Free Essay

Significance of the Year 1066

In: Historical Events

Submitted By Craigooooo
Words 551
Pages 3
The year 1066 is arguably one of the most important years in English history, it is the year of the battle of Hastings and the subsequent changes that the victor, William the Conqueror brought. It was also a turning point of England and its European ties, arguably without the Norman victory England would have remained cut off from the rest of Europe, more Scandinavian in attitude - due to Harold and his Norse heritage - than mainland. Within a hundred years of the Norman Conquest, England was surrounded by a vast European empire that controlled many of the lands located in France, more so than the French King at that time – this empire was “The Plantagenet Empire of Henry II. After the conquest in 1066 many Normans migrated into England and began to mingle with the Saxons, learning and furthering off of each other – the new Norman barons gained the Scandinavian – resulting model of parliamentary governance which in itself would led to Magna Charta, resulting from the fight against the rebellious Barons in 1215, as well as Simon de Monfort - Montfort is regarded today as one of the progenitors of modern parliamentary democracy and arguably without the Norman conquest of 1066 occurring, democracy today would not be as we know it. One of the largest effects of the Norman conquest was the melding of a new language, French words became a norm in the English language – further evidence of this shift was the usage of names in England that would be more commonly found in France, this were names such as William, Robert and Richard – staple ‘English names’ in today’s modern world. In terms of societal changes the elimination of slavery was perhaps the biggest, we are able to see how this occurred via the Domesday book, there were roughly 28,000 slaves listed in Domesday Book in 1086, less than had been tallied for 1066; in some places, such as Essex, the weakening in slaves was 20 per cent for the 20 years. The chief reasons for the decay in slaveholding appear to have been the condemnation of the Church as well as the cost of supporting slaves who had to be sustained completely by their possessors. Clearly 1066 was an extremely significant year in that it enabled this cascade of reform in England – William the Conqueror and his successors transformed England into a European power, rather than it merely being an outsider watching in. 1066 was not only the end of Scandinavian rule in England, but the last successful invasion of the British isles – evidencing the large impact the year 1066 had on the future of England.

Bibliography
Articles:
* http://historyofengland.net/kings-and-queens/the-plantagenets-the-angevins-1154-1216 * http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/magna_carta.htm * https://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Simon_de_Montfort,_6th_Earl_of_Leicester.html
Books:
* England and its Rulers: 1066–1307 written by M.T. Clanchy * Ruling England 1042–1217 written by Richard Huscroft

--------------------------------------------
[ 1 ]. http://historyofengland.net/kings-and-queens/the-plantagenets-the-angevins-1154-1216 (second paragraph)
[ 2 ]. http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/magna_carta.htm (last paragraph)
[ 3 ]. https://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Simon_de_Montfort,_6th_Earl_of_Leicester.html (first paragraph)
[ 4 ]. England and its Rulers: 1066–1307, pg 323, written by M.T. Clanchy
[ 5 ]. Ruling England 1042–1217, pg 94, written by Richard Huscroft

Similar Documents

Free Essay

The Influence on Magna Carter

...Influence on economics rights: Magna Carter is highly economic in intent. The significance of Magna Carter partly lies in the reestablishment and protection of economics rights with its principles that people and their properties will be treated equally on a consistent legal basis and people are free to conduct business which are ground breaking at that time and fundamental on the account of world’s economic development. At the time when Magna Carter was published, the Law gave people back their property rights which were stolen by the King, the most famous event being William Marshall’s properties were cemented and later extend of the Forest Charter. This protection stabilized the development of real estate industry and enabled people to collect properties, which reinforced the economic growth and create a more stable environment or the economy. What’s more, before the Magna Carter was published and applied into law, people’s freedom of conducting business was highly restrained, which in turn stop English economy from thriving. The liberation of people’s economics rights made it possible for the free-trade market to grow and enabled the English economy to be more market-based. As the passage mentioned that the influence of Magna Carter is not static but dynamic in the long journey of forming the capitalism in modern society. The significance of Magna Carter is not just because its profound relevance for 800 years is a great achievement on the respects of...

Words: 950 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Last Leaf's Analysis

...1.History Prehistory Two thousand year ago there was an Iron Age Celtic culture through-out the Bristish Isles.Its seems that the Celts, who had been arriving from the eighth century BC onwards, intermingled with the peoples who were already there.For people in Britain today, the chief significance of the prehistoric period is its sense of mystery.This sense finds its focus most easily in the astonishing monumental architecture of this period, the remains of which exist throughout the country. Wiltshire, in south-western England, has two spectacular. The Roman period (43-410) The Roman province of Britannia covered most of present-day England and Wales. The Romans imposed their own way of life and culture, making use of the existing Celtic aristocracy to govern and encouraging this ruling class to adopt Roman dress and the Roman language. They exerted an influence, without actually governing there, over the southern part of Scotland. The remarkable thing about the Roman is that, despite their long occupation of Britain, they left very little behind. To many other part of Europe they bequeathed a system of law and administration which forms the basis of the modern system and a language. Moreover, most of their villas,bayhs and temples, their impressive network of roads, and the cities they founded, including Londinium, were soon destroyed or fell into disrepair. The Germanic invasions (410-1066) Duringthe fifth century, a number of tribes from the......

Words: 3090 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Social Science

...A GUIDE FOR NEW LAW STUDENTS  Orin S. Kerr† This essay is designed to help new law students prepare for the first few weeks of class. It explains what judicial opinions are, how they are structured, and what law students should look for when reading them. W I. WHAT’S IN A LEGAL OPINION?  hen two people disagree and that disagreement leads to a lawsuit, the lawsuit will sometimes end with a ruling by a judge in favor of one side. The judge will explain the ruling in a written document referred to as an “opinion.” The opinion explains what the case is about, discusses the relevant legal principles, and then applies the law to the facts to reach a ruling in favor of one side and against the other. Modern judicial opinions reflect hundreds of years of history and practice. They usually follow a simple and predictable formula. This † Orin Kerr is a professor of law at the George Washington University Law School. This essay can be freely distributed for non-commercial uses under the Creative Commons AttributionNonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported license. For the terms of the license, visit creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/legalcode. 11 GREEN BAG 2D 51  Orin S. Kerr  section takes you through the basic formula. It starts with the introductory materials at the top of an opinion and then moves on to the body of the opinion. The Caption  The first part of the case is the title of the case, known as the “caption.” Examples include Brown v. Board of......

Words: 4473 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Equity Follows the Law

...maxims is simple , they are general principles which can be deviated from specific cases. “He who comes into equity must come with clean hands.” This is one of the many maxims of equity. This maxim “bars relief”* that anyone guilty of improper conduct in the matter at hand .It operates to prevent any affirmative recovery* for the person with “dirty hands” no matter how unfairly the person’s adversary has treated him or her . The maxim’s purpose is to protect the integrity of the court. This rule is not meant to punish carelessness or a mistake .Another notable maxim is “Equity looks on that as done which ought to be done” , this maxim means that when individuals are required , by their agreements or by law to perform some act of legal significance , equity will regard that act as having been done as it ought to have been done , even before it has actually happened. Another maxim says “Equity will not complete an imperfect gift” which explains that if a donor has made and imperfect gift namely lacking the formalities required at common law , equity will not assist the intended donee*, this...

Words: 1570 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Demsetz View vs Traditional View

...Numerous empirical studies have sought to evaluate the relationship between market structure and performance. The traditional structure-conduct-performance approach (SCP) alone seems hard to reconcile with the true development of the relationship. There are two main stream of hypothesis that studies the relationship between. On one hand, the collusion hypothesis, widely known as SCP (Bain, 1995), stipulates that as a result of market concentration which facilitates the collusion between firms of the industry, greater benefits like higher firm profits arise. On the other hand, Demsetz (1973) provide an alternative reasoning for the positive relationship between concentration and profitability. The efficient structure hypothesis suggests that market structure is dictated by the efficiency of the operating firms. The most efficient firms reap higher profitability and market share which eventually lead to higher market concentration. This review will present some literature findings which are either in favour of or against Demsetz view of efficiency hypothesis. Efficient-structure hypothesis stipulates that bigger market share is the outcome of efficient operations of the firms. It is subdivided into two forms of hypothesis. Under X-efficiency hypothesis, firms with superior management or production processes operate at lower costs and eventually gain more profits. Following-on higher market shares may result in higher market concentration. On another hand, scale-efficiency......

Words: 2324 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Island Conflict

...Final Paper: Senkaku Diaoyu Dispute Word Count: 3008 Table of Contents Abstract3 Sino-Japanese Dispute over the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands4 Pending Controversy from the Chinese Perspective 4 China’s Strategy in the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands Dispute 6 Issue Linkage and Coercive Diplomacy 6 Sino-Japanese political-economic relations 8 Cold Politics and Hot Economics 8 References13 Abstract: The Senkaku Diaoyu crisis is a territorial dispute between China and Japan over a group of islands know as Senkaku in Japanese and Diaoyu in Chinese. The Sino-Japanese dispute over the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands dates back to as early as 1895 when Japan annexed the islands. It was not until the 1960’s and early 1970’s that the dispute becomes a major topic of Sino-Japanese relations due to a report by the United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East that suggested possible large hydrocarbon deposit in the waters off Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands (Zhongqi, P. 2007). China however, has clearly stated that the islands have been its territory for the last five centuries (Yuan 2013). There are many disputes in regards to the ownership of the islands. Firstly, China believes that Japans claim of sovereignty over the islands in 1895 holds no meaning, leaving the lands unclaimed. Second, China and Japan disagree over whether Japan returned the islands to China after the Japanese defeat in World War II. Lastly, China and Japan debate over how their maritime boundary in the East China...

Words: 3227 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Tattoo

...Ancient Egypt and the Spread of Tattoos Several female Egyptian mummies dating from the Eleventh Dynasty (2100 B.C.) show evidence of being tattooed for ritualistic purposes or for therapeutic purposes during pregnancy. Most likely influenced by ancient tattoo practices in Nubia, the women’s tattoos (or mentenu) were blackish blue and were likely applied with a pricking instrument with one or more fish bones set into a wooden handle. The most famous tattooed mummy is the beautiful Amunet, a priestess of the goddess of Hathor at Thebes, who was tattooed with several lines and dots in geometric patterns. A second female mummy, who appears to be a dancer, also exhibits similar patterns as well as a cicatrix pattern over the low pubic region. Several figurines from the Middle Kingdom known as the “Brides of Death” also display similar geometric patterns (Jones 2000). Though Egyptian tattoos have been found on only female mummies, designs which seem to represent tattoos are seen on both men and women in Egyptian art, suggesting tattoos were not restricted to women. While tattooing sprung up independently around the globe, the significant Egyptian influence also helped spread the practice. Ancient Greece and Rome: Tattoos as Marks of Ownership and Criminality The Greeks learned tattooing from the Persians who, as Herodotus informs us, would tattoo slaves, prisoners of war, and even Hellespont with the name or mark of Xerxes. While tattoos sometimes served as a way to transmit......

Words: 2214 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Sources of Law

...for people to adhere to the rules. This has worked well in primitive societies. However, home to many societies bearing differing culture and religious practices, the sources of law of a modern nation does not simply come from the amalgamation of legally binding customs from respective societies as a solitary and direct source. By far, the law has been compounded, overruled, refined and developed over past centuries under the influences of historical, economical and social events. As such, the sources of law in a developed nation of UK today would involve common law and statutes as the leading sources, supplemented by delegated legislation, academic doctrines, customs, constitution, transnational and European Law. The Ius Commune In 1066, William the conqueror emerged victorious in the Battle of Hastings and became King of England. He unified counties with disparate customary practices into a national legal system, giving birth to common law. The word “common” was used to distinguish it from prior customary local laws. The nation consisted of 8 nonpartisan large kingdoms governed under a feudal rule. King William I fashioned the national legal system such that it would bring huge monetary benefit to the monarchy. This was in contrary to Aristotle’s philosophy on distributive justice by which the law ensured equal distribution of wealth and...

Words: 3730 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Nation-State

...RISE OF THE NATION STATE State, Nation, and Nation-state The present-day layout of the world’s political map is a product of humanities endless politico-geographic accommodations and adjustments. A mosaic of more than 200 states and territories separated by boundaries makes the world looks like a jigsaw puzzle. Human territoriality refers to a country’s (or more local community’s) sense of property and attachment toward its territory, expressed by its determination to keep it inviolable and defended. A state is a politically organized territory, administered by a government, and recognized by the international community. A state must also contain a permanent population, an organized economy, and a functioning internal circulation system (infrastructure). Since certain countries have internal divisions, the solution is to capitalize “State” (e.g. State of Florida, State of Uttar Pradesh India)). When used for the formally independent political units, the term country and state are interchangeable. A nation, by contrast, is a tightly knit group of people possessing bonds of language, religion, ethnicity, and/or other shared cultural attributes. Theoretically, a nation-state is a recognized country possessing formal sovereignty and occupied by a people who see themselves as a single, united nation. In only a handful of countries do state territories largely coincide with the distribution of people who feel they are part of one nation. Iceland, Portugal, Denmark, and Poland are...

Words: 2992 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Law of Crimes- Case Analysis

...Dr. Jagannath Mishra v. State of Jharkhand- Case Analysis With Reference to the Indian Penal Code, 1860 Submitted by KARANBIR SINGH THIND PRN No. 11010224027 Division ‘A’ Roll No. 26 BBA. LL.B. of Symbiosis Law School, NOIDA Symbiosis International University, PUNE In March, 2013 Under the guidance of Prof. Girjesh Shukla And Prof. Vikram Singh Law of Crimes-I Symbiosis Law School Noida, 201301 Certificate The project entitled “Dr. Jagannath Mishra v. State of Jharkhand (2002) CriLJ 4646- Case Analysis With Reference to the Indian Penal Code, 1860” submitted to the Symbiosis Law School, NOIDA for Law of Crimes-I as part of internal assessment is based on my original work carried out under the guidance of Prof. Girjesh Shukla and Prof. Vikram Singh in March 2013. The research work has not been submitted elsewhere for award of any degree. The material borrowed from other sources and incorporated in the thesis has been duly acknowledged. I understand that I myself could be held responsible and accountable for plagiarism, if any, detected later on. (KARANBIR SINGH THIND) Date: March 14, 2013 Acknowledgment I have taken efforts in this project. However, it would not have been possible without the kind support and help of many individuals. I would like to extend my sincere thanks to all of them. I would like to thank Symbiosis Law School, Noida for providing me with the opportunity to work on this project. I am highly indebted to......

Words: 2695 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Exist

...attempts to find true self and the meaning of life through free will, choice, and personal responsibility. Hamlet is an existentialist character who believes that he is forced to avenge his father’s death and the hatred builds in his heart because of the many betrayals which direct him towards a senseless life and constant thoughts about suicide; this ultimately leads to his demise and he is left with naught.... [tags: Existentialism] 872 words (2.5 pages) $14.95 [preview] Life Value vs. Existentialism in Grendel - A main theme in John Gardner’s Grendel, is the constant competition of the ideas of meaning in life versus existentialism. Throughout the novel, Grendel makes a steady spiritual decay to the point of denying any value or significance in life itself. He believes the world is nothing more than “a mechanical chaos of casual, brute enmity on which we stupidly impose our hopes and fears”(16). This progression starts at a young age, and...

Words: 3737 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Images in the Growth of Christianity

...“Independent Project submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree BA (Hons) History, in the Department of History and Economic History, Manchester Metropolitan University”, 29 March 2014 Cultural Changes and the Growth of Christianity in Medieval and Early Modern England By Janine Scambler I certify that, apart from the guidance provided by my supervisor and the references cited in the text and bibliography, this dissertation is the sole work of Janine Scambler and has not been previously submitted as part of the assessment requirements for any academic reward. Signed: Contents Abstract 3 Introduction 4 Chapter 1: Visual Culture 8 Chapter 2: Ancient Practices 21 Chapter 3: Beliefs and Superstition 30 Conclusion 41 Bibliography 43 Appendix 56 Abstract This dissertation will demonstrate cultural changes in England through the period c.700-1660. The changes studied will focus on visual sources, or visual culture; ancient practices, or festivals and the cult of saints; and superstition and belief. It will show how changes occurred around political and religious change, and that different areas were affected by different factors. Introduction This dissertation will assess the extent to which ancient beliefs and practices survived the introduction of Christianity and their subsequent development in England. This will be achieved through the study of visual culture; the survival of ancient practices; and an......

Words: 17040 - Pages: 69

Free Essay

Distrophy in the Dynasty

...Losing Your Place Sue Clifford and Angela King The main players fall silent, the filming is over, the recording is finished, but the sound technician has hushed everyone to get some 'atmos'. Coughs, car noise echoing off the warehouses, birdsong, boards creaking, trees breathing in the wind, these are the sounds of the everyday, so particular to this place, that to cut the film and add studio voiceovers needs an underlay of this local atmosphere in order to ensure continuity and authenticity. That elusive particularity, so often undervalued as 'background noise', is as important as the stars. It is the richness we take for granted. How do we know where we are in time and space? How do we understand ourselves in the world? Common Ground has been exploring and developing a new concept, that of local distinctiveness. It is characterised by elusiveness, it is instantly recognizable yet difficult to describe; It is simple yet may have profound meaning to us. It demands a poetic quest and points up the shortcomings in all those attempts to understand the things around us by compartmentalising them, fragmenting, quantifying, reducing. Local distinctiveness is essentially about places and our relationship with them. It is as much about the commonplace as about the rare, about the everyday as much as the endangered, and about the ordinary as much as the spectacular. In other cultures it might be about people's deep relationship with the land. Here discontinuities......

Words: 4632 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

Has Managerial Enterprise Contributed to the Success of Leading Economies Read More: Http: //Www.Ukessays.Com/Essays/Economics/Has-Managerial-Enterprise-Contributed-to-the-Success-of-Leading-Economies-Economics-Essay.Php#Ixzz2Ppwabzf1

...overflowing with concepts. Some of these, usually only a few, manage to stay ‘in the spotlight’ for longer; Chandler’s (1962; 1990) ‘managerial enterprise’ is among them. His theory links strategic decisions, internal structures and corporate performance and despite its criticism, it is still used to explain corporate success (and failure) of the late19th, 20th and even the 21st century (Gospel, 1988:105). In contrast to the contingency approach, Chandler (1990) advocates the American way of organisation as the ‘one best way’ for all countries [1] . Yet, can one size fit all? We shall refer to different country examples, industries and time periods to find out. Chandler argued that large managerial enterprises have managed to prosper through the years due to a basic economic logic, which he named ‘three-pronged strategy’ [2] (Chandler, 1995). According to this concept, firms should invest heavily in both their production and distribution functions in order to fully exploit economies of scale and scope at a national and international level (Chandler, 1990; 1995). This can only happen when the firm relies on the accurate judgment of skilful professional management. The aim was to create organisational capabilities and benefit from first-mover advantages via ‘related diversification’ (Chandler, 1995; Whittington et al., 1999). The implemented structure can best be described, using the author’s own words, as ‘centralised and functionally-departmentalised’ (Lash and Urry, 1987:......

Words: 3449 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Financial Statement Analysis

...Raihanul Haque 121-14-689 Submission date: August 23th, 2009 DAFFODIL INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY Letter of Transmittal August 13, 2012 Mr. Mohammed Sakhawat Hossain Assistant Professor Faculty of Business and Economics Daffodil International University 102, Sukrabad, Mirpur Road, Dhanmondi Dhaka-1207. RE: Submission of assignment on “A Business Analysis of Square Pharmaceutical Ltd. Dear Sir, With due earnest honor, we are the students of MBA, have the pleasure to completing and submitting the assignment on “Submission of assignment on “A Business Analysis of Square Pharmaceutical Ltd.”Here, we have analyzed how Square Pharmaceutical Ltd. Manage it’s working capital and use it by observing the low years annual reports. This exercise was interesting as well as source of huge practical knowledge for us. We got the great opportunity to contributing our analytical skills and practices. I would be our pleasure to thank you for providing us such an opportunity to allocate out book knowledge with the practicality in spite of your time constraints. Sincerely yours, Mujahed Hossin Introduction: A statement Analyses strategy focusing on maintaining efficient levels of both components of working...

Words: 4066 - Pages: 17