Premium Essay

Sexual Harassment in the Workplace

In: Social Issues

Submitted By yanicachan
Words 1971
Pages 8
Sexual harassment in the Hong Kong workplace

Introduction As sexual harassment is a serious problem in the Hong Kong workplaces, this essay will talk about the situation of sexual harassment and some of the negative effects this may have. At the end, we will also make some possible solutions to deal with the negative impact of it.

Definition Firstly, sexual harassment will be defined before describing the problem. According to Shrier (1996), sexual harassment is a type of sexual discrimination which means the unwelcome body contact or verbal communication in the workplace or academia.

In Hong Kong, the Equal Opportunities Commission has a legal definition of Sexual Harassment as well. Under the Sexual Discrimination Ordinance, “If a person who is sexual harasser, he/she makes unwelcome sexual advances or unacceptable request for sexual favors or makes other unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature. It may causes the persons who have been sexually harassed may feel offended, humiliated or intimidated. Also it is prohibited in all environments. ”

We may find that the above definitions are not clear. It is difficult to define the meaning of “unwelcome” and “unacceptable”. Furthermore, the definition is applied in all environments which are not specific. So it seems that lack of clear, concise, widely accepted definition of sexual harassment in the workplace.

Categories There are 2 categories of sexual harassment, which is sexual coercion and sexual annoyance. First, sexual coercion is sexual harassment that results in some direct consequences to the victim’s employment. For example, a staff may face the sexual harassment from his employer or superior. If the staff accedes to the superior’s sexual solicitation, job benefits will follow. Conversely, if the subordinate refuses, job benefits are denied.

Second, Sexual annoyance is...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Sexual Harassment in the Workplace

...Sexual Harassment in the Workplace Sasha Greer Webster University Abstract Sexual harassment in the workplace is when an employee such as a manager or coworker make other coworkers feel uncomfortable with the use of sexually explicit photos, touching or verbally. It can often go unnoticed because many employees feel that there is nothing that they can do to prevent it or they feel that the company will not do anything about it. Sexual harassment can happen to anyone, male or female. There are laws that will protect the victims but in order for the system to work, a claim has to be made. Employers are required to have a sexual harassment policy and it should be handed out to the employees and also posted where everyone can have access to it. If employees are aware of what is considered sexual harassment and the consequences of the actions, they will be more likely not to commit it. Sexual Harassment in the Workplace Sexual Harassment has been an ongoing problem for individuals throughout history. It is often left unreported due to the shame that it causes to the victim and the fear of them losing their jobs. Within the last thirty years sexual harassment has been taken seriously and people have been convicted for the crime. In the United States, sexual harassment within employment, housing, or in Colleges or Universities is Illegal ("Sexual Harassment - Fact Sheet - Feminist Majority Foundation," n.d.). What is Sexual......

Words: 1165 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Sexual Harassment In The Workplace

...Sexual harassment has always been a prominent issue all over the world, present now more than ever before. Affecting both genders, sexual harassment is classified as any form of unwanted sexual advances, obscene remarks/gestures, or any other verbal/physical sexual conduct that makes the target uncomfortable. Sexual harassment can occur in a variety of different settings, from the workplace, to the doctor’s office. From trusted individuals to complete strangers, sexual harassment can happen to anyone, by anyone. Sexual harassment is a grueling experience that many people deal with every day, and can negatively impact someone’s life forever. Most of sexual harassment occurs in trusted areas of interaction, such as at school or at work. Inappropriate...

Words: 799 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Sexual Harassment in the Workplace

...TOPIC: SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN WORK PLACE sexual harassment occurs when submission to or rejection of this conduct explicitly or implicitly affects an individual's employment, unreasonably interferes with an individual's work performance or creates an intimidating, hostile or offensive work environment."Examples of Sexual Harassment Sexual harassment can occur in a variety of situations. These are examples of sexual harassment, not intended to be all inclusive. Unwanted jokes, gestures, offensive words on clothing, and unwelcome comments and repartee. Touching and any other bodily contact such as scratching or patting a coworker's back, grabbing an employee around the waist, or interfering with an employee's ability to move. Repeated requests for dates that are turned down or unwanted flirting. Transmitting or posting emails or pictures of sexual or other harassment-related nature.Displaying sexually suggestive objects, pictures, or posters. Playing sexually suggestive music. Workplace harassment affects both women and men in every walk of life, in every level of employment. And yet, it is one of those topics we often avoid discussing frankly for fear of "opening up a can of worms." Let's talk about it - with Management, Human Resources, and staff in healthcare. As a recent victim of "simple obsession" stalking in the workplace, I learned firsthand the consequences of denial, and the true value of communication in this area. My friend was stalked......

Words: 1105 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Sexual Harassment in the Workplace

...Sexual Harassment in the Workplace 1)introduction 2)sexual harrasment in the workplace 3)types of sexual harrasment 4)EEOC 5)determine if you are sexual under sexual harrasment 6)possible solutions 7) the baker & mckenzie sexual discrimination case 8)Conclution INTRODUCTION Unwanted sexual behavior has been a serious dilemma in today’s society. It can take lots of forms like a request for sexual favors, undesirable sexual advances towards others, verbal, physical, or anticipated conduct of a sexual nature towards people. This illegal conduct occurs in houses, public places, hotels, restaurants, but it occurs more often in the workplace. Moreover, sexual harassment is a broad term and can be interpreted in a variety of ways. The National Organization of Women (NOW) defines it as "any repeated or unnecessary verbal or physical advance, sexually explicit disparaging statement, or sexually discriminating acts made by someone in the workplace which is offensive or objectionable to the recipient or which interferes with the recipient’s job performance." Before 1972, there was no penalty for sexual harassment of women at the workplace. Nowadays, this behavior violates Title VII of the Civil rights Act of 1964 as amended by the Civil Rights Act of 1991. SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN THE WORKPLACE In the business world of today, sexual harassment against women in the workplace is one of the most offensive matters for an employer. It occurs everywhere in the world, so the......

Words: 1104 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Sexual Harassment in the Workplace

...Sexual Harassment in the Workplace: How to Avoid an Incident Sexual Harassment in the Workplace: How to Avoid an Incident Abstract Human Resource Managers play a large role in making sure that the company they are employed with not only follows all employment laws and regulations, but is also aware of new laws that are being discussed and can keep track of their progress. Human Resource Managers are key in making sure that the correct training, manuals and information is given to all employees so that each employee is well educated on US laws and office procedures as well as to protect the employer from a possible lawsuit. Introduction The work environment is a place that is relatively safe because people know what is allowed and what is not allowed right? Despite the media and vast resources that are available today, instances of harassment and discrimination continue to occur in the workplace. Many truthfully never meant to offend a co-worker and they state that they simply were not aware that they were doing something wrong by making a certain gesture, comment or asking a type of question. Should the responsibility of researching current laws to know what is or is not appropriate in the workplace fall on the shoulders of the employee or the employer? While it is definitely helpful for employees to educate themselves with laws and regulations, it is the responsibility of the employer to make sure that each employee, current and new, is informed......

Words: 1608 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Sexual Harassment N the Workplace

...Sexual Harassment in the Workplace 1 Lori Spence LDR 222 Workplace Diversity Owen’s Community College Professor Margaret Parker April 14, 2013 Sexual Harassment in the Workplace 2 Introduction Workplace Sexual Harassment is an issue that is very delicate. The facts are that sexual harassment occurs more than most employers, and employees would like to admit and since the recession the number of cases has risen. All claims of harassment and sexual harassment should be immediately investigated by the employer, in the same manner as other employee complaints. If the investigation confirms the allegations made, immediate corrective action should be taken, including counseling and if appropriate, suspending, demoting, or discharging the offender. In this paper we will look at the facts, causes, outcomes, employer/employee responsibility, and the statistics that are very alarming. Sexual Harassment is an issue that can be viewed in different ways depending on who is looking at the issue and why. We will also look at the alarming trend of male sexual harassment and why it has become almost as common in the workplace as female sexual harassment. I choose this topic because it was interesting that sexual harassment can mean many different things depending on who you ask. The fact that since the recession......

Words: 2619 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Sexual Harassment in Today’s Workplace

...Title: Sexual Harassment in today’s workplace Instructor: John J. Lucas Student name: Janbota Syemyeikhan Human Resource Management – OBHR 63300 2014 Sexual Harassment in Today’s Workplace According to recent studies, there were more than 11,000 sexual harassment complaints filed with EEOC each year between 1993 and 2011. (Neo, Hollenbeck, Gerhart & Wright, 2013, p. 134). It is easy to conclude that sexual harassment issues have been widespread in the United States. As an employer, organizations have to maintain a workplace that is free of sexual harassment. An organization has a legal responsibility and an obligation to its employees to provide a safe workplace. If organizations allow sexual harassment to flourish in the workplace and do not take any action to protect their employees, the organizations potentially will face numerous problems. For example, companies could have a poor employee morale and low productivity. Also, companies may even have to pay huge sums of money for sexual harassment lawsuits. My paper explains what sexual harassment is, and describes various types of sexual harassment in today’s work place. Identifying and addressing sexual harassment is a significant challenge for employers. Another important aspect the paper will cover is how to deal with sexual harassment, and how to prevent it from happening. Moreover, managers need to know how to create a hospitable work environment, how to educate and train......

Words: 1374 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Decreasing Sexual Harassment in the Workplace

...Decreasing Sexual Harassment in the Workplace Introduction Sexual harassment in the workplace is a very serious issue. Not only does it creates an unsafe environment for the victim but also violates Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedom. According to the International Labour Office, a survey was done on February 2007 which shows that nearly 25% of the workers interviewed experienced sexual harassment with one-third of them men (Sexual Harassment). The report explores what sexual harassment is and provides possible ways to decrease sexual harassment in the workplace. Background The Canadian Supreme Court created the first legislation regarding discrimination based on sex on 1982. As the Canadian Human Rights Reporter reports, two food service workers, Janzen and Tracy Govereau, were waitresses at Pharos Restaurant during the fall of 1982 in Winnipeg, Manitoba. It was reported that the cook in the restaurant, Tommy Grammas, had been making sexual advancements to the two women. When they spoke about this to the manager, they were fired. The case was brought to the Supreme Court. The Court concluded that sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination. Platy Enterprises Ltd., the owners of the restaurant, was held liable for sexual harassment. Sexual harassment, as defined by the Court, is an unwelcome behaviour of sexual nature that detrimentally affects the work environment or leads to adverse job-related consequences for the victim of harassment (Canadian......

Words: 4794 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Ethical Practices Deter Sexual Harassment at Workplace

...Practices Deter Sexual Harasment at Workplace Ethical Practices Deter Sexual Harasment at Workplace Submitted on: 3th January 2016 Submitted on: 3th January 2016 Chew Yoong Sen MBS 151068 Semester 1, Session 2015/2016 MBSA 1533: Business Ethics, Responsibiliy and Sustainability Lecturer: Dr. Abul Quasem Al-Amin Chew Yoong Sen MBS 151068 Semester 1, Session 2015/2016 MBSA 1533: Business Ethics, Responsibiliy and Sustainability Lecturer: Dr. Abul Quasem Al-Amin Table of Contents Papers Table II Abstract 1 Issue 1 Problem Statement 2 Analysis 3 Recommendation 6 Conclusion 8 References 9 Papers Table No. | Title | Journal Name | Year | Authors | 1 | Sexual Harassment In The Workplace: Selected Court Cases And New Legal Provisions In Malaysia | Asian Social Science | 2015 | Kamal Halili Hassan;Yee Zing Lee | 2 | Ethical Leadership: The Effect On Employees | International Journal Of Business And Management | 2015 | Atiya Alshammari;Naser N. AlmutairiShebaib Fahad Thuwaini | 3 | Sexual Harassment In The Workplace: An Overview Over The International Law And Current Law And Practice In Malaysia | International Journal Of Humanities And Social Science | 2013 | Dr. Muzaffar Syah Mallow | 4 | Impact Of Ethical Leadership On Employee Job Performance | International Journal Of Business And Social Science | 2012 | Shukurat Moronke Bello | 5 | Factors Influencing Sexual......

Words: 3413 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Sexual Harassment

...Working Paper Series No. 59 Sexual harassment in the workplace: a literature review Carrie Hunt, Marilyn Davidson, Sandra Fielden and Helge Hoel Manchester Business School, University of Manchester Sexual harassment in the workplace: A literature review Carrie Hunt, Marilyn Davidson, Sandra Fielden and Helge Hoel The Centre for Equality and Diversity at Work Manchester Business School, University of Manchester 2 © Equal Opportunities Commission 2007 First published Summer 2007 ISBN 978 1 84206 033 9 EOC WORKING PAPER SERIES The EOC Working Paper Series provides a channel for the dissemination of research carried out by externally commissioned researchers. The views expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Commission or other participating organisations. The Commission is publishing the report as a contribution to discussion and debate. Please contact the Research and Resources team for further information about other EOC research reports, or visit our website: Research and Resources Equal Opportunities Commission Arndale House Arndale Centre Manchester M4 3EQ Email: research@eoc.org.uk Telephone: 0161 838 8340 Website: www.eoc.org.uk/research You can download a copy of this report as a PDF from our website, or call our Helpline to order a copy: Website: Email: Helpline: www.eoc.org.uk/research info@eoc.org.uk 0845 601 5901 (calls charged at local rates) Interpreting service available for......

Words: 33399 - Pages: 134

Premium Essay

Sexual Harassment

...Working Paper Series No. 59 Sexual harassment in the workplace: a literature review Carrie Hunt, Marilyn Davidson, Sandra Fielden and Helge Hoel Manchester Business School, University of Manchester Sexual harassment in the workplace: A literature review Carrie Hunt, Marilyn Davidson, Sandra Fielden and Helge Hoel The Centre for Equality and Diversity at Work Manchester Business School, University of Manchester 2 © Equal Opportunities Commission 2007 First published Summer 2007 ISBN 978 1 84206 033 9 EOC WORKING PAPER SERIES The EOC Working Paper Series provides a channel for the dissemination of research carried out by externally commissioned researchers. The views expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Commission or other participating organisations. The Commission is publishing the report as a contribution to discussion and debate. Please contact the Research and Resources team for further information about other EOC research reports, or visit our website: Research and Resources Equal Opportunities Commission Arndale House Arndale Centre Manchester M4 3EQ Email: research@eoc.org.uk Telephone: 0161 838 8340 Website: www.eoc.org.uk/research You can download a copy of this report as a PDF from our website, or call our Helpline to order a copy: Website: Email: Helpline: www.eoc.org.uk/research info@eoc.org.uk 0845 601 5901 (calls charged at local......

Words: 33399 - Pages: 134

Premium Essay

Sexual Harassment

...Sexual harassment can be defined as a form unwelcome verbal, visual or physical conduct of a sexual nature that can be described as being severe or pervasive in nature. It is a discrimination against sex which violates Title VII articulated in The Civil Rights Act of 1964. This federal law formally forbids any discrimination in employment on the basis color, race, sex, religion or national origin and employers with 15 or more employees are restricted under this law. The overall effects of such activities at places of work are that they cause a hostile working environment which means that they directly affect working conditions of most workers. Sexual harassment can be able to take place anywhere beginning from schools, universities and places of work. There is a verb small difference between occasional unwanted sexual advances and comments that people thing that they might be deemed inappropriate. Sexual harassment can really affect the way your employees approach all that you are doing. The main focus of this research paper will be on the status of sexual harassment at places of work in the United States. The research paper will be able to investigate the current state of sexual harassment in the workplace in the United States. As it stands at the moment, there is no specific cause of sexual harassment at the place of work. Although there is this notion that sexual harassment is mainly caused by provocative dressing or enticing behaviors by the victims, high chances are......

Words: 2848 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Hr Sexual Harrassment in the Workplace

...Sexual harassment in the workplace is described as actions that are sexually directed and unwanted whether verbal, visual or physical conduct of a sexual nature, which subjects the employee to unpleasant employment conditions or creates an unfriendly work environment. It is a vital concern in many corporations and can occur in a variety of workplace relationships. Sexual harassment can occur between a boss and a subordinate, coworkers, and even non-employees that have business transactions with employees (Mathis & Jackson, 2006). Sexual harassment is described as a form of gender discrimination which is a violation of Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Title VII, applies to private and most public employers, labor organizations, employment agencies, and joint employer-union apprenticeship programs with 15 or more employees. The law makes certain employers responsible for preventing and stopping sexual harassment that occurs on the job. Sexual harassment is very widespread and affects women in every workplace setting and at every level of employment. Surveys indicate that almost half of all working women have experienced some form of harassment on the job, a proportion that has not changed since the issue gained visibility in the early 1980s (Heathfield, 2009). No occupation is immune from sexual harassment, but the incidence of harassment is higher in workplaces that have traditionally excluded women, including both blue collar jobs like mining and white......

Words: 1478 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Sexual Harrassment in the Workplace

...Running head: SEXUAL HARASSMENT Workplace Advances Sexual Harassment in the Workplace Xxxxx xxxxxxxx Indiana University Southeast Abstract This study focuses on sexual harassment in the workplace. Sexual harassment affects people in every position and every field. Sexual harassment is broken into two types and has different levels. Sexual harassment in the workplace is a form of discrimination. Whether the harassers intent is to intimidate the victim into submission to show the harassers power or to persuade the victim to perform sexual favors to protect their job, it is ultimately a power struggle. The victim may experience unwelcomed sexual advances or demeaning abusive behavior producing a hostile work environment. The victim may suffer physical or mental effects of the abuse causing depression or Sexual Harassment Trauma Syndrome. Courts have ruled on both sides of sexual harassment; both in favor of the harasser and the victim. Employers can be found liable if the courts discover there was knowledge of the harassment but the company did nothing to correct the problem. Workplace Advances Sexual Harassment in the Workplace Introduction The subject of this paper is sexual harassment in the workplace. It is focused toward employers and employees to discuss sexual harassment; what sexual harassment is, who does the harassing and how to stop sexual harassment in the workplace. Background A relatively new term but is not a new problem, sexual harassment......

Words: 2263 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Sexual Harrsement

...implications of a workplace tainted with harassment issues, as well as to provide recommendations to assist organizations on how to avoid legal liability regarding harassment claims and how to achieve a harassment-free work environment. Drawing on scholarly sources, the report identifies three forms of harassment, which are bullying, sexual and racial harassment. It examines the differences in people’s perception of harassment in general as well as the factors influencing individuals’ experience of it. The report describes the risks for businesses experiencing harassment in the workplace; it examines the negative effects they can have on organizational environment, and its impacts on the organizations’ professional image. The findings of this report suggest that organizations can prevent and resolve harassment in the workplace by improving leadership and communication among employees, and by implementing and enforcing a clear and effective anti-harassment policy. The recommendations made in this report are to: * Provide basic guidelines on how to create and enforce effective human rights policies in organizations * Provide the necessary elements an effective anti-harassment policy should have * Provide adequate training and education programs for everyone at the organization INTRODUCTION Over the last years, there has been a rising concern over the issue of harassment in the workplace. Despite some employees may ignore or find harassment as a rather......

Words: 3144 - Pages: 13