Free Essay

Smart Road

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By kathryndilsworth
Words 2166
Pages 9
Imagine you are driving at night on a winding road. The snow is coming down and you cannot see, as you begin to approach a curve. You make out dim brake lights of traffic ahead, but despite the driving conditions, you feel safe. How can you feel safe under these conditions, you ask. Very easily, the way of the future will be Scott Brusaw’s Smart Road. Owned by Virginia Department of Transportation, the Smart Road will lead to safer highways and vehicles, more conventional travel, and less stress behind the wheel. Researchers will get to apply their creative ideas to real-life situations in a low-risk environment, while business developers could gain profitable partnerships and new projects. The Smart Road is a rare, state-of-the-art, full-scale, closed test-bed research facility which features weather-making capabilities, an experimental lighting system, pavement markings, road weather information systems, a signalized intersection, a differential GPS system, road access and surveillance, and a computer-equipped control center. It is the first of its kind with a long history and possibly an even longer future.
It all started when the idea and the proposal for a connecting road from Blacksburg to Interstate 81 was introduced in 1985. Roanoke Mayor Noel Taylor favored the idea introduced by Roanoke-Virginia Tech Advisory Council in 1986. The following year the Department of Transportation was asked to consider short and long-term answers for traffic jamming along Route 460. Governor Gerald Beliles’ identified a new road to serve as a direct link between Virginia’s largest university and southwest Virginia’s largest city. In 1988, the study of Route 460 for improvements began and in 1989 a breakthrough was achieved when Roanoke County Supervisor, Dick Robers suggested the linking road be used for research on "smart" cars and highways. That same year Congressman Rick Boucher asked for and received funding for the first Smart Road built from the ground up. In 1991, a Federal transportation bill provided $5.9 million for research and planning and the Commonwealth Transportation Board selected the location for the Smart Road in 1992. A federal grant awarded $3 million to the center in 1993 for research on the Smart Road and in 1994; Gov. George Allen promised state funding for building the test bed. General Motors joined a group of companies in 1995, which included Virginia Tech and put it as one of the country’s top transportation research institutions. The design continued with assistance from the Citizen Advisory Committee and groundbreaking took place on July 8, 1997. Constructions of the first phase were completed in 1999 and phase two including a bridge in 2002. As funds become available, the entire road to I-81 will be designed and built in a series of test beds for research into emerging transportation technology.
The Smart Road is a joint project of Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT), Virginia Tech’s Transportation Institute (VTTI), and Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Phase one of the project was completed by Vecellio & Grogan Inc.(Beckley, WV) and consists of a 1.7 mile, two-lane test bed on a four-lane right-of-way now open for research; and a large western end turnaround for normal speed turns by test vehicles. Phase two was completed by PCL Civil Constructors Inc. (Canada) and is two miles in length, including an eastern end turn around for non-stop test-driving, 200 yards of roadway, and a 2,000-foot bridge designed by Figg Engineering Inc. (Florida).
The Smart Road Bridge is Virginia’s tallest bridge at 175 feet above Wilson Creek and hovers about 2,000 feet over Ellett Valley. It spans 450 feet when the average span is 397 feet long and includes three 472-foot spans when the average on most bridges is 150 feet. Its massive double-strength four concrete bridge piers are reinforced with steel twice as thick as the steel in standard bridges creating a super strong deck. Concrete box structure beneath the roads surface will carry power and communication lines with access points through the surface for test equipment. The bridge, weighing in around 40 million pounds has some of the properties of a suspension bridge and includes inlaid Hoki, which is a decorative type of stone. In 2002, the Smart Road Bridge received a Design Award from the Concrete Reinforced Steel Institute (SRSI).
In the third phase of the project, eastbound roads to bypass the test track and the Route 460 Corridor Study were approved. Bruce Harper (Blacksburg, VA) completed this phase in January 2003. While the "connect the bypasses" project, which involves 4.4 miles of freeway flawlessly linking the US-460 Christiansburg Bypass and the US-460 Blacksburg Bypass, cost $125 million, one mile of freeway extending the US-460 Christiansburg Bypass to Interstate I-81, cost $62 million. These costs included preliminary engineering, right-of-way acquisition, and construction. The Blacksburg Interchange on US-460 has the ramp connections to the Smart Road. The 641 Corridor, selected to be built in the future, will cut 4.5 miles off the distance between Blacksburg and Roanoke. If funding allows, the road will be widened to four lanes along the entirety of the Smart Road.
The Smart Road is equipped with enough technology for scientists to conduct research now and well into the future. The original 2-mile test track includes 14 experimental pavement systems and 600 pavement designs. Fiber-optic cable links more than four hundred electronic sensors, which monitor concrete stress, asphalt strain, soil pressure, moisture entrance, frost depth, vehicle speed/weight, and traffic counts. The Smart Road's advanced communication system includes a wireless LAN interfaced with a fiber-optic backbone. The network borders with several on-site data acquisition systems and road feature controls, transfers data between the vehicle, research building, and infrastructure within the road. All of these features assist in the characterization of pavement lifetime, long- and short-term performance, behavior under dynamic loading, and instrumentation assessment.
A fully staffed dispatch team monitors the Smart Road from a computer-equipped control center 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The center, a 30,000-square-foot building at the west end provides monitoring and control of pavement sensors, power grids, surveillance cameras, weather generation, lighting and overhead message signs, and communication with test vehicles. It is the office space for Virginia Tech’s Transportation Institute, Virginia’s Department of Transportation Research Council, and companies that contract to use Smart Road. There is a garage and a shop for the experimental vehicles, and room for three additional buildings
Although the Smart Road is not discoverable on any map, it may be one of the most important stretches of highway anywhere. Ray Pethel, associate director of Virginia Tech Transportation Institute, states it is the only real-highway test bed in the world, and the only all-weather testing facility capable of producing a variety of test conditions on demand such as rain, snow, and ice. The facility contains 75 weather towers, 40 feet high that rotate 360 degrees to handle the wind conditions. The towers can create drizzle or downpours of two inches of rain per hour in different sized droplets. In cold weather the towers can produce a dusting of snow or up to four inches of snow an hour, including a layer of ice for studying de-icing and anti-icing. Air and water pressure and flow can be duplicated consistently. A 500,000-gallon water tank allows operation at peak capacity, which is 180,000 gallons per hour.
Researchers also have the ability to create a variety of lighting conditions on an actual highway built to the highway specifications. The variable lighting allows different visible conditions to be created on demand, as well as the study of the effects of lighting technologies on driving visibility equipment. The Smart Road can reproduce about 95% of the lighting situations a driver may face on the road. Studies of new road signs, UV-sensitive pavement markers and striping, pedestrian safety, and vehicle headlights to help drivers see better in these weather conditions are researched at the facility. A variety of offset system lights overlapped will help in the development of higher visibility highway markings and message signs. In the near future local area wireless network for short-range communications and future ITS applications, such as automated highway systems, position location, data collection from sensors, and dynamic in-vehicle information systems will be added.
So, what exactly is the Smart Road? The Smart Road is a series of structurally engineered solar panels that are driven on. The idea is to change all current asphalt roads, parking lots, and driveways to solar road panels that collect energy to be used by our homes and businesses, and to be able to store the extra energy in or alongside the solar roadways. The renewable energy will replace the need for the current fossil fuels used for the generation of electricity now. This will cuts greenhouse gases in half. The road surface layer, infused glass that is high-strength and rough enough to provide great traction will still let light through to the solar collector cells implanted within as well as LEDs and a heating element. It can handle the heaviest of loads under the worst of conditions, and is weatherproof so it protects the electronics layer beneath it. The electronics layer contains a microprocessor board with support circuitry for sensing loads on the surface and controlling a heating environment. This means no more snow and ice removal or school and businesses closing due to the weather. The on-board microprocessor powers the lighting, communications, monitoring, etc. With a communications device every 12 feet, the solar roadway is a very Smart Road. The base layer distributes power and data signals down line to all homes and businesses connected to the road, which it gets from the electronics layers collection of energy from the sun.
When multiple solar road panels are intersected, the intelligent solar roadway is formed. These panels replace any road or parking lot, and any home or business connected to the solar roadway receives the power and data signals the roadway provides. The solar roadway becomes an intelligent, self-healing, decentralized (secure) power grid. Imagine a worldwide system where the lit half of the world is always powering the dark half of the world. Everyone has power without power shortages, roaming power outages, and 50% less of the greenhouse gases. This means less of a need for fossil fuels and less dependency upon foreign oil, as well as less pollution. The long-term advantage would be an electric road that allows all-electric vehicles to recharge anywhere, such as rest stops, parking lots, etc., and they would then have the same range as a gasoline-powered vehicle. Internal combustion engines would become obsolete, and our dependency on oil would come to an abrupt end. Many problems such as fog and visibility on mountainous road will no longer be a problem. Smart Roads will improve pavement marking visibility in wet weather better, as well as the highway lighting. Car pile-ups due to icy roads and bridges will be eliminated. Vehicle safety systems will be evaluated and improved along with truck and driver safety. The smart road will also reduce the cost of pavement and bridge maintenance in the end.
In 2007, a ton of liquid asphalt cost $175 and now it is at $1,000 a ton because it is petroleum based. If we rid the nuclear plants and the coal plants, which cost millions to build, that money, can be rolled into the Smart Road. Roads today collect heat, where the Smart Road collects electricity and will pay for its self in the end. If all 25,000 square miles of roadway in the lower 48 states become solar panels and they are only 15% efficient, then it will supply three times as much power as the country uses on an annual basis. This would almost be enough to meet the demand of power for the entire planet.
The Smart Road has many benefits but at the same time, it also scares people about driving on glass. I am a firm believer in change, especially if it betters my son’s future or my own. I will leave you with a closing quote one said by Thomas Edison in 1931, “I’d put my money on the sun and solar energy. What a source of power! O hope we don’t have to wait until oil and coal run out before we tackle that.”

Works Cited
History of the Smart Road. (2010, 04 12). Retrieved from Virginia Department of Transportation:
The Virginia Smart Road. (2012). Retrieved from Virginia Tech Transportation Institute:
Kozel, S. (2004, 02 19). The Smart Road. Retrieved from Roads to the Future:
Patterson, T. (2011, 01 19). Building up America. Retrieved from Cable News Network:

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Road Age

...The Psychology of Road Rage: A discussion of psychological explanations of road rage and policy implications. Name: Graeme Standing Candidate #: 002351 015 Subject: Psychology – Extended Essay Word Count : 3993 School: Collège du Léman Date: February 2007© Graeme Standing ( Contents Introduction ............................................................................................................................................1 Is Road Rage Just a Media Invention?..................................................................................................... 1 What is Road Rage? ................................................................................................................................2 Stress and Anger .....................................................................................................................................2 Are Some People More Susceptible to Road Rage? ............................................................................... 3 Gender Stereotypes................................................................................................................................4 Intermittent Explosive Disorder.............................................................................................................. 5 Driving......

Words: 4955 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

Car Sensor

...reduce the incidence and severity of road trauma in many countries all over the world. [4], [5] The remainder of this paper is organized as follows: Section 2 gives a background of previous work in this field. Overview of Self Recording Traffic Violations system is presented in Section 3. In Section 4, the proposed System's Structure is shown. In Section 5, the Experiments and Results for running the system are presented. Finally a conclusion and future work are briefly described in the last Section 6. Abstract—Cities today face many common transport problems and implement similar urban traffic management solutions. One of these problems is the recording traffic violations. This paper presents self recording traffic violations system which provides safety for all car drivers. The main target is replacing the old method of recording the traffic violations as increasing the speed limit by a new system. This system depends on both hardware (micro controller as embedded system) and software (rule based system for intelligent decision and database for recording violation of drivers). In near future, a smart road monitoring system will be built, where it will record speed violations with the help of a smart car that can understand and act with the system to reach high efficiency. The system will monitor the roads and cars on the roads 24/ 7 (all week long all day long) and record violations without any faults. Also, a smart car can alarm the drivers to......

Words: 3119 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Bad Habits Created Through Technology

...It distracts us all the time, in the classroom, on the road and during everyday life interactions. Although it is hard to argue that the advancements of technology can be bad there is proof that it has distracted people from the simple things in life that are necessities to focus on. In todays society text messaging is the most common way of getting in touch with people, however cellphones are becoming a major distraction. Texting has become so severe that people would rather sit on their phones and talk to certain people then talk to the actual people they are with. Everyday I notice a peer texting during class, they become glued to their phone and are not aware of the conversation happening around them. All over Plymouth and all other college campuses students are constantly distracted by texting in the class room. As texting becomes more common so does texting and driving, which “caused around 1.3 million crashes in 2011”(text statistics). and has significantly increased since then. It should be common courtesy to keep your phone away while driving to protect others, however millions of people are doing it every day because they are addicted. The constant use of cellphones in todays society continues to increase and with that phones have taken over the classroom and the road. Most teenagers these days have “Smart Phones” which are phones that are able to access the internet, play games, text, and take photos. The most common smartphone’s on the market are the Iphone and......

Words: 1876 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Book Smarts or Street Smarts

...BOOK SMARTS OR STREET SMARTS THE ON GOING DEBATE TODAY AMONG CORRECTION OFFICERS REBECCA KIRBY PROFESSOR STEPHEN N. KNIGHTS, JR. OCTOBER 18, 2014 INTRODUCTION This paper will be discussing the debate on whether or not higher education in law enforcement officers should be mandatory and the effect it can have in the correctional facilities. It will also have insight from a local police officer on the education debate. As of today, only two states, Minnesota and Wisconsin require a police officer to obtain at least an associate’s degree. Other states carry a much lower standard, only asking for a high-school diploma or a GED to satisfy their requirements. It is often said that the criminal justice system and corrections are a booming business. Over the past two decades, the need for staff has increased and the need for education has also increased. But is it street smarts you need or is it book smarts? TOPIC: WORK ETHICS As a correctional officer there are many things that go into what they do. They have to be professional, understanding, logical, compassionate, intelligent, and reasonable. A correctional officer has many jobs while on duty and the police department asks a lot of them. Determining if an officer needs to have a college education is difficult. Debate on this controversy has led to the study of work ethics surrounding officers who do have some sort of formal education. This research dates back to the 1930s by August Vollmer and......

Words: 1557 - Pages: 7

Free Essay


...infrastructure • Upgrading of public transportation in Greater KL STORMWATER MANAGEMENT AND ROAD TUNNEL (SMART) BY GAMUDA BERHAD There are a lot of PPP projects which has been scheduled out by the Government started from 2011 and expected to be completed in 2015. The completed projects namely Plus Expressway, Stormwater Management and Road Tunnel (SMART), Westport, Privatisation of Penang Port and KLIA Express and KLIA Transit. Those projects which still under construction are Mass Rapid Transit (MRT), Electrified Double Track Ipoh – Padang Besar Project, Perdana University, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) teaching hospital and combined-cycle gas power plant in Kimanis, Sabah (cari ref dari From the many, there are two project which has been carried out by the a leading turnkey contractor Gamuda Berhad with Build-Operate Transfer (BOT) expertise and capability that is Gamuda Berhad and MMC Corp Berhad. Those two projects are Stormwater Management and Road Tunnel (SMART) and Electrified Double Track Ipoh – Padang Besar Project. However, under this topic, we will be discussing about the completed one that is the SMART project. Figure 1: Recent and upcoming PPP projects (2100 – 2015) (cari ref dari The initial idea of Stormwater Management and Road Tunnel (SMART) was for a tunnel to divert and gather the storm water, but the idea developed into the mixed-use tunnel model that......

Words: 2076 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Breath Tests

...Random Breath Tests for Drivers is a Smart Thing to do As a six year old little girl I was faced with what I thought was the worst news of my life. In April 1989, my father was hit head on by a drunk driver and was killed instantly. Almost twenty years later and this horrific memory still plays over and over in my head. If random breathalyzers were performed more often by police officers then maybe my father would still be alive today. I believe random breathalyzers for drivers is a smart thing to perform on a daily basis around the world because they will keep intoxicated drivers off the road and keep our roads and highways safe. Far too many people drink near the legal limit not realizing that they may innocently go over the limit. It’s not uncommon for us to be out on a Saturday night with a group of our close friends, have a few drinks and drive home. Sometimes it’s difficult to gage ones alcohol intake and is easier to assume that we are okay to drive. The legal limit in most states is 0.8%. If a person is driving while above the legal limit they are arrested and charged with drinking and driving more commonly referred to as a DUI or DWI. Driving under the influence of alcohol can be seriously harmful to themselves and innocent bystanders such as my father. Alcohol blurs our judgment and decreases our reaction time which can be crucial while operating a motorized vehicle. Driving while under the influence is illegal and those that violate that law......

Words: 1573 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Rfid and Traffic Control

...GPS, in automobiles. Systems like these allow the driver to easily navigate roads to reach their destination. However, services like those rely on good satellite communications and cost a daily fee. Our proposal is the establishment of a roadside system based on RFID technology that will allow drivers the same services that a GPS system can provide in a much cheaper and efficient approach. Before the details of the proposal are discussed, the functionality and usefulness of RFID will be examined. RFID consists of a system of small chips and wireless radio antennas that are placed on or in certain objects for various purposes. Some of these purposes include inventory tracking, object positioning, and passive toll booth payment. RFID systems contain two major components; the interrogator and the tag. The tag component contains an antenna and a small circuit, which usually contains an integrated circuit chip. There is a multitude of tag types used in commercial applications. One type is called the disk or coin tag. These are small, round, plastic-encased tags with a central hole for fastening to objects. Another format is the smart label tag. This tag consists of a paper-thin tag with a coiled antenna of foil printed onto the back of a plastic sticker. This format is widely used in department stores for security detector systems. One more type of tag is the contactless smart card. It is very similar to a credit card, only it contains a tag system......

Words: 3589 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Route Mobile

...Smart Business Networks (RSMME009 – Spring 2015) Case questions Routemobiel Note: this is a case where there’s not as many analytical frameworks to fall back on (although some can still be useful and should be used where applicable), it revolves around being creative with new business models, so by all means come up with fresh ideas! If you were in the position of Edward Reinderts, 1) How would you design Routemobiel’s business network? What position would you have Routemobiel take in that network? What new partners would you need to find to fit the new strategy? 2) How should you manage your new business network such that partners are aligned with the network strategy? 3) What new value-added services could you develop to improve Routemobiel’s customer service or strengthen its product leadership? How would you position yourself towards the customer? 4) Which technical innovations could accelerate or threaten the benefits of the Route Mobiel business network, and why? ABSTRACT Started in 2005 as a player in the Dutch road assistance market, Route Mobile challenged the only player (ANWB) in this market by organizationally operating as an intermediary, orchestrating a network of business partners. Its strategy of being a cost-leadership while at the same time increasing awareness among public and transparency in the market seemed to be successful. The Dutch road assistance market attracted new entrants with even lower prices than RM. These new price-fighter...

Words: 5870 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay


...Philippines leading wireless services provider, Smart Communications Inc., had enjoyed tremendous success in recent years, securing up to 45% of the market share, targeting mainly the middle and upper income customers. Smart is currently at a cross road where it faces a critical business decision to continue to develop innovations and propositions for their existing customers or use their existing innovations to serve lower income customers. Without a doubt, the middle and upper income customers must be captured first. This will not only enable an organization to gain a foothold of the market but also build up a brand name in the market. What about those at the Bottom 0f the economic Pyramid (BOP)? Is there a profitable market there? Without a doubt, it is a resounding yes to me. Firstly, I see the huge untapped market at the BOP in Philippines, approximately 50% of the population, as seen in Smart Communications Inc.’s situation as an opportunity to generate revenue. That is another 42 million potential customers! Secondly, the forecasted wireless market customer number by 2008 will plateau at 30 million and the estimated addressable market for mobile telephony in Philippines which consists mainly the middle and top income customers have already been targeted. Smart needs to expand its market share and seek growth. Most importantly, Smart must continue to be the first market mover and capture the huge market at the BOP. This will enable them to keep their nearest competitor,...

Words: 1493 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...kit of the future will contain e-books and CD-ROMs that will provide coaching on, say, what blood pressure is and how to measure it using tools from the kit, which will be connected via a telemedicine link to the doctor's office. In essence, the home medical center will function like an interactive medical encyclopedia, with in-depth explanations and simulations, while providing access to your doctor's office via a video link so the physicians can check your symptoms and give their prognosis. The bottom line on the bathroom of tomorrow comes from Toto Kiki USA, Inc., a Morrow, Georgia, plumbing supply firm (, where engineers have developed, tested and are now marketing Zoë, a $699 ergonomically contoured, cushioned, "smart" toilet seat. Now we know who got Einstein's office. The Zoë features an automatic air sensor and freshening system; a hydraulic mechanism for soft-closing that finally addresses the nerve-racking terror of seat-slam (great for those middle-of-the-night bathroom sorties); and the personal cleansing luxury of a built-in, adjustable, aerated, warm-water bidet-stream activated by remote control at the touch of a button. Please make sure this remote doesn't fall into the wrong hands. This throne even comes with an optional seat-warmer feature for those stark winter mornings when Nature's calls are most immediate. Contrived by award-winning industrial designer Ayse Birsel, the Zoë was built with the belief that there's more to a......

Words: 6045 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay

Blue Ocean Strategy

...Blue Ocean Strategy MKT/421 September 1st, 2014 Blue Ocean Strategy The term Blue Ocean is slang for an uncontested market space in a known industry or innovation (Investopedia, 2014). The cell/smart phone industry is constantly looking for new Blue Ocean market space to gain a temporary edge on the competition. Look at how mobile phones have evolved from simply being able to make calls to text, email, cameras, video cameras, mp3 players, internet access, streaming videos, bar code scanners, GPS and voice recognition. One of the new Samsung Galaxy phones even has a feature that pauses movies if the phone senses that you have looked away from the screen. Each company is trying to find the next new thing that no other company is doing in order to stand out from the competition. This is a Blue Ocean strategy. Find an unexploited niche in a market and be the first to market with a product that fills the gap. This is an important strategy since Red Ocean market space, named so for water bloodied by competition in a saturated market (Investopedia, 2014), often leads to companies unable to compete and forced to shut down. Take Blockbuster for example, they had significant market share and seemed to be a solid competitor in the movie rental market. That is until Netflix found a Blue Ocean in mail order rentals with no late fees and streaming video rentals. Blockbuster tried its own mail order rentals and streaming video but they soon had even more competition with...

Words: 849 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Case Study

... IDEA ON PAPER Smart Village Cairo, conceived by smart minds, followed by extensive studies and research that took place from 1999 to 2001 turned this idea to a real life successful project, the first phase was inaugurated by President Mubarak in September 2003. Benefiting from Egypt’s unique geo-strategic location, located in the northeast corner of the African continent, Egypt shares its boundary with the Mediterranean Sea in the North and the Red Sea in the East, acting as a point of intersection between Africa, Europe and Asia. Egypt is a major Economic player in the Middle East and Africa. The Egyptian Government together with the Private Sector initiated an ambitious modernization plan where its capital of human competencies is set as a first priority. Smart Villages Company is one of the major successful Egyptian Private Public Partnership (PPP) projects, in Egypt. Since its founding in 2001, the Smart Villages Company had a major plan to position Smart Village Cairo among the world’s most competent Business Parks A PRIME PARK IN A PRIME LOCATION Smart Village Cairo is located in Cairo’s west suburb and stands as Egypt’s prime Communication and Information Technology (CIT) Cluster and Business Park. Spread over 3 million square meters, the business park is hosting Multinational and Local Companies sharing the ground with Governmental Authorities and Organizations, Financial Authorities and Institutions, Educational Institutions and Research & Development Centers that......

Words: 1459 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

The Dangers of Texting While Driving and age, technology has drastically increased. People seem to rely on the use of there devices more than anything. Typically, whenever and wherever, everyone is engaged in some form of technology, cell phones in particular. From pages, to car phones, to initial “flip phones”, and now to smart phones, people practically use up most of their daily time with these devices. Nowadays, a lot of people don't even like to have conversations over the phone…they can deliver an entire thought through a simple text message. It can be extremely crucial when it comes to texting and driving. Texting and driving has been the leading cause of car accidents in the recent years, a great portion of them which have ended deadly with results. The “norm” is not safe anymore. Especially when it is done carelessly. According to Ian Mulgrew, a journalist and author from Canada most accidents are caused by cell phones. Driving with a blood alcohol level of 0.8% is equal to texting while operating a motorized vehicle. Laws banning texting and driving actually increased car crash amounts rather than preventing them. People feel that responding to the outside world is more important then focusing on the road ahead of them. I’ve heard people claim they are good at driving drunk and others who boast there ability to put on makeup while driving to work. But to say you're good at texting while driving is like saying your ok to drive with a blindfold on. Some may feel its not a big deal, yet in......

Words: 628 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Various Accident Detection Technologies and Recovery Systems with Victim Analysis Ieee

...PROBLEM APPROACH TO PROBLEM MOTIVATION Increase in Death Ratio due to Accidents Unable to Know the Victims Condition Unable to provide assistance in unpopulated areas INTRODUCTION Cont.. INTRODUCTION Indian roads alone accounted for approximately 105,000 accidental fatalities in 2010. Almost 15 % of the global road fatalities when India has just 1 percent of the total global vehicles. Increasing trend during the decade of 2000-2010 with an increase of 50 percent in the year 2010 as compared to the year 2000. INTRODUCTION This survey shows number of deaths due to accidents according to 2010 15409 15337 15099 14063 TAMIL NADU ANDHRA PRADESH UTTAR PRADESH MAHARASTRA 7479 6490 4008 DELHI BANGALORE MUMBAI Cont.. STATISTICS AT A GLANCE 85% of all road accidents occur in Asia pacific region. India occupies second place with 10% of total road accidents in world. Social cost of accidents is estimated at $11,000. Nearly 1,275,000 persons are injured in road accident. Most of the accidents are occurring due to lack of professional drivers and positive driving culture. To Reduce the Human Death Ratio due to Road Accident in India. To intimate the condition of the victim who met with accident. LETS SOLVE THE PROBLEM If accident takes place, fast indication by message to emergency care centers to intimate the condition of......

Words: 1530 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Autonomous Vehicles

...rate will continue to escalate. “What happens to the millions of people who make a living driving cars and trucks--jobs that always have seemed sheltered from the onslaught of technology?” (Wiseman/Condon). If autonomous vehicles take the wheel, people whose occupation involves driving such as a truck or taxi driver will be out of a job almost instantly. Although these cars will allegedly be incapable of mistakes comparable to human error, they roadways will need to adapt to the style of driving that they will be susceptible to. “Highways will become smaller since driverless cars will need less room to maneuver, cutting down on traffic and congestion.”(“Smart Cars Will Drive the Way to Safer Communities”). Roads will have to be altered to suit this new technology, all while bus drivers and delivery men are growing jobless. (“Smart Cars Will Drive the Way to Safer Communities”). This will cause the ought for average tax-payer’s money to be spent. But if jobs are being lost, one cannot spend money that isn’t there. This would contribute greatly to the decline of the economy. With technology becoming smaller, faster, and more efficient than humans, machinery is replacing human resource due to the fact that human labor is not up to par. David Autor, an economist at MIT, states “Technological change is more encompassing and moving faster and making it harder and harder to find things that people have a comparative advantage in.”(Condon/Wiseman). Humans are no longer as......

Words: 1540 - Pages: 7