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Sleep Deprivation, Disorders, and Drugs

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By caders000
Words 992
Pages 4
Sleep is a necessary part of life. Without it, the brains normal functions can become slow, confused, or cease all together. Situations may arise often where deficient amounts of sleep are considered an acceptable byproduct of an alternative activity. For instance, a man who decides to go out with friends and close down a dance club knowing he needs to wake up at 5:00 am the next morning for work may find he did not receive an adequate amount of sleep to function at the best of his ability the following work day. On the other hand, intentional sleep deprivation, due to the impact it causes on the effected person, was often used to torture prisoners of war. The term sleep deprivation is used to describe a period of time where there is a complete absence of sleep or when one is not able to sleep for the optimal length of time. According to Orzeł-Gryglewska (2010):
The clinical symptoms of sleep deprivation include longer reaction time, distractedness, disturbances in attention and concentration, forgetting known facts, difficulty in memorizing new information, and making mistakes and omissions. A higher level of stress is observed; tiredness, drowsiness and irritability increases; work effectiveness decreases and motivation usually falls down (p. 96).
One’s judgment and ability to effectively reason may also be affected. Increased irritability may cause the subject to snap at loved ones or coworkers uncharacteristically. Cognitive changes may present after prolonged reductions in sleep but studies have shown specific types of abilities to be effected. Negotiating changes in information, reference memory, innovative thought and other executive functions show the most negative change with respect to sleep deprivation (Pinel, 2009). These changes prove that prolonged periods of sleep deprivation can seriously alter one’s capacity to function as normal at work, home,...

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