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Similarities Between Indian and American Federalism

In: Other Topics

Submitted By kingrey
Words 2105
Pages 9
The Similarities and Differences between American
Federalism and Indian Federalism
Being the largest democratic countries in the world, both
United States and India are based on federalism in their political structure. US became a Federal Republic State by promulgating its constitution in the year1789; whereas India became a Socialist, Sovereign, Secular, Democratic Republic by formally launching its constitution only in the year
1950.Thereby both countries had attained dominion status in which a number of smaller states had got affiliated forming a union with a strong central government that came to be called as Federal Government in the US and Central
Government in India. Thus both states became Federal
Republics.
While framing the Indian constitution, its drafting committee headed by Dr.Ambedkar, had borrowed many salient features from various constitutions in the world including US but adopted them in the Indian context. Hence, both U.S and
India, despite being federal in structure have many similarities and differences between them.
Similarities between US and India:-
1) Written constitution:-
Both US and India have a written constitution based on which the federal political structure has been set up and both federal governments are functioning.Both constitutions have provisions for amending the constitution to meet the growing socio, political and economic needs and demands of their respective countries.
2) Bill of Rights and Fundamental Rights:-
The US constitution has ensured the fundamental rights of its citizens like right to equality, freedom, right against exploitation, freedom of religion, cultural and educational rights, right to property, and right to constitutional remedies etc through ‘The Bill of Rights’,. They became part and parcel of the US constitution through first ten amendments that were carried out and...

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