# Soalan Fizik

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Module 02. Physics

1. Matter.

Question Number. 1. An atom with 3 free electrons in its outer shell is said to be.
Option A. pentavalent.
Option B. covalent.
Option C. trivalent.
Explanation. Number of electrons in the outer shell is called the valency - 1 = monovalent, 2 = divalent, 3 = trivalent etc.

Question Number. 2. What is the mass number of an element?.
Option A. Number of electrons and protons.
Option B. Number of neutrons and protons.
Option C. Number of electrons and neutrons.
Correct Answer is. Number of neutrons and protons.
Explanation. NIL.

Question Number. 3. What do you get when you add 2H2 and O?.
Option A. H2 O.
Option B. 2H2 O.
Option C. 2H2 O2 .
Explanation. Water is molecules each made up of 2 hydrogen atoms and 1 oxygen atom. Here ther is 4 hydrogen atoms, and 2 oxygen atoms, so we can make 2 water molecules.

Question Number. 4. The splitting of a chemical compound is called.
Option A. bombardment.
Option B. synthesis.
Option C. analysis.
Explanation. NIL.

Question Number. 5. What is the atomic number of an element?.
Option A. The number of neutrons in the atom.
Option B. The number of electrons in the atom.
Option C. The number of protons in the atom.
Correct Answer is. The number of protons in the atom.
Explanation. NIL. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atomic_number

Question Number. 6. An atom with 5 free electrons is said to be.
Option A. pentavalet.
Option B. covalent.
Option C. trivalent.
Explanation. The valency is the number of electrons in the outer shell if that number is 4 or less. If there are more than 4 electrons, the valency is 8 minus the number of electrons. In this case 8 -5 = 3 = trivalent.

Question Number. 7. An atom consists of.
Option A. protons, neutron and electrons.
Option B. protons and electrons....

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