misused and abused by people who want to get back at a spouse or lover. Some people even engage in consensual sex and when things don’t turn out the way they like they claim to be raped.......

Words: 692 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Sexual Assault and Women in the Military

...Sexual Assault and Women in the Military Robb Johnson English 111 Professor Murray December 19, 2014 The protection and equal treatment of the men and women who serve in the Armed Forces of the United States is one the most important duties of the United States Department of Defense. With an annual budget of $500 billion dollars, and nearly 2.5 million active and reserve servicemen and women serving around the world, the Department of Defense is one of the most important and visible functioning organizations in the United States Government ("DoD releases fiscal," 2014). The men and women who serve in the Armed Forces are expected to exemplify what it means to be an American citizen and have an expectation to receive the appropriate care and respect in return for their services. Recent allegations of numerous cases of sexual assaults throughout the United States Armed Forces has left many wondering how this nation’s most entrusted organization could allow for this to take place. Reports show that servicewomen are being subjected to unethical treatment, specifically sexual harassment/assault at rates that have not been previously experienced. This raises the question of leadership and the policies in place to deal with such unethical treatment, and how the Department of Defense will move forward on the issues of sexual assault and women in the military. It has taken the stories of brave women to step forward and share their horrific experiences for this issue to come to......

Words: 1932 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Crime Against Women

...neighbour and his friends in Noida” These are some instances showing crime rate against women in National Capital Region. The Delhi-NCR region has thrown up numerous such instances of police apathy in rape cases. When asked to explain the rising instances of rape, the cops have invariably blamed the women, an array of extraneous factors or resorted to specious arguments instead of looking inwards and focusing on police reforms. The most disturbing aspect of this is the rank misogyny that underlies it. Crime against National Capital Region is alarming. Usually every day a single case of rape is reported in every city area of India. So it is wrong to say NCR alone. But The National Capital Region has become a hub for rapes and sexual assaults. In 2010, as many as 414 rape cases were reported in Delhi, the highest among 35 major cities in...

Words: 2029 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Hello

...Army’s Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Training – 071F6888/Version A OCS class number 6888 01 December 2006 (published on AKO SME KCC 19 Oct 07) TSP listed hours – 2 hours Additional Files: 1. 071F6888 PPT Army Sexual Assault Prevention 2. 071F6888 (Army Sexual Assault and Prevention, HO1) 3. 071F6888 (Army Sexual Assault and Prevention, HO2) 4. 071F6888 (Army Sexual Assault and Prevention, HO3) 5. 071F6888 (Army Sexual Assault and Prevention, HO4) 6. 071F6888 (Army Sexual Assault and Prevention, HO5) 7. 071F6888 (Army Sexual Assault and Prevention, HO7) 8. 071F6888 (Army Sexual Assault and Prevention, HO8) 9. 071F6888 Material Reference DOD 10301 Victim and Witness Assistance General Synopsis: This is a very thorough TSP with several good student handouts. There is a significant amount of information in the TSP that instructors must present that is not on slides (i.e. definitions, etc.) Recommendation: Possibly seek assistance from the Regiment and state EO/SA officers. Issues: - Student handout numbering is inconsistent within the TSP and with the provided handout, specifically: 1. There is no handout 6 provided. 2. In the initial Instructor Guidance SH-7 (Resources for Sexual Assault Victims) and SH-8 (Sexual Assault Tip Card) are referenced. From the provided files, SH-7 is the Sexual Assault Tip Card; SH-8 is Sexual Assault Scenario’s. A note for the Instructional Lead-in of ELO H lists SH-6 as......

Words: 291 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Case Analysis

...USN/USMC Commander’s Quick Reference Handbook for Legal Issues 2008 i Report Documentation Page Form Approved OMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington Headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington VA 22202-4302. Respondents should be aware that notwithstanding any other provision of law, no person shall be subject to a penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number. 1. REPORT DATE 3. DATES COVERED 2. REPORT TYPE 2008 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 00-00-2008 to 00-00-2008 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER USN/USMC Commander’s Quick Reference Handbook for Legal Issues 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Naval Justice School ,Newport ,RI 9. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S......

Words: 39456 - Pages: 158

Free Essay

Nike Synopsis

...Shortly after signing a four year, 45 million endorsement deal in June 2003, Kobe Bryant was accused of criminal sexual assault. Kobe Bryant was eventually cleared of all charges, but the stained on his image would remain on the minds of many. Nike had to decide whether or not to continue their contract with Kobe Bryant. Unlike many of the other companies whom had contracts with Kobe Bryant, Nike decided uphold their current contract while Bryant was in the midst of all of his legal troubles. In the article titled, “Nike relaunches Kobe Bryant after two years of prep work”, it discusses how Nike handled the situation and how they are trying to slowing make Bryant marketable once again. Until Kobe Bryant was cleared of all charges, Nike decided to endorse other athletes in place of Kobe in the public but kept Kobe’s name alive with the underground crowd. Nike had a strong, favorable response from the fans. The underground crowd interest in Kobe was remarkable and this plan kept Kobe’s name in the minds of fans. Nike had to strategize and work diligently to bring Bryant’s name back to the public. After waiting two years Nike decided it was time to reintroduce Kobe’s shoe line back to the mainstream stores. Many of the fans were excited but Nike did face some resistance from other critics. So to better understand how the public would respond, Nike decided to release some of Bryant’s shoes independently. The response Nike received from the public would assist them to know......

Words: 367 - Pages: 2