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NTC 406 Week 3 Individual Assignment

Bandwidth is a Rate at which electronic signals can travel through a medium, such as a wire, cable, or channel or capacity of network to transmit data on network. There are different transmissions medium such as audio video and voice. Bandwidth need is different in the all because these all are different data format. In analog transmission (such as of voice signals over copper telephone lines) bandwidth is measured in cycles per second (or Hertz); for example, a telephone conversation requires about 4,000 Hertz (4 KHz) of bandwidth. In digital transmission (such as of data from one computer to another) bandwidth is measured in bits per second (BPS); for example, modern modems can send and receive data at 56,000 bps (56 Kbps) over ordinary telephone lines. For the same amount of data, digital transmission requires more bandwidth than the analog transmission, and different types of data require very different bandwidths. For example, full motion video normally requires about 10 million bits per second (10 Mbps) bandwidth which is sufficient to carry 1,200 simultaneous telephone conversations. A typical voice signal has a bandwidth of approximately three kilohertz (3 kHz); an analog television (TV) broadcast video signal has a bandwidth of six megahertz (6 MHz) -- some 2,000 times as wide as the voice signal. Three bandwidth techniques involves are as like Traffic Management/QoS, Caching and Compression so these are different bandwidth techniques used over network .we manage it with UDP , because UDP is a connectionless and changeable transport protocol. The two ports serve to identify the end points within the source and destination machines. User Datagram Protocol is used, in place of TCP, when a dependable transfer is not required. However, UDP is never used to send important data such as web-pages, database information, etc. Flowing media such as video, audio and others use UDP because it propositions speed. The reason UDP is faster than TCP is because there is no form of flow control. No error checking, error correction, or acknowledgment is done by UDP.UDP is only concerned with speed. So when, the data sent over the Internet is affected by crashes, and faults will be present


Evans, J. (2011). Deploying IP and MPLS QoS for Multiservice Networks: Theory and Practice".

Forouzan, B.A. (2000). TCP/IP: Protocol Suite, 1st ed

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