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Smoking And Musculoskeletal Health Research Paper

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Scientists proved the relationship between smoking and musculoskeletal health. Smokers have higher risk to have back pain, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoporosis. Nicotine affects the production of bone-forming cells and decreases the overall bone mass density. It also decreases the calcium absorption, making bones fragile and weak. In addition, a smoker can have several dental problems, such as tooth discoloration, bad breath, toothache, and tooth infections. If a person smokes regularly, he or she has high chances to have oral cancer. This addiction influences all the body organs, and smokers must be ready to problems with blood circulation, digestive problems, from gastritis to cancer, and even diseases of the central nervous system....

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