Free Essay

Sleep Apnea

In: Social Issues

Submitted By webpandora
Words 310
Pages 2
What Is Sleep Apnea?
Sleep apnea (AP-ne-ah) is a common disorder in which you have one or more pauses in breathing or shallow breaths while you sleep.

Breathing pauses can last from a few seconds to minutes. They may occur 30 times or more an hour. Typically, normal breathing then starts again, sometimes with a loud snort or choking sound.

Sleep apnea usually is a chronic (ongoing) condition that disrupts your sleep. When your breathing pauses or becomes shallow, you’ll often move out of deep sleep and into light sleep.

As a result, the quality of your sleep is poor, which makes you tired during the day. Sleep apnea is a leading cause of excessive daytime sleepiness.

Overview

Sleep apnea often goes undiagnosed. Doctors usually can't detect the condition during routine office visits. Also, no blood test can help diagnose the condition.

Most people who have sleep apnea don't know they have it because it only occurs during sleep. A family member or bed partner might be the first to notice signs of sleep apnea.

The most common type of sleep apnea is obstructive sleep apnea. In this condition, the airway collapses or becomes blocked during sleep. This causes shallow breathing or breathing pauses.

When you try to breathe, any air that squeezes past the blockage can cause loud snoring. Obstructive sleep apnea is more common in people who are overweight, but it can affect anyone. For example, small children who have enlarged tonsil tissues in their throats may have obstructive sleep apnea.

The animation below shows how obstructive sleep apnea occurs. Click the "start" button to play the animation. Written and spoken explanations are provided with each frame. Use the buttons in the lower right corner to pause, restart, or replay the animation, or use the scroll bar below the buttons to move through the frames.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Sleep Apnea

...Sleep apnea is a lung disease that can sometimes go unnoticed, yet it affects more than 12 million Americans. There are three types of sleep apnea including obstructive, central, and complex, with obstructive being the most common form. It actually causes you to stop breathing while you sleep. It could last anywhere from 5 seconds to a minute. Many people with sleep apnea may find that they wake up numerous times during the night with a snort or slightly choking. They may wake up in the morning with a sore throat or a headache. For some, the only symptoms noticed are insomnia or just that they feel very tired throughout the day, as they are clearly not sleeping very well due to the disease. We know that air flows in through the oral or nasal cavity to the alveoli and then from the alveoli to the oral or nasal cavity to be released back into the atmosphere. With sleep apnea the passageway becomes completely obstructed and keeps oxygen from entering the bloodstream. Awake, the airway muscle tone helps keep the airways patent. While asleep, decreased airway muscle tone and the pull of gravity in the supine position, further decrease the size of the passageway. As the disease progresses, the passageway becomes more and more obstructed as tissue collapses. It is diagnosed by checking oxygen levels in blood, testing heart, lung, and brain activity, and checking breathing patterns while you sleep. It is more common among men, and there have recently been patterns found among......

Words: 409 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Sleep Apnea

...Sleep Apnea Most people do not think of snoring as something to be overly concerned about. But frequent, loud snoring is one of the major signs of sleep apnea, a common and potentially serious sleeping disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts as you sleep. However, just because you snore does not mean you have sleep apnea. The biggest sign of sleep apnea is how you feel during the day, such as daytime sleepiness, slow reflexes, or poor concentration. Normal snoring usually does not interfere with the quality of your sleep. Although sleep apnea is treatable, it often goes unrecognized. There are three types of sleep apnea: obstructive, central, and complex; of the three, obstructive sleep apnea is the most common. Despite the difference of each type, in all three, people with untreated sleep apnea stop breathing during their sleep, sometimes hundreds of times during the night and often for a minute or longer. Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common type of sleep apnea and is caused by obstruction of the upper airway. People who have obstructive sleep apnea are usually unaware of having difficulty breathing, even upon waking up. Certain people have a higher risk for obstructive sleep apnea, such as overweight people, males, smokers, people over the age of 65, or if you are related to someone who suffers from it. There other risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea that include certain physical attributes, such as having a thick neck, deviated septum,......

Words: 1230 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Sleep Apnea

...Sleep Apnea and Cardiovascular Disease Snoring is a common disorder that affects millions of people around the world. Snoring occurs during sleep and most people who snores do not realize that they snore, unless told by others who hear them produce a snoring sound. Even though normal snoring is not dangerous to human health, having repeated breathing stops during the snoring process can be life threatening to the snorer. According to the American Heart Association (2012) study, having repeated breathing stops during the snoring process is dangerous and can result in the development of cardiovascular problems and even death. This condition is known as sleep apnea. In this respect, an individual with sleep apnea experiences repeated breathing stops for as many as thirty times in an hour when asleep. Such episodes are dangerous for the snorer since it increases the risk of developing heart failure, high blood pressure, stroke, and arrhythmia. Research shows that one in every five people suffers from sleep apnea. America, in particular, has one of the highest incidences of people with the disease. According to Lettieri (2010), about 15 million adults suffer from obstructive sleep apnea in America. The majority of people with sleep apnea are patients with cardiovascular problems and hypertension. As earlier mentioned, this condition is life threatening and require early treatment. This document will examine the historical evidence of the disease, its causes, and its clinical......

Words: 608 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Sleep Apnea

...3/7/13 Sleep Apnea Approximately 30 million Americans are victims of a sleep disorder called Sleep apnea. Many millions more are predisposed and have a high risk of developing the illness. If you are and adult male, the odds are about 50/50 that your breathing is not normal when you are sleeping. Sleep apnea is a recurrent episode during sleep when their throat closes and they cannot breathe correctly. This happens because the muscles that normally hold the throat open during wakefulness relax during sleep and allow it to narrow. When the throat is partially closed and/or the muscles relax too much, trying to inhale will suck the throat completely closed and air can’t pass through at all. This is also an example of sleep apnea. A cessation of breathing must last 10 seconds or more to be called an apnea. Sleep apnea episodes can last as long as two minutes and are almost always associated with a reduction in the level of oxygen in the blood. When an individual is in the midst of an sleep apnea occurrence, as long as sleep continues, the apnea continues. It is only terminated and waking up saves the victim’s life. This arousal instantly increases the activity of the muscles of the tongue and throat muscles that enlarge the airway. The victim will be able to breathe and to once again fill the lungs with life-giving oxygen. This cycle may be repeated hundreds of times a night while the sufferer has no idea it is happening. Depending on the degree of severity, sleep apnea......

Words: 436 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Sleep Apnea Psycholgy

...Research Paper Sleep Apnea Colin Bush Mrs. Shumock PSYCHOLOGY November 11, 2015 Sleep Apnea Sleep apnea is a common sleeping disorder that repeatedly blocks the air -way limiting the amount of oxygen that reaches the lungs. This is a serious disorder that causes one to stop breathing while sleeping- apnea meaning no breath. Although not breathing is common in all sleep apnea patients, there are various other symptoms and causes and treatments of this disorder. Sleep Apnea’s Symptoms has many different types of symptoms. About 18million American have sleep apnea, however very few have been diagnosed with it. Activity such as a loud snoring, awaking many times in the night gasping for a breath of air, waking up with a sore or dry throat, sleepiness during the day and morning headaches, sudden mood changes, restless sleep, and lack of energy during the day. Some risk factors also involved in sleep apnea include: being overweight, a male, related to someone who has sleep apnea, over the age of 65, black, Hispanic, or a pacific Islander, and a smoker. Studies say that Sleep Apnea is highly found in......

Words: 642 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

What Is Sleep Apnea?

...What is Sleep Apnea? * Sleep apnea is a disorder that affects the way a person breathes while sleeping. * The normal breathing pattern is interrupted and causes shallow breathing or breathing to cease for ten seconds or more throughout the night. * People who suffer from sleep apnea tend to spend more time in light sleep rather than in deep sleep. Three Types of Sleep Apnea * Obstructive Sleep Apnea This is the most common type of sleep apnea. A person who has obstructive sleep apnea tends to snore loudly. This is caused by the soft tissue in the back of the throat relaxing, which then constricts the airways, making it difficult to breathe. * Central Sleep Apnea Central sleep apnea is not as common as obstructive sleep apnea. This occurs when the brain fails to communicate to the muscles that control breathing. If someone has central sleep apnea, they often do not snore. * Complex Sleep Apnea This is a combination of both obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. Did You Know? * Approximately 18 million people suffer from sleep apnea. * Out of these 18 million people, many of them are not being treated. * While asleep, patients sleep with their mouth open, which causes dry mouth (Xerostomia). The mouth is more susceptible to bacteria and fungi due to a lack of saliva. * Sleep apnea can cause memory loss, morning headaches/irritability, depression, and an inability to......

Words: 355 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Sleep Apnea vs Insomnia

...What are the differences between sleep apnea and Insomnia? How do we treat us the two? How has the FDA halted the treatment of sleep apnea? Researchers have long wanted to know the answers to these questions and they have them. There are key differences between Insomnia and Sleep apnea. Along with appropriate pharmacologic treatments, Doctors have discovered plenty of ways to help with the disorders. The research is there and can teach one all about it if they so choose to find it. The research available has been very helpful in writing many essays on the topic of both disorders and many have found them very helpful in writing their own essays. First of all what is Sleep Apnea? Obstructive sleep apnea affects up to four percent of middle aged adults the common complaints that come with are snoring, daytime sleepiness and disrupted sleep {Victor LD, Am Fam Physician, 1999, Nov 15;60(8):2279-86. National Stroke Foundation, 2005, www.stroke.org.} Apnea is the Greek word for without breath. Sleep apnea causes you to stop breathing for at least 10 seconds while you are sleeping, many times throughout the night. Sleep apnea however does not cause many problems with you breathing throughout the day. The risk factors for sleep apnea are age usually between 40 and 60 is the highest risk. Ethnicity with African-American, Pacific Islanders and Hispanic being the highest risk. Smoking drinking and some medical conditions such as diabetes also put you at a higher risk......

Words: 1212 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Sleep Apnea Demographic

...Obstructive Sleep Apnea in adults Demographic Paper Walter Pacheco HCS 490 Health Care Consumer trends and Marketing Tuesday 13, 2012 Melinda O'Brien Obstructive Sleep Apnea in adults Demographic Paper This paper is about the demographics on obstructive sleep apnea on adults comparing between Hispanic (Baldwin, Rernaga-Ornelas, Caudillo-Cisneros, Márquez-Gamiño, & Quan, 2012), African American, and Caucasian populations (Ram, Seirawan, Kumar, & Clark, 2009). Data shows how each of these groups are affected by obstructive sleep apnea and why income affects Hispanics, African Americans, and Caucasians differently. The impact obstructive sleep apnea has in the health care market (AlGhanim, Comondore, Fleetham, Marra, & Ayas, 2007). How and why the changes in demographics of these three populations affect health care (AlGhanim, Comondore, Fleetham, Marra, & Ayas, 2007). Two key health care related challenges Hispanics, African Americans, and Caucasians may experience with health care are costs, and in-home care (Hillman, Murphy, & Pezzullo, 2006). This paper will describe how a wellness program can affect the cost of health care and in-home care for the three groups, and the services available for any who suffer from obstructive sleep apnea (Downey III, Mosenifar, Gold, Rowley, Wickramasinghe, Sharma, Talavera, Ouellette, & Tino, 2012). Finally this paper will give examples on how an individual, the community, and society can address......

Words: 2536 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Case Study 20: “Obstructive Sleep Apnea”

...Winningham’s Critical Thinking Cases in Nursing: Case Study 20: “Obstructive Sleep Apnea” Directions: * Answer the following questions and statements. * Each question is assigned a point value. * Submit the completed worksheet to the Dropbox no later than Day 7 of Unit 3. * Your instructor will post the grade for this Assignment in the Gradebook no later than Day 7 of Unit 4. Scenario: S.R. is a 69-year-old man who presents to the clinic because his “wife complains that his snoring is difficult to live with.” 1. As the clinic nurse, what routine information would you want to obtain from S.R.? (2 points) I would want to obtain a smoking history (if any). I would want to know about their sleep: the hours of sleep obtained per night, if they are waking frequently through the night, their posture during sleep. Information I would want to obtain would also include if they wake up feeling tired, if they awake frequently during the night, if they fall asleep during the day, if they awake with a headache, and if they are irritable or angry in the morning. I would want to assess vital signs (to include oxygen saturation level), history of recent illness/respiratory infection, any changes in weight, trouble breathing through the nose, stressors, and difficulty concentrating. I would also ask the wife how loudly he snores and if she notices a pause in his breathing. CASE STUDY PROGRESS After interviewing S.R., you note the following: * S.R.......

Words: 1383 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Sleep Apnea

...SLEEP APNOEA Sleep Apnoea is the obstruction of airflow in and out of the lungs which mainly occurs during sleep. When a person is asleep, the muscles of the nose, mouth and throat usually relax which causes the airways to close up therefore preventing air from getting in or out freely. The cessation of breathing can be clinically significant if it lasts for up to 10 seconds. It occurs mainly due to lack of muscle tone in the upper airway. When the breathing stops, the brain in turn automatically wakes you up. This is accompanied by the act of snoring with frequent uniform periods whereby one wakes up in order to breathe again. This interrupted sleeping makes the affected person to feel sleepy during daytime. This condition indicates that they have an airway that is more likely to collapse than normal. The brain on its part senses that there is a drop in oxygen supply and in turn alerts you to wake up. These periods are normally characterized by deep breathes and enables a person to go back to sleep. These instances of waking up and again can happen hundreds of time in one night. One does not realize because they fall back to sleep once the gasp of breath and choking is relieved. There are three types of sleep apnoea which have been described. Firstly, obstructive sleep apnoea is usually caused by the muscles of the throat relaxing too much thereby closing up when one is asleep. Secondly, central sleep apnoea occurs when the brain fails to give signals of breathing during......

Words: 511 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Sleep Disorders

...during the day, even if you have had enough sleep? You might have a sleep disorder. There are several different ones but yet the most commons ones are insomnia, sleep apnea, restless legs syndrome, and narcolepsy. Nightmares, night terrors, sleepwalking, sleep talking, head banging, wetting the bed and grinding your teeth are kinds of sleep problems called parasomnias. These sleep disorders are caused by normal things such as back pain, anxiety, neck pain, or chronic pain. Going into detail with each disorder will help you better to understand why they are caused and how they can be cured. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services in year 2007, approximately 64 million Americans suffer from insomnia on a regular basis each year. Insomnia occurs 1.4 times more commonly in women than in men. Although insomnia was the most common sleep problem among about one half of older adults (48%), they were less likely to experience frequent symptoms of insomnia than their younger counterparts (45% vs. 62%), and their symptoms were more likely to be associated with medical conditions, according to the 2003 poll of adults between the ages of 55 and 84. Insomnia is a symptom of sleep disorder of having difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep. It is usually followed by functional impairment while awake. People who have insomnia complain about being able to close their eyes or “rest their minds” for more than a minute ​Sleep Disorders 4 at a time. Insomnia is also...

Words: 879 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Apnea Monitor

...external diseases of Apnea. It is virtually impossible to prevent the death of an infant related to SIDS. No test or combination of symptoms can accurately predict whether a child might succumb to SIDS. However, there are several strategies that can effectively reduce the risk of SIDS. One of the methods being used is by using apnea monitor. Apnea is the most common form of different types of sleep-related breathing disorders. It is characterized by repetitive cessations of respiratory flow during sleep, which occurs due to a collapse of the upper respiratory airway. The purpose of this research is to study how the apnea monitor works. INTRODUCTION Apnea monitors is a device that detect the cessation of breathing (apnea) in infants and adults who are at risk of respiratory failure. Apnea monitor use the application of magnetic flux to detect if the patient are still breathing or not. This device is used to prevent SIDS and apnea. SIDS is the sudden and unexplained death of an infant who is younger than 1 year old. Apneas are defined as pauses in breathing of more than 10 seconds while asleep. These occur at regular intervals throughout the night. The subject is rarely aware of their difficulty breathing even upon awakening, and the condition may go undetected for years until noticed by someone else. Sleep apnea (SA) in the form of Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is becoming the most common respiratory disorder during sleep, which is......

Words: 1030 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Case Study #7

...amphetamines (prescribed and illegal), OTC drugs, and herbals 2. The two main types of sleep apnea are Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) and Central Sleep Apnea (CSA). OSA is the more common type and is usually a result of obesity. Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the muscles in the back of your throat relax. These muscles support the soft palate, the triangular piece of tissue hanging from the soft palate (uvula), the tonsils, the side walls of the throat and the tongue. When the muscles relax, your airway narrows or closes as you breathe in, and you can't get an adequate breath in. This may lower the level of oxygen in your blood. Your brain senses this inability to breathe and briefly rouses you from sleep so that you can reopen your airway. This awakening is usually so brief that you don't remember it. Central sleep apnea or CSA is a less common form of sleep apnea that occurs when your brain fails to transmit signals to your breathing muscles. This means you make no effort to breathe for a short period of time. You may awaken with shortness of breath or have a difficult time getting to sleep or staying asleep. (Staff, 2015) Central sleep apnea: This type of apnea is less common and occurs when the brain fails to send the appropriate signals to the inspiratory muscles to initiate respiration. There is no respiratory effort. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA): This type of apnea is more common and is due to the obstruction and/or collapse of the tongue, uvula, and soft......

Words: 1908 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Sleep Deprivation

...Sleep deprivation can lead to numerous health risks. In today’s society there are many factors leading to people being deprived of sleep. Three causes of sleep deprivation are having a newborn child at home, stress, and sleep apnea. When a couple has a baby everyone thinks of how cute and precious it will be. Almost no one thinks of the sleepless nights to come. A newborn child has yet to develop a sleep pattern and so sometimes does not sleep during the normal hours an adult would. As a result, the parents do not get the opportunity to sleep much either. Waking up numerous times throughout the night to answer a baby’s cries disrupts their pattern of sleep and it can be difficult to get back to a nice restful state after having had to get out of bed to tend to the child. Sleep deprivation can also be attributed to stress. It can appear in many forms. It could be a conflict with a coworker, worrying about an upcoming test, or wondering how the bills are going to get paid this month. This is the type of worrisome thinking that can cause people to lose sleep over. They feel that until the problem is resolved, they cannot truly get a good night’s sleep. The end result is tossing and turning all night long in the anguish of whether or not everything will eventually be ok. Another cause of sleep deprivation is sleep apnea. This is a common disorder in which a person has one or more pauses in breathing or shallow breaths while they sleep. Usually a chronic......

Words: 394 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Sleeping Disorders

...much worse in this world than not getting an ounce of sleep! Well, unfortunately millions of people across the globe suffer from some type of sleeping disorder. Whether it is insomnia keeping you up all night, or maybe even sleep apnea preventing you from getting a solid full nights rest. Today, I will go over some of the more common sleep disorders that are plaguing people around the globe. Insomnia Not only are sleep disorders extremely common, affecting virtually everyone at some point in their lives, but they can also lead to serious stress and other health concerns. Insomnia is by far the most common sleep disorder, affecting nearly 60 percent of U.S. adults at least one night each week. Common symptoms of insomnia include difficulty falling asleep and waking up before it is time to get up. There are many factors that can contribute to insomnia including stress and undetected physical medical conditions. Studies have shown that stress is the leading cause of insomnia among the affected population. Typical treatments include sleeping pills and behavior therapy. Practicing good sleep habits can often be effective for treating mild cases of insomnia. Sleep apnea Sleep apnea is the second most common sleep disorder and affects approximately 20 million Americans. Sleep apnea affects the way you breathe when you’re sleeping. In untreated sleep apnea, breathing is briefly interrupted or becomes very shallow during sleep. These breathing pauses typically last between 10......

Words: 839 - Pages: 4