Free Essay

Snowden Note

In: People

Submitted By tongsishu23
Words 910
Pages 4
Page 1
Edward Joseph Snowden is a former National Security Agency (NSA) contractor who disclosed a global surveillance by the NSA, such as PRISM, XKeyscore, Tempora, and the interception of US and European telephone metadata.

Page 2 1. In May 2013 Snowden took a leave of absence, telling his supervisors he was returning to the mainland for treatment, but instead left Hawaii for Hong Kong on May 20.

2. On June 22, US officials revoked Snowden's passport. Although Snowden had applied for political asylum to 20 countries, the US administration, specifically Vice President Joe Biden, had pressured the governments of these countries to refuse his petition for asylum.

3. On June 23, Snowden landed in Moscow's international airport.
He remained in the transit zone for 39 days until being granted temporary asylum by the Russian government on August 1.Then he went to an undisclosed location kept secret for security reasons.

In Hongkong, Snowden spoke very frankly about the US Government’s attempts to extradite him, so his intention is to ask the courts and people of Hongkong to decide his fate.
As we can see in the pictures, On June 15, people in Hong Kong got together to support Edward Snowden.
After Snowden had taken off, The HongKong government released a statement, saying that said the extradition request received from the U.S. “did not fully comply with the legal requirements under Hong Kong law.” so they had no legal reason to prevent Snowden from boarding his flight to Mosco.

On Snowden's arrival, the Russian president Putin said that was "a surprise" and "like an unwanted Christmas gift" to Moscow. Then he said that if Snowden wanted to be granted asylum in Russia, he would be required to "stop his work aimed at harming our American partners".

In the US, Snowden's actions precipitated an intense debate on privacy and warrantless domestic surveillance.
Director of National Intelligence James Clapper condemned Snowden's actions as having done "huge, grave damage" to US intelligence capabilities, while United States Secretary of State John Kerry stated that "in some cases" the NSA had gone "too far" in some of its surveillance activities, and promised that it would be stopped.
On June 10, 2013, supporters gather at a small rally in support of Snowden in Manhattan’s Union Square.

It is interesting that a survey conducted by USA Today and Pew Research Center in January 2014 revealed a change in American's opinion of phone and Internet metadata collection. In July 2013, 50 percent supported the NSA programs. Six months later, the percentage dropped to 40.

Page 3
Snowden explained his actions saying: "I don't want to live in a society that does these sort of things [surveillance on its citizens]... I do not want to live in a world where everything I do and say is recorded... My sole motive is to inform the public as to that which is done in their name and that which is done against them."

Snowden said that in the past, whistleblowers had been 'destroyed by the experience', and that he wanted to "embolden others to step forward" by demonstrating that "they can win". In October, Snowden spoke out again on his motivations for the leaks in an interview with The New York Times, saying that the system for reporting problems does not work. "You have to report wrongdoing to those most responsible for it", Snowden explained, and pointed out the lack of whistleblower protection for government contractors, the use of the 1917 Espionage Act to prosecute leakers, and his belief that had he used internal mechanisms to 'sound the alarm', his revelations "would have been buried forever".

German "Whistleblower Prize"
Edward Snowden was awarded the biennial German "whistleblower prize" in August 2013 for his "bold efforts to expose the massive and unsuspecting monitoring and storage of communication data, which cannot be accepted in democratic societies". Snowden responded to the award, saying it was "a great honor to be recognized for the public good created by this act of whistleblowing",

Sam Adams Award
After two months as an asylee, Snowden made his first public appearance in Moscow to accept the award, a candlestick holder meant to symbolize "bringing light to dark corners". One of the presenters, FBI whistleblower Jesselyn Radack of the Government Accountability Project, told The Nation, "We believe that Snowden exemplifies Sam Adams's courage, persistence and devotion to truth—no matter what the consequences. We wanted Snowden to know that, as opposed to the daily vitriol from the US government and mainstream media, 60 percent of the United States supports him, including thousands in the national security and intelligence agencies where we used to work."

Post conventional Level
From what Snowden said, we think he acted in Post conventional level because he whistle blow for external good..

People have different opinions over the issue. But even to some of his supporters, Snowden is a hero of the “law-breaking” variety — a man who “stole” government documents to expose the activities of its most corrupt and secretive agencies.
But I don’t think he is a law breaker.
Usually people in an organization are required by contract not to disclose confidential information. But if the contract is designed to protect secret unlawful actions, it will not be legitimate or ethical, then whistle blowing does not mean breaking confidentiality agreements. In this way, the whistleblower is not a “noble law-breaker” — he is no law-breaker at all.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Narrative harmonize, considering it was our first year learning an instrument. There was no reading or writing when it came to playing the instruments, but with music, a story can be made. For example, half the class would play our recorders in sync with one another, and other students in the class would play percussion. With the rhythm of the music combined, the feel and sound of the music gives the audience a feel of a different environment, such as feeling as though you are taking a journey through an Indian village, or celebrating the first fourth of July in America. As I progressed through the year, music classes turned into singing as well. In order to know the words that we were singing, we had paperback music, which had music lines, notes, and words for us to...

Words: 1172 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...through the paper. Halfway through the paper, I saw my friend John suspiciously looking at the class. My instincts told me that something was wrong. As a result, I began to keep an eye on John. Suddenly, I saw John taking notes out from his pencil case! My mouth hung wide open and I gasped in shock. How could John do that! I thought should I report him? The devil in my mind said that I should not care about this thing after all, he is still my best friend while the angel said that I should be honest and report him. After thinking for a while, I decided to report him. I raised my hand and told the teacher “ Mr Tan, John is cheating by using notes from his pencil case.” The teacher nodded his head and walked towards John’s table. Mr Tan said “John! Why are you cheating?” John shook his head to deny that he did not cheat. Mr Tan confiscated his pencil case and dumped the contents out. Out came pencils, erasers and pens. But there was no notes inside! John let out a smirk from his mouth. I was shocked! I thought that there was a note? Just when I thought all hope was lost, Mr Tan found another zip at the pencil case and he opened it. Suddenly, John’s smirk began to vanish. Waves of panic overwhelmed him. The hidden note was found there! Mr Tan looked at John sternly. He brought John to the principal’s office to explain what had happened. On the next day, the fiery-tempered Discipline Master caned John during assembly period. After this......

Words: 333 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Note Taking

...Improving Your Note Taking ▪ Effective note taking is one of the keys to succeeding in school. Students should devote a considerable amount of time reviewing information discussed during classroom lectures. It is very difficult remembering specific details from classroom lectures without good notes. These note taking strategies will help you to take better notes: ▪ Make clear and accurate notes Make sure to take legible and accurate notes since it is not uncommon to forget key details discussed in class after it has ended. Frequently, students comprehend the teacher's lecture, so they'll neglect to jot down specific details only to forget them later. Students who keep accurate notes can review them later to fully grasp key concepts during personal study time. Additionally, since during classroom lectures teachers frequently cover many topics, effective notes enable students to concentrate on specific topics. ▪ Come to class prepared Students properly prepared for class usually take better notes. Proper preparation includes completing assigned reading prior to class and reviewing notes from previous lectures. Students who do this can ask questions about confusing concepts and be prepared for new topics. ▪ Compare your notes To ensure your notes are as accurate and detailed as possible, compare them with the notes of other students after class is over. This is useful because your colleagues will frequently write down lecture details that......

Words: 602 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Michael Meets Mozart

...Side Notes: • I came up with a killer Mozart-style arrangement involving several songs by modern artists. But I ran into a roadblock with getting permissions. So I decided to do variations on a theme by making my arrangement an original tune. Helpful Hints: • Learn the hardest parts first with the correct fingering. Instead of using a slower tempo to practice longer sections, try using the actual tempo to practice overlapping shorts sections (as small as 2 notes...hands alone if needed). • For those who have heard the recording or seen the video on • When I practice, it helps me to realize that it takes up to 300 YouTube, Steven Sharp Nelson laid down over 100 tracks, including (perfect) reps before muscle memory kicks-in. cello textures never before known possible. Every single sound on the video was made using only the instruments shown: piano, cello, • I like to imagine totally soft and relaxed hand muscles as I play... think "soft hand" when approaching hard sections. mouth percussion and kick drum. Of course we put in additional cool effects. For example the U2-style delay on Steve's pizz at the • For a two-minute-edit version, start at measure 109 beginning. (two-minute-edit minus track available at • A recording of the orchestration only (minus piano) is available at This is very fun for live performances with a monitor speaker next to you on stage so you can hear the parts well. Michael meets Mozart = 91 chills......

Words: 622 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Note Taking Assignment

...Dean Helton Note-Taking Assignment 1. Why did you choose Cornell, Outline, or Visual Map? I chose the visual map way of taking my notes this morning at church. I have actuallynever taken my notes that way before, but I really enjoyed it. I am a kinesthetic learner and seeing maps and graphs help me understand things a lot better than just simple notes. I was nervous at first to take my notes this way but I very quickly got the hang of it. After the sermon it was much easier for me to look over my notes and understand what the message and sub nots were pointing out. I will now take all of my sermon notes this way. 2. What did you like about the style of note taking you chose? I enjoyed using this style for many reasons. One of the main reasons was because it gave me the opportunity to listen more to the sermon wrather than focusing on writing down the notes that we were given. It also was a huge help to me after when I was looking over the notes. It gave me a clearer picture of what the sermon was about. 3. What did you dislike about the style of note taking you chose? I think the only thing I disliked about it is that it is almost like an outline,a nd if you are not careful you could miss an important long point that need sto be recorded just for the sake of making your picture graph look good. I added a few take away points at the bottom of my notes that I felt like I needed to add so that I could better understand the over all message. 4. How do you......

Words: 380 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...Symbols Facebook Symbols for Status Everyone fancy a cool status update decorated with facebook symbols. People always wonder how their friends got symbols for status when they add hearts, music notes , stars and other signs into their status. Actually its not difficult. Follow my steps and you will learn how to add facebook symbols for status. Before you start decoration your status updates with symbols, take a look at complete list of all facebook symbols. These are Unicode text characters that you can put into your status. Just use your imagination and creativity and you will come up with nice ideas. Take these symbols and combine them to create status decoration where you can add your ‘text update’. Most common facebook symbols people use for decoration are heart symbol, star symbol, math signs and music notes. Here we have got the most comprehensive list of facebook status symbols. Just copy and paste them in your status. ๑۩۞۩๑ Type your status message!! ๑۩۞۩๑ ๑۩๑ Type your status message!! ๑۩๑ ▂ ▃ ▅ ▆ █ Type your status message █ ▆ ▅ ▃ ▂ ★·.·´¯`·.·★ facebook symbols for status ★·.·´¯`·.·★ ..♩.¸¸♬´¯`♬.¸¸¤ Type your status message here o ¤¸¸.♬´¯`♬¸¸.♩.. ¤♥¤Oº°‘¨☜♥☞¤ symbols for facebook status ¤☜♥☞¨‘°ºO¤♥¤ ♬ •♩ ·.·´¯`·.·♭•♪ This is musical notes ♪ •♭·.·´¯`·.·♩ •♬ »——(¯` Type your status message here ´¯)——» ¸.·’★¸.·’★*·~-.¸-(★ facebook symbols ★)-,.-~*¸.·’★¸.·’★ •(♥).•*´¨`*•♥•(★) Type your status message here......

Words: 579 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...discussions.  No warning will be given to you and the invigilator will make a note of your name and update the Program Manager. You are not allowed to leave the examination hall till you finish your examination. You are required to switch off your mobiles always. |Course |Date |Time |Duration |Type of Exam |Comments | |Principles of Management |Wednesday |10.30 am - 12.30 pm |2 hours |Closed Book/Closed notes |Multiple choice ( 50 min) | | |4th Feb, | | |Laptops not allowed |Descriptive(1 hr 10 min) | | |2009 | | |Internet not allowed |Write with pen no scribbling | | | | | | |Mobile phones are not allowed in the class | |Organisational Behaviour |Wednesday |2.30 - 4.00 pm |90 min |Open Book/Open Notes | ......

Words: 284 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Cfa Test Experience

...CFA2 、 3 级考生请绕道。 二、作者背景 1. 学历:低于北京 TP 二校的理工科本科 2. 复习时间: 2 个月左右的脱产复习 3. 复习方式:在南京某知名高校内与两名 candidate 一起复习 4. 复习遍数:大概 notes2.5 遍。习题 3 遍 5. 考试成绩:除 alternative investment B ,其余 A 6. 考试用时:上午 1 小时 20 分钟,下午 1 小时 30 分钟 三、正文 3.1 复习资料、习题 a) Schweser Notes 5 本(课本部分) 5 星推荐必看 b) Schweser Notes 5 本(习题部分) 5 星推荐必做 c) 某机构中文翻译(广告位招租) 5 星推荐必购 d) 官方 Reading (课本部分) 负 5 星推荐(学术型人才推荐) e) 官方 Reading (习题部分) 6 星推荐必做 f) 近两年官方 mock (俗称模拟题) 5 星推荐必做 g) 近两年官方 sample (俗称样题) 6 星推荐必做 h) 某机构百题预测(广告位招租) 4 星推荐选作 i) N otes 练习(也就是 6 、 7 两本) 1 星推荐蛋疼者做之 j) 官方 道德手册 3 星推荐选看 k) 辅导班视频(广告位招租) 3 星推荐选看 l) 老婆一只 自己看着办吧 m) 辅导班(广告位招租) 本 3.5 没上 n) 其他 本 3.5 没看 3.1.1 阅读资料 说到考试资料,那官方的 Reading 就是纯 TM 扯淡,如果在今年能够收到电子版的情况下,还去花着 N 百刀买那自己用着都心疼的铜版纸教材,绝对是烧包的表现,一来不 支 持低碳生活,二来过于支持 CFA 的宗旨 —— 骗钱第一,考试第二。 在官网注册完,直奔万能的 Taobao ,在搜索栏 baidu 一下 “ CFA Notes ” 你就能看到 一 个真正的完全竞争市场。具体书的颜色每年不一样,但要用的是哪本,哥们你懂的。 同时某些机构的中文翻译教材,绝对是上佳之选,不要和我 zhuangbility 说兄弟你的 英文能力多么销魂,就是再 TM 销魂,你告诉我什么是 qualified 和 unqualified ,如果告诉 我是 “ 合格 ” 和 “ 不合格 ” 的,本 3.5 告诉你, S+B 离你已经不是太远了。 此外有许多朋友会推荐官方的道德手册(网购 notes 的时候一般会送你),这个问题 下 一章节会提及。 作为补充,辅导班的 “ 免费 ” 视频同样是可以用来借鉴的, 3000 多块钱白给,不要 白 不要。 另外某机构的百题预测也是可以用来把玩的,相当于在最后,对知识点做一个大致 的 温习,不过里面有些题目的答案并不完全正确,当然已经通读 notes 的你肯定能够判断出 的。 3.1.2 习题 大家经常会烦恼要做哪些题,要么说 notes 题少而简单,要么问书后的问答题到底要 不要做。本 3.5 郑重的告诉你,官方 Reading 后面的习题是一定要做的,无论选择还是问 答,因为其中有些干脆就会在考试中重现,比如在看定量分析( quantitative )的时候,你 会发现,为什么书中大篇幅出现的 T-value 和 F-value 的题目数量和只有一句话提及的 P- value 一样多的时候,作者已经内牛满面的在告诉你要考什么了。有人问 Reading 这么厚, 自习时候拿着多烦躁, 3.5 偷偷地告诉你,......

Words: 1170 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Note Taking

...TAKING LECTURE NOTES I. There are many reasons for taking lecture notes. A. Making yourself take notes forces you to listen carefully and test your understanding of the material. B. When you are reviewing, notes provide a gauge to what is important in the text. C. Personal notes are usually easier to remember than the text. D. The writing down of important points helps you to remember then even before you have studied the material formally. II. Instructors usually give clues to what is important to take down. Some of the more common clues are: A. Material written on the blackboard. B. Repetition C. Emphasis 1. Emphasis can be judged by tone of voice and gesture. 2. Emphasis can be judged by the amount of time the instructor spends on points and the number of examples he or she uses. D. Word signals (e.g. "There are two points of view on . . . " "The third reason is . . . " " In conclusion . . . ") E. Summaries given at the end of class. F. Reviews given at the beginning of class. III. Each student should develop his or her own method of taking notes, but most students find the following suggestions helpful: A. Make your notes brief. 1. Never use a sentence where you can use a phrase. Never use a phrase where you can use a word. 2. Use abbreviations and symbols, but be consistent. B. Put most notes in your own words. However, the following should be noted exactly: 1. Formulas 2. Definitions 3. Specific facts C. Use outline form and/or...

Words: 1031 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Three Strategies That I Will Apply in My Personal and Academic Life, the Impact, and the Effectiveness

...remember when the email was sent or who sent it. Since reading this chapter, I have started to save specific email information as word documents grouped under different folders. This has proven to be effective for linking related topics in the respective folders which makes locating the information quicker. In my academic life, I will first note the topic to be studied and pay greater attention to the learning objectives. This would then make it easier to skim through the chapter and specifically note the more important material and review that first as well as to research any related topics by using other resources. The chapter also noted the importance of paying attention to any information in bold type and any illustrations. This strategy would greatly increase my knowledge of the topic and improve note-taking. It would also assist in remembering the useful information. Therefore, this would be effective for review and preparation for exams as well as being in an overall position to utilize and apply the new information whenever possible. 2. The ‘Write it down’ strategy The chapter noted that writing a note helps you to...

Words: 728 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Tvm with Bonds

...Michael Sherman Ph1 IP TVM with Bonds FINC390-1240B-07 Colorado Technical University Online Professor Angela Garrett 26 November 2012 Calculator Results for Redemption Date 11/2012 Total Price | Total Value | Total Interest | YTD Interest | $16,665.00 | $117,957.76 | $101,292.76 | $998.92 | Bonds: 1-16 of 16 Serial # | Series | Denom | Issue Date | Next Accrual | Final Maturity | Issue Price | Interest | Interest Rate | Value | Note | NA | EE | $50 | 11/1990 | 05/2013 | 11/2020 | $25.00 | $50.52 | 4.00% | $75.52 | | NA | EE | $100 | 11/1990 | 05/2013 | 11/2020 | $50.00 | $101.04 | 4.00% | $151.04 | | NA | EE | $500 | 11/1990 | 05/2013 | 11/2020 | $250.00 | $505.20 | 4.00% | $755.20 | | NA | EE | $5,000 | 11/1990 | 05/2013 | 11/2020 | $2,500.00 | $5,052.00 | 4.00% | $7,552.00 | | NA | SN | $25 | 11/1967 | | 11/1997 | $20.25 | $135.27 | | $155.52 | MA | NA | SN | $50 | 11/1967 | | 11/1997 | $40.50 | $270.54 | | $311.04 | MA | NA | SN | $75 | 11/1967 | | 11/1997 | $60.75 | $405.81 | | $466.56 | MA | NA | SN | $100 | 11/1967 | | 11/1997 | $81.00 | $541.08 | | $622.08 | MA | NA | E | $50 | 11/1963 | | 11/2003 | $37.50 | $408.84 | | $446.34 | MA | NA | E | $100 | 11/1963 | | 11/2003 | $75.00 | $817.68 | | $892.68 | MA | NA | E | $500 | 11/1963 | | 11/2003 | $375.00 | $4,088.40 | | $4,463.40 | MA | NA | E | $10,000 | 11/1963 | | 11/2003 | $7,500.00 | $81,768.00 | | $89,268.00 | MA | NA | I | $50 | 11/1998 | 12/2012 |......

Words: 555 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Meeting My Goals – Research Paper

...Meeting My Goals – Research Paper Jeffery Fholer ITT-Technical Institute Meeting my Goals: Better Note-taking/Studying Techniques To be a more successful college student and in turn a more productive employee, I have found I need to learn more effective note taking/studying techniques. As I started my research for this project, I found there are a million-and-one ways to better study and take good notes. Some are actual studies completed by renowned universities and others are merely guides written by persons based off of their personal experience. The first source I selected “Taking Notes: 5 College Success Tips” was posted by Dennis G. Jerz as submitted to him by one his Technical Writing Students Vivinette K. Dietsche. In her paper, Dietsche outlines five basic principles that are beneficial when it comes to taking notes: go to class prepared, improve your listening skills, develop a note taking method that works for you, pay close attention to content and review and edit your notes. Going to class prepared can be as simple as ensuring you have all the supplies i.e., paper, binders and writing instruments necessary to complete assignments. Also covering the course material before showing up to class will give you a better idea what is going on in the day’s lesson plan. Improving your listening skills is crucial in understanding what is being taught. Dietsche talks about having what we called in the......

Words: 1012 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...electronic versions of select NTS forms. Effective immediately, the Customer Request, Monogramming and Button Order Forms will be able available on Bank Notes. Click here to access, complete and submit the select NTS forms mentioned above online through Bank Notes. IMPORTANT: When submitting monogramming forms, please make sure to print the appropriate monogram form from Bank Notes and place the completed form with the shirt/coat/scarf to be shipped to NTS. NTS still needs to receive a hard copy of the completed form with the item(s) being shipped. Also, if your store is typically serviced by NTS 607 Kansas City for monogramming, please continue to send your monogram requests to this location. All other stores will continue to send their request to NTS 601 Atlanta. NOTE: Select button orders will now be ordered directly from Wawak as detailed in the next section. All other buttons not listed below will be ordered from the Button Order Form on Bank Notes. ______________________________________________________________ Wawak Tailor Supply Ordering Also effective immediately, all stores will be able to order directly from Wawak for tailoring supplies. Wawak orders can be placed by calling 855-298-6958 during their business hours of 8am to 5pm EST. You can also email your order to Note: Wawak orders can no longer be faxed. Button Orders to be ordered directly from Wawak include: 1) White...

Words: 388 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Integrated Chinese

...ADVANCE SAMPLE Integrated Chinese 2nd Edition Level 1 Part 1 Textbook (Simplified Character Ed.) DO NOT DUPLICATE ▲ ▲ 中文聽說讀寫 ▲ © 姓 呢 叫 是 嗎 


 也 ▲ ▲ ▼▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ 有 有 二 都 兩 的 還有 ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ 那 么 去 想 好嗎 一下 一 點兒 在 吧 了 才 給 要 ▲ ▲ ▼▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ 別 得 太 就 有一點兒 怎么 真 就 一邊 一邊 ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ 了 的時候 正在 除了 以外 還 能 會 要 的 多 跟 和 不 一樣 雖然 可是 但是 比 了 會 了 ▲ ▲ ▼▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ 又 又 又 或者 先 再 還是 每 都 還是 中文聽說讀寫 ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▼▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ 書面語 口語 ▲ ▲ ▼▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ 漢語頻率大辭典 Introduction ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ DO NOT DUPLICATE ▲ ▲ ▼▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ DO NOT DUPLICATE ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ DO NOT......

Words: 1434 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...Management gurus from Peter Drucker to Tom Peters continually refer to the company as a shining example of an innovative company. This case study takes a look at the company behind some of the most famous brands in the marketplace, including Post-it® Notes. It examines the company’s heritage and shows how it has arrived at this enviable position. Furthermore, the case study attempts to clarify what it is that makes 3M stand out from other organisations. Background Originally known as the Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company, with its headquarters in St Paul, Minnesota, 3M was established in 1902 to mine abrasive minerals for the production of a single product, sandpaper. From these inauspicious beginnings, the company has grown organically, concentrating on the internal development of new products in a variety of different industries. The latest review of the company’s position reveals that it manufactures over 60,000 products, has operations in 61 countries, employs 75,000 people and has achieved an average year-on-year growth in sales of 10 per cent (see Figure 16.10). Its products include Scotch adhesive tapes, fibre-optic connectors, abrasives, adhesives, floppy disks, aerosol inhalers, medical diagnostic products and Post-it Notes. 3M gave the world ‘wet or dry’ abrasives, which did so much to reduce the incidence of respiratory disease in the 1920s. It invented self-adhesive tape in 1925, light-reflective...

Words: 3061 - Pages: 13