Premium Essay

Single Parent Families

In: People

Submitted By ermur
Words 3003
Pages 13
One of the most striking changes in family structure over the last twenty years has been the increase in single-parent families. In 1970, the number of single-parent families with children under the age of 18 was 3.8 million. By 1990, the number had more than doubled to 9.7 million. For the first time in history, children are more likely to reside in a single-parent family for reasons other than the death of a parent. One in four children are born to an unmarried mother, many of whom are teenagers. Another 40 percent of children under 18 will experience parental breakup.
Ninety percent of single-parent families are headed by females. Not surprisingly, single mothers with dependent children have the highest rate of poverty across all demographic groups (Olson & Banyard, 1993). Approximately 60 percent of U.S. children living in mother-only families are impoverished, compared with only 11 percent of two-parent families. The rate of poverty is even higher in African-American single-parent families, in which two out of every three children are poor.
Effects on Children
Past research has indicated that children from single-parent families are more likely to experience less healthy lives, on the average, than children from intact families. For instance, children growing up with only one parent are more likely to drop out of school, bear children out of wedlock, and have trouble keeping jobs as young adults. Other consequences include risks to psychological development, social behavior, and sex-role identification.
However, recent reviews criticize the methodology of many of these studies which support the "deviant" model of single-family structures. Confounding variables, such as income and social class, explain a large portion of the negative findings. When income is considered, substantially fewer differences arise between the intellectual development, academic…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

One Parent Family vs Two Parent Family

...either both parents, mother and father or by a single parent. I feel that if it is a loving home where each parent is taking part in raising the child it is beneficial to the child. On the other hand if both parents argue all the time than it is not beneficial for the child’s upbringing. In having just one custodial parent the child is better off because the one parent will be able to provide a better stable social environment. Few parents decide on becoming single parents other reasons why someone might become a single parent are the death of one partner, abandonment or adoption of a child by a single person out of his or her choice. An unstable home where the parents are constantly fighting and arguing will lead the parents to choose divorce. Divorce does not impact the child as negatively as when both parents choose to stay together for the sake of the children. Researchers agree that around the time their parents separate almost all children go through a period of distress. Within two to three years, most children have recovered. The great majority of children of divorce are not impaired in their development. (Skolnik) One in four children is being raised by a single parent. There are approximately 13.6 million single parents in the United States today, and those parents are responsible for raising 21.2 million children. Most single parents are employed, which is contrary to what people think that they live in poverty or they receive public assistance. Single mothers......

Words: 912 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Single Parents

...|Single Parenting and Unemployment | |State and Local Government | |Summer PSCI202-49X | |Sara Crook | |Mackenzie Rae Cooper | |7/20/2011 | |States that have a higher percentage of single parent families and/or unemployed are more likely to have higher welfare rates. | Introduction This paper will research how the percentages differ between unemployed single parent family homes opposed to homes where there is more than one parent living on a state to state basis and the relationship to welfare expenditures of each state. Because I’m a single parent receiving welfare it has intrigued me as to how many others out that are in my situation. I feel that welfare is being abused by many and there......

Words: 1765 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Social Studies Sba on Single Parent Families

...CHAPTER ONE Topic: Why are there so many children living in single parent households? Rationale The community in which the research was done is one of a moderate size. It only has approximately five hundred and fifty (550) people living there. It is located in the Duhaney Park, St. Andrew. The investigator became aware of the situation by way of observations and investigations. The investigator has been living in the community for the past sixteen (16) years and had noticed that most of the children in the community were brought up in a single parent family. This may pose a problem as children could get accustomed to liking one parent more than the other or maybe they just simply don't know their other parents. Being aware of this, the investigator decided to do some research within his community on single parent families. He also investigated some of the possible reasons why the other parent was not around. Method of Investigation The method of investigation used by the investigator was questionnaires. Questionnaires are not only easy to use, but they allow the persons being investigated to remain anonymous as they are not required to write their names. Questionnaires are also efficient in the collection and analysis of data. 1 CHAPTER TWO Design of Study The research was conducted over a 2 week period which the respondents had a maximum of three days to complete the questionnaire and return them to...

Words: 1722 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Single Parents in Uk

...lone-parent families in the UK, and 19 percent of all these families have children(Millar, 1999). The quantity of single parents have almost increased two-fold since early 1970s and this growth is part of widest patterns of change in family structure. Here are so many reasons for this, for example, the rising in extramarital births, the increasing in cohabitation, the rising in the divorce, and the rising of remarriage and cohabitation after divorce. (Millar, 1999). In 2000, it may be that less than 50% of all children in the United Kingdom will have spent all their lives in a traditional two parents family with both their real parents (Kiernan & Wicks, 1990 cited Millar, 1996). The essay will analyse several of the main factors which have affected the changing of the lone mothers families in the UK. And both the troubles and fortunes that received by lone mothers. There are three main parts to explain the changing of lone parents families in Britain: the changing policy; the ascending economy; the changing sociology ( social value). The Three Main Factors—Policy, Economy, and Sociology, for the Increasing of the Lone Mothers Families in the United Kingdom Since 1971 to 1990 the number of divorced and seperated female with children increased from 290,000 to 650,000; the quantity of single mother rose from 90,000 to 390,000. The numbers of lone fathers have also raised from 70,000 to 110,000, but they still very much in the small number ,at nearly 10% of all single parents.......

Words: 1576 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Role as a Single Parent

...as a Single Parent Single parent family may be defined as “A family comprising of a single mother or father having their own dependent children. (Prabhakar)There are numerous responsibilities and sacrifices that a single parent endures. One must accept the role as mother and father. Being a part of a single parent home can have a negative or positive impact on the relationship between parent and child. Balancing work and family are vital roles; single parents understand the meaning of prioritizing. (Robbibs) As a single parent, there will be many decisions made that will not only affect themselves, but also the child. The tasks of a single are doubled; one must maintain balance which is beneficial for both parent and child. A two parent household usually share equal amount of responsibilities. Important tasks are often prioritized and as a result, personal time is often sacrificed. As they struggle to provide for their children, single parents may neglect their own needs. (Denehy) Having to play the role of mother and father can have an effect on both parent and child. This may be explained if the child is old enough to understand. Sometimes taking an open approach relationship can assist with maintaining an open relationship. Any issues or concerns can be addressed to minimize disloyalty in a relationship. No matter how busy a parent may be, a child should always feel comfortable with discussing situation with their parent. Although it may be difficult, parents......

Words: 693 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Single Parent Family

...A single parent is a parent who cares for one or more children without the assistance of another parent in the home. Being a single parent may occur for a variety of reasons: divorce, adoption, abandonment, or even death. Single parent families suffer from multiple problems including the decline in income and educational level, which consequently lead to economic, social and psychological complications (Essa, 1995). According to research, children of single-parent families suffer from a decline in the level of education when compared to children who are raised in an intact family. Children in single-parent households were twice as likely to drop out of school (Al-Zufairi, 2000). Children from single-parent households were also more likely to take jobs at the bottom of the occupational grade with lower incomes and also have a higher rate of unemployment. The children in single-parent households also suffered economic deprivation, prenatal care and had a higher rate of moving from home to home, which could negatively affect their development. Broken families earn less money, suffer from low educational levels and often pass these conditions on to their children, which often effects other generations. A single care giver will usually develop a sense of loneliness and tension, especially when he/she needs to make important decisions concerning the family. Certain conditions such as mental disorders, special needs and physiological conditions often increase the worry of......

Words: 674 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Children Reared by Single Parents

...Children Reared by Single Parents: A Psychological Study Thesis (Psychology 195) Carabio, Charmaine Statement of the Problem 1. What are the respondents’ concepts of an ideal family? 2. What are the respondents’ perceived causes of their condition? 3. What are the respondents’ dimensions of the perceived cause of their condition? 4. What are the common problems encountered by the respondents being reared by a single parent? 5. What are the common coping mechanisms of respondents? 6. What are the respondents’ nature of relationship with the parent living with and not living with? 7. What is the respondents’ frequency of communication with the parent living with and not living with? 8. What is the respondents’ level of self-esteem? 9. What is the respondents’ level of assessment of their condition? 10. What is the respondents’ level of quality of relationship with the parent not living with? 11. Is there a significant association between self-esteem and the following variables: 1. assessment of condition? 2. quality of relationship with the parent not living with 12. Is there a significant difference between self-esteem and the following variables: 1. type of family? 2. employment status of parent living with the respondent? 3. perceived socio-economic? 4. cause of single parenthood? 5. nature of relationship with parent living with the......

Words: 3215 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Single Parents

...comfort. The brochure should be design on a letter size paper using suitable features of a Word Processing application. Using formatting features NB. You have a choice of using either two or three fold design. Spreadsheet The management team of Hotel Sea Side maintains financial records of guests using a spreadsheet. In an effort to improve occupancy the hotel will be offering varying discount packages base on the table below. |Package |Description |Discount | |Bronze |Single |2% | |Silver |Couple |3% | |Gold |Families/Groups of 3 to 9 persons |5% | |Platinum |Groups of 10 or more. |10% | Note: Early bird discount is 15%, if a guest has been awarded the early bird package, no other discount SHOULD be applied. The promotional period spans October 1, 2014 to October 31, 2014. If reservation is made on or before September 15 2014 then the early bird discount is applied. You are required to: Task A 1. Use the template below to design a worksheet (s) which accept......

Words: 998 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Pressures of a Single Parent

...The Pressures of Being a single Parent Parenting by definition is the act or process of raising children. Single parenting on the other hand it can be exactly the same yet only with only one parent. Yet the pressures of a single parent is high because you must play both mother and father roles. One reason that being a single parent is so stressful is one does not have any time for them self. Single parents never have any time to relax. They are always on the run. They are always exhausted because they must look over their children making sure that they are safe and away from any trouble. Since they are the only parent they must make sure that they take care of them such as, making sure they eat, make sure that they make it to school on time and making sure their homework is done. These types of duties can way you down. These are just some of the reasons why a single parent doesn’t have any time for themselves. All of their time goes to their children. You often forget who you are and what your interest is due to the fact that you are always around your children. Financial problems are another issue for single parents to struggle with in life. Single parents must make sure that they make enough money to pay their bills like rent or mortgage, telephone bills and heat and electricity bills, and groceries. Most of the time single parents don’t receive child support from the other parent so, they would also have to make sure they have......

Words: 575 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Single Parent

... | |Use the generator to produce an APA-formatted reference for a source you will use in your paper. This source should be from the | |University Library. Paste the reference below. | | | |Reference Page Entry | | | |Burgund, A. (2013). Single-parent families-social studies, needs and challenges. : . | | | |Paste the examples provided by the generator to show possible in-text citations for this reference. | | | |In-Text Citation | | ...

Words: 659 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Dating and Single Parents

...Dating and the Single Parent Jeremy L. Hollingsworth Liberty University Abstract “Dating and the Single Parent” (Deal, 2012) is a book that underlines the need for single parents who are dating to slow down and think about what is best for the children that are in the relationship. The book is divided into three main sections. Getting Past Butterflies and Warm Fuzzies, Going Fishing, and Marital Commitment and Stepfamily Preparation. Most of the work was given instruction to learn how to and know why one should have a strong courtship. The other piece of the book is how the author writes it from a Christian worldview. As the title of the book states it is written to aid parents that are thinking about or is dating someone with children. Whatever the cause of the separation from a spouse be it a divorce or death the children have to be at the forefront of the couple mindset. In making the determination of readiness in dating, one should make time to reflect upon past dating patterns and results. This will help in deciding whether one is repeating the same pattern over again or if maturity has been occurring through the dating process. Where is God in the dating process? Is God being trusted in the process of is He being pushed aside and disregarded? How does the partner respond to the kids and how do they respond in return? These are just some of the questions that need to be considered during the dating process. Keywords: Dating, Single, Parent, Children,......

Words: 2654 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Single Parent Families in Russia

...One parent families in modern Russia The family pattern has changed through the years not only in Russia but in other developed countries too. The main family pattern once used to be a nuclear family where a mother stayed at home raising the children and a father worked to support the family. Yet, the situation has changed as more and more marriages tend to end in divorce which causes increase of the number of one parent families. The other reason of this drastic increase is that women are able to support themselves and their children as their income now can be equal to that’s of men, that is why nowadays some unmarried women to have a child without even considering getting married. Besides, the attitude towards single mothers in modern Russia has also changed and nowadays having a child without a husband is not considered to be such a disgrace as it used to be. Though the question of getting custody is quite important, the most urgent questions are what difficulties single parents face in everyday life and how living with only one parent affects a child. As for adults, the main problems are lack of money and time, poor relations with a child, constant pressure and inability to create a healthy atmosphere at home. Yet, these are children who suffer more in such families. A divorce itself may cause a lot of psychological issues, even if a child seems to accept it well. Another problem is that a child lacks observing different patterns of behavior as males and females......

Words: 309 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Single Parents

...daily basis with family. I think it’s a very powerful and eye opening statement. What I read in this article was that people would rather be alone with their devices than be alone with themselves or others. After reading this article, I decided to observe my family for the day and see how much technology has consumed our lives. I woke the next morning to find myself going right to my phone, not to check the time, but to see if anyone text me or called me through the night. I then proceed to check social media and see what I may have missed. At this point I’ve probably wasted 10 minutes of my morning on checking things that really didn’t matter, instead of getting things prepared for the day. I see the same pattern for my kids. Once they’re awaken, its right to their tablets to see if anyone may have attacked them on a game they were playing the night before. It’s a constant battle of me repeatedly telling them to put their tablets down and get dressed. There’s rarely a “good morning, how did you sleep?” Just faces down, buried in their devices. I see it with my husband and I as well. I can be in a room on the other side of the house, instead of coming in the room to ask me something or just to tell me about his day, he will text me what’s on his mind. When I ask him why he didn’t just come in and tell me face to face, he said he didn’t want to bother me. In conclusion, “If we are unable to be alone, we are more likely to be lonely” statement, tells us as a family we need......

Words: 361 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Are Single Parent Homes a Dysfunctional Model of Family?

...Are Single Parent Homes a Dysfunctional Model of Family? According to a recent study from CBS, the United States has the highest divorce rate of any country at 45%. Due to this high rate of divorce, many families find that there is an imbalance of family roles in these newly created single parent households. Being a single parent has its own set of challenges for the individual and creates challenges for the family such as, spending smaller amounts of time with your children, having an excessive work load and disrupting the wellbeing of the children. Often times, single parents find that they are unable to spend as much time with their children. This can be caused by having to share their time with the parent no longer living in the home, multiple children living in the home, and the custodial parent having to either take on a new job or an additional job. In a divorce one parent is awarded custody of the children and the non-custodial parent is often granted visitation. This visitation can be multiple times during the week, once a week, a few times a month and so on. While this time is important for the child and non-custodial parent, it is time that the custodial parent is missing out on with their child. Being a single parent to multiple children brings on a set of different challenges by not being able to spend as much one-on-one time with each child. After all, the single parent is only one person. The single parent may find that they are either entering......

Words: 738 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Single Parent

...Richard Leinicke Instructor Kelly English 105 8 February 2012 Being a Single Father in America What does it mean to be a single father in this country? At the time that my wife and I separated, I had no clue to the challenges that lay ahead. I had never given it much thought because like every married guy out there, I was never going to be without a partner to help me raise my kids. But I knew, that given my situation , I could not let them stay with their moth-er. And before you roll your eyes and say “yea, right”, I will just say that when it was all said and done and had gone before a judge, he too agreed with my opinion and awarded me full cus-tody of our two young boys. But, that is where the inequities and even prejudices started to ap-pear. My lawyer told me I could ask for child support but that I would likely get very little if nothing at all. And then if I did win a small amount that collecting it would be even tougher. I did not make a lot of money but it was more than she made. This way of thinking is so foreign to a man because we usually think of custody and all that goes with it being in favor of the wom-an. Most men, I was soon to discover, automatically just gave the kids to their wives and asked how much do I have to pay? I saw that this was not just a cliché but something that occurred with great regularity. They were......

Words: 1409 - Pages: 6