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Significance of Pak-Russia Relations

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Submitted By arshadmahmood
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National Defence University, Islamabad
Faculty of Contemporary Studies
International Relations Department

Research Paper

SIGNIFICANCE OF PAK-RUSSIA RELATIONS:
FOREIGN POLICY OPTIONS FOR PAKISTAN

By: Arshad Mahmood, M.Phil (IR), NDU, Islamabad
20 November 2012

Submitted to:
Dr Shaheen Akhtar
Associate Professor
Department of International Relations
NDU, Islamabad

SIGNIFICANCE OF PAK-RUSSIA RELATIONS:
FOREIGN POLICY OPTIONS FOR PAKISTAN
ABSTRACT
Pak-Russia relations, viewing from a realist perspective, have not been built upon strong pillars of understanding each other’s interests and concerns which are most essential for establishing enduring bilateral ties. The history of their bilateral relations is simply a tale of misperception and misunderstandings. Both the nations despite having convergence of interests on various bilateral, regional and international issues and immense potentials in cooperation have never availed opportunities. In fact both, Pakistan and Russia had viewed each other through the prism of other states and with wrong perceptions. The changing international environment and internal and regional political dynamics of both the states have now provided another chance their elites to revisit their bilateral relations and lay down a foundation for a prosperous future.

SECTION-1
INTRODUCTION
Background 1. On 26 December 1991 the world witnessed the collapse of the first and the largest communist country - the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR). This most historic event of the 21st century marked the end of Cold War and emergence of fifteen independent states. Ever since the Soviet flag lowered from Kremlin, the Russian with their tricolour flag are in search of their identity and new role in the world politics. The academia and policymaking machinery of the country has been indicating various...

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